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Table 5 Summary of hierarchical regression models in women: serum lipids on birth weight in model 1, adding life course exposures (cumulative socioeconomic disadvantage (SES) and cumulative adversity) in model 2, and current health behavior (smoking, snuff use, high alcohol consumption; estimates not shown) in model 3.

From: Fetal and life course origins of serum lipids in mid-adulthood: results from a prospective cohort study

Criterion
     Predictor
Model 1 = birth weight   Model 2 = + life course exposures   Model 3 = + current health behavior
  ΔR2 (p) b (SE) β(p)   ΔR2 (p) b (SE) β(p)   ΔR2 (p) b (SE) β(p)) Final R2 (p)
HDL-C .003 (.296)     .029 (.006)     .032 (.005)    .061 (< .001)
   Birthweight   0.04 (0.04) .05 (.296)    0.02 (0.04) .03 (.544)    0.02 (0.04) .03 (.504)  
   SES       -0.03 (0.02) -.09 (.092)    -0.02 (0.02) -.08 (.129)  
   Adversity       -0.01 (0.01) -.11 (.049)    -0.01 (0.01) -.10 (.068)  
TG .019 (.006)     .023 (.010)     .010 (.241)    .053 (.002)
   Birthweight   -0.14 (0.05) -.14 (.006)    -0.12 (0.05) -.12 (.019)    -0.12 (0.05) -.12 (.016)  
   SES       0.02 (0.02) .05 (.395)    0.01 (0.02) .03 (.555)  
   Adversity       0.02 (0.01) .13 (.015)    0.02 (0.01) .11 (.047)  
Apo A1 .000 (.883)     .012 (.100)     .033 (.005)    .045 (.007)
   Birthweight   -3.62 (24.6) -.01 (.883)    -10.9 (24.8) -.02 (.660)    -10.4 (24.5) -.02 (.671)  
   SES       -5.44 (10.5) -.03 (.604)    -4.58 (10.5) -.02 (.662)  
   Adversity       -7.04 (3.97) -.010 (.077)    -7.20 (4.01) -.10 (.074)  
Apo B .006 (.122)     .020 (.020)     .022 (.033)    .048 (.004)
   Birthweight   -32.3 (20.9) -.08 (.122)    -24.3 (20.9) -.06 (.246)    -26.5 (20.8) -.06 (.203)  
   SES       6.46 (8.83) .04 (.465)    3.03 (8.86) .02 (.733)  
   Adversity       7.64 (3.35) .12 (.023)    5.88(3.39) .01 (.084)