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Table 4 Multivariate analysis of independent risk factors for any soil-transmitted helminth infection in mothers and their children in the Butajira birth cohort, Ethiopia, 2007

From: Prevalence and risk factors for soil-transmitted helminth infection in mothers and their infants in Butajira, Ethiopia: a population based study

Outcome variable Risk factor Adjusted OR 95% CI P-value
Maternal infection Soap use    0.055
     Daily 1   Trend = 0.018
     At least once a week 1.40 1.04, 1.88  
     Less frequent than once a week 1.66 0.92, 2.99  
  Urban residence* 0.45 0.28, 0.73 0.001
  Domestic animals living together 0.73 0.53, 1.01 0.055
  Age of the mother*    0.964
     15-24 1   Trend = 0.789
     25-34 0.97 0.72, 1.29  
     35-44 0.95 0.63, 1.44  
Child infection Water source    0.002
     Inside pipe 1   
     Outside pipe 0.21 0.09, 0.51  
     Well/stream/rainwater 0.20 0.56, 0.69  
     River 0.09 0.02, 0.38  
  Urban residence* 1.03 0.43, 2.45 0.954
  Male gender* 0.67 0.36, 1.26 0.216
  1. * Place of residence included as a priori confounder, and additionally age of the mother in the mother and gender in the child model