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Table 1 Characteristics of the study sample (n = 21,521), wave 2004 of the German Socio-Economic Panel Study

From: The impact of regional and neighbourhood deprivation on physical health in Germany: a multilevel study

Variable Mean SD Proportion Number
Outcome variable     
PCS (SD) 49.9 10.0   
No PCS information, % (number)    3.5 745
Sociodemographic variables     
Mean age in years (SD) 47.7 17.1   
Gender, % (number)     
   Male    48.0 10,331
   Female    52.0 11,190
Migration background, % (number)    15.2 3,261
Education, % (number)     
   Still in School    1.6 355
   Low    38.9 8,372
   Intermediate    37.1 7,992
   High    19.5 4,200
   Not specified    2.8 602
Unemployed, % (number)    7.2 1,556
Single household, % (number)    13.4 2,890
Net equivalence income in € (SD) 22,469 22,637   
Neighbourhood variables     
Average purchasing power of street section in € (SD) 36,160 7,341   
Distance to nearest city centre, % (number)     
   Residence in the city centre    10.0 2,147
   Less than 10 km    24.7 5,317
   10 to less than 25 km    27.7 5,972
   25 to less than 40 km    15.2 3,261
   40 to less than 60 km    10.6 2,285
   60 km and more    11.1 2,383
   Missing    0.7 156
Residential area, % (number)     
   Mostly old houses    31.6 6,791
   Mostly newer houses    43.2 9,305
   Mixed area    22.0 4,736
   Commercial area    0.5 110
   Industrial area    0.4 94
   Other    0.3 58
   Not specified    2.0 427
Housing type, % (number)     
   Farm house    3.2 691
   Detached one or two family house    37.1 7,990
   One or two family row house    17.5 3,775
   Building with 3 to 4 flats    10.0 2,146
   Building with 5 to 8 flats    17.1 3,678
   Building with 9 or more flats    12.5 2,684
   High rise building    1.2 252
   Other    0.1 19
   Not specified    1.3 286
Disturbance by noise, % (number)     
   None    42.3 9,105
   Little    37.9 8,155
   Tolerable    12.9 2,770
   Strong    5.0 1,072
   Very strong    1.6 340
   Missing    0.4 79
Disturbance by air pollution, % (number)     
   None    47.0 10,112
   Little    39.0 8,394
   Tolerable    9.6 2,069
   Strong    3.1 675
   Very strong    0.7 156
   Missing    0.5 115
Walking distance to public green space, % (number)     
   Less than 10 min.    56.7 12,209
   10 to 20 min.    22.5 4,846
   More than 20 min.    7.1 1,529
   Not existing/unavailable by foot    11.2 2,421
   Not specified    2.4 516
Walking distance to public sports/leisure facilities, % (number)     
   Less than 10 min.    39.2 8,434
   10 to 20 min.    35.3 7,603
   More than 20 min.    14.0 3,015
   Not existing/unavailable by foot    8.7 1,862
   Not specified    2.8 607
  1. Notes: PCS, physical component score; SD, standard deviation. * All neighbourhood variables were gathered through the household questionnaire completed by the head of household or matched to the households based on their addresses.