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Table 1 Characteristics of 373 children by treatment arm

From: Effect on longitudinal growth and anemia of zinc or multiple micronutrients added to vitamin A: a randomized controlled trial in children aged 6-24 months

  Vitamin A (n = 124) Vitamin A + zinc (n = 123) Multiple micronutrients (n = 126)
   HIV-infected childδ 9 (7.3) 11 (8.9) 12 (9.5)
   HIV-uninfected child, HIV-infected motherδ 52 (41.9) 52 (42.3) 50 (39.7)
   HIV-uninfected child, HIV-uninfected motherδ 63 (50.8) 60 (48.8) 64 (50.8)
Maleδ 72 (58.1) 61 (49.6) 60 (47.6)
Length-for-age Z score* -0.65 (1.11) -0.64 (1.27) -0.71 (1.19)
Weight-for-age Z score* -0.06 (1.37) 0.06 (1.32) 0.05 (1.34)
Weight-for-length Z score* 0.51 (1.38) 0.58 (1.30) 0.63 (1.38)
Children with stunting at baselineδ 26 (21.0) 20 (16.3) 23 (18.3)
Hemoglobin g/dL* 10.0 (1.29) 10.12 (1.24) 9.99 (1.19)
Duration of observation in months, median (25th - 75th centile) 16.6 (9.3-17.9) 16.5 (8.2-17.7) 15.7 (5.8-17.5)
Children receiving iron therapy during study periodδ 28 (22.8) 26 (21.1) 29 (23.2)
  1. *Values are mean (standard deviation)
  2. δ Values are n (%)
  3. As a Z-score of WHO International Growth References [24]