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Table 2 Life expectancy at birth and at 65 years according to sex and deprivation decile, and female-male difference in life expectancy according to deprivation decile, Québec, 1989-2004

From: Sex, age, deprivation and patterns in life expectancy in Quebec, Canada: a population-based study

  Life expectancy at birth Life expectancy at 65 years
  1989-1992 1995-1998 2001-2004 difference* 1989-1992 1995-1998 2001-2004 difference*
Females         
   Decile 10 (least deprived) 82.4 83.2 84.4 2.0 20.9 21.2 22.2 1.4
   Decile 1 (most deprived) 80.0 80.4 81.4 1.4 19.6 19.5 20.2 0.6
   All deciles 80.7 81.0 82.2 1.4 19.8 19.8 20.6 0.8
   Measures of inequality         
Absolute difference between decile 1 and 10 2.4 2.8 3.0   1.3 1.7 2.0  
Slope index of inequality (p-value) 1.8 1.9 2.1   0.7 0.7 0.9  
  (0.008) (0.028) (0.022)   (0.115) (0.25) (0.216)  
Relative index of inequality 0.02 0.02 0.03   0.04 0.04 0.04  
Adjusted slope index of inequality (p-value)§ 1.8 1.8 2.0   0.5 0.5 0.7  
  (0.013) (0.002) (0.012)   (0.413) (0.218) (0.485)  
Males         
   Decile 10 (least deprived) 75.9 77.6 79.8 4.0 16.4 17.0 18.7 2.3
   Decile 1 (most deprived) 72.3 73.3 75.6 3.3 14.9 15.4 16.6 1.7
   All deciles 73.5 74.7 76.9 3.4 15.1 15.5 16.9 1.8
   Measures of inequality         
Absolute difference between decile 1 and 10 3.6 4.3 4.3   1.5 1.7 2.1  
Slope index of inequality (p-value) 3.1 3.7 3.7   0.9 1.1 1.4  
  (0.001) (0.002) (0.001)   (0.132) (0.100) (0.060)  
Relative index of inequality 0.04 0.05 0.05   0.06 0.07 0.08  
Adjusted slope index of inequality (p-value)§ 3.3 3.9 3.7   1.0 1.2 1.5  
  (<0.000) (<0.000) (<0.000)   (0.226) (0.055) (0.005)  
Difference between females and males         
   Decile 10 (least deprived) 6.5 5.5 4.6 -1.9 4.5 4.2 3.6 -0.9
   Decile 1 (most deprived) 7.8 7.1 5.8 -2.0 4.7 4.2 3.6 -1.0
   All deciles 7.2 6.3 5.3 -1.9 4.7 4.3 3.7 -1.0
   Measures of inequality         
Absolute difference between decile 1 and 10 -1.3 -1.5 -1.2   -0.2 0.0 -0.1  
Slope index of inequality (p-value)         
Relative index of inequality         
Adjusted slope index of inequality (p-value)§ -1.6 -2.1 -1.7   -0.5 -0.7 -0.8  
  (0.003) (0.000) (0.000)   (0.210) (0.052) (0.008)  
  1. * Difference in life expectancy between periods 2001-2004 and 1989-1992 (an absolute measure of change over time). Differences may not add up because of rounding.
  2. † Absolute difference in life expectancy between the bottom and top deciles, obtained from regression of mean life expectancy on mean relative rank of deciles.
  3. ‡ Proportionate increase in life expectancy between the highest and lowest deciles.
  4. §Absolute difference in life expectancy between the bottom and top deciles, adjusted for rural-urban classification and presence of Aboriginal areas (refers to the coefficient obtained from linear regression of life expectancy of CLSCs - not of deciles - on the mean relative rank of deciles).