Skip to main content

Table 4 Comparison with health surveys from across the world

From: Is the Scottish population living dangerously? Prevalence of multiple risk factors: the Scottish Health Survey 2003

Reference Setting/Country Study Design Risk Factors Included in Study Main Findings Comparing risk factor combinations in common with our data
Poortinga (2007) [23] England 2003 11,492 subjects in the Health Survey for England smoking
risky alcohol drinking
physical inactivity
diet low in fruit/vegetables
26% had 3+ risk factors
6% had no risk factors
27% had 3+ risk factors
6% had no risk factors
Tobius et al (2007) [21] New Zealand 2002/03 Over 17,000 subjects in New Zealand Health Survey smoking
risky alcohol drinking
physical inactivity
diet low in fruit/vegetables
13% had 3+ risk factors
29% had no risk factors.
27% had 3+ risk factors
6% had no risk factors
Chiolero et al (2006) [9] Switzerland 2002 18,000 subjects from the 2002 Swiss Health Survey smoking
risky alcohol drinking
physical inactivity
diet low in fruit/vegetables
8% had 3+ risk factors
30% had no risk factors
27% had 3+ risk factors
6% had no risk factors
Fine et al (2004) [8] USA 2001 30,000 subjects from the National Health Interview Survey smoking
risky alcohol drinking
physical inactivity
overweight
17% had 3+ risk factors
10% had no risk factors
41% had 3+ risk factors
7% had no risk factors
Klein-Geltink et al (2006) [22] Canada 2000 Over 100,000 subjects in the Community Health Survey smoking
risky alcohol drinking
physical inactivity
overweight
8% had 3+ risk factors
21% had no risk factors
41% had 3+ risk factors
7% had no risk factors
Schuit et al (2002) [7] Netherlands 1993-97 17,000 subjects in the Dutch population survey smoking
risky alcohol drinking
physical inactivity
diet low in fruit/vegetables
20% had 3+ risk factors
10% had no risk factors
27% had 3+ risk factors
6% had no risk factors
Laaksonen et al (2001) [6] Finland 1991-98 23,000 subjects in the Health Behaviour Among Finnish Adult Population project smoking
risky alcohol drinking
physical inactivity
diet low in fruit/vegetables
10% had 3+ risk factors
33% had no risk factors
27% had 3+ risk factors
6% had no risk factors
Berrigan et al (2003) [5] USA 1988-94 15,000 subjects from the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey smoking
risky alcohol drinking
physical inactivity
diet low in fruit/vegetables
diet high in fat.
18% had 3+ risk factors 6% had no risk factors 27% had 3+ risk factors
6% had no risk factors