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Table 2 Description of regional level characteristics for the 20 Italian regions

From: Determinants of health disparities between Italian regions

Regional Characteristics Mean Standard deviation Min Max Cronbach's Alpha
Economic disadvantage 1 0.00 0.91 -1.01 1.71 0.90
Poverty rate 0.13 0.08 0.04 0.27  
Unemployment rate 0.09 0.07 0.02 0.23  
Gini coefficient 0.29 0.03 0.25 0.33  
Material deprivation      
Poor living conditions 1 0.29 0.05 0.17 0.39 0.85
Dirty streets2 0.30 0.09 0.15 0.49  
Difficulty parking2 0.38 0.09 0.28 0.57  
Traffic2 0.42 0.10 0.25 0.60  
No public lights in streets2 0.30 0.06 0.19 0.39  
Streets in poor conditions2 0.43 0.09 0.23 0.57  
Small residential unit2 0.12 0.03 0.10 0.18  
Residential unit far from family2 0.21 0.05 0.11 0.32  
Residential unit in poor conditions2 0.05 0.02 0.03 0.10  
Irregular water service2 0.14 0.09 0.02 0.36  
Does not drink tap water2 0.34 0.14 0.05 0.65  
Air pollution2 0.34 0.12 0.13 0.57  
Crime2 0.24 0.11 0.12 0.53  
Satisfaction with healthcare 1 0.29 0.10 0.15 0.50 0.90
Highly satisfied with physicians2 0.35 0.13 0.14 0.56  
Highly satisfied with nurses2 0.34 0.13 0.15 0.55  
Highly satisfied with room and board2 0.22 0.10 0.12 0.43  
Highly satisfied with hygiene2 0.29 0.12 0.11 0.49  
Capital intensity in healthcare 3 23.35 4.92 15.05 34.14  
Share of private healthcare expenditure 0.38 0.21 0.04 0.77  
Social/psychological factors      
Social isolation (no friends 2 ) 0.05 0.02 0.03 0.08  
Health behaviors      
Obesity rate 0.10 0.02 0.07 0.13