Skip to main content

Table 4 Measures of variation (random effects)

From: Migration and child immunization in Nigeria: individual- and community-level contexts

  Model 1a Model 2b Model 3c Model 4d Model 5e
Random effects      
Community-level      
   Variance (SE) 0.595(0.160)* 0.494 (0.158)* 0.432 (0.157)* 0.317 (0.174)* 0.627 (0.195)*
   VPC (%) 13.6 11.3 9.9 8.8 14.5
Mother-level      
   Variance (SE) 0.486 (0.247)* 0.574 (0.255)* 0.634 (0.258)* 0.000 (0.190) 0.417 (0.280)*
   VPC (%) 11.1 13.2 14.5 0 9.6
  1. a Model 1: contained only migration status;
  2. b Model 2: migration status and demographic characteristics;
  3. c Model 3: migration status and socio-economic characteristics;
  4. d Model 4: migration status and characteristics indicating health care utilization;
  5. e Model 5: migration status and community-level characteristics.
  6. VPC = Variance partition coefficient; SE = Standard error: OR = Odds ratio; CI = Confidence Interval.
  7. *p < .05;
  8. **p < .01;
  9. ***p < .001