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Table 1 Sociodemographic and sex work characteristics of FSWs and experience of violence in the past year1

From: Violence against female sex workers in Karnataka state, south India: impact on health, and reductions in violence following an intervention program

  Characteristic Not Beaten or raped past year % (n = 3439) Beaten or raped past year % (n = 413) P value (Wald- test)
Current age (years) <25 17.8 22.5  
  25-29 22.1 26.1  
  30-34 18.7 18.9 0.04
  35-39 21.8 19.0  
  40+ 19.7 13.6  
  Mean 31.9 30.3  
Literacy Illiterate 65.5 64.9 0.8
Marital status Never married 12.6 11.2  
  Cohabiting 1.9 5.6  
  Currently married 39.3 38.2 0.002
  Widowed/Divorced/separated/deserted 38.5 39.9  
  Devadasi 7.7 5.2  
Additional income Yes 64.5 65.4 0.8
Residency Local dweller 87.3 80.7 0.0007
Sex work outside district past 6 months No 88.3 73.7 <0.001
  Yes 11.7 26.3  
Sex work in Mumbai: Ever No 97.5 94.0 0.0002
  Yes 2.6 6.0  
Age at first sex (years) <15 37.6 43.3  
  15-19 52.3 47.8  
  20-24 8.8 8.2 0.13
  25+ 1.3 0.7  
  Mean 15.6 15.3  
Age started sex work (years) <20 25.3 31.5  
  20-24 25.5 31.1 0.0006
  25-29 23.4 20.2  
  30+ 25.8 17.2  
  Mean 24.8 23.0  
Duration sex work (years) 0-1 20.3 15.6  
  2 to 4 29.4 30.1 0.07
  4 to 9 22.1 27.4  
  10+ 28.3 26.9  
Usual place of solicitation Home 40.4 40.7  
  Brothel/lodge/dhaba 12.5 10.1 0.5
  Public places 47.1 49.2  
Usual place of entertaining clients Home 61.0 52.3  
  Brothel/lodge/dabha 28.4 31.1 0.006
  Public places 10.6 16.6  
Charge for sex (Rupees) < = 100 49.1 55.4 0.04
  >100 50.9 44.6  
  Mean 219 194  
Commercial clients per week 1 to 4 22.4 15.6  
  5 to 9 28.4 27.2 0.008
  10+ 49.2 57.2  
  Mean 11.7 14.2  
Earnings per week (from sex work) <500 24.5 24.7  
  501-1500 33.4 29.7 0.4
  1501+ 42.2 45.6  
Regular partner Regular partner 60.4 69.6 0.001
  1. 1Data from the integrated behavioural and biological assessments