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  1. Smoking is an important health threat in Turkey. This study aimed to determine the frequency of and main factors associated with smoking in persons of 15 years and over, and the frequency of passive smoking in...

    Authors: Ali I Bozkurt, Saime Şahinöz, Birgül Özçırpıcı, Servet Özgür, Turgut Şahinöz, Hamit Acemoğlu, Günay Saka, Ali Ceylan, Yılmaz Palanci, Ersen İlçin and Feridun Akkafa
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:15
  2. In Africa hypertension is common and stroke is increasing. Detection, treatment and control of high blood pressure (BP) is limited. BP can be lowered by reducing salt intake. In Africa salt is added to the foo...

    Authors: Francesco P Cappuccio, Sally M Kerry, Frank B Micah, Jacob Plange-Rhule and John B Eastwood
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:13
  3. Limited information is available on ways to influence osteoporosis risk in premenopausal women. This study tested four hypotheses regarding the effects of individualized bone density (BMD) feedback and differe...

    Authors: Tania Winzenberg, Brian Oldenburg, Sue Frendin, Laura De Wit, Malcolm Riley and Graeme Jones
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:12
  4. Analysis was undertaken on data from randomly selected participants of a bio-medical cohort study to assess representativeness. The research hypotheses was that there was no difference in participation and non...

    Authors: Anne W Taylor, Eleonora Dal Grande, Tiffany Gill, Catherine R Chittleborough, David H Wilson, Robert J Adams, Janet F Grant, Patrick Phillips and Richard E Ruffin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:11
  5. Cocaine abuse is a serious and socially damaging illegal drug problem. Different routes of administration are associated with a specific progression of use, different degrees of abuse liability, propensity for...

    Authors: Camila Guindalini, Homero Vallada, Gerome Breen and Ronaldo Laranjeira
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:10
  6. We assessed the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a middle-income country in rapid epidemiological transition and estimated direct costs for treating all individuals at increased c...

    Authors: Pascal Bovet, Conrad Shamlaye, Anne Gabriel, Walter Riesen and Fred Paccaud
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:9
  7. Diabetes mellitus is a serious and increasing health problem in Australia and is a designated national health priority. Diabetes and related conditions represent an even greater health burden among Indigenous ...

    Authors: Joan Cunningham, Kerin O'Dea, Terry Dunbar, Tarun Weeramanthri, Paul Zimmet and Jonathan Shaw
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:8
  8. The Vaccines for Children (VFC) Program is a major vaccine entitlement program with limited long-term evaluation. The objectives of this study are to evaluate the effect of VFC on physician reported referral o...

    Authors: Richard K Zimmerman, Melissa Tabbarah, Janine E Janosky, Barbara Bardenheier, Judith A Troy, Ilene K Jewell and Barbara P Yawn
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:7
  9. Prevention of depression must address multiple risk factors. Estimating overall risk across a range of putative risk factors is fundamental to prevention of depression. However, we lack reliable and valid meth...

    Authors: Michael King, Scott Weich, Francisco Torres-González, Igor Švab, Heidi-Ingrid Maaroos, Jan Neeleman, Miguel Xavier, Richard Morris, Carl Walker, Juan A Bellón-Saameño, Berta Moreno-Küstner, Danica Rotar, Janez Rifel, Anu Aluoja, Ruth Kalda, Mirjam I Geerlings…
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:6
  10. Breast-feeding rates in the UK are known to vary by maternal socio-economic status but the latter function is imperfectly defined. We test if CTVB (Council Tax Valuation Band – a categorical assessment of UK p...

    Authors: Norman Beale, Gill Kane, Mark Gwynne, Carole Peart, Gordon Taylor, David Herrick and Andy Boyd
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:5
  11. Chronic hepatitis C infection (CHC) is a major healthcare problem. Effective anti-viral therapy is available. To maximise population effectiveness, co-ordinated services for detection and management of patient...

    Authors: Julie Parkes, Paul Roderick, Bethan Bennett-Lloyd and William Rosenberg
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:3
  12. This paper examines the association between use of protective devices, frequency of acute health problems and health-protection information received by participants engaged in the Prestige oil spill clean-up i...

    Authors: José Miguel Carrasco, Virginia Lope, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Nuria Aragonés, Berta Suárez, Gonzalo López-Abente, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo and Marina Pollán
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:1
  13. In a climate of concern over bioterrorism threats and emergent diseases, public health authorities are trialling more timely surveillance systems. The 2003 Rugby World Cup (RWC) provided an opportunity to test...

    Authors: David J Muscatello, Tim Churches, Jill Kaldor, Wei Zheng, Clayton Chiu, Patricia Correll and Louisa Jorm
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:141
  14. This study was undertaken to investigate women's accounts of interactions with health care providers during labour and delivery and to assess the implications for acceptability and utilisation of maternity ser...

    Authors: Lucia D'Ambruoso, Mercy Abbey and Julia Hussein
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:140
  15. The major limit to colorectal cancer screening effectiveness is often low compliance. We studied the reasons for non compliance and determinants of compliance to faecal occult blood tests in Lazio, Italy.

    Authors: Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Antonio Federici, Francesco Bartolozzi, Sara Farchi, Piero Borgia and Gabriella Guasticchi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:139
  16. This study explores the socio-demographic characteristics of pregnant women who continue to smoke during the pregnancy, and identifies the characteristics of the smokers who were likely to quit smoking during ...

    Authors: Mohammed Mohsin and Adrian E Bauman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:138
  17. The implementation of the 58th World Health Assembly resolution on e-health will pose a major challenge for the Member States of the World Health Organization (WHO) African Region due to lack of information and c...

    Authors: Joses M Kirigia, Anthony Seddoh, Doris Gatwiri, Lenity HK Muthuri and Janet Seddoh
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:137
  18. The common failure of health systems to ensure adequate and sufficient supplies of injection devices may have a negative impact on injection safety. We conducted an assessment in April 2001 to determine to whi...

    Authors: Sophie Logez, Yvan Hutin, Paul Somda, Jérôme Thuault and Kathleen Holloway
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:136
  19. Food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) have been validated in pregnant women, but few studies have focused specifically on low-income women and minorities. The purpose of this study was to examine the validity o...

    Authors: Heather J Baer, Robin E Blum, Helaine RH Rockett, Jill Leppert, Jane D Gardner, Carol W Suitor and Graham A Colditz
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:135
  20. Ageing is associated with a decrease in physical activity. This decrease particularly occurs during specific transitional life stages. Especially during adolescence and young adulthood a steep decrease in phys...

    Authors: Sander M Slootmaker, Marijke JM Chin A Paw, Albertine J Schuit, Jacob C Seidell and Willem van Mechelen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:134
  21. Dementia is an incurable disease with devastating consequences for both patients and their relatives. The objective of this study is to describe the study protocol of a randomized controlled trial with assignm...

    Authors: Aaltje PD Jansen, Hein PJ van Hout, Harm WJ van Marwijk, Giel Nijpels, Martine C de Bruijne, Judith E Bosmans, Anne-Margriet Pot and Wim AB Stalman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:133
  22. While research to date has consistently demonstrated that socioeconomic status (SES) is inversely associated with injury mortality in both children and adults, findings have been less consistent for non-fatal ...

    Authors: Beth K Potter, Kathy N Speechley, John J Koval, Iris A Gutmanis, M Karen Campbell and Douglas Manuel
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:132
  23. Despite the worldwide commitment to improving maternal health, measuring, monitoring and comparing maternal mortality estimates remain a challenge. Due to lack of data, international agencies have to rely on m...

    Authors: Ana P Betrán, Daniel Wojdyla, Samuel F Posner and A Metin Gülmezoglu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:131
  24. The HIV epidemic has caused a dramatic increase in tuberculosis (TB) in East and southern Africa. Several strategies have the potential to reduce the burden of TB in high HIV prevalence settings, and cost and ...

    Authors: Christine SM Currie, Katherine Floyd, Brian G Williams and Christopher Dye
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:130
  25. Over four million Canadians receive their drinking water from private water supplies, and numerous studies report that these supplies often exceed the minimal acceptable standards for contamination. Canadians ...

    Authors: Andria Q Jones, Catherine E Dewey, Kathryn Doré, Shannon E Majowicz, Scott A McEwen, David Waltner-Toews, Spencer J Henson and Eric Mathews
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:129
  26. Poor housing conditions in remote Indigenous communities in Australia are a major underlying factor in poor child health, including high rates of skin infections. The aim of this study is to test approaches to...

    Authors: Ross S Bailie, Matthew R Stevens, Elizabeth McDonald, Stephen Halpin, David Brewster, Gary Robinson and Steven Guthridge
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:128
  27. Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is a major source of complaints about aircraft noise, safety risks and concerns about long term adverse health effects, including cancer. We investigated whether residents of the are...

    Authors: Otto Visser, Joop H van Wijnen and Flora E van Leeuwen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:127
  28. Recent reports suggest that alcohol use may have a protective effect on obesity. This study explores association between obesity and alcohol consumption in the non-smoking U.S. adult population.

    Authors: Ahmed A Arif and James E Rohrer
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:126
  29. Individuals of South-Asian origin have a comparatively higher cardiovascular disease burden, but there is uncertainty about whether this is due to differences in risk factor levels and trends. We therefore stu...

    Authors: Georgios Lyratzopoulos, Patrick McElduff, Richard F Heller, Margaret Hanily and Philip S Lewis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:125
  30. Knowledge about coronary heart disease (CHD) and its risk factors is an important pre-requisite for an individual to implement behavioral changes leading towards CHD prevention. There is scant data on the stat...

    Authors: Fahim H Jafary, Fawad Aslam, Hussain Mahmud, Abdul Waheed, Murtaza Shakir, Atif Afzal, Mohammad A Qayyum, Javed Akram, Iqbal S Khan and Irshad U Haque
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:124
  31. Traffic congestion is rapidly becoming the most important obstacle to urban development. In addition, traffic creates major health, environmental, and economical problems. Nonetheless, automobiles are crucial ...

    Authors: Jouni T Tuomisto and Marko Tainio
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:123
  32. Delays in diagnosis and initiation of effective treatment increase morbidity and mortality from tuberculosis as well as the risk of transmission in the community. The aim of this study was to determine the tim...

    Authors: Mpungu S Kiwuwa, Karamagi Charles and Mayanja Kizza Harriet
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:122
  33. U.S. Hispanic physicians constitute a considerable professional collective, and they may be most suited to attend to the health education needs of the growing U.S. Hispanic population. These educational needs ...

    Authors: Francisco G Soto Mas, Richard L Papenfuss, Holly E Jacobson, Chiehwen Ed Hsu, Ximena Urrutia-Rojas and William M Kane
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:120
  34. People living in poverty throughout the developing world are heavily burdened with neglected communicable diseases and often marginalized by the health sector. These diseases are currently referred to as Neglecte...

    Authors: John P Ehrenberg and Steven K Ault
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:119
  35. Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection is associated with several upper gastrointestinal disorders. Local data on the epidemiology of the infection are scarce in Brazil. The purpose of this study is to measure the p...

    Authors: Ina S Santos, Jose Boccio, Ari S Santos, Neiva CJ Valle, Camila S Halal, Marta Colvara Bachilli and Ricardo D Lopes
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:118
  36. Throughout the economic and political reforms in post-communist countries, significant changes have also occurred in public morality. One of the tasks of the Lithuanian health policy is to create mechanisms fo...

    Authors: Irayda Jakušovaitė, Žilvinas Darulis and Romualdas Žekas
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:117
  37. The East/West gradient in health across Europe has been described often, but not using metrics as comprehensive and comparable as those of the Global Burden of Disease 2000 and Comparative Risk Assessment stud...

    Authors: John W Powles, Witold Zatonski, Stephen Vander Hoorn and Majid Ezzati
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:116
  38. High blood pressure, once rare, is rapidly becoming a major public health burden in sub-Saharan/Africa. It is unclear whether this is reflected in children. The main purpose of this study was to assess blood p...

    Authors: Charles Agyemang, William K Redekop, Ellis Owusu-Dabo and Marc A Bruijnzeels
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:114
  39. While obesity is known to have many physiological consequences, the psychopathology of this condition has not featured prominently in the literature. Cross-sectional studies have indicated that obese children ...

    Authors: Amanda J Daley, Robert J Copeland, Neil P Wright and Jerry KH Wales
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:113
  40. Pneumococcal disease causes significant morbidity and mortality in at-risk individuals, and is complicated by emerging antibiotic resistance. An effective, safe and cost-effective vaccine is available, but des...

    Authors: Chandra M Thomas, Andrea Loewen, Carla Coffin and Norman RC Campbell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:110
  41. Khat (an evergreen plant with amphetamine-like properties) and alcohol are widely consumed among the youth of Ethiopia. However, their relationship to risky sexual behaviour is not well described. This study w...

    Authors: Derege Kebede, Atalay Alem, Getnet Mitike, Fikre Enquselassie, Frehiwot Berhane, Yigeremu Abebe, Reta Ayele, Wuleta Lemma, Tamrat Assefa and Tewodros Gebremichael
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:109

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