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Page 327 of 342

  1. To present and compare population-based and antenatal-care (ANC) sentinel surveillance HIV prevalence estimates among women in a rural South African population where both provision of ANC services and family p...

    Authors: Brian D Rice, Jörg Bätzing-Feigenbaum, Victoria Hosegood, Frank Tanser, Caterina Hill, Till Barnighausen, Kobus Herbst, Tanya Welz and Marie-Louise Newell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:160

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In 2000, the overall rate of injury deaths in children aged 0–14 was 28.7 per 100000 in Estonia, which is more than 5 times higher than the corresponding rate in neighbouring Finland. This paper describes chil...

    Authors: Marika Väli, Katrin Lang, Ruth Soonets, Marika Talumäe and Andrej M Grjibovski

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:158

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Community-wide preparedness for pandemic influenza is an issue that has featured prominently in the recent news media, and is currently a priority for health authorities in many countries. The small and medium...

    Authors: Rochelle E Watkins, Feonagh C Cooke, Robert J Donovan, C Raina MacIntyre, Ralf Itzwerth and Aileen J Plant

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:157

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Projections of health and social care need are highly sensitive to assumptions about cohort trends in health and disability. We use a repeated population-based cross-sectional study from the Cambridgeshire cen...

    Authors: Carol Jagger, Ruth J Matthews, Fiona E Matthews, Nicola A Spiers, Judith Nickson, Eugene S Paykel, Felicia A Huppert and Carol Brayne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:156

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Mental health problems are a worldwide public health burden. The literature concerning the mental health benefits from physical activity among adults has grown. Adolescents are less studied, and especially lon...

    Authors: Aase Sagatun, Anne Johanne Søgaard, Espen Bjertness, Randi Selmer and Sonja Heyerdahl

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:155

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Data are scarce on the long term relationship between leisure time physical activity, smoking and development of metabolic syndrome and diabetes. We wanted to investigate the relationship between leisure time ...

    Authors: Ingar Holme, Serena Tonstad, Anne Johanne Sogaard, Per G Lund Larsen and Lise Lund Haheim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:154

    Content type: Research article

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  7. National level estimates of injuries are not readily available for developing countries. This study estimated the annual incidence, patterns and severity of unintentional injuries among persons over five years...

    Authors: Zafar Fatmi, Wilbur C Hadden, Junaid A Razzak, Huma I Qureshi, Adnan A Hyder and Gregory Pappas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:152

    Content type: Research article

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  8. We assessed direct effects of neighborhood-level characteristics and interactive effects of neighborhood-level characteristics and individual socioeconomic position on adult smoking and drinking, after conside...

    Authors: Ying-Chih Chuang, Yu-Sheng Li, Yi-Hua Wu and Hsing Jasmine Chao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:151

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The initiation of the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study in 1996, and subsequent follow-up of the cohort 5 years later, provided longitudinal body mass index (BMI) data for a random sample of Canadians.

    Authors: Wilma M Hopman, Cristine Leroux, Claudie Berger, Lawrence Joseph, Susan I Barr, Jerilynn C Prior, Mark Harrison, Suzette Poliquin, Tanveer Towheed, Tassos Anastassiades and David Goltzman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:150

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Early onset of menopause is a risk factor for several health problems. The objective was primarily to investigate the association between early menopause and current, past active and passive smoking. A second ...

    Authors: Thea F Mikkelsen, Sidsel Graff-Iversen, Johanne Sundby and Espen Bjertness

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:149

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Challenges to retention in prenatal care seem to exist under both universal systems of care, as in Canada, and non-universal systems of care, as in the United States. However, among populations being served by...

    Authors: Suzanne C Tough, Jodi E Siever and David W Johnston

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:148

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The ankle brachial index (ABI) is an efficient tool for objectively documenting the presence of lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD). However, different methods exist for ABI calculation, which mi...

    Authors: Stefan F Lange, Hans-Joachim Trampisch, David Pittrow, Harald Darius, Matthias Mahn, Jens R Allenberg, Gerhart Tepohl, Roman L Haberl and Curt Diehm

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:147

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Learning about the impact of public health policy presents significant challenges for evaluators. These include the nebulous and organic nature of interventions ensuing from policy directives, the tension betw...

    Authors: Mhairi Mackenzie, Avril Blamey, Emma Halliday, Margaret Maxwell, Allyson McCollam, David McDaid, Joanne MacLean, Amy Woodhouse and Stephen Platt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:146

    Content type: Correspondence

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  14. To determine differences among persons who provided blood specimens for HIV testing compared with those who did not among those interviewed for the population-based Zimbabwe Young Adult Survey (YAS).

    Authors: AD McNaghten, Joan M Herold, Hazel M Dube and Michael E St Louis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:145

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Mortality rates for older persons in Botswana have been unavailable and little is known of predictors of mortality in old age. This study may serve as a precursor for more detailed assessments.

    Authors: Thomas Clausen, Adrian O Wilson, Robert M Molebatsi and Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:144

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Law and policy in several countries require health services to demonstrate that they are promoting racial/ethnic equality. However, suitable and accurate data are usually not available. We demonstrated, using ...

    Authors: CM Fischbacher, R Bhopal, C Povey, M Steiner, J Chalmers, G Mueller, J Jamieson and D Knowles

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:142

    Content type: Research article

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  17. There is little experience with carefully developed interventions in the HIV/STI prevention field aimed at adult heterosexual target groups in the Netherlands. The ability to apply intervention development pro...

    Authors: Mireille EG Wolfers, Caty van den Hoek, Johannes Brug and Onno de Zwart

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:141

    Content type: Research article

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  18. To determine the prevalence of asthma symptoms in a sample of Greek children aged 10–12 years, and to evaluate these rates in relation to anthropometric, lifestyle characteristics and dietary habits.

    Authors: Kostas N Priftis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Michael B Anthracopoulos, Anastasios Papadimitriou and Polyxeni Nicolaidou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:140

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Ensuring the sexual and reproductive health of the population is essential for the wellbeing of a nation. At least three aspects of sexual and reproductive health are among the key policy issues for present Au...

    Authors: Anthony MA Smith, Marian K Pitts, Julia M Shelley, Juliet Richters and Jason Ferris

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:139

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. Unhealthy lifestyle choices tend to cluster, but controversy remains regarding relationships between smoking and dietary habits. The aim of this study was to compare dietary intake and alcohol consumption, acc...

    Authors: Patrícia Padrão, Nuno Lunet, Ana Cristina Santos and Henrique Barros

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:138

    Content type: Research article

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  21. An earlier case-control study from Western Australia reported a protective effect of maternal folic acid supplementation during pregnancy on the risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). The prese...

    Authors: John D Dockerty, Peter Herbison, David CG Skegg and Mark Elwood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:136

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Few studies, particularly in developing countries, have explored the relationship between adolescents and parental values with adolescent problem behaviors. The objectives of the study are to (1) describe adol...

    Authors: Hongjie Liu, Shuli Yu, Lesley Cottrell, Sonja Lunn, Lynette Deveaux, Nanika V Brathwaite, Sharon Marshall, Xiaoming Li and Bonita Stanton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:135

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Tuberculosis treatment failure and death rates are low in the Western Pacific Region, including Vietnam. However, failure or death may also occur among patients who did not complete treatment, i.e. reported as...

    Authors: Marleen Vree, Nguyen T Huong, Bui D Duong, Dinh N Sy, Le N Van, Nguyen V Co, Frank GJ Cobelens and Martien W Borgdorff

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:134

    Content type: Research article

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  24. During a microbicide trial feasibility study among women at high-risk of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in Mwanza, northern Tanzania we used participatory research tools to facilitate open dialogue an...

    Authors: Andrew Vallely, Charles Shagi, Stella Kasindi, Nicola Desmond, Shelley Lees, Betty Chiduo, Richard Hayes, Caroline Allen and David Ross

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:133

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Socioeconomic status is a predictor not only of mortality, but also of cardiovascular risk and morbidity. An ongoing debate in the field of social inequalities and health focuses on two questions: 1) Is indivi...

    Authors: Juergen Breckenkamp, Andreas Mielck and Oliver Razum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:132

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Objectives: To compare support for, and perceptions of, the impacts of smoke-free workplace legislation among bar workers in the Republic of Ireland (ROI) pre- and post-implementation, and to identify predictors...

    Authors: Lisa Pursell, Shane Allwright, Diarmuid O'Donovan, Gillian Paul, Alan Kelly, Bernie J Mullally and Maureen D'Eath

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:131

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Meningococcal disease can have devastating consequences. As new vaccines emerge, it is necessary to assess their impact on public health. In the absence of long-term real world data, modeling the effects of di...

    Authors: J Jaime Caro, Jörgen Möller, Denis Getsios, L Coudeville, Wissam El-Hadi, Catherine Chevat, Van Hung Nguyen and Ingrid Caro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:130

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The effect of sleep on the risk of developing diabetes has not been explored in an Asian population. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of self-reported sleep duration and sleep quality o...

    Authors: Yasuaki Hayashino, Shunichi Fukuhara, Yoshimi Suzukamo, Tomonori Okamura, Taichiro Tanaka and Hirotsugu Ueshima

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:129

    Content type: Research article

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  29. In this study the focus is on social insurance officers judging applications for disability pensions. The number of applications for disability pension increased during the late 1990s, which has resulted in an...

    Authors: Berit Ydreborg, Kerstin Ekberg and Kerstin Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:128

    Content type: Research article

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  30. For individuals with AIDS, data exist relatively soon after diagnosis to allow estimation of "early" survival quantiles (e.g., the 0.10, 0.15, 0.20 and 0.30 quantiles, etc.). Many years of additional observation ...

    Authors: Wayne TA Enanoria, Alan E Hubbard, Mark J van der Laan, Mi Chen, Juan Ruiz and John M Colford Jr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:127

    Content type: Research article

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  31. In the last decades, there have been no studies carried out in Lithuania on the quality of life of breast cancer patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate changes in the quality of life of Lithuan...

    Authors: Giedre Bulotiene, Jonas Veseliunas and Valerijus Ostapenko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:124

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Commercial sources of information are known to have greater influence than scientific sources on general practitioners' (GPs) prescribing behavior in under developed and developing countries. The study aimed t...

    Authors: Serhat Vancelik, Nazim E Beyhun, Hamit Acemoglu and Oksan Calikoglu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:122

    Content type: Research article

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  33. This formative study sought to explore the factors that influence the consumption of fish and seafood among 4–6 year old children in the Perth metropolitan area. Focus groups were conducted with mothers of you...

    Authors: Alexandra McManus, Sharyn K Burns, Peter A Howat, Lisa Cooper and Lynda Fielder

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:119

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Evidence strongly suggests that the neighbourhood in which people live influences their health. Despite this, investigations of ethnic differences in cardiovascular risk factors have focused mainly on individu...

    Authors: Charles Agyemang, Carolien van Hooijdonk, Wanda Wendel-Vos, Joanne K Ujcic-Voortman, Ellen Lindeman, Karien Stronks and Mariel Droomers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:118

    Content type: Research article

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  35. To investigate whether primary prevention might be more favourable than secondary prevention (risk factor reduction in patients with coronary heart disease(CHD)).

    Authors: Zubair Kabir, Kathleen Bennett, Emer Shelley, Belgin Unal, Julia A Critchley and Simon Capewell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:117

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Previous research has shown that family interactions are associated with depressive symptoms in children. However, detailed classifications of family interaction types have not been studied thoroughly. This st...

    Authors: Wen-chi Wu, Chi-Hsien Kao, Lee-Lan Yen and Tony Szu-Hsien Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:116

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In the context of climate change, an efficient alert system to prevent the risk associated with summer heat is necessary. The authors' objective was to describe the temperature-mortality relationship in France...

    Authors: Anne Fouillet, Grégoire Rey, Eric Jougla, Philippe Frayssinet, Pierre Bessemoulin and Denis Hémon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:114

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Smoking is Greece's largest public health threat. Greece has the highest adult smoking prevalence among all E.U countries, which in turn possibly predisposes Greek children and adolescents to smoke. The purpos...

    Authors: Constantine I Vardavas, Dimitrios Athanasopoulos, Evaggelia Balomenaki, Dora Niaounaki, Manolis K Linardakis and Anthony G Kafatos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:112

    Content type: Research article

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