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Table 2 Current use of smokeless tobacco (chewing, sniff or dip) by age, gender, current cigarette smoking, perception that tobacco use is harmful to health, and having seen tobacco advertisement in last 30 days among Congolese adolescents in 2006

From: Current use of smokeless tobacco among adolescents in the Republic of Congo

Characteristic *OR [95% CI] *AOR [95% CI]
Age (years)   
   ≤12 1.00 1.00
   13 0.59 [0.44, 0.78] 0.71 [0.48, 1.12]
   14 0.50 [0.37, 0.67] 0.61 0.40, 1.03]
   15 0.76 [0.59, 0.94] 0.75 [0.50, 1.12]
   16-17 0.64 [0.50, 0.82] 0.68 [0.47, 1.01]
Gender   
   Female 1.00 1.00
   Male 0.92 [0.77, 1.14] 0.85 [0.62, 1.08]
Current cigarette smoking   
   No 1.00 1.00
   Yes 9.00 [7.01, 11.55] 6.65 [4.84, 9.14]
Parental smoking status   
   None 1.00 1.00
   One or both parents were smokers 3.52 [2.92, 4.23] 1.98 [1.51, 2.59]
Best friend smoking status   
   None 1.00 1.00
   Some 3.52 [2.46, 5.04] 1.82 [1.41, 2.69]
   Most or all 3.67 [3.00, 4.50] 2.02 [1.49, 2.47]
Perception that tobacco use is harmful   
   No 1.00 1.00
   Yes 0.61 [0.52, 0.74] 0.60 [0.46, 0.78]
Seen tobacco advertisement on TV, billboards and in newspapers/magazines in last 30 days   
   No 1.00 1.00
   Yes 2.34 [1.46, 3.77] 1.95 [1.34, 3.08]
  1. Adjusted models - adjusted for all variables included in Table.
  2. *OR - Un adjusted odds ratio
  3. **AOR - Adjusted odds ratio