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  1. Immigrants to the U.S. are required to undergo overseas screening for tuberculosis (TB), but the value of evaluation and treatment following entry to the U.S. is not well understood. We determined the cost-eff...

    Authors: Travis C Porco, Bryan Lewis, Elliot Marseille, Jennifer Grinsdale, Jennifer M Flood and Sarah E Royce
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:157
  2. The tuberculosis (TB) epidemic in Africa is on the rise, even in low-HIV prevalence settings. Few studies have attempted to identify possible reasons for this. We aimed to identify risk factors for pulmonary t...

    Authors: Philip C Hill, Dolly Jackson-Sillah, Simon A Donkor, Jacob Otu, Richard A Adegbola and Christian Lienhardt
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:156
  3. Compared to men, women report greater morbidity and make greater use of health-care services. This study examines potential determinants of gender differences in the utilization of health-care services among t...

    Authors: Áurea Redondo-Sendino, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, José Ramón Banegas and Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:155
  4. As the population of Africa rapidly urbanizes it may be possible to protect large populations from malaria by controlling aquatic stages of mosquitoes. Here we present a baseline evaluation of the ability of c...

    Authors: Michael J Vanek, Bryson Shoo, Deo Mtasiwa, Michael Kiama, Steven W Lindsay, Ulrike Fillinger, Khadija Kannady, Marcel Tanner and Gerry F Killeen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:154
  5. Effective stroke intervention and risk reduction depend on the general public's awareness and knowledge of stroke. In Korea, where both traditional Oriental medicine and Western medicine are practiced, estimat...

    Authors: Moon Ho Park, Sangmee Ahn Jo, Inho Jo, Eunkyung Kim, Su-Yong Eun, Changsu Han and Min Kyu Park
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:153
  6. In Ecuador, the prevalence of HIV in the general population is approximately 0.3%. However, up to 17% prevalence has been reported among specific groups of homosexual and bisexual men. The objective of this st...

    Authors: Juan-Pablo Gutiérrez, Diana Molina-Yepez, Ken Morrison, Fiona Samuels and Stefano M Bertozzi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:152
  7. The Commission on Health Research for Development concluded that "for the most vulnerable people, the benefits of research offer a potential for change that has gone largely untapped." This project was designe...

    Authors: P Tugwell, C Sitthi-Amorn, J Hatcher-Roberts, V Neufeld, P Makara, F Munoz, P Czerny, V Robinson, Y Nuyens and D Okello
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:151
  8. While men who have sex with men remain the group at greatest risk of acquiring HIV infection in the UK, the number of new diagnoses among heterosexuals has risen steadily over the last five years. In the UK, t...

    Authors: Jonathan Elford, Jane Anderson, Cecilia Bukutu and Fowzia Ibrahim
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:150
  9. Studies of drug-related mortality rarely describe fatal injuries due to psychoactive drug intoxication (FIUI). The main aim of this study was to determine the nature, extent and pattern of FIUI.

    Authors: Adenekan Oyefeso, Fabrizio Schifano, Hamid Ghodse, Kathryn Cobain, Ruth Dryden and John Corkery
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:148
  10. Childhood obesity is the result of a long lasting imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. A major contributing factor is physical inactivity which is closely linked to bone health, cardiovascul...

    Authors: Lukas Zahner, Jardena J Puder, Ralf Roth, Marco Schmid, Regula Guldimann, Uwe Pühse, Martin Knöpfli, Charlotte Braun-Fahrländer, Bernard Marti and Susi Kriemler
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:147
  11. It is currently not clear whether individuals living in metropolitan areas differ from individuals living in rural and urban areas with respect to smoking behaviours. Therefore, we sought to explore the relati...

    Authors: Henry Völzke, Hanne Neuhauser, Susanne Moebus, Jens Baumert, Klaus Berger, Andreas Stang, Ute Ellert, André Werner and Angela Döring
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:146
  12. Younger children in a school class have higher rates of mental health problems if admission to primary school occurs once a year. This study examines whether this relative age effect also occurs if children ar...

    Authors: Sijmen A Reijneveld, Carin H Wiefferink, Emily Brugman, Frank C Verhulst, S Pauline Verloove-Vanhorick and Theo GW Paulussen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:145
  13. Conducting iron supplementation programs has been a major strategy to reduce iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy. However, only a few countries have reported improvements in the anemia rate at a national level...

    Authors: Ritsuko Aikawa, Masamine Jimba, Khan C Nguen, Yun Zhao, Colin W Binns and Mi Kyung Lee
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:144
  14. Studies in Africa investigating health-seeking behaviour by interviewing tuberculosis patients have revealed patient knowledge issues and significant delays to diagnosis. We aimed to study health-seeking behav...

    Authors: Yaya Kasse, Momodou Jasseh, Tumani Corrah, Simon A Donkor, Martin Antonnio, Adama Jallow, Richard A Adegbola and Philip C Hill
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:143
  15. In 1992 a cargo aircraft crashed into a residential area of Amsterdam. A troublesome aftermath followed, with rumors on potential toxic exposures and health consequences. Health concerns remained even though n...

    Authors: Pauline Slottje, Nynke Smidt, Jos WR Twisk, Anja C Huizink, Anke B Witteveen, Willem van Mechelen and Tjabe Smid
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:142
  16. Giardia is not endemic in Norway, and more than 90% of reported cases acquire the infection abroad. In late October 2004, an increase in laboratory confirmed cases of giardiasis was reported in the city of Ber...

    Authors: Karin Nygård, Barbara Schimmer, Øystein Søbstad, Anna Walde, Ingvar Tveit, Nina Langeland, Trygve Hausken and Preben Aavitsland
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:141
  17. The prevalence of overweight is increasing and its consequences will cause a major public health burden in the near future. Cost-effective interventions for weight control among the general population are ther...

    Authors: Marieke F van Wier, Geertje AM Ariëns, Johanna C Dekkers, Ingrid JM Hendriksen, Nico P Pronk, Tjabe Smid and Willem van Mechelen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:140
  18. Physicians can play an important role in smoking prevention and control. This study will identify smoking prevalence among physicians in Yerevan, Armenia. It will also explore how the smoking behaviors of phys...

    Authors: Paul C Perrin, Ray M Merrill and Gordon B Lindsay
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:139
  19. United Kingdom public health policy has recently re-emphasised the role of primary health care professionals in tackling increasing levels of physical inactivity within the general population. However, little ...

    Authors: Flora Douglas, Nicola Torrance, Edwin van Teijlingen, Serena Meloni and Ann Kerr
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:138
  20. The concept of 'avoidable' mortality (AM) has been proposed as a performance measure of health care systems. In this study we examined mortality in five geographic regions of Canada from 1975 to 1999 for previ...

    Authors: Paul D James, Doug G Manuel and Yang Mao
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:137
  21. A significant proportion of Europeans do not meet the recommendations for 30 mins of physical activity 5 times per week. Whether lower frequency, moderate intensity exercise alters cardiovascular disease (CVD)...

    Authors: Marie H Murphy, Elaine M Murtagh, Colin AG Boreham, Lesley G Hare and Alan M Nevill
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:136
  22. The clothing style is an important factor that influences vitamin D production and thus bone mineral density. We performed a case-control study in order to evaluate the effect of veil wearing (concealing cloth...

    Authors: Fadoua Allali, Siham El Aichaoui, Bouchra Saoud, Houda Maaroufi, Redouane Abouqal and Najia Hajjaj-Hassouni
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:135
  23. Epidemiologic data have shown that the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes varies with ethnic origin. Type 2 diabetes is up to four times more common in British South Asians than in the indigenous white population. ...

    Authors: Hamid R Baradaran, Robin P Knill-Jones, Sunita Wallia and Alison Rodgers
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:134
  24. Neighbourhood socioeconomic disadvantage and social capital have been associated with adolescent well-being, but the majority of studies were cross-sectional, and the time window over which the neighbourhood m...

    Authors: Marjan Drukker, Charles Kaplan, Josien Schneiders, Frans JM Feron and Jim van Os
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:133
  25. Kenya introduced a pentavalent vaccine including the DTP, Haemophilus influenzae type b and hepatitis b virus antigens in Nov 2001 and strengthened immunization services. We estimated immunization coverage before...

    Authors: Moses Ndiritu, Karen D Cowgill, Amina Ismail, Salome Chiphatsi, Tatu Kamau, Gregory Fegan, Daniel R Feikin, Charles RJC Newton and J Anthony G Scott
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:132
  26. It has been suggested that periodontal disease may be an independent risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. However, the relationship between periodontal disease and atherosclerosis has not been f...

    Authors: Koichi Miyaki, Katsunori Masaki, Mariko Naito, Toru Naito, Keika Hoshi, Asako Hara, Shugo Tohyama and Takeo Nakayama
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:131
  27. Case definitions have been recognized to be important elements of public health surveillance systems. They are to assure comparability and consistency of surveillance data and have crucial impact on the sensit...

    Authors: Gérard Krause, Bonita Brodhun, Doris Altmann, Hermann Claus and Justus Benzler
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:129
  28. Medical education requires detailed investigation because it is a period during which the attitudes and behaviors of physicians develop. The purpose of this study was to calculate the yearly smoking prevalence...

    Authors: Yesim Senol, Levent Donmez, Mehtap Turkay and Mehmet Aktekin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:128
  29. Because smallpox (variola major) may be used as a biological weapon, we reviewed outbreaks in post-World War II Europe and North America in order to understand smallpox transmission patterns.

    Authors: Vibha Bhatnagar, Michael A Stoto, Sally C Morton, Rob Boer and Samuel A Bozzette
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:126
  30. The main aims of this paper are to describe the setting and design of a Minimal Intervention in general practice for Stress-related mental disorders in patients on Sick leave (MISS), as well as to ascertain th...

    Authors: Ingrid M Bakker, Berend Terluin, Harm WJ van Marwijk, Chad M Gundy, Johannes H Smit, Willem van Mechelen and Wim AB Stalman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:124
  31. In response to the growing HIV epidemic in Nigeria, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) initiated the VISION Project, which aimed to increase use of family planning, child survival, and HIV/A...

    Authors: Joseph Keating, Dominique Meekers and Alfred Adewuyi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:123
  32. Dose-response parameters based on clinical challenges are frequently used to assess the health impact of protozoa in drinking water. We compare the risk estimates associated with Giardia in drinking water derived...

    Authors: D Zmirou-Navier, L Gofti-Laroche and Ph Hartemann
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:122
  33. To examine the level and patterns of self-reported medication use (prescription and non-prescription drugs) among 70–74 year old individuals living in the community, and to explore self-reported indications fo...

    Authors: Mette Brekke, Steinar Hunskaar and Jørund Straand
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:121
  34. The Estimations and Projections Package (EPP 2005) for HIV/AIDS estimates and projects HIV prevalence, number of people living with HIV and new HIV infections and AIDS cases using antenatal clinic (ANC) survei...

    Authors: Geofrey R Somi, Mecky IN Matee, Roland O Swai, Eligius F Lyamuya, Japhet Killewo, Gideon Kwesigabo, Tuhuma Tulli, Titus K Kabalimu, Lucy Ng'ang'a, Raphael Isingo and Joel Ndayongeje
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:120
  35. The incorporation of diagnostic and therapeutic improvements, as well as the different smoking patterns, may have had an influence on the observed variability in renal cancer mortality across Europe. This stud...

    Authors: Napoleón Pérez-Farinós, Gonzalo López-Abente and Roberto Pastor-Barriuso
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:119
  36. Evidence is growing that sleep problems in adolescents are significant impediments to learning and negatively affect behaviour, attainment of social competence and quality of life. The objectives of the study ...

    Authors: Edward S Gibson, AC Peter Powles, Lehana Thabane, Susan O'Brien, Danielle Sirriani Molnar, Nik Trajanovic, Robert Ogilvie, Colin Shapiro, Mi Yan and Lisa Chilcott-Tanser
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:116
  37. Council tax valuation bands (CTVBs) are a categorisation of household property value in Great Britain. The aim of the study was to assess the CTVB as a measure of socio-economic status by comparing the strengt...

    Authors: David L Fone, Frank Dunstan, Stephen Christie, Andrew Jones, Jonathan West, Margaret Webber, Nathan Lester and John Watkins
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:115
  38. Public health authorities worldwide discourage the use of chest radiography as a screening modality, as the diagnostic performance of chest radiography does not justify its application for screening and may ev...

    Authors: Konstantinos Kamposioras, Giovanni Casazza, Davide Mauri, Velisarios Lakiotis, Ivan Cortinovis, Apostolos Xilomenos, Christina Peponi, Vassilis Golfinopoulos, Athanasios Milousis, Dimitrios Kakaridis, Georgios Zacharias, Ioanna Karathanasi, Georgios Ferentinos and Anastasios Proiskos
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:113
  39. Pontiac fever is usually described in epidemic settings. Detection of Pontiac fever is a marker of an environmental contamination by Legionella and should thereby call for prevention measures in order to prevent ...

    Authors: Paul Tossa, Magali Deloge-Abarkan, Denis Zmirou-Navier, Philippe Hartemann and Laurence Mathieu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:112
  40. Safety belt use is 80% nationally, yet only 63% in Massachusetts. Safety belt use among potentially at-risk groups in Boston is unknown. We sought to assess the prevalence and correlates of belt non-use among ...

    Authors: William G Fernandez, Supriya D Mehta, Tara Coles, James A Feldman, Patricia Mitchell and Jonathan Olshaker
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:111
  41. Two new sets of stratification indicators – family's material affluence and adolescent's personal social position- were compared with traditional indicators of familial social position based on parental occupa...

    Authors: Koivusilta LK, Rimpelä AH and Kautiainen SM
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:110

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