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  1. The tobacco control effort in Turkey has made significant progress in recent years. Turkey initiated its tobacco control effort with the passing of Law 4207 (The Prevention of Harmful Effects of Tobacco Produc...

    Authors: Toker Erguder, Banu Çakır, Dilek Aslan, Charles W Warren, Nathan R Jones and Samira Asma
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8(Suppl 1):S4

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  2. Thailand ratified the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) on November 8, 2004. The WHO FCTC requires all parties to inform all persons of the health consequences of t...

    Authors: Nithat Sirichotiratana, Chairat Techatraisakdi, Khalillur Rahman, Charles W Warren, Nathan R Jones, Samira Asma and Juliette Lee
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8(Suppl 1):S3

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  3. In 2004, Peru ratified the Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and in 2006 passed Law 28705 for tobacco consumption and exposure reduction. The Global Youth Tobacco Survey ...

    Authors: Alfonso Zavaleta, Maria Salas, Armando Peruga, Ana Luiza Curi Hallal, Charles W Warren, Nathan R Jones and Samira Asma
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8(Suppl 1):S2

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  4. Lack of physical activity is an important risk factor for overweight, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and other chronic conditions. In the Netherlands, ethnic minority groups are generally less physically act...

    Authors: Karen Hosper, Marije Deutekom and Prof Karien Stronks
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:406
  5. Cutaneous injection-related infections (CIRI), such as abscesses and cellulitis, are common and preventable among injection drug users (IDU). However, risk factors for CIRI have not been well described in the ...

    Authors: Elisa Lloyd-Smith, Evan Wood, Ruth Zhang, Mark W Tyndall, Julio SG Montaner and Thomas Kerr
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:405
  6. Increases in the prevalence of child and adolescent obesity have accelerated since the mid 1980s. Socio-economic status (SES)-adiposity relationships appear less clear in adolescence than childhood, and eviden...

    Authors: Helen Sweeting, Patrick West and Robert Young
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:404
  7. Random samples of 50-year-old men living in Gothenburg have been examined every 10th year since 1963 with a focus on cardiovascular risk factors. The aims of the study were to acquire up-to-date information about...

    Authors: Lennart Welin, Annika Adlerberth, Kenneth Caidahl, Henry Eriksson, Per-Olof Hansson, Saga Johansson, Annika Rosengren, Kurt Svärdsudd, Catharina Welin and Lars Wilhelmsen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:403
  8. Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) is among the key HIV prevention strategies in Zimbabwe. A decrease in use of antenatal care (ANC) services with an increase in home deliveries is affec...

    Authors: Freddy Perez, Khin Devi Aung, Theresa Ndoro, Barbara Engelsmann and François Dabis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:401
  9. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and other head and neck cancer (HNCA) types show a great epidemiological variation in different regions of the world. NPC has multifactorial etiology and many interacting risk fa...

    Authors: AS Abdulamir, RR Hafidh, N Abdulmuhaimen, F Abubakar and KA Abbas
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:400
  10. Limited data are available on the development, implementation and evaluation processes of physical activity promotion programmes among older adults. More integrative insights into interventions describing the ...

    Authors: Maartje M van Stralen, Gerjo Kok, Hein de Vries, Aart N Mudde, Catherine Bolman and Lilian Lechner
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:399
  11. The Pearl River Origin area, Qujing District of Yunnan Province, has one of the highest female lung cancer mortality rates in China. Smoking was excluded as a cause of the lung cancer excess because almost all...

    Authors: Linwei Tian, Shifeng Dai, Jianfang Wang, Yunchao Huang, Suzanne C Ho, Yiping Zhou, Donald Lucas and Catherine P Koshland
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:398
  12. Food prepared away from home has become increasingly popular to U.S. families, and may contribute to obesity. Sales have been dominated by fast food outlets, where meals are purchased for dining away from home...

    Authors: Jennifer S Creel, Joseph R Sharkey, Alex McIntosh, Jenna Anding and J Charles Huber Jr
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:395
  13. China will experience an overall growth and aging of its adult population in coming decades. We used a computer model to forecast the future impact of these demographic changes on coronary heart disease (CHD) ...

    Authors: Andrew Moran, Dong Zhao, Dongfeng Gu, Pamela Coxson, Chung-Shiuan Chen, Jun Cheng, Jing Liu, Jiang He and Lee Goldman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:394
  14. Chlamydia trachomatis infection (CTI) is the most frequent sexual transmitted disease (STI) in Switzerland but its prevalence in undocumented migrants is unknown. We aimed to compare CTI prevalence among undoc...

    Authors: Hans Wolff, Ana Lourenço, Patrick Bodenmann, Manuella Epiney, Monique Uny, Nicole Andreoli, Olivier Irion, Jean-Michel Gaspoz and Jean-Bernard Dubuisson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:391
  15. Legionnaires' disease continues to be a public health concern in passenger ships. This study was scheduled in order to investigate Legionella spp. colonization of water distribution systems (WDS), recreational po...

    Authors: Georgia Goutziana, Varvara A Mouchtouri, Maria Karanika, Antonios Kavagias, Nikolaos E Stathakis, Kostantinos Gourgoulianis, Jenny Kremastinou and Christos Hadjichristodoulou
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:390
  16. Over the past two decades, the prevalence of overweight or obesity has increased in China. The aims of this study were to firstly assess the baseline prevelences and the risk factors for overweight and obesity...

    Authors: Xuhong Hou, Weiping Jia, Yuqian Bao, Huijuan Lu, Shan Jiang, Yuhua Zuo, Huilin Gu and Kunsan Xiang
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:389
  17. The SPEEDY study was set up to quantify levels of physical activity (PA) and dietary habits and the association with potential correlates in 9–10 year old British school children. We present here the analyses ...

    Authors: Esther MF van Sluijs, Paula ML Skidmore, Kim Mwanza, Andrew P Jones, Alison M Callaghan, Ulf Ekelund, Flo Harrison, Ian Harvey, Jenna Panter, Nicolas J Wareham, Aedin Cassidy and Simon J Griffin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:388
  18. High participation rates are needed to ensure that breast cancer screening programs effectively reduce mortality. We identified the determinants of non-participation in a public breast cancer screening program.

    Authors: Magdalena Esteva, Joana Ripoll, Alfonso Leiva, Carmen Sánchez-Contador and Francisca Collado
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:387
  19. The optimum age for measles vaccination varies from country to country and thus a standardized vaccination schedule is controversial. While the increase in measles vaccination coverage has produced significant...

    Authors: Jagrati V Jani, Carol Holm-Hansen, Tufária Mussá, Arlinda Zango, Ivan Manhiça, Gunnar Bjune and Ilesh V Jani
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:386
  20. HIV and HIV-TB co-infection are slowly increasing in Indonesia. WHO recommends HIV testing among TB patients as a key response to the dual HIV-TB epidemic. Concerns over potential negative impacts to TB contro...

    Authors: Yodi Mahendradhata, Riris Andono Ahmad, Pierre Lefèvre, Marleen Boelaert and Patrick Van der Stuyft
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:385
  21. In aging populations, the prevalence of multimorbidity is high, and the role of socioeconomic status and its correlates is not well described. Thus, we investigated the association between educational attainme...

    Authors: Gabriele Nagel, Richard Peter, Stefanie Braig, Silke Hermann, Sabine Rohrmann and Jakob Linseisen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:384
  22. An examination of where in the income distribution income is most strongly associated with risk of mortality will provide guidance for identifying the most critical pathways underlying the connections between ...

    Authors: David H Rehkopf, Lisa F Berkman, Brent Coull and Nancy Krieger
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:383
  23. Collaborations are important to health promotion in addressing multi-party problems. Interest in collaborative processes in health promotion is rising, but still lacks monitoring instruments. The authors devel...

    Authors: Mariken TW Leurs, Ingrid M Mur-Veeman, Rosalie van der Sar, Herman P Schaalma and Nanne K de Vries
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:382
  24. Childhood immunization is a cost effective public health strategy. Expanded Programme on Immunisation (EPI) services have been provided in a rural Nigerian community (Sabongidda-Ora, Edo State) at no cost to t...

    Authors: Olumuyiwa O Odusanya, Ewan F Alufohai, Francois P Meurice and Vincent I Ahonkhai
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:381
  25. Doctors and patients hold varying beliefs concerning illness and treatment. Patients' and families' explanatory models (EMs) vary according to personality and sociocultural factors. In a multi-ethnic society, ...

    Authors: QM van Dellen, WMC van Aalderen, PJE Bindels, FG Öry, J Bruil and K Stronks
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:380
  26. The Licensing Act 2003 (The Act) was implemented on the 24th November 2005 across England and Wales. The Act allowed more flexible and longer opening hours for licensed premises. We investigated the effect of ...

    Authors: AJ Durnford, TJ Perkins and JM Perry
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:379
  27. Racial and ethnic disparities in cervical cancer screening have been attributed to socioeconomic, insurance, and cultural differences. Our objective was to explore racial and ethnic differences in adherence to...

    Authors: Joseph S Ross, Marcella Nuñez-Smith, Beverly A Forsyth and Julie R Rosenbaum
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:378
  28. Since the 9/11 attack and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), the development of qualified and able public health leaders has become a new urgency in building the infrastructure needed to address public ...

    Authors: Chongjian Wang, Sheng Wei, Hao Xiang, Jing Wu, Yihua Xu, Li Liu and Shaofa Nie
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:377
  29. Ecstasy (MDMA, 3, 4-methylenodioxymethamphetamine) use is widespread in the Netherlands, with a lifetime prevalence of 4.3%, and two-thirds of dance party visitors being ecstasy users. However, research into D...

    Authors: Gjalt-Jorn Ygram Peters, Gerjo Kok and Herman P Schaalma
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:376
  30. Despite growing concern about illicit methadone use in the US and other countries, there is little data about the prevalence and correlates of methadone use in large urban areas. We assessed the prevalence and...

    Authors: Danielle C Ompad, Crystal M Fuller, Christina A Chan, Victoria Frye, David Vlahov and Sandro Galea
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:375
  31. Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a socially relevant condition associated with biomechanical risk factors. We evaluated age-sex-specific incidence rates of in-hospital cases of CTS in central/northern Italy and...

    Authors: Stefano Mattioli, Alberto Baldasseroni, Stefania Curti, Robin MT Cooke, Antonella Bena, Giovanna de Giacomi, Marco dell'Omo, Pirous Fateh-Moghadam, Carla Melani, Marco Biocca, Eva Buiatti, Giuseppe Campo, Francesca Zanardi and Francesco S Violante
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:374
  32. Deliberate self-poisoning is a major public heath issue in developing countries. In rural Sri Lanka deliberate self-poisoning is one of the leading causes of hospital death. The majority of patients with poiso...

    Authors: Lalith Senarathna, Jon Adams, Dhammika De Silva, Nick A Buckley and Andrew H Dawson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:373
  33. The epidemiological importance of varicella and zoster and the availability of an efficacious and safe vaccine have led to an important international debate regarding the suitability of mass vaccination. The o...

    Authors: Giovanni Gabutti, Maria C Rota, Marcello Guido, Antonella De Donno, Antonino Bella, Marta L Ciofi degli Atti and Pietro Crovari
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:372
  34. Exercise referral schemes (ERS) have become a popular way of promoting physical activity. The aim of these schemes is to encourage high risk patients to exercise. In evaluating these schemes, little attention ...

    Authors: Melanie Schmidt, Saida Absalah, Vera Nierkens and Karien Stronks
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:371
  35. The demographics and lifestyles of Canadians are changing, thereby influencing food choices and food preparation in the home. Although different dietary practices are associated with increased risk of foodborn...

    Authors: Andrea Nesbitt, Shannon Majowicz, Rita Finley, Frank Pollari, Katarina Pintar, Barbara Marshall, Angela Cook, Jan Sargeant, Jeff Wilson, Carl Ribble and Lewinda Knowles
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:370
  36. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine has undergone successful trials and has recently been approved for use for the primary prevention of cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to determine knowledge and at...

    Authors: Charlotte Devereaux Walsh, Aradhana Gera, Meeraj Shah, Amit Sharma, Judy E Powell and Sue Wilson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:368
  37. Current physical activity guidelines acknowledge the importance of total health enhancing physical activity (HEPA) compared to leisure time physical activity or exercise alone. Assessing total HEPA may result ...

    Authors: Patrick Bergman, Andrej M Grjibovski, Maria Hagströmer, Adrian Bauman and Michael Sjöström
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:367
  38. The high prevalence of childhood obesity underscores the importance of monitoring population trends in children's activity and screen time, and describing associations with child age, gender, race/ethnicity, a...

    Authors: Sarah E Anderson, Christina D Economos and Aviva Must
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:366
  39. Drugs to protect the liver are frequently prescribed in some countries as part of treatment for tuberculosis. The biological rationale is not clear, they are expensive and may do harm. We conducted a systemati...

    Authors: Qin Liu, Paul Garner, Yang Wang, Binghua Huang and Helen Smith
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:365
  40. Oral health is basicly important for the well-being of people. Thus, it is strongly suggested to organize epidemiological surveys in order to gain representative data on oral condition of the given population....

    Authors: Melinda Madléna, Péter Hermann, Marianna Jáhn and Pál Fejérdy
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:364
  41. Female strangulation in South Africa occurs in a context of pervasive and often extreme violence perpetrated against women, and therefore represents a major public health, social and human rights concern. Sout...

    Authors: Shahnaaz Suffla, Ashley Van Niekerk and Najuwa Arendse
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:363
  42. The epidemic of HIV/AIDS and treatments that have emerged to alleviate, have brought about a shift in the burden of disease from death to quality of life/disability. The aim was to determine which factors are ...

    Authors: Clara Bermudez-Tamayo, Jose Jesus Martin Martin, Isabel Ruiz-Pérez and Antonio Olry de Labry Lima
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:362
  43. Dengue virus (DENV) affects nonimunne human populations in tropical and subtropical regions. In the Americas, dengue has drastically increased in the last two decades and Brazil is considered one of the most a...

    Authors: João B Siqueira-Junior, Ivan J Maciel, Christovam Barcellos, Wayner V Souza, Marilia S Carvalho, Nazareth E Nascimento, Renato M Oliveira, Otaliba Morais-Neto and Celina MT Martelli
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:361
  44. Human transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (HTSE), or Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), is a group of rare and fatal diseases in central nervous system. Since outbreak of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (...

    Authors: Qi Shi, Chen Gao, Wei Zhou, Bao-Yun Zhang, Jian-Ming Chen, Chan Tian, Hui-Ying Jiang, Jun Han, Ni-Juan Xiang, Xiao-Fang Wang, Yong-Jun Gao and Xiao-Ping Dong
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:360

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