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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of the studied groups

From: Diabetes mellitus and hypertension have comparable adverse effects on health-related quality of life

   HI (N = 5.043) RR (N = 1.490) RR+ (N = 1.564) DM (N = 231) DM+ (N = 742) p significant differencesb
Agea   46.5
(46.1-47.0)
60.1
(59.4-60.8)
65.3
(64.6-65.9)
60.0
(58.4-61.7)
65.7
(64.9-66.5)
< 0.001 RR&RR+, RR&DM+, DM&DM+, DM&RR+, HI&all other groups
Gender Male 32.8% 29.9% 28.7% 44.6% 32.3% < 0.001 DM&DM+, DM&RR+, RR &DM, RR+&HI, DM&HI
  Female 67.2% 70.1% 71.3% 55.4% 67.7%   
Level of education Unfinished primary school 9.8% 24.2% 31,1% 16.0% 30.7% < 0.001 RR&RR+, RR&DM+, DM&DM+, DM&RR+, HI&all other groups
  Primary school 20.1% 26.9% 28.8% 28.6% 27.8%   
  High school or similar 53.5% 37.4% 31.2% 43.3% 32.4%   
  College or University 16.6% 11.5% 8,9% 12.1% 9.1%   
Employed Yes 44.0% 22.3% 11.9% 21.2% 10.4% < 0.001 RR&RR+, RR&DM+, DM&DM+, DM&RR+, HI&all other groups
  No 56.0% 77.7% 88.1% 78.8% 89.6%   
Self-evaluation of financial status Poorer than average 36.8% 45.0% 54.7% 45.4% 53.0% < 0.001 RR&RR+, RR&DM+, RR&HI, RR+&HI, DM+&HI
  Average 50.2% 45.5% 39.3% 45.9% 40.4%   
  Better than average 13.0% 9.5% 6.0% 8.7% 6.6%   
  1. Data are presented as proportion (%) unless noted otherwise; a Mean (± 95% confidence interval) b Pairs with significant differences between groups; post-hoc analysis with downward adjustment for multiple comparison; Abbreviations: HI - healthy individuals, RR - participants with hypertension, RR+ - hypertension and other cardiovascular comorbidities, DM - diabetes mellitus, DM+ - diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular comorbidities