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Table 1 Basic characteristics of participants in study by sex

From: Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its components in relation to socioeconomic status among Jamaican young adults: a cross-sectional study

Variables Male Female Total
  (n = 378) (n = 461) N = 839
  Mean (SD)
Age (years) 18.81 (0.58) 18.76 (0.62) 18.78 (0.60)
Weight (kg)** 71.02 (14.46) 62.59 (15.59) 66.4 (15.65)
Height (cm)** 176.65 (6.57) 163.61 (6.13) 169.48 (9.06)
Body Mass Index 22.73 (4.37) 23.35 (5.60) 23.08 (5.09)
Waist Circumference (cm) 75.17 (11.11) 73.99 (12.10) 74.52 (11.67)
Hip Circumference (cm)* 94.36 (9.02) 96.54 (11.13) 95.56 (10.29)
Systolic BP (mmHg)** 113.93 (10.53) 107.43 (8.92) 110.36 (10.20)
Diastolic BP (mmHg)** 69.40 (10.38) 66.90 (9.26) 68.03 (9.85)
Fasting Glucose (mmol/l)** 4.72 (0.56) 4.44 (0.37) 4.57 (0.49)
HDL (mmol/l)** 1.14 (0.24) 1.25 (0.30) 1.20 (0.28)
Triglycerides (mmol/l)* 0.61 (0.27) 0.56 (0.26) 0.58 (0.26)
  Proportion
% (SE)
Physical Activity Level    
Low (No activity)** 18.0 (2.0) 47.1 (2.3) 34.0 (1.6)
Moderate (≤ 3.5 hours) 45.2 (2.6) 39.7 (2.3) 42.3 (1.7)
High (>3.5 hours)** 36.8 (2.5) 13.2 (1.6) 23.8 (1.5)
Hypertension 2.1 (0.7) 0.9 (0.4) 1.4 (0.4)
  1. SD = Standard deviation; BP = Blood Pressure; HDL = High density lipoprotein cholesterol
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.001
  3. Only one participant had diabetes mellitus and was on medication for diabetes. None of the participants were currently on medication for hypertension