Skip to main content

Table 5 Frequency, age-adjusted risk and risk ratio of the occurrence of lung cancer, identified by death records, between baseline and 31 December 2005 by number of categories of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and smoking status among 16,901 adults

From: Erratum to: Adverse childhood experiences are associated with the risk of lung cancer: a prospective cohort study

    Relative risk of lung cancer*
  N | Person-
Time (yrs)
Deaths | Mortality
Rate**
Model A
RR (95% CI)
Model B
RR (95% CI)
Categories of ACEs, No.       
   0 6124 | 44,592 44 | 26.0 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
   1 4411 | 31,709 22 | 19.3 0.80 (0.48-1.34) 0.74 (0.44, 1.23)
   2 2681 | 19,045 22 | 66.4 1.48 (0.89-2.49) 1.30 (0.77, 2.18)
   3 1599 | 11,056 11 | 51.3 1.52 (0.78-2.96) 1.17 (0.59, 2.29)
   4 or 5 1637 | 11,259 8 | 30.0 1.32 (0.61-2.83) 1.00 (0.46, 2.16)
   6, 7, or 8 449 | 2901 4 | 62.7 3.55 (1.25-10.09) 2.34 (0.81, 6.75)
      P for trend = 0.025 P for trend = 0.251
Smoking status       
   Never 8589 | 61,713 11 | 8.5   1.00 (referent)
   Former 6879 | 49,379 73 | 58.0   5.92 (3.10-11.30)
   Current,<20 cig/d 870 | 5748 10 | 129.7   12.43 (5.23-29.57)
   Current, >20 cig/d 563 | 3722 17 | 357.1   28.15 (12.77-62.08)
Total 16,901 | 120,562 111 | 31.1   
  1. ACEs, adverse childhood experiences RR, risk ratio CI, confidence interval
  2. * Underlying cause of death from lung cancer defined by ICD-9 code 162 for deaths between 1995-1998; ICD-10 code C34 for deaths between 1999 and 2005.
  3. ** Rate (per 100,000 person-years) age-standardized to the 2000 Census population for California.
  4. Model A adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, married, financial problems
  5. Model B adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, married, financial problems, smoking status, parental smoking history. In addition to the RR estimates for ACE score, we show the RR estimates for smoking status from the regression model.