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  1. Early childhood is a critical window for preventing obesity and chronic disease. Yet, 1 in 4 Australian children aged 5 years and under are affected by overweight or obesity; and significant proportions of chi...

    Authors: Stewart G. Trost, Rebecca Byrne, Kate E. Williams, Brittany J. Johnson, Anna Bird, Kate Simon, Li Kheng Chai, Caroline O. Terranova, Hayley E. Christian and Rebecca K. Golley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1757

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  2. Common mental disorders are highly prevalent in the working population, affecting about 1 in 5 persons in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. About 30% of those affected have ...

    Authors: E. Björk Brämberg, B. Arapovic-Johansson, U. Bültmann, P. Svedberg and G. Bergström

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1756

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Eating disorder symptoms (EDs) have been discussed as a prominent problem among late adolescent girls with serious health risks and long-term consequences. However, there is a lack of population-based evidence...

    Authors: Caroline Cohrdes, Claudia Santos-Hövener, Katja Kajikhina and Heike Hölling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1751

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The Western Pacific Region (WPR) is exposed each year to seasonal influenza and is often the source of new influenza virus variants and novel pathogen emergence. National influenza surveillance systems play a ...

    Authors: Clotilde El Guerche-Séblain, Thierry Rigoine De Fougerolles, Kim Sampson, Lance Jennings, Paul Van Buynder, Yuelong Shu, Zamberi Sekawi, Leo Yee-Sin, Tony Walls, Olivier Vitoux, J. Kevin Yin, Ada Wong, Francois Schellevis and Philippe Vanhems

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1750

    Content type: Research

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  5. Lymphatic filariasis (LF), Buruli ulcer (BU) and leprosy are neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) of the skin co-endemic in some communities in Nigeria. Not enough is known about the effectiveness of integrated ...

    Authors: Chinwe C. Eze, Ngozi Ekeke, Chukwuka Alphonsus, Linda Lehman, Joseph N. Chukwu, Charles C. Nwafor, Eileen Stillwaggon, Anthony O. Meka, Larry Sawers, Joy Ikebudu, Moses C. Anyim and Kingsley N. Ukwaja

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1748

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Optimized symptom-based COVID-19 case definitions that guide public health surveillance and individual patient management in the community may assist pandemic control.

    Authors: Hannah E. Reses, Mark Fajans, Scott H. Lee, Charles M. Heilig, Victoria T. Chu, Natalie J. Thornburg, Kim Christensen, Sanjib Bhattacharyya, Alicia Fry, Aron J. Hall, Jacqueline E. Tate, Hannah L. Kirking and Scott A. Nabity

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1747

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The tendency of women to smoke has increased in recent years and the prevalence of smoking among women is increasing. The purpose of this study was to design and evaluation the psychometric properties of the s...

    Authors: Alireza Jafari, Nooshin Peyman, Mahdi Gholian-Aval, Mehrsadat Mahdizadeh and Hadi Tehrani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1746

    Content type: Research

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  8. Public health strategies in the context of respiratory droplet-transmissible diseases (such as influenza or COVID-19) include intensified hand hygiene promotion, but a review on the effectiveness of different ...

    Authors: Koen Veys, Kim Dockx, Hans Van Remoortel, Philippe Vandekerckhove and Emmy De Buck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1745

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. Prostate cancer (Pca) is the second most common cause of cancer among Lebanese men. Screening is an effective method to reduce prostate cancer mortality. This study assessed the knowledge, awareness, and scree...

    Authors: Johnny Boustany, Maher Abdessater, Halim Akl, Anthony Kanbar, Joey El Khoury, Serge Assaf, Charbel Dabal, Charbel El Hachem, Antoine Kassis, Rodrigue Saad, Rami Halabi and Raghid El Khoury

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1744

    Content type: Research

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  10. Substance use among young people is a significant public health concern, particularly in Scotland. Primary prevention activities are essential in delaying young people’s substance use and reducing the harms as...

    Authors: Hannah Carver, Peter McCulloch and Tessa Parkes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1742

    Content type: Research

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  11. Use of electronic data collection, management and analysis tools to support outbreak response is limited, especially in low income countries. This can hamper timely decision-making during outbreak response. Id...

    Authors: Patrick Keating, Jillian Murray, Karl Schenkel, Laura Merson and Anna Seale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1741

    Content type: Research

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  12. Globally, immunization prevents 2–3 million deaths annually from vaccine-preventable diseases such as diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, influenza, and measles. In developing countries, several immunization progr...

    Authors: Ebrima Touray, Amadou Barrow, Bakary Kinteh, Mansour Badjie, Musa Nget, Jainaba Touray, Sambou L. S. Kinteh, Solomon P. S. Jatta and Lamin Ceesay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1740

    Content type: Research

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  13. A variety of strategies have been used to reach men with HIV self-testing services, including social network-based HIV self-test kits distribution. However, few studies have assessed men’s comfort to distribut...

    Authors: Joseph K. B. Matovu, Gaspar Mbita, Akeen Hamilton, Frank Mhando, Wynton M. Sims, Noah Thompson, Albert N. Komba, Jackson Lija, Jiajia Zhang, Thomas van den Akker, Dustin T. Duncan, Augustine T. Choko and Donaldson F. Conserve

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1739

    Content type: Research

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  14. Focus groups and workshops can be used to gain insights into the persistence of and potential solutions for environmental health priorities in underserved areas. The objective of this study was to characterize...

    Authors: Suwei Wang, Molly B. Richardson, Mary B. Evans, Ethel Johnson, Sheryl Threadgill-Matthews, Sheila Tyson, Katherine L. White and Julia M. Gohlke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1738

    Content type: Research

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  15. Community testing for HIV can reach previously untested populations but is rarely offered in workplaces. Targeting the construction sector could reach workers from high risk populations.

    Authors: Wendy Jones, Sarah Somerset, Catrin Evans, Katharine Whittingham, Matthew Middleton and Holly Blake

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1737

    Content type: Research

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  16. Connectedness to family and peers is a key determinant of adolescent mental health. Existing research examining associations between social media use and social connectedness has been largely quantitative and ...

    Authors: Lizzy Winstone, Becky Mars, Claire M. A. Haworth and Judi Kidger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1736

    Content type: Research

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  17. Flood disaster preparedness among the community seldom received attention. Necessary intervention must be taken to prevent the problem. Health Education Based Intervention (HEBI) was developed following the He...

    Authors: M. N. Mohd Tariq, Hayati Kadir Shahar, Mohd Rafee Baharudin, Sharifah Norkhadijah Syed Ismail, Rosliza Abdul Manaf, Md Said Salmiah, Jamilah Ahmad and Sri Ganesh Muthiah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1735

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  18. In the UK, annual influenza vaccination is currently recommended for adults aged 16–64 years who are in a clinical at-risk group. Despite recommendations, rates of vaccine uptake in the UK have historically be...

    Authors: Simon Oakley, Julien Bouchet, Paul Costello and James Parker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1734

    Content type: Research

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  19. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major public health problem with harmful consequences. In Australia, there is no national standard screening tool and screening practice is variable across states. The obje...

    Authors: K. Hegarty, J. Spangaro, M. Kyei-Onanjiri, J. Valpied, J. Walsh, J. Chapman and J. Koziol-McLain

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1733

    Content type: Research

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  20. Physical fights have been a common health problem among adolescents, and approximately a million adolescents’ lives are lost due to violence-related incidents worldwide. There is a lack of information on the b...

    Authors: Agumasie Semahegn, Yadeta Dessie, Nega Assefa, Chelsey R. Canavan, Yemane Berhane and Wafaie W. Fawzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1732

    Content type: Research

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  21. Community-acquired pneumonia is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in adults. Approximately one-third of pneumonia cases can be attributed to the pneumococcus. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs)...

    Authors: Claire von Mollendorf, Mukhchuluun Ulziibayar, Bradford D. Gessner, Lien Anh Ha Do, Cattram D. Nguyen, Rohini Beavon, Bujinlkham Suuri, Dashtseren Luvsantseren, Dorj Narangerel, Adam Jenney, Eileen M. Dunne, Catherine Satzke, Badarchiin Darmaa, Tuya Mungun and E. Kim Mulholland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1731

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Childhood unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death and disability for children. Despite the risk factors that lead to the occurrence of injuries have been identified, the relationship between cumu...

    Authors: Hui Zhang, Fengxin Bai, Hongling Song, Jun Yang, Xinlong Wang, Qingfang Ye and Yuqiu Zhou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1730

    Content type: Research article

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  23. People with disadvantages are a high-risk group of unemployment or underemployment. Disadvantages include disability, under-education, or being a member of a minority, etc. Effective labor market programs coul...

    Authors: Noémi Meisznerné Kuklek, Máté Cséplő, Eszter Pozsonyi and Henriette Pusztafalvi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1729

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Domestic violence (social, legal, and health violence) is the most common type of violence against women. Due to factors such as the current quarantine, this type of violence has increased during the COVID-19 ...

    Authors: Arezoo Yari, Hosein Zahednezhad, Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh and Amanj Kurdi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1727

    Content type: Research

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  25. Social support is an important health determinant and may affect dietary behaviors. The purpose of this study was to examine the relations between perceived social support and the Chinese Diet Balance Index-16...

    Authors: Qiang Zhang, Yuan Ruan, Wenmin Hu, Juanjuan Li, Jiang Zhao, Min Peng, Rong Wan, Xiangdong Min, Shaomei He and Zhitao Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1726

    Content type: Research

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  26. Providing at-risk communities with uninterrupted access to early diagnosis and treatment is a key component in reducing malaria transmission and achieving elimination. As programmes approach malaria eliminatio...

    Authors: Jade D. Rae, Jordi Landier, Julie A. Simpson, Stéphane Proux, Angela Devine, Richard J. Maude, Aung Myint Thu, Jacher Wiladphaingern, Ladda Kajeechiwa, May Myo Thwin, Saw Win Tun and François H. Nosten

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1725

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Albania is facing decreasing childhood immunisation coverage and delay in timeliness of vaccination despite a growing economy and universal health insurance. Our aim is to estimate childhood immunisation timel...

    Authors: Daniela Mayerová and Kaja Abbas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1724

    Content type: Research

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  28. There is increasing recognition of the complexity underlying WASH conditions in developing countries. This article explores the complexity by assessing the vulnerability of a specific area to poor WASH conditi...

    Authors: D. Daniel, Dennis Djohan, Ilias Machairas, Saket Pande, Arifin Arifin, Trimo Pamudji Al Djono and Luuk Rietveld

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1723

    Content type: Research

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  29. Road-Traffic-Injuries (RTIs) are predicted to rise up to the fifth leading cause of worldwide death by 2030 and Iran has the third highest RTIs mortality among higher-middle income countries. Although the high...

    Authors: Mehran Shams, Farnam Mohebi, Kimiya Gohari, Masoud Masinaei, Bahram Mohajer, Nazila Rezaei, Ali Sheidaei, Sara Khademioureh, Moein Yoosefi, Milad Hasan, Bahman Damerchilu, Ayyoob Jafari and Farshad Farzadfar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1722

    Content type: Research article

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  30. It is important to gain insight into the burden of COVID-19 at city district level to develop targeted prevention strategies. We examined COVID-19 related hospitalisations by city district and migration backgr...

    Authors: Liza Coyer, Elke Wynberg, Marcel Buster, Camiel Wijffels, Maria Prins, Anja Schreijer, Yvonne T. H. P. van Duijnhoven, Alje P. van Dam, Mariken van der Lubben and Tjalling Leenstra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1721

    Content type: Research

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  31. Appropriate increases in tobacco taxes and prices are an essential component of comprehensive tobacco control strategies. This study investigates factors related to the use, sale, and distribution of cigarette...

    Authors: Younes Panahi Golestan, Mohammad Ebrahimi Kalan, Ziyad Ben Taleb, Kenneth D. Ward, Mehdi Fazlzadeh, Raed Bahelah, Mohammad Reza Masjedi, Abdurrahman Charkazi, Nasir Dehghan and Shirin Shahbazi Sighaldeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1720

    Content type: Research

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  32. Despite having the highest prevalence of sickle cell disease (SCD) in the world, no country in Sub-Saharan Africa has a universal screening program for the disease. We sought to capture the diagnosis patterns ...

    Authors: Alexandra M. Sims, Kwaku Osei Bonsu, Rebekah Urbonya, Fatimah Farooq, Fitz Tavernier, Marianna Yamamoto, Sheri VanOmen, Brittne Halford, Polina Gorodinsky, Rachel Issaka, Tulana Kpadenou, Rhonda Douglas, Samuel Wilson, Clementine Fu, Danielle Canter, Duña Martin…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1719

    Content type: Research

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  33. Heroin use continues to drive HIV transmission in Vietnam, but methamphetamine and alcohol use are growing rapidly and, as in other countries, polysubstance use is widespread. The objective of this study was t...

    Authors: Andrew Edsall, Kim A. Hoffman, Dinh Thanh Thuy, Pham Phuong Mai, Nguyen Thu Hang, Tong Thi Khuyen, Nguyen Thu Trang, Lynn E. Kunkel, Le Minh Giang and P. Todd Korthuis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1718

    Content type: Research

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  34. Given the interplay between race and comorbidities on COVID-19 morbidity and mortality, it is vital that testing be performed in areas of greatest need, where more severe cases are expected. The goal of this a...

    Authors: Wil Lieberman-Cribbin, Naomi Alpert, Raja Flores and Emanuela Taioli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1717

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Outdoor play, sedentary behavior (SB), and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) are related to youth’s health, however, there are research gaps regarding 1) associations between outdoor play, SB, and ...

    Authors: Carina Nigg, Claudia Niessner, Claudio R. Nigg, Doris Oriwol, Steffen C. E. Schmidt and Alexander Woll

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1716

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Caesarean section delivery is a major life-saving obstetric surgical intervention for mothers and babies from pregnancy and childbirth related complications. This paper attempts to investigate the geographical...

    Authors: Avijit Roy, Pintu Paul, Pradip Chouhan, Margubur Rahaman and Nanigopal Kapasia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1715

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Authors: A. K. Lofters, M. A. O’Brien, R. Sutradhar, A. D. Pinto, N. N. Baxter, P. Donnelly, R. Elliott, R. H. Glazier, J. Huizinga, R. Kyle, D. Manca, M. A. Pietrusiak, L. Rabeneck, B. Riordan, P. Selby, K. Sivayoganathan…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1714

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2021 21:1496

  38. Wasting and stunting, physical growth manifestations of child undernutrition, have historically been considered separately with distinct interventions at the program, policy, and financing levels despite simil...

    Authors: Kristin Kohlmann, Christopher R. Sudfeld, Souna Garba, Ousmane Guindo, Rebecca F. Grais and Sheila Isanaka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1713

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is now globally considered a serious economic, social and health threat. A wide range of health related factors including Body Mass Index (BMI) is reported to be associated ...

    Authors: Mohammad Sarmadi, S. Mohammad Ahmadi-Soleimani, Mohammad Fararouei and Mostafa Dianatinasab

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1712

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Responses of subnational government units are crucial in the containment of the spread of pathogens in a country. To mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Philippine national government through its...

    Authors: Dylan Antonio S. Talabis, Ariel L. Babierra, Christian Alvin H. Buhat, Destiny S. Lutero, Kemuel M. Quindala III and Jomar F. Rabajante

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1711

    Content type: Research

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  41. Eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) in sub-Saharan Africa is hindered by limited understanding of HIV-testing and HIV-care engagement among pregnant and breastfeeding women.

    Authors: David Etoori, Brian Rice, Georges Reniers, Francesc Xavier Gomez-Olive, Jenny Renju, Chodziwadziwa Whiteson Kabudula and Alison Wringe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1710

    Content type: Research

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  42. Older patients are at high risk of unplanned revisits to the emergency department (ED) because of their medical complexity. To reduce the number of ED visits, we need more knowledge about the patient-level, en...

    Authors: Daisy Kolk, Anton F. Kruiswijk, Janet L. MacNeil-Vroomen, Milan L. Ridderikhof and Bianca M. Buurman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1709

    Content type: Research article

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  43. South Africa has the world’s largest HIV epidemic, but South African adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) acquire HIV at twice the rate of and seroconvert on average 5–7 years earlier than their male peers....

    Authors: Geri R. Donenberg, Millicent Atujuna, Katherine G. Merrill, Erin Emerson, Sheily Ndwayana, Dara Blachman-Demner and Linda Gail Bekker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1708

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  44. In Hungary, the mortality rate for testicular germ cell cancer (TGCC) is 0,9/100000 which is significantly higher than the EU average. We prospectively evaluated the effect of socioeconomic position on patient...

    Authors: Zsófia Küronya, Georgina Fröhlich, Andrea Ladányi, Tamás Martin, Lajos Géczi, Fruzsina Gyergyai, Orsolya Horváth, Gergő Kiszner, Ágnes Kovács, Tamás Dienes, Enikő Lénárt, Krisztián Nagyiványi, Tibor Szarvas, Mihály Szőnyi, Attila Tóth and Krisztina Biró

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1707

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Self-control (SC) has been consistently found associated with diverse health risk behaviors (HRBs), but little research refers to low- and middle-income countries. Furthermore, there is evidence that some HRBs...

    Authors: Roberta Corradi Astolfi, Maria Alvim Leite, Cassio Henrique Gomide Papa, Marcelo Ryngelblum, Manuel Eisner and Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1706

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Health equity differs from the concept of health inequality by taking into consideration the fairness of an inequality. Inequities may be culturally specific, based on social relations within a society. Measur...

    Authors: Christopher Carroll, Katie Evans, Khalifa Elmusharaf, Patrick O’Donnell, Anne Dee, Diarmuid O’Donovan and Marie Casey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1705

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. The Covid-19 pandemic has led to substantial and unexpected increases in morbidity and mortality in France. Vulnerable populations housed in accommodation centres have a greater risk of infection because colle...

    Authors: Ismaïl Alsaïdi, Frédéric De Sousa Santos, Bérengère Plard, Elise Janvier, Aurélie Tinland, Abdelmajid Hafni and Emilie Mosnier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1704

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. The inclusion of self-reported differential treatment by race/ethnicity in population-based public health surveillance and monitoring systems may provide an opportunity to address long-standing health inequali...

    Authors: Aditi Srivastav, Kaitlynn Robinson-Ector, Colby Kipp, Melissa Strompolis and Kellee White

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1703

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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