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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the sample

From: Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its components in Northwest Russia: the Arkhangelsk study

Sample characteristic   Men   Women P1
  N % N %  
Age, years      0.002
   18-29 515 26.8 347 21.2  
   30-39 352 18.4 303 18.5  
   40-49 441 23.0 400 24.4  
   50-59 298 15.5 290 17.7  
   60+ 312 16.3 297 18.1  
Marital status      <0.001
   Single 409 21.3 278 17.0  
   Married 1276 66.5 878 53.6  
   Divorced 82 4.3 182 11.1  
   Widow(er) 60 3.1 219 13.4  
   Cohabiting 91 4.7 80 4.9  
Education      <0.001
   Secondary 435 22.7 426 26.0  
   Vocational 1083 56.5 669 40.9  
   Incomplete higher 87 4.5 105 6.4  
   Higher 303 16.3 437 26.7  
Income      <0.001
   Very low 283 14.8 379 23.2  
   Low 136 7.1 740 45.2  
   Medium 144 7.5 189 11.5  
   High 1058 55.2 34 2.1  
   Unknown 297 15.5 295 18.0  
Frequency of alcohol intake, %      <0.001
   Never 230 12.0 445 27.2  
   Once a month or less 434 22.6 542 33.1  
   2-4 times a month 979 51.0 571 34.9  
   2 times a week or more 275 14.3 79 4.8  
Current smoking, % 1085 56.6 348 21.3 <0.001
Self-reported diseases      
   Diabetes mellitus 28 1.5 48 2.9 0.002
   Coronary heart disease 176 9.2 195 11.9 0.008
   Stroke 9 0.5 30 1.8 <0.001
Total 1918 100.0 1637 100.0  
  1. 1 Calculated by Pearson's chi-squared test
  2. 2 One Alcohol Unit (AU) is equivalent to 13.8 grams of pure ethanol