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Table 2 Univariate analysis of socio-demographic characteristics and their association with soil-transmitted helminths in the birth cohort, Butajira Ethiopia, 2007

From: Prevalence and risk factors for soil-transmitted helminth infection in mothers and their infants in Butajira, Ethiopia: a population based study

Demographic variables N (%) Soil-transmitted helminths in the mother (N = 908) Soil-transmitted helminths in the child (N = 905)
   n (%) Crude OR (95%CI) P-value n (%) Crude OR (95%CI) P-value
Male gender 460 (50.7) - - - 18 (3.9) 0.66 (0.36, 1.23) 0.190
Urban residence 118 (13.0) 37 (31.4) 0.48 (0.32,0.73) 0.001 10 (8.6) 2.07 (1.00, 4.32) 0.052
Mother's Age     0.949    0.442
   15-24 351 (38.7) 155 (44.2) 1 0.759$ 21 (6.0) 1 0.224$
   25-34 424 (46.7) 183 (43.2) 0.96 (0.72,1.28)   18 (4.3) 0.70 (0.37, 1.33)  
   35-44 133 (14.7) 57 (42.9) 0.95 (0.63,1.42)   5 (3.8) 0.61 (0.23, 1.66)  
Ethnicity     0.280    0.550
   Meskan 429 (47.3) 183 (42.7) 1   21 (4.9) 1  
   Mareko 118 (13.0) 57 (48.3) 1.26 (0.83,1.89)   8 (6.8) 1.41 (0.61, 3.27)  
   Silti 211 (23.2) 98 (46.5) 1.17 (0.84,1.62)   7 (3.3) 0.67 (0.28, 1.60)  
   Others* 150 (16.5) 57 (38.0) 0.82 (0.56,1.21)   8 (5.4) 1.10 (0.48, 2.54)  
Mother's Education     0.138    0.124
   No education 639 (70.2) 290 (45.4) 1 0.051$ 32 (5.0) 1 0.830$
   Read write£ 86 (9.5) 37 (43.0) 0.91 (0.58, 1.43)   1 (1.2) 0.22 (0.03, 1.65)  
   Formal education 183 (20.2) 68 (37.2) 0.71 (0.51, 1.00)   11 (6.0) 1.22 (0.60, 2.46)  
Mother's Occupation     0.428    0.700
   House wife 762 (83.9) 338 (44.4) 1   38(5.0) 1  
   Trade related 104 (11.5) 42 (40.4) 0.85 (0.56,1.29)   5 (4.9) 0.97 (0.37,2.52)  
   Others 42 (4.6) 15 (35.7) 0.70 (0.36, 1.33)   1 (2.4) 0.46 (0.06, 3.46)  
Home ownership 822 (90.5) 367 (44.7) 1.67 (1.04, 2.68) 0.033 37 (4.5) 0.53 (0.23, 1.24) 0.143
TV/Radio ownership 466 (51.4) 197 (42.3) 0.91 (0.70, 1.18) 0.467 27 (5.8) 1.52 (0.82, 2.84) 0.184
  1. * Sodo, Dobi, Oromo, Amhara,
  2. Farm related, profession related, trade related and daily laborer, $p for trend
  3. £ read and write but have no formal education
  4. N = total number of study participants, n = number of outcome for each exposure