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Table 5 Levels of monitored antibiotics (μg/l) in waters associated with a hospital in Ujjain, India using LC-MS/MS

From: Antibiotics and antibiotic-resistant bacteria in waters associated with a hospital in Ujjain, India

Antibiotics Site 1 Site 2 Site 3
  Ground Water Municipal Water At 10:00 At 16:00 At 10:00 At 16:00
Amoxicillin -- -- -- -- -- --
Ceftriaxone -- -- -- -- -- --
Amikacin -- -- -- -- -- --
Ofloxacin -- -- -- 4.5 5.6 7.5
Ciprofloxacin -- -- 2.2 218.3 67.3 236.6
Norfloxacin -- -- -- 6.4 29.6 22.8
Levofloxacin -- -- -- 5.0 6.8 8.8
  1. -- = Below Detection Limit
  2. Site 1 = Incoming safe water (received in hospital only once a day)
  3. Site 2 = At the point of exit of inpatient wards of the hospital
  4. Site 3 = 100 metres from the hospital in subsequent drains