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  1. Knowledge about the prevalence of sexual risk behaviour (SRB) in adolescence is needed to prevent unwanted health consequences. Studies on SRB among adolescents in Central Europe are rare and mostly rely on a ...

    Authors: Ondrej Kalina, Andrea M Geckova, Pavol Jarcuska, Olga Orosova, Jitse P van Dijk and Sijmen A Reijneveld

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:15

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Results of studies concerning the association between obesity and depression are conflicting. Some find a positive association, some a negative association and some find no association at all. Most studies, ho...

    Authors: Leonore M de Wit, Annemieke van Straten, Marieke van Herten, Brenda WJH Penninx and Pim Cuijpers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:14

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Depression is an important global public health problem. Given the scarcity of studies involving African youths, this study was conducted to evaluate the associations of anger expression and violent behavior w...

    Authors: Dale J Terasaki, Bizu Gelaye, Yemane Berhane and Michelle A Williams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:13

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Traffic crashes and consequent injuries represent a growing public health concern in India, particularly in light of increasing motorization. Motorised two-wheeled vehicles (MTV) constitute a large portion of ...

    Authors: Michael Fitzharris, Rakhi Dandona, G Anil Kumar and Lalit Dandona

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:11

    Content type: Research article

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  5. While most of the global burden from chronic diseases, and especially vascular diseases, is now borne by low and middle-income countries, few large-scale epidemiological studies of chronic diseases in such cou...

    Authors: Pablo Kuri-Morales, Jonathan Emberson, Jesús Alegre-Díaz, Roberto Tapia-Conyer, Rory Collins, Richard Peto and Gary Whitlock

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:9

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Worldwide, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the fourth cause of death. Exacerbations have a negative impact on the prognosis of COPD and the frequency and severity of these episodes are associat...

    Authors: Eulàlia Borrell, Mar Rodríguez, Pere Torán, Laura Muñoz, Guillem Pera, Núria Montellà, Mònica Monteagudo, Magalí Urrea, Yolanda Puigfel, Antonio Negrete, Xavier Mezquiriz, Cristina Domènech, Anna Lacasta, Ma Llum García, Sandra Maneus and Glòria Tintoré

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:8

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. The prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among street-involved youth greatly exceed that of the general adolescent population; however, little is known regarding the structural factors ...

    Authors: Brandon DL Marshall, Thomas Kerr, Jean A Shoveller, Julio SG Montaner and Evan Wood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:7

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The work setting provides an opportunity to introduce overweight (i.e., Body Mass Index ≥ 25 kg/m2) adults to a weight management programme, but new approaches are needed in this setting. The main purpose of this...

    Authors: Marieke F van Wier, Geertje AM Ariëns, J Caroline Dekkers, Ingrid JM Hendriksen, Tjabe Smid and Willem van Mechelen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:6

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem in the Horn of Africa with Ethiopia being the most affected where TB cases increase at the rate of 2.6% each year. One of the main contributing factors for th...

    Authors: Abdi A Gele, Gunnar Bjune and Fekadu Abebe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:5

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Women aged 25–45 years represent a high risk group for weight gain and those with children are at increased risk because of weight gain associated with pregnancy and subsequent lifestyle change. Average self-r...

    Authors: Catherine Lombard, Amanda Deeks, Damien Jolley and Helena J Teede

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:2

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Body image disturbance is an increasing problem in Western societies and is associated with a number of mental health outcomes including anorexia, bulimia, body dysmorphia, and depression. The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Adriano Marçal Pimenta, Almudena Sánchez-Villegas, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Celeste Nicole López and Miguel Ángel Martínez-González

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:1

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Behavioral surveys help interpret the magnitude of HIV/AIDS. We analyzed indicators of knowledge on HIV/AIDS and condom use among sub populations selected for behavioral surveillance in Ethiopia.

    Authors: Getnet M Kassie, Damen H Mariam and Amy O Tsui

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:429

    Content type: Research article

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  13. This study examined two main hypotheses: a) Polish immigrants' smoking estimates are greater than their Irish counterparts (b) Polish immigrants purchasing cigarettes from Poland smoke "heavier" (≥ 20 cigarett...

    Authors: Zubair Kabir, Vanessa Clarke, Sheila Keogan, Laura M Currie, Witold Zatonski and Luke Clancy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:428

    Content type: Research article

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  14. A drug resistance survey is an essential public health management tool for evaluating and improving the performance of National Tuberculosis control programmes. The current manuscript describes the implementat...

    Authors: Timothy M Chonde, Basra Doulla, Frank van Leth, Sayoki GM Mfinanga, Nyagosya Range, Fred Lwilla, Saidi M Mfaume, Armand van Deun, Matteo Zignol, Frank G Cobelens and Saidi M Egwaga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:427

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Sickness absence is very high in Sweden. The reasons for this phenomenon are not well known. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between degree of self-reported sickness absence and health...

    Authors: Hans-G Eriksson, Anna-Sophia von Celsing, Rolf Wahlström, Lotta Janson, Viktoria Zander and Thorne Wallman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:426

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Australia is considering implementing a chlamydia screening program in general practice. The views of general practitioners (GPs) are necessary to inform the design of the program. This paper aimed to investig...

    Authors: Jane S Hocking, Rhian M Parker, Natasha Pavlin, Christopher K Fairley and Jane M Gunn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:425

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Home visiting programs comprising intensive and sustained visits by professionals (usually nurses) over the first two years of life show promise in promoting child health and family functioning, and ameliorati...

    Authors: Lynn Kemp, Elizabeth Harris, Catherine McMahon, Stephen Matthey, Graham Vimpani, Teresa Anderson and Virginia Schmied

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:424

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. There is a worldwide increase in the prevalence of obesity and disturbances in glucose metabolism. The aim of this study was to assess the current prevalence of obesity, central obesity and abnormal glucose to...

    Authors: Timo E Saaristo, Noël C Barengo, Eeva Korpi-Hyövälti, Heikki Oksa, Hannu Puolijoki, Juha T Saltevo, Mauno Vanhala, Jouko Sundvall, Liisa Saarikoski, Markku Peltonen and Jaakko Tuomilehto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:423

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Annual influenza vaccination is recommended for healthcare workers (HCWs) in order to reduce the morbidity associated with influenza in healthcare settings. The aim of this study was to evaluate the current va...

    Authors: Susanna Esposito, Samantha Bosis, Claudio Pelucchi, Elena Tremolati, Caterina Sabatini, Margherita Semino, Paola Marchisio, Francesco della Croce and Nicola Principi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:422

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The negative impact of overweight (including obesity) and related treatment on children's and adolescents' health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has been shown in few specific samples thus far. We examined HR...

    Authors: Nora Wille, Michael Erhart, Christiane Petersen and Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:421

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The American Heart Association Position Statement on Cardiovascular Health Promotion in Public Schools encourages school-based interventions for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) through r...

    Authors: Joseph J Carlson, Joey C Eisenmann, Karin A Pfeiffer, Kathleen B Jager, Scott T Sehnert, Kimbo E Yee, Rita A Klavinski and Deborah L Feltz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:420

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. More research on factors associated with physical activity and the decline in participation during adolescence is needed. In this paper, we investigate the levels, change, and stability of physical activity du...

    Authors: Åse Sagatun, Elin Kolle, Sigmund A Anderssen, Magne Thoresen and Anne Johanne Søgaard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:419

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Child under-nutrition is a leading factor underlying child mortality and morbidity in Sub-Saharan Africa. Several studies from Uganda have reported impaired growth, but there have been few if any community-bas...

    Authors: Ingunn Marie Stadskleiv Engebretsen, Thorkild Tylleskär, Henry Wamani, Charles Karamagi and James K Tumwine

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:418

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Tanzania is currently scaling-up access to anti-retro viral therapy (ART) to reach as many eligible persons as possible. Hepatitis viral co-infections are known to influence progression, management as well as ...

    Authors: Tumaini J Nagu, Muhammad Bakari and Mecky Matee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:416

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In order to better understand factors that influence decisions for public health, we undertook a qualitative study to explore issues relating to the time horizons used in decision-making.

    Authors: David C Taylor-Robinson, Beth Milton, Ffion Lloyd-Williams, Martin O'Flaherty and Simon Capewell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:415

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Young people below the age of 18, whose lives are affected by looking after a relative with a disability or long-term illness, are called young carers. Evidence based family oriented support for young carers a...

    Authors: Jörg große Schlarmann, Sabine Metzing-Blau and Wilfried Schnepp

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:414

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Homeopathy is a highly debated but often used medical treatment. With this cohort study we aimed to evaluate health status changes under homeopathic treatment in routine care. Here we extend former results, no...

    Authors: Claudia M Witt, Rainer Lüdtke, Nils Mengler and Stefan N Willich

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:413

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Prior studies on the impact of problem gambling in the family mainly include help-seeking populations with small numbers of participants. The objective of the present stratified probability sample study was to...

    Authors: Hanne Gro Wenzel, Anita Øren and Inger Johanne Bakken

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:412

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The prevalence of hypertension, an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), is increasing in the developing countries and this may be connected with the economic transition in those countries. A...

    Authors: Chukwunonso ECC Ejike, Chidi E Ugwu, Lawrence US Ezeanyika and Ayo T Olayemi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:411

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In the Netherlands, the first adolescents with diabetes mellitus type 2 as a result of obesity have recently been diagnosed. Therefore, it is very important that programs aiming at the prevention of type 2 dia...

    Authors: Geesje H Hofsteenge, Marijke JM Chinapaw, Peter JM Weijs, Maurits W van Tulder and Henriette A Delemarre-van de Waal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:410

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. In the developing world, access to small, individual loans has been variously hailed as a poverty-alleviation tool – in the context of "microcredit" – but has also been criticized as "usury" and harmful to vul...

    Authors: Lia CH Fernald, Rita Hamad, Dean Karlan, Emily J Ozer and Jonathan Zinman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:409

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Sexual abstinence is the best available option for preventing both pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS. Identifying the factors associated with sexual abstinence among youths woul...

    Authors: Alain K Koffi and Kazuo Kawahara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:408

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Drug therapy in high-risk individuals has been advocated as an important strategy to reduce cardiovascular disease in low income countries. We determined, in a low-income urban population, the proportion of pe...

    Authors: Pascal Bovet, Jean-Pierre Gervasoni, Mashombo Mkamba, Marianna Balampama, Christian Lengeler and Fred Paccaud

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:407

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The tobacco control effort in Turkey has made significant progress in recent years. Turkey initiated its tobacco control effort with the passing of Law 4207 (The Prevention of Harmful Effects of Tobacco Produc...

    Authors: Toker Erguder, Banu Çakır, Dilek Aslan, Charles W Warren, Nathan R Jones and Samira Asma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8(Suppl 1):S4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  35. Thailand ratified the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) on November 8, 2004. The WHO FCTC requires all parties to inform all persons of the health consequences of t...

    Authors: Nithat Sirichotiratana, Chairat Techatraisakdi, Khalillur Rahman, Charles W Warren, Nathan R Jones, Samira Asma and Juliette Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8(Suppl 1):S3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  36. In 2004, Peru ratified the Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and in 2006 passed Law 28705 for tobacco consumption and exposure reduction. The Global Youth Tobacco Survey ...

    Authors: Alfonso Zavaleta, Maria Salas, Armando Peruga, Ana Luiza Curi Hallal, Charles W Warren, Nathan R Jones and Samira Asma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8(Suppl 1):S2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  37. Lack of physical activity is an important risk factor for overweight, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and other chronic conditions. In the Netherlands, ethnic minority groups are generally less physically act...

    Authors: Karen Hosper, Marije Deutekom and Prof Karien Stronks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:406

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  38. Cutaneous injection-related infections (CIRI), such as abscesses and cellulitis, are common and preventable among injection drug users (IDU). However, risk factors for CIRI have not been well described in the ...

    Authors: Elisa Lloyd-Smith, Evan Wood, Ruth Zhang, Mark W Tyndall, Julio SG Montaner and Thomas Kerr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:405

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Increases in the prevalence of child and adolescent obesity have accelerated since the mid 1980s. Socio-economic status (SES)-adiposity relationships appear less clear in adolescence than childhood, and eviden...

    Authors: Helen Sweeting, Patrick West and Robert Young

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:404

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Random samples of 50-year-old men living in Gothenburg have been examined every 10th year since 1963 with a focus on cardiovascular risk factors. The aims of the study were to acquire up-to-date information about...

    Authors: Lennart Welin, Annika Adlerberth, Kenneth Caidahl, Henry Eriksson, Per-Olof Hansson, Saga Johansson, Annika Rosengren, Kurt Svärdsudd, Catharina Welin and Lars Wilhelmsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:403

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) is among the key HIV prevention strategies in Zimbabwe. A decrease in use of antenatal care (ANC) services with an increase in home deliveries is affec...

    Authors: Freddy Perez, Khin Devi Aung, Theresa Ndoro, Barbara Engelsmann and François Dabis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:401

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and other head and neck cancer (HNCA) types show a great epidemiological variation in different regions of the world. NPC has multifactorial etiology and many interacting risk fa...

    Authors: AS Abdulamir, RR Hafidh, N Abdulmuhaimen, F Abubakar and KA Abbas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:400

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Limited data are available on the development, implementation and evaluation processes of physical activity promotion programmes among older adults. More integrative insights into interventions describing the ...

    Authors: Maartje M van Stralen, Gerjo Kok, Hein de Vries, Aart N Mudde, Catherine Bolman and Lilian Lechner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:399

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

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