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Table 2 Comparison of scores on knowledge questions according to socio-demographic factors and sexual experience of school students.

From: Awareness of school students on sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and their sexual behavior: a cross-sectional study conducted in Pulau Pinang, Malaysia

N = 1139 n Mean score ± SD t-value/F-value p-value
Gender     
Male 474 11.77 ± 8.991   
Female 665 11.50 ± 8.481 0.743* 0.458
Ethnicity     
Malay 576 11.64 ± 8.505   
Chinese 348 11.42 ± 9.046 0.276** 0.843
Indian 211 11.87 ± 8.660   
Religion     
Muslim 584 11.67 ± 8.516   
Hindu 180 11.43 ± 8.395 3.696** 0.005
Christian 78 13.87 ± 8.535   
Buddhist 293 11.07 ± 9.143   
Education level     
Form 4 339 10.24 ± 8.510   
Form 5 417 11.41 ± 8.736 20.922** 0.000
Form 6 383 13.05 ± 8.369   
Course stream     
Arts 575 10.65 ± 8.758   
Science 564 12.60 ± 8.397 -0.56* 0.000
Socioeconomic status     
Low (less than RM 1000) 445 10.92 ± 8.789   
Middle (RM 1000-RM 3000) 532 11.76 ± 8.292 7.739** 0.000
High (RM 3100 and above) 162 13.03 ± 9.350   
Sexual experience     
Yes 143 12.90 ± 8.479   
No 963 11.49 ± 8.710 -2.293* 0.022
  1. * t-value (Student's t-test)
  2. ** F-value (ANOVA)
  3. Significant (p < 0.05)
  4. Non-significant (p > 0.05)