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Table 2 The unadjusted and adjusted HRQoL indicators in the studied groups.

From: Diabetes mellitus and hypertension have comparable adverse effects on health-related quality of life

  HI (N = 5,043) RR (N = 1,490) RR+ (N = 1,564) DM (N = 231) DM+ (N = 742) pa
PF 81.5 (80.9-82.2) 66.6 (65.2-68.0) 47.8 (46.3-49.2) 65.1 (61.5-68.7) 49.9 (47.8-52.0) < 0.001
  78.1 (76.8-79.5) 67.8 (66.0-69.7) 51.7 (49.7-53.7) 69.4 (65.4-73.4) 57.3 (54.6-60.0)  
RP 77.5 (76.4-78.5) 58.1 (55.9-60.3) 33.5 (31.4-35.6) 56.1 (50.2-61.9) 35.9 (32.7-39.1) < 0.001
  73.3 (71.1-75.5) 60.3 (57.3-63.3) 38.1 (34.8-41.3) 61.1 (54.6-67.7) 43.4 (39.0-47.8)  
BP 74.5 (73.7-75.3) 62.1 (60.7-63.6) 48.5 (47.1-50.0) 58.7 (54.9-62.5) 49.4 (47.2-51.6) < 0.001
  72.8 (71.2-74.3) 65.5 (63.4-67.6) 52.7 (50.3-57.0) 62.9 (58.3-67.6) 54.0 (50.9-57.1)  
GH 64.2 (63.6-64.8) 51.6 (50.6-52.6) 40.2 (39.2-41.1) 49.0 (46.3-51.7) 39.2 (37.8-40.6) < 0.001
  62.9 (61.8-64.0) 53.2 (51.7-54.7) 43.7 (42.1-45.3) 52.7 (49.5-55.9) 41.7 (39.6-43.9)  
VT 60.7 (60.1-61.2) 53.2 (52.2-54.2) 39.8 (38.7-40.9) 51.4 (48.5-54.3) 41.3 (39.7-43.0) < 0.001
  59.1 (57.9-60.2) 55.4 (53.9-57.0) 44.4 (42.7-46.1) 55.0 (51.7-58.4) 46.5 (44.2-48.7)  
SF 82.0 (81.4-82.7) 74.4 (73.1-75.6) 58.7 (57.2-60.2) 69.2 (65.6-72.8) 59.8 (57.6-61.9) < 0.001
  79.2 (77.8-80.6) 76.1 (74.2-78.0) 62.7 (60.6-64.8) 73.9 (69.8-78.1) 64.7 (61.9-67.4)  
RE 79.9 (78.9-80.9) 69.3 (67.1-71.4) 51.4 (49.1-53.7) 70.4 (64.9-76.0) 51.5 (48.1-54.9) < 0.001
  76.6 (74.3-78.8) 72.6 (69.5-75.7) 57.1 (53.7-60.5) 74.7 (67.9-81.4) 58.8 (54.2-63.3)  
MH 68.3 (67.8-68.8) 62.5 (61.5-63.4) 52.8 (51.7-53.8) 60.6 (58.1-63.2) 53.7 (52.1-55.3) < 0.001
  66.8 (65.7-67.8) 64.0 (62.6-65.5) 57.8 (56.2-59.4) 63.4 (60.2-66.5) 58.1 (56.0-60.2)  
  1. Data are presented as mean (± 95% confidence interval); adjusted results are in italic format; a post-hoc analysis showed significant differences between RR&RR+, RR&DM+, DM&DM+, DM&RR+ and HI& all other groups (RR, RR+, DM, DM+) in all SF-36 dimensions; Scheffe test, p < 0.001; Abbreviations: HI - healthy individuals, RR - participants with hypertension, RR+ - hypertension and other cardiovascular comorbidities, DM - diabetes mellitus, DM+ - diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular comorbidities, PF - physical functioning, RP - role physical, BP - bodily pain, GH - general health, VT - vitality, SF - social functioning, RE - role emotional, MH - mental health.