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  1. Council tax valuation bands (CTVBs) are a categorisation of household property value in Great Britain. The aim of the study was to assess the CTVB as a measure of socio-economic status by comparing the strengt...

    Authors: David L Fone, Frank Dunstan, Stephen Christie, Andrew Jones, Jonathan West, Margaret Webber, Nathan Lester and John Watkins
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:115
  2. Public health authorities worldwide discourage the use of chest radiography as a screening modality, as the diagnostic performance of chest radiography does not justify its application for screening and may ev...

    Authors: Konstantinos Kamposioras, Giovanni Casazza, Davide Mauri, Velisarios Lakiotis, Ivan Cortinovis, Apostolos Xilomenos, Christina Peponi, Vassilis Golfinopoulos, Athanasios Milousis, Dimitrios Kakaridis, Georgios Zacharias, Ioanna Karathanasi, Georgios Ferentinos and Anastasios Proiskos
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:113
  3. Pontiac fever is usually described in epidemic settings. Detection of Pontiac fever is a marker of an environmental contamination by Legionella and should thereby call for prevention measures in order to prevent ...

    Authors: Paul Tossa, Magali Deloge-Abarkan, Denis Zmirou-Navier, Philippe Hartemann and Laurence Mathieu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:112
  4. Safety belt use is 80% nationally, yet only 63% in Massachusetts. Safety belt use among potentially at-risk groups in Boston is unknown. We sought to assess the prevalence and correlates of belt non-use among ...

    Authors: William G Fernandez, Supriya D Mehta, Tara Coles, James A Feldman, Patricia Mitchell and Jonathan Olshaker
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:111
  5. Two new sets of stratification indicators – family's material affluence and adolescent's personal social position- were compared with traditional indicators of familial social position based on parental occupa...

    Authors: Koivusilta LK, Rimpelä AH and Kautiainen SM
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:110
  6. Injury is the leading cause of death in teenagers worldwide. In Taiwan, people in mountainous areas have a 4 to 8 years shorter life span than the general population. Injury among teenagers is likely a major c...

    Authors: Huei-Yang Chen, Hsing-Yi Chang, Shu-Fang Shih, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Yu-Hsuan Lin and Yaw-Tang Shih
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:107
  7. The advent of urine testing for Chlamydia trachomatis has raised the possibility of large-scale screening for this sexually transmitted infection, which is now the most common in the United Kingdom. The purpose o...

    Authors: Rona Campbell, Nicola Mills, Emma Sanford, Anna Graham, Nicola Low and Tim J Peters
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:106
  8. SPARCLE is a nine-centre European epidemiological research study examining the relationship of participation and quality of life to impairment and environment (physical, social and attitudinal) in 8–12 year ol...

    Authors: Allan Colver
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:105
  9. Despite awareness of inequities in health care quality, little is known about strategies that could improve the quality of healthcare for ethnic minority populations. We conducted a systematic literature revie...

    Authors: Mary Catherine Beach, Tiffany L Gary, Eboni G Price, Karen Robinson, Aysegul Gozu, Ana Palacio, Carole Smarth, Mollie Jenckes, Carolyn Feuerstein, Eric B Bass, Neil R Powe and Lisa A Cooper
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:104
  10. Several studies have shown a markedly higher mortality rate among disability pensioners than among non-retired. Since most disability pensions are granted because of non-fatal diseases the reason for the incre...

    Authors: Thorne Wallman, Hans Wedel, Saga Johansson, Annika Rosengren, Henry Eriksson, Lennart Welin and Kurt Svärdsudd
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:103
  11. Mortality from cardiovascular diseases is higher among immigrants than native Swedes. It is not clear whether the high mortality persists from the country of birth or is a result of migration. The purpose of t...

    Authors: Malin Gadd, Sven-Erik Johansson, Jan Sundquist and Per Wändell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:102
  12. Although only a few studies have been published on teachers' health, certain ideas are widely accepted, such as for example, the preconceived notion that teachers suffer from an excessively high rate of mental...

    Authors: Viviane Kovess-Masféty, Christine Sevilla-Dedieu, Carmen Rios-Seidel, Eléna Nerrière and Christine Chan Chee
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:101
  13. In the last years, international traffic volume has significantly increased, raising the risk for acquisition of infectious diseases. Among travel-associated infections, increased incidence of legionellosis ha...

    Authors: Antonio Azara, Andrea Piana, Giovanni Sotgiu, Marco Dettori, Maria Grazia Deriu, Maria Dolores Masia, Bianca Maria Are and Elena Muresu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:100
  14. Undernutrition is a leading cause of child mortality in developing countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. We examine the household and community level socioeconomic and environmental factors associated w...

    Authors: Roland Pongou, Majid Ezzati and Joshua A Salomon
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:98
  15. By providing information on the relative merits and potential harms of the options available and a framework to clarify preferences, decision aids can improve knowledge and realistic expectations and decrease ...

    Authors: Cate Nagle, Sharon Lewis, Bettina Meiser, Sylvia Metcalfe, John B Carlin, Robin Bell, Jane Gunn and Jane Halliday
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:96
  16. In Canada, the legal responsibility for the condition of private water supplies, including private wells and cisterns, rests with their owners. However, there are reports that Canadians test these water suppli...

    Authors: Andria Q Jones, Catherine E Dewey, Kathryn Doré, Shannon E Majowicz, Scott A McEwen, Waltner-Toews David, Mathews Eric, Deborah J Carr and Spencer J Henson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:94
  17. Case studies and anecdotal reports have documented a range of acute illnesses associated with exposure to cyanobacteria and their toxins in recreational waters. The epidemiological data to date are limited; we...

    Authors: Ian Stewart, Penelope M Webb, Philip J Schluter, Lora E Fleming, John W Burns Jr, Miroslav Gantar, Lorraine C Backer and Glen R Shaw
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:93
  18. There are few existing large population studies on the epidemiology of metabolic syndrome-related disorders of Turkey. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome-related disor...

    Authors: Ss Yavuz Sanisoglu, Cagatay Oktenli, Adnan Hasimi, Mehmet Yokusoglu and Mehmet Ugurlu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:92
  19. This paper presents the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and syphilis infections among women attending antenatal clinics (ANC) in Tanzania obtained during the 2003/2004 ANC surveillance.

    Authors: Roland O Swai, Geofrey R Somi G, Mecky IN Matee, Japhet Killewo, Eligius F Lyamuya, Gideon Kwesigabo, Tuhuma Tulli, Titus K Kabalimu, Lucy Ng'ang'a, Raphael Isingo and Joel Ndayongeje
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:91
  20. Differences in mortality and health experience across regions are well recognised and UK government policy aims to address this inequality. Methods combining life expectancy and health have concentrated on spe...

    Authors: Fiona E Matthews, Laura L Miller, Carol Brayne and Carol Jagger
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:90
  21. Movement towards evidence-based practices in many fields suggests that public health (PH) challenges may be better addressed if credible information about health risks and effective PH practices is readily ava...

    Authors: Nancy R LaPelle, Roger Luckmann, E Hatheway Simpson and Elaine R Martin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:89
  22. Distal radius and proximal femoral fractures are typical injuries in later life, predominantly due to simple falls, but modulated by other relevant factors such as osteoporosis. Fracture incidence rates rise w...

    Authors: Heinz G Endres, Burkhard Dasch, Margitta Lungenhausen, Christoph Maier, Rüdiger Smektala, Hans J Trampisch and Ludger Pientka
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:87
  23. In the conduct of epidemiological studies in less developed countries, while great emphasis is placed on study design, data collection, and analysis, often little attention is paid to data management. As a con...

    Authors: Mohammad Ali, Jin-Kyung Park, Lorenz von Seidlein, Camilo J Acosta, Jacqueline L Deen and John D Clemens
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:86
  24. To examine the type, frequency, severity, and predictors of anemia and its relationship with co-morbid conditions among institutionalized people with intellectual and/or motor disability.

    Authors: Hiroko Ohwada, Takeo Nakayama, Nobuo Nara, Yuji Tomono and Keiko Yamanaka
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:85
  25. On July 27 2003, a ship carrying crude oil run aground near Karachi and after two weeks released 37,000 tons of its cargo into the sea. Oil on the coastal areas and fumes in air raised health concerns among pe...

    Authors: Naveed Zafar Janjua, Pashtoon Murtaza Kasi, Haq Nawaz, Sadia Zohra Farooqui, Urooj Bakht Khuwaja, Najam-ul-Hassan, Syed Nadim Jafri, Shahid Ali Lutfi, Muhammad Masood Kadir and Nalini Sathiakumar
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:84
  26. Lead is a highly toxic and pervasive metal. Chronic exposure to low levels is responsible for significant health effects, particularly in children. Prevention remains the best option for reducing childhood lea...

    Authors: Eugenious O Adebamowo, Oluwole A Agbede, Mynepalli KC Sridhar and Clement A Adebamowo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:82
  27. Socio-economic variations in health, including variations in health according to wealth and income, have been widely reported. A potential method of improving the health of the most deprived groups is to incre...

    Authors: Jean Adams, Martin White, Suzanne Moffatt, Denise Howel and Joan Mackintosh
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:81
  28. The relationship between geographical location, private costs, health provider costs and uptake of health screening is unclear. This paper examines these relationships in a screening programme for abdominal ao...

    Authors: Sandra M Lindsay, John L Duncan, John Cairns and David J Godden
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:80
  29. To more efficiently reduce social inequalities in mortality, it is important to establish which causes of death contribute the most to socioeconomic mortality differentials. Few studies have investigated which...

    Authors: Maria Rosvall, Basile Chaix, John Lynch, Martin Lindström and Juan Merlo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:79
  30. Adverse employment experiences, particularly exposure to unemployment and the threat of unemployment, have been strongly associated with several adverse mental and physical health outcomes including suicide. H...

    Authors: Ostry Aleck, Maggi Stefania, Tansey James, Dunn James, Hershler Ruth, Chen Lisa, Louie Amber and Hertzman Clyde
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:77
  31. Suicidal thought is a risk factor and a stage in the suicidal process from planning to attempting and dying by suicide. To date, studies on suicidal thought in the general population, especially in Asian commu...

    Authors: Huong Tran Thi Thanh, Trung Nam Tran, Guo-Xin Jiang, Antoon Leenaars and Danuta Wasserman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:76
  32. Three decades after US and Australian forces withdrew from Vietnam, there has been much public interest in the health consequences of service in Vietnam. One controversial question is whether the risk of prost...

    Authors: Justine Leavy, Gina Ambrosini and Lin Fritschi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:75
  33. Demented nursing home patients are at high risk for falls. Falls and associated injuries can have a considerable influence on the autonomy and quality of life of patients. The prevention of falls among demente...

    Authors: Jacques CL Neyens, Béatrice PJ Dijcks, Jolanda CM van Haastregt, Luc P de Witte, Wim JA van den Heuvel, Harry FJM Crebolder and Jos MGA Schols
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:74
  34. Describing adverse health effects and identifying vulnerable populations during and after a disaster are important aspects of any disaster relief operation. This study aimed to describe the mortality and relat...

    Authors: Nobuyuki Nishikiori, Tomoko Abe, Dehiwala GM Costa, Samath D Dharmaratne, Osamu Kunii and Kazuhiko Moji
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:73
  35. People of low socioeconomic status have worse health and a higher probability of being granted a disability pension than people of high socioeconomic status. It is also known that public and private general ph...

    Authors: Anders Beckman, Anders Hakansson, Lennart Rastam, Thor Lithman and Juan Merlo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:71
  36. Body mass index [BMI, weight (kg)/height (m2)], a measure of relative weight, is a good overall indicator of nutritional status and predictor of overall health. As in many developing countries, the high prevalenc...

    Authors: Mangesh S Pednekar, Prakash C Gupta, Heema C Shukla and James R Hebert
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:70
  37. Long-term sick leave has been of concern to politicians and decision-makers in Norway for several years. In the current study we assess the efficacy of a solution-focused follow-up for sick-listed employees.

    Authors: Pal Nystuen and Kare B Hagen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:69
  38. To investigate how a relatively socio-economically deprived community's needs have changed over time, assess which recommendations from an earlier assessment were implemented and sustained, and consider whethe...

    Authors: Colin S Brown, Simon Lloyd and Scott A Murray
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:68
  39. The Baltic countries – Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania – are considered to be an example of regional homogeneity over the period of transition. The World Health Organization cross-national study on Health Behav...

    Authors: Apolinaras Zaborskis, Linas Sumskas, Mai Maser and Iveta Pudule
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:67

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