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Table 2 Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and components among all study participants and by sex

From: Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its components in relation to socioeconomic status among Jamaican young adults: a cross-sectional study

Syndrome & components Male (n = 378) Female (n = 461) Total (N = 839)
  % (95%CI) % (95%CI) % (95%CI)
Occurrence of the Metabolic Syndrome and combinations of its components
Metabolic Syndrome (≥ 3 components) 0.5 (0.2-1.3) 1.7 (0.5-2.9) 1.2 (0.5-1.9)
≥ 2 Metabolic Syndrome Components*** 8.5 (5.7-11.3) 21.3 (17.5-25.0) 15.5 (13.0-17.9)
≥ 1 Metabolic Syndrome Components*** 38.6 (33.7-43.5) 67.5 (63.2-71.7) 54.4 (51.1-57.8)
Individual Components
WC*** 5.3 (3.0-7.5) 24.7 (20.8-28.6) 16.0 (13.5-18.5)
High BP*** 10.8 (7.7-14.0) 3.3 (1.6-4.9) 6.7 (5.0-8.4)
IFG*** 2.1 (0.6-3.6) 0.4 (0-1.0) 1.2 (0.4-1.9)
Low HDL*** 28.8 (24.3-33.4 61.6 (57.2-66.0) 46.8 (43.5-50.2)
High Triglycerides 0.5 (0-1.2) 0.6 (0-1.3) 0.6 (0.1-1.1)
  1. WC = elevated waist circumference/central obesity; BP = Blood Pressure; IFG = Impaired Fasting Glucose; HDL = High density lipoprotein cholesterol
  2. * p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01 ***p < 0.001 for male: female difference in proportion