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Table 3 Prevalence of Impairments and Disability by Age and Sex

From: The prevalence and social patterning of chronic diseases among older people in a population undergoing health transition. A 10/66 Group cross-sectional population-based survey in the Dominican Republic

Impairments and disability   Prevalence of impairments by age and sex (% with 95% confidence intervals)
  Sex 65-69
N = 533
70-74
N = 520
75-79
N = 397
80+
N = 561
All
N = 2011
Arthritis or rheumatism F 42.6
37.3, 47.8
42.7
37.3, 48.1
47.4
41.4, 53.4
44.6
39.8, 49.5
44.2
41.5, 46.9
MV1 = 3 M 20.7
14.9, 26.5
19.9
14.3, 25.5
22.9
15.7, 30.1
25.6
18.9, 32.3
22.1
19.0, 25.2
Eyesight problems F 38.5
33.3, 43.6
37.2
31.8, 42.5
39.6
33.7, 45.5
49.2
44.3, 54.2
41.6
38.9, 44.2
MV = 3 M 30.7
24.1, 37.3
31.1
24.6, 37.6
36.6
28.4, 44.9
46.4
38.9, 53.9
35.8
32.2, 39.4
Hearing difficulty or deafness F 8.5
5.5, 11.4
8.7
5.6, 11.7
11.3
7.5, 15.1
19.1
15.3, 23.0
12.2
10.5, 14.0
MV = 3 M 8.5
4.5, 12.4
11.7
7.2, 16.2
11.5
6.0, 17.0
23.2
16.8, 29.6
13.6
11.0, 16.2
Persistent cough F 8.5
5.5, 11.4
10.8
7.4, 14.2
10.5
6.8, 14.2
12.2
9.0, 15.4
10.6
8.9, 12.2
MV = 3 M 10.6
6.2, 1.5
7.1
3.5, 10.8
9.2
4.2, 14.1
12.6
15.5, 17.6
9.9
7.6, 12.0
Difficulty breathing, breathlessness or asthma F 8.7
5.8, 11.7
9.3
6.1, 12.4
9.8
6.2, 13.3
12.0
8.8, 15.2
10.0
8.4, 11.7
MV = 2 M 10.1
5.8, 14.3
7.1
3.5, 10.8
6.9
2.5, 11.2
9.5
5.1, 13.9
8.5
6.4, 10.6
Heart trouble or angina F 5.0
2.7, 7.3
5.9
3.3, 8.5
3.4
1.2, 5.6
4.8
2.7, 7.0
4.8
3.7, 6.0
MV = 3 M 2.6
0.4, 4.9
4.1
1.3, 6.9
6.9
2.5, 11.2
4.2
1.1, 7.2
4.2
2.7, 5.8
Stomach or intestine problems F 19.5
15.3, 23.7
22.3
17.7, 26.9
21.9
16.9, 26.9
23.0
18.8, 27.2
21.7
19.5, 23.9
MV = 4 M 12.7
7.9, 17.5
16.8
11.6, 22.1
13.7
7.8, 19.6
14.9
9.3, 20.4
14.6
12.0, 17.3
Faints or blackouts F 3.5
1.6, 5.4
2.8
1.0, 4.6
3.8
1.5, 6.0
5.9
3.6, 8.2
4.1
3.0, 5.2
MV = 5 M 2.6
0.4, 4.9
2.6
0.3, 4.8
1.5
0.0, 3.6
3.0
0.4, 5.6
2.5
1.3, 3.7
Paralysis, weakness or loss of one leg or arm F 3.2
1.3, 5.1
3.7
1.7, 5.8
1.9
0.2, 3.5
10.1
7.1, 13.0
5.1
3.9, 6.3
MV = 7 M 2.7
0.4, 5.0
6.6
3.1, 10.1
5.3
1.5, 9.2
6.0
2.4, 9.5
5.1
3.5, 6.8
Skin disorders pressure sores, leg ulcers or burns F 1.7
0.4, 3.1
0.6
0.0, 1.5
1.9
0.2, 3.5
4.3
2.3, 6.4
2.3
1.5, 3.1
MV = 6 M 1.1
0.0, 2.5
0.5
0.0, 1.5
0.8
0.0, 2.3
3.0
0.4, 5.5
1.3
0.5, 2.2
More than 15 disability days in the last month F 10.5
7.2, 13.7
11.8
8.3, 15.3
14.7
10.4, 18.9
28.5
24.0, 33.0
16.9
14.9, 19.0
MV = 5 M 9.0
4.9, 13.1
13.2
8.5, 18.0
11.5
6.0, 17.0
17.2
11.5, 23.0
12.7
10.2, 15.2
  1. 1. MV = missing values (men and women combined)