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  1. The common failure of health systems to ensure adequate and sufficient supplies of injection devices may have a negative impact on injection safety. We conducted an assessment in April 2001 to determine to whi...

    Authors: Sophie Logez, Yvan Hutin, Paul Somda, Jérôme Thuault and Kathleen Holloway
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:136
  2. Food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) have been validated in pregnant women, but few studies have focused specifically on low-income women and minorities. The purpose of this study was to examine the validity o...

    Authors: Heather J Baer, Robin E Blum, Helaine RH Rockett, Jill Leppert, Jane D Gardner, Carol W Suitor and Graham A Colditz
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:135
  3. Ageing is associated with a decrease in physical activity. This decrease particularly occurs during specific transitional life stages. Especially during adolescence and young adulthood a steep decrease in phys...

    Authors: Sander M Slootmaker, Marijke JM Chin A Paw, Albertine J Schuit, Jacob C Seidell and Willem van Mechelen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:134
  4. Dementia is an incurable disease with devastating consequences for both patients and their relatives. The objective of this study is to describe the study protocol of a randomized controlled trial with assignm...

    Authors: Aaltje PD Jansen, Hein PJ van Hout, Harm WJ van Marwijk, Giel Nijpels, Martine C de Bruijne, Judith E Bosmans, Anne-Margriet Pot and Wim AB Stalman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:133
  5. While research to date has consistently demonstrated that socioeconomic status (SES) is inversely associated with injury mortality in both children and adults, findings have been less consistent for non-fatal ...

    Authors: Beth K Potter, Kathy N Speechley, John J Koval, Iris A Gutmanis, M Karen Campbell and Douglas Manuel
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:132
  6. Despite the worldwide commitment to improving maternal health, measuring, monitoring and comparing maternal mortality estimates remain a challenge. Due to lack of data, international agencies have to rely on m...

    Authors: Ana P Betrán, Daniel Wojdyla, Samuel F Posner and A Metin Gülmezoglu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:131
  7. The HIV epidemic has caused a dramatic increase in tuberculosis (TB) in East and southern Africa. Several strategies have the potential to reduce the burden of TB in high HIV prevalence settings, and cost and ...

    Authors: Christine SM Currie, Katherine Floyd, Brian G Williams and Christopher Dye
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:130
  8. Over four million Canadians receive their drinking water from private water supplies, and numerous studies report that these supplies often exceed the minimal acceptable standards for contamination. Canadians ...

    Authors: Andria Q Jones, Catherine E Dewey, Kathryn Doré, Shannon E Majowicz, Scott A McEwen, David Waltner-Toews, Spencer J Henson and Eric Mathews
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:129
  9. Poor housing conditions in remote Indigenous communities in Australia are a major underlying factor in poor child health, including high rates of skin infections. The aim of this study is to test approaches to...

    Authors: Ross S Bailie, Matthew R Stevens, Elizabeth McDonald, Stephen Halpin, David Brewster, Gary Robinson and Steven Guthridge
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:128
  10. Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is a major source of complaints about aircraft noise, safety risks and concerns about long term adverse health effects, including cancer. We investigated whether residents of the are...

    Authors: Otto Visser, Joop H van Wijnen and Flora E van Leeuwen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:127
  11. Recent reports suggest that alcohol use may have a protective effect on obesity. This study explores association between obesity and alcohol consumption in the non-smoking U.S. adult population.

    Authors: Ahmed A Arif and James E Rohrer
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:126
  12. Individuals of South-Asian origin have a comparatively higher cardiovascular disease burden, but there is uncertainty about whether this is due to differences in risk factor levels and trends. We therefore stu...

    Authors: Georgios Lyratzopoulos, Patrick McElduff, Richard F Heller, Margaret Hanily and Philip S Lewis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:125
  13. Knowledge about coronary heart disease (CHD) and its risk factors is an important pre-requisite for an individual to implement behavioral changes leading towards CHD prevention. There is scant data on the stat...

    Authors: Fahim H Jafary, Fawad Aslam, Hussain Mahmud, Abdul Waheed, Murtaza Shakir, Atif Afzal, Mohammad A Qayyum, Javed Akram, Iqbal S Khan and Irshad U Haque
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:124
  14. Traffic congestion is rapidly becoming the most important obstacle to urban development. In addition, traffic creates major health, environmental, and economical problems. Nonetheless, automobiles are crucial ...

    Authors: Jouni T Tuomisto and Marko Tainio
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:123
  15. Delays in diagnosis and initiation of effective treatment increase morbidity and mortality from tuberculosis as well as the risk of transmission in the community. The aim of this study was to determine the tim...

    Authors: Mpungu S Kiwuwa, Karamagi Charles and Mayanja Kizza Harriet
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:122
  16. U.S. Hispanic physicians constitute a considerable professional collective, and they may be most suited to attend to the health education needs of the growing U.S. Hispanic population. These educational needs ...

    Authors: Francisco G Soto Mas, Richard L Papenfuss, Holly E Jacobson, Chiehwen Ed Hsu, Ximena Urrutia-Rojas and William M Kane
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:120
  17. People living in poverty throughout the developing world are heavily burdened with neglected communicable diseases and often marginalized by the health sector. These diseases are currently referred to as Neglecte...

    Authors: John P Ehrenberg and Steven K Ault
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:119
  18. Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection is associated with several upper gastrointestinal disorders. Local data on the epidemiology of the infection are scarce in Brazil. The purpose of this study is to measure the p...

    Authors: Ina S Santos, Jose Boccio, Ari S Santos, Neiva CJ Valle, Camila S Halal, Marta Colvara Bachilli and Ricardo D Lopes
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:118
  19. Throughout the economic and political reforms in post-communist countries, significant changes have also occurred in public morality. One of the tasks of the Lithuanian health policy is to create mechanisms fo...

    Authors: Irayda Jakušovaitė, Žilvinas Darulis and Romualdas Žekas
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:117
  20. The East/West gradient in health across Europe has been described often, but not using metrics as comprehensive and comparable as those of the Global Burden of Disease 2000 and Comparative Risk Assessment stud...

    Authors: John W Powles, Witold Zatonski, Stephen Vander Hoorn and Majid Ezzati
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:116
  21. High blood pressure, once rare, is rapidly becoming a major public health burden in sub-Saharan/Africa. It is unclear whether this is reflected in children. The main purpose of this study was to assess blood p...

    Authors: Charles Agyemang, William K Redekop, Ellis Owusu-Dabo and Marc A Bruijnzeels
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:114
  22. While obesity is known to have many physiological consequences, the psychopathology of this condition has not featured prominently in the literature. Cross-sectional studies have indicated that obese children ...

    Authors: Amanda J Daley, Robert J Copeland, Neil P Wright and Jerry KH Wales
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:113
  23. Pneumococcal disease causes significant morbidity and mortality in at-risk individuals, and is complicated by emerging antibiotic resistance. An effective, safe and cost-effective vaccine is available, but des...

    Authors: Chandra M Thomas, Andrea Loewen, Carla Coffin and Norman RC Campbell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:110
  24. Khat (an evergreen plant with amphetamine-like properties) and alcohol are widely consumed among the youth of Ethiopia. However, their relationship to risky sexual behaviour is not well described. This study w...

    Authors: Derege Kebede, Atalay Alem, Getnet Mitike, Fikre Enquselassie, Frehiwot Berhane, Yigeremu Abebe, Reta Ayele, Wuleta Lemma, Tamrat Assefa and Tewodros Gebremichael
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:109
  25. The repetitive strain injury syndrome (RSI) is a worldwide occupational health problem affecting all types of economic activities. We investigated the prevalence and some risk factors for RSI and related condi...

    Authors: Eliana M Lacerda, Luis C Nácul, Lia G da S Augusto, Maria Teresa A Olinto, Dyhanne C Rocha and Danielle C Wanderley
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:107
  26. Data on the health status of the Roma people in Central and Eastern Europe are sparse and the reasons for their poor health are not clear. The objective of this study was to quantify the differences in birth o...

    Authors: Martin Bobak, Jan Dejmek, Ivo Solansky and Radim J Sram
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:106
  27. Providing care for mental health problems concerns General Practitioners (GPs), Private Psychiatrists (PrPs) and Public Psychiatrists (PuPs). As patient distribution and patterns of practice among these profes...

    Authors: N Younès, MC Hardy-Bayle, B Falissard, V Kovess, MP Chaillet and I Gasquet
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:104
  28. Working life is an important arena in most people's lives, and the working line concept is important for the development of welfare in a society. For young people, the period before permanent establishment in ...

    Authors: Lars Axelsson, Ingemar Andersson, Anders Håkansson and Göran Ejlertsson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:103
  29. Several studies have shown that children who are relatively young within a school year are at greater risk for poorer school performance compared with their older peers. One study also reported that relative a...

    Authors: Lars Lien, Kristian Tambs, Brit Oppedal, Sonja Heyerdahl and Espen Bjertness
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:102
  30. Depression is a disorder with high prevalence in primary health care and a significant burden of illness. The delivery of health care for depression, as well as other chronic illnesses, has been criticized for...

    Authors: Jochen Gensichen, Marion Torge, Monika Peitz, Heike Wendt-Hermainski, Martin Beyer, Thomas Rosemann, Christian Krauth, Heiner Raspe, Josef B Aldenhoff and Ferdinand M Gerlach
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:101
  31. The birth outcomes of undocumented women have not been systematically studied on a large scale. The growing number of undocumented women giving birth in the United States has important implications for clinica...

    Authors: Mary M Reed, John M Westfall, Caroline Bublitz, Catherine Battaglia and Alexandra Fickenscher
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:100
  32. Diabetes model projects in different regions of Germany including interventions such as quality circles, patient education and documentation of medical findings have shown improvements of HbA1c levels, blood p...

    Authors: Stefanie Joos, Thomas Rosemann, Marc Heiderhoff, Michel Wensing, Sabine Ludt, Jochen Gensichen, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle and Joachim Szecsenyi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:99
  33. Female sex workers and their clients play a prominent role in the HIV epidemic in India. Systematic data on the outputs, cost and efficiency for HIV prevention programmes for female sex workers in India are no...

    Authors: Lalit Dandona, Pratap Sisodia, SG Prem Kumar, YK Ramesh, A Anod Kumar, M Chalapathi Rao, Elliot Marseille, M Someshwar, Nell Marshall and James G Kahn
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:98
  34. The U.S. population is aging and is expected to double by the year 2030. The current study evaluated the prevalence of asthma and its correlates in the elderly Hispanic and non-Hispanic white population.

    Authors: Ahmed A Arif, James E Rohrer and George L Delclos
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:97
  35. Asthma is a growing problem in the Caribbean but the prevalence in most islands is unknown and possible inter-island variation in prevalence has not been determined. A nationwide cross-sectional survey was con...

    Authors: Michele A Monteil, Gina Joseph, Catherine Changkit, Gillian Wheeler and Robin M Antoine
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:96
  36. The search for risk factors of hypertension requires the study of large populations. Sometimes, the only feasible way of studying these populations is to rely on self-reported data of the outcome. The objectiv...

    Authors: Alvaro Alonso, Juan José Beunza, Miguel Delgado-Rodríguez and Miguel Angel Martínez-González
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:94
  37. The use of geographical information system (GIS) technologies in public health surveillance is gradually gaining momentum around the world and many applications have already been reported in the literature. In...

    Authors: Christos Hadjichristodoulou, Elpidoforos S Soteriades, Virginia Kolonia, Matthew E Falagas, Efstathios Pantelopoulos, Georgios Panagakos, Varvara Mouchtouri and Jeni Kremastinou
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:93
  38. This study focuses on determinants of a healthy work environment in two departments in a Swedish university hospital. The study is based on previously conducted longitudinal studies at the hospital (1994–2001)...

    Authors: Kerstin Nilsson, Anna Hertting, Inga-Lill Petterson and Töres Theorell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:92
  39. The UK government claims that between 10 and 30% of pubs and bars will be exempt from proposed legislation to achieve smokefree enclosed public places across England. This arises from the contentious inclusion...

    Authors: Karen Tocque, Richard Edwards and Brenda Fullard
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:91
  40. Falls are one of the major health problems that effect the quality of life among older adults. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between quality of life (Short Form-12) and the risk factors...

    Authors: Ayse Ozcan, Hulya Donat, Nihal Gelecek, Mehtap Ozdirenc and Didem Karadibak
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:90
  41. To assess patterns of injecting drug use and HIV prevalence among injecting drug users (IDUs) in an international border area along a major heroin trans-shipment route.

    Authors: Don C Des Jarlais, Patrick Johnston, Patricia Friedmann, Ryan Kling, Wei Liu, Doan Ngu, Yi Chen, Tran V Hoang, Meng Donghua, Ly K Van, Nguyen D Tung, Kieu T Binh and Theodore M Hammett
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:89
  42. Heterosexual contact is the most common mode of HIV transmission in India that is largely linked to sex work. We assessed the non-use of condoms in sex work and with regular sex partners by female sex workers ...

    Authors: Rakhi Dandona, Lalit Dandona, Juan Pablo Gutierrez, Anil G Kumar, Sam McPherson, Fiona Samuels and Stefano M Bertozzi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:87

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