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Table 2 Odds ratios (from a multinomial logistic regression) associated with intentions to use hormonal methods, the IUD, sterilization and traditional methods among women

From: Intentions to use contraceptives in Pakistan: implications for behavior change campaigns

  Intend using hormonal methods in next 12 months
(n = 1788)
(1)
Intend using the IUD in next 12 months
(n = 1788)
(2)
Intend using female sterilization in next 12 months
(n = 1788)
(3)
Intend using traditional methods in next 12 months
(n = 1788)
(4)
Beliefs and perceptions     
My in-laws support FP 2.12*** (1.68-2.68) 2.18*** (1.60-2.98) 2.19*** (1.78-2.70) 1.98*** (1.63-2.40)
Child-spacing protects mother's health, caring spouses use FP 2.05*** (1.59-2.64) 1.51** (1.11-2.06) 1.41** (1.14-1.75) 1.84*** (1.48-2.30)
I have access to choice of methods, and facilities with competent providers 1.82*** (1.48-2.25) 1.48** (1.13-1.95) 1.57*** (1.31-1.89) 1.63*** (1.37-1.94)
Providers can be trusted to maintain confidentiality, to advise on method use and side-effects 1.15 (0.94-1.40) 0.93 (0.73-1.19) 1.10 (0.93-1.31) 0.77** (0.65-0.90)
I am not able to discuss FP with spouse or convince spouse to use FP 0.83 (0.68-1.00) 0.95 (0.76-1.20) 0.73*** (0.62-0.86) 0.66*** (0.55-0.78)
Husband decides if wife can use family planning, God decides # of children 0.81* (0.66-0.99) 0.62*** (0.48-0.80) 0.64*** (0.54-0.77) 0.67*** (0.56-0.80)
Family planning can harm a woman's womb, modern method can be very dangerous 0.89 (0.73-1.08) 0.75* (0.59-0.96) 0.70*** (0.59-0.83) 0.93 (0.78-1.10)
Province (ref: Sindh)     
   Punjab 0.99 (0.59-1.68) 1.55 (0.83-2.93) 1.54 (0.96-2.46) 2.92*** (1.76-4.85)
   Frontier 2.13* (1.10-4.12) 0.88 (0.31-2.48) 0.56 (0.25-1.24) 3.56*** (1.83-6.92)
   Baluchistan 3.62** (1.61-8.13) 0.42 (0.05-3.56) 0.88 (0.30-2.60) 1.59 (0.52-4.87)
Urban (ref: rural) 0.74 (0.46-1.19) 1.67 (0.96-2.93) 1.00 (0.66-1.51) 1.24 (0.85-1.81)
Age (ref: 35 plus)     
   15-19 13.98*** (6.03-32.39) 4.78* (1.11-20.54) 0.79 (0.13-4.95) 1.69 (0.67-4.26)
   20-24 8.39*** (4.23-16.62) 9.11*** (3.70-22.39) 1.01 (0.45-2.25) 2.74** (1.51-4.94)
   25-29 5.55*** (3.01-10.26) 5.71*** (2.55-12.82) 1.78* (1.09-2.92) 2.65*** (1.60-4.40)
   30-34 2.52** (1.36-4.66) 3.82*** (1.80-8.11) 0.94 (0.60-1.48) 2.34*** (1.48-3.69)
Number of living children (ref: 0-3)     
   4-5 1.53 (0.92-2.53) 2.69** (1.39-5.21) 2.32** (1.44-3.74) 1.82** (1.18-2.81)
   6 or more 2.09* (1.12-3.89) 4.81*** (2.06-11.22) 2.31** (1.36-3.91) 2.10** (1.23-3.58)
Fertility desires (ref: want more/undecided)     
Do not want more children 3.36*** (2.04-5.52) 1.49 (0.78-2.84) 27.93*** (9.12-85.54) 1.58* (1.02-2.45)
Education (ref: none)     
   Primary 0.83 (0.37-1.86) 0.83 (0.27-2.60) 0.86 (0.44-1.68) 1.30 (0.70-2.39)
   Middle 1.11 (0.65-1.90) 1.73 (0.87-3.44) 0.77 (0.46-1.30) 1.51 (0.97-2.37)
   Secondary 1.00 (0.51-1.96) 3.02** (1.46-6.25) 0.78 (0.41-1.48) 1.12 (0.63-1.99)
   Matriculate and higher 1.45 (0.60-3.50) 3.00* (1.13-7.94) 0.73 (0.29-1.83) 2.15* 1.10-4.20)
Pseudo R2 43.5%
  1. *p < 0.05 **p < 0.01 ***p < 0.001