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Table 4 Odds ratios (from a multinomial logistic regression) associated with intentions to use condoms, withdrawal and other modern methods among men

From: Intentions to use contraceptives in Pakistan: implications for behavior change campaigns

  Intend using condoms
in next 12 months
(n = 1805)
(1)
Intend using withdrawal
in next 12 months
(n = 1805)
(2)
Intend using any other modern method
in next 12 months
(n = 1805)
(3)
Beliefs and perceptions    
My in-laws support FP 1.21* (1.02-1.43) 0.70** (0.57-0.86) 1.37** (1.14-1.64)
Responsible, caring husbands use FP to improve standard of living and protect mother's health 1.55*** (1.29-1.86) 0.90 (0.74-1.10) 1.63*** (1.34-2.00)
I can easily obtain FP methods or advice 1.34** (1.13-1.59) 1.29* (1.03-1.62) 1.20* (1.01-1.42)
Providers can be trusted to maintain confidentiality, to advise on method use and side-effects 0.99 (0.85-1.16) 1.04 (0.84-1.27) 1.12 (0.95-1.31)
FP clinics have competent, friendly staff 1.19* (1.01-1.41) 1.47** (1.16-1.86) 1.16 (0.99-1.35)
I am not able to discuss FP with spouse or convince spouse to use FP 0.82* (0.70-0.96) 1.51*** (1.23-1.84) 0.93 (0.78-1.10)
Most people disapprove of FP 0.97 (0.83-1.14) 0.94 (0.77-1.14) 1.09 (0.93-1.29)
Contraceptives can make a woman sterile, harm her womb, are dangerous 0.94 (0.80-1.09) 1.11 (0.91-1.36) 0.81** (0.68-0.95)
Province (ref: Sindh)    
   Punjab 0.90 (0.60-1.36) 0.60* (0.37-0.96) 1.43 (0.90-2.26)
   Frontier 6.30*** (3.62-10.89) 1.57 (0.84-2.93) 2.87*** (1.48-5.58)
   Baluchistan 0.70 (0.22-2.21) 1.10 (0.46-2.66) 1.88 (0.63-5.62)
Urban (ref: rural) 2.15*** (1.52-3.05) 1.87** (1.21-2.88) 1.14 (0.78-1.65)
Age (ref: 45 plus)    
   15-24 2.02* (1.00-4.08) 0.91 (0.34-2.45) 1.46 (0.55-3.87)
   25-29 2.36** (1.30-4.29) 1.32 (0.62-2.82) 4.96*** (2.66-9.23)
   30-34 2.96*** (1.74-5.03) 2.90*** (1.64-5.13) 2.69** (1.54-4.70)
   35-39 2.62*** (1.57-4.36) 1.94* (1.10-3.42) 2.25** (1.35-3.76)
   40-44 2.18** (1.28-3.72) 1.19 (0.65-2.18) 2.45*** (1.49-4.02)
Number of living children (ref: 0-3)    
   4-5 0.80 (0.54-1.20) 1.17 (0.72-1.89) 1.63* (1.05-2.53)
   6 or more 0.47** (0.28-0.77) 0.81 (0.46-1.44) 1.14 (0.70-1.87)
Fertility desires
(ref: want more children or undecided)
   
Do not want more children 2.54*** (1.73-3.72) 3.21*** (1.98-5.18) 7.78*** (4.68-12.92)
Education (ref: none)    
   Primary 0.57 (0.25-1.29) 1.37 (0.61-3.10) 1.13 (0.62-2.06)
   Middle 1.03 (0.68-1.56) 1.74* (1.01-2.99) 0.79 (0.53-1.19)
   Secondary 1.50 (0.94-2.38) 2.42** (1.34-4.36) 0.81 (0.48-1.38)
   Matriculate and higher 1.45 (0.90-2.34) 2.80** (1.55-5.05) 0.75 (0.43-1.33)
Pseudo R2 33.1%
  1. *p < 0.05 **p < 0.01 ***p < 0.001