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Table 1 Participatory approaches for PPHA

From: Paniya Voices: A Participatory Poverty and Health Assessment among a marginalized South Indian tribal population

Approach Description Themes addressed
Transect walk Walk through colony to meet informally with colony members and observe infrastructure and basic amenities (e.g. electricity, water source). General information
Local history Informal discussions with senior colony members on the colony, settlement patterns, housing patterns, etc. General information
Mapping of social resources Map key buildings, infrastructure, basic amenities, housing and land patterns, etc., within their colony. General information, Well-being
Coverage and service matrixes Identify key institutions, distance to institutions, travel costs, type of services available, perceived quality. Institutions, Health, Education
Matrix ranking Comparative ranking and prioritization of quality of different service providers and facilities in the institutions. Institutions, Health, Education
Mobility mapping Mapping of distances to institutions based on different needs and identification of barriers in travelling to institutions. Institutions, Health, Education, Well-being
Force field analysis Tracing positive and negative factors and forces in place (in and outside the community) regarding situation. Health, Education, Well-being
Seasonality analysis Tracing patterns of outcomes (e.g. food security) over the period of one year across seasons. Examine effects for different groups (e.g. men, women, children). Health, Education, Well-being
Cause effect and impact analysis Trace causes of key problems (e.g. illness) and explore impacts of problems on different aspects of life. Health, Education, Well-being
Time line and trend analysis Trace changes in outcomes (e.g. food security) and beliefs (e.g. spiritual) over different periods of time (e.g. past 30 years). Health, Education, Well-being
Wealth ranking Identify different well-being categories with criteria of individuals or households based on participants' own categories, then count the number in each category. Well-being
Daily routine analysis Outline daily activities during a period of 24 hours for individual men and women. Assess characteristics of activities (e.g. high energy tasks, poverty reduction, caring, etc). Well-being
Power relation matrix Identify institutions over which participants feel they have control and those over which they would like to have more. Institutions