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Table 7 Prevalence of Risk Factors by Age and Sex

From: The prevalence and social patterning of chronic diseases among older people in a population undergoing health transition. A 10/66 Group cross-sectional population-based survey in the Dominican Republic

   Prevalence of risk factors by age and sex (% with 95% confidence intervals)
Risk factors Sex 65-69
N = 4001
N = 5332
70-74
N = 3821
N = 5202
75-79
N = 2931
N = 3972
80+
N = 4081
N = 5612
All
N = 14831
N = 20112
Metabolic syndrome
(NCEP criteria)
F 38.2
32.3, 44.1
46.3
40.1, 52.6
37.3
30.6, 44.0
35.7
30.1, 41.2
39.3
36.3, 42.4
MV3 = 30 M 23.3
16.0, 30.6
26.2
18.6, 33.7
15.3
7.6, 23.0
15.5
8.9, 22.1
20.7
16.9, 24.4
Metabolic syndrome components       
Triglyceride > 150 mg/dl F 24.5
19.3, 29.7
24.5
19.1, 29.9
14.4
9.5, 19.3
19.4
14.8, 24.0
21.0
18.5, 23.6
MV = 31 M 19.4
12.5, 26.2
16.2
9.8, 22.5
18.8
10.5, 27.1
10.3
4.8, 15.9
16.1
12.7, 19.4
Total cholesterol > = 5.2 mmol F 49.4
43.4, 55.5
48.2
41.9, 54.5
47.8
40.8, 54.7
41.0
35.3, 46.7
46.3
43.2, 49.5
MV = 31 M 35.7
27.4, 43.9
36.9
28.6, 45.2
28.2
18.7, 37.8
22.4
14.8, 30.0
31.3
27.0, 35.6
Waist circumference; Men > 40 inches, Women > 35 inches F 62.8
57.0, 68.7
64.1
58.0, 70.2
58.2
51.3, 65.0
56.5
50.8, 62.3
60.4
57.4, 63.4
MV = 25 M 19.4
12.5, 26.2
20.0
13.1, 26.9
18.8
10.5, 27.1
23.3
15.6, 31.0
20.4
16.7, 24.1
Blood pressure
> = 130/85 mmHg
F 59.2
53.2, 65.1
69.1
63.3, 74.9
70.1
63.8, 76.5
68.4
63.0, 73.9
66.4
63.5, 69.4
MV = 20 M 71.9
64.1, 79.7
77.7
70.5, 84.9
64.7
54.5, 74.9
67.2
58.7, 75.8
71.0
66.9, 75.2
Fasting glucose
> 110 mg/dl
F 26.0
20.6, 31.3
28.5
22.8, 34.1
30.3
24.0, 36.7
27.0
21.7, 32.1
27.7
24.9, 30.5
MV = 32 M 28.1
20.3, 35.9
27.7
20.0, 35.4
27.1
17.6, 36.5
18.1
11.1, 25.1
25.3
21.3, 29.2
Other risk factors       
Limited exercise (no walks of > 0.5 km in last month) F 30.1
25.2, 35.0
36.8
31.5, 42.1
35.6
29.8, 41.4
64.9
60.1, 69.7
43.1
40.4, 45.8
MV = 12 M 17.6
12.1, 23.0
24.5
18.5, 30.5
27.3
19.6, 35.1
35.9
28.7, 43.2
25.9
22.6, 29.2
Smoking
(> 20 pack years)
F 11.0
7.6, 14.4
10.3
6.8, 13.8
11.8
7.8, 15.7
8.3
5.5, 11.1
10.2
8.5, 11.9
MV = 114 M 35.5
28.6, 42.4
33.0
26.3, 39.7
29.2
21.0, 37.3
28.9
21.9, 35.9
32.0
28.4, 35.6
  1. 1. Sample size with blood tests
  2. 2. Total sample size
  3. 3. MV = missing values (men and women combined)