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  1. Although the current Clinical Practice Guideline recommend Motivational Interviewing for use with smokers not ready to quit, the strength of evidence for its use is rated as not optimal. The purpose of the pre...

    Authors: Delwyn Catley, Kari Jo Harris, Kathy Goggin, Kimber Richter, Karen Williams, Christi Patten, Ken Resnicow, Edward Ellerbeck, Andrea Bradley-Ewing, Domonique Malomo and Robin Liston
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:456
  2. While strong and consistent evidence supports the role of lifestyle modification in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes (T2DM), the best strategies for program implementation to support lifestyle ...

    Authors: Steven T Johnson, Clark Mundt, Allison Soprovich, Lisa Wozniak, Ronald C Plotnikoff and Jeffrey A Johnson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:455
  3. School is a multi-cultural setting where students need social, material, physical, and mental resources to attain school achievement. But they are often lacking, especially for immigrant students. In an early ...

    Authors: Kénora Chau, Michèle Baumann, Bernard Kabuth and Nearkasen Chau
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:453
  4. Climate change is among the major challenges for health this century, and adaptation to manage adverse health outcomes will be unavoidable. The risks in Ontario – Canada’s most populous province – include incr...

    Authors: Jaclyn A Paterson, James D Ford, Lea Berrang Ford, Alexandra Lesnikowski, Peter Berry, Jim Henderson and Jody Heymann
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:452
  5. Different water choices affect access to drinking water with different quality. Previous studies suggested social-economic status may affect the choice of domestic drinking water. The aim of this study is to i...

    Authors: Hanyi Chen, Yaying Zhang, Linlin Ma, Fangmin Liu, Weiwei Zheng, Qinfeng Shen, Hongmei Zhang, Xiao Wei, Dajun Tian, Gengsheng He and Weidong Qu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:450
  6. Around the globe, school closures were used sporadically to mitigate the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. However, such closures can detrimentally impact economic and social life.

    Authors: Ozgur M Araz, Paul Damien, David A Paltiel, Sean Burke, Bryce van de Geijn, Alison Galvani and Lauren Ancel Meyers
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:449
  7. The degree to which parental alcohol abuse is a risk factor for offspring mental distress is unclear, due to conflicting results of previous research. The inconsistencies in previous findings may be related to...

    Authors: Kamilla Rognmo, Fartein Ask Torvik, Helga Ask, Espen Røysamb and Kristian Tambs
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:448
  8. A growing body of scientific research is suggesting that end-of-life care and decision making may differ between age groups and that elderly patients may be the most vulnerable to exclusion of due care at the ...

    Authors: Kenneth Chambaere, Judith A C Rietjens, Tinne Smets, Johan Bilsen, Reginald Deschepper, H Roeline W Pasman and Luc Deliens
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:447
  9. Japanese suicide rate is one of the highest among industrialized nations, especially following the economic crisis of the 1990s, with more than 30000 suicides every year since 1998. Previous studies have point...

    Authors: Mayumi Ohnishi, Rieko Nakao, Ryokko Kawasaki, Akiko Nitta, Yukari Hamada and Hideyuki Nakane
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:446
  10. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with increased risk of morbidity and premature mortality. Among those at high risk, incidence can be halved through healthy changes in behaviour. Information about genetic a...

    Authors: Job G Godino, Esther MF van Sluijs, Theresa M Marteau, Stephen Sutton, Stephen J Sharp and Simon J Griffin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:444
  11. Despite concerns about its health and social consequences, little is known about the prevalence of illicit opioid use in New York City. Individuals who misuse heroin and prescription opioids are known to bear ...

    Authors: Jennifer McNeely, Marc N Gourevitch, Denise Paone, Sharmila Shah, Shana Wright and Daliah Heller
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:443
  12. In highly populated African urban areas where access to clean water is a challenge, water source contamination is one of the most cited risk factors in a cholera epidemic. During the rainy season, where there ...

    Authors: Miguel A Luque Fernandez, Michael Schomaker, Peter R Mason, Jean F Fesselet, Yves Baudot, Andrew Boulle and Peter Maes
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:442
  13. In Kenya, infant mortality rate increased from 59 deaths per 1000 live births in 1988 to 78 deaths per 1000 live births by 2003. This was an increase of about 32 percent in 15 years. The reasons behind this up...

    Authors: Sam W Wafula, Lawrence DE Ikamari and Boniface O K’Oyugi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:441
  14. Obesity is a major global epidemic and a burden to society and health systems. It is well known risk factor for a number of chronic medical conditions with high morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to pro...

    Authors: Luciana Bahia, Evandro Silva Freire Coutinho, Laura Augusta Barufaldi, Gabriela de Azevedo Abreu, Thainá Alves Malhão, Camila Pepe Ribeiro de Souza and Denizar Vianna Araujo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:440
  15. The energy requirement of species at each trophic level in an ecological pyramid is a function of the number of organisms and their average mass. Regarding human populations, although considerable attention is...

    Authors: Sarah Catherine Walpole, David Prieto-Merino, Phil Edwards, John Cleland, Gretchen Stevens and Ian Roberts
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:439
  16. Voluntary HIV counselling and testing (VCT) is one of the key strategies in the HIV/AIDS prevention and control programmes in Ethiopia. However, utilization of this service among adults is very low. The aim of...

    Authors: Tesfaye H Leta, Ingvild F Sandøy and Knut Fylkesnes
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:438
  17. Social determinants have been described as having a greater influence than other determinants of health status. The major social determinants of health and the necessary policy objectives have been defined; it...

    Authors: Evci (Kiraz) Emine Didem, Ergin Filiz, Okur Orhan, Saruhan Gulnur and Beser Erdal
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:437
  18. The prevalence of childhood obesity among adolescents has been rapidly rising in Mainland China in recent decades, especially in urban and rich areas. There is an urgent need to develop effective interventions...

    Authors: Fei Xu, Robert S Ware, Lap Ah Tse, Zhiyong Wang, Xin Hong, Aiju Song, Jiequan Li and Youfa Wang
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:316
  19. Nearly 60% of black women are obese. Despite their increased risk of obesity and associated chronic diseases, black women have been underrepresented in clinical trials of weight loss interventions, particularl...

    Authors: Perry Foley, Erica Levine, Sandy Askew, Elaine Puleo, Jessica Whiteley, Bryan Batch, Daniel Heil, Daniel Dix, Veronica Lett, Michele Lanpher, Jade Miller, Karen Emmons and Gary Bennett
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:305
  20. Several studies have demonstrated an association between the exposure to indoor air pollution (IAP) and childhood asthma. Evidence is suggesting that several air pollutants may contribute to both exacerbation ...

    Authors: Sofia I V Sousa, Catarina Ferraz, Maria C M Alvim-Ferraz, Luisa G Vaz, Agostinho J Marques and Fernando G Martins
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:435
  21. Belief is that chronic disease prevalence is rising in Bangladesh since death from them has increased. We reviewed published cardiovascular (CVD) and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) studies between 1995 and 20...

    Authors: Nazmus Saquib, Juliann Saquib, Tahmeed Ahmed, Masuma Akter Khanam and Mark R Cullen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:434
  22. Although men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS in Mexico, data on current risk behaviors in this population are lacking. This study investigated the prevalence and correla...

    Authors: Sergio Barrón-Limón, Shirley J Semple, Steffanie A Strathdee, Remedios Lozada, Adriana Vargas-Ojeda and Thomas L Patterson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:433
  23. In recent years in Japan, electronic games, home computers, and the internet have assumed an important place in people’s lives, even for elementary school children. Subjective health complaints have also becom...

    Authors: Harunobu Nakamura, Kumiko Ohara, Katsuyasu Kouda, Yuki Fujita, Tomoki Mase, Chiemi Miyawaki, Yoshimitsu Okita and Tetsuya Ishikawa
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:432
  24. Growing attention is given to the effects of health promotion programs targeting physical activity and healthy eating in individuals with mental disorders. The design of evaluation studies of public health int...

    Authors: Nick Verhaeghe, Jan De Maeseneer, Lea Maes, Cornelis Van Heeringen, Veerle Bogaert, Els Clays, Dirk De Bacquer and Lieven Annemans
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:431
  25. The major aim of this study was to investigate whether maternal risk factors associated with socioeconomic status and small for gestational age (SGA) might be viable targets of interventions to reduce differen...

    Authors: Irene Hayward, Lorraine Halinka Malcoe, Lesley A Cleathero, Patricia A Janssen, Bruce P Lanphear, Michael V Hayes, Andre Mattman, Robert Pampalon and Scott A Venners
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:333
  26. Childhood mortality rate is high in Nigeria. There is dearth of information on the comparison of childhood mortality probability and its causal factors in the Northern and Southern Nigeria. This study was desi...

    Authors: Ayo S Adebowale, Bidemi O Yusuf and Adeniyi F Fagbamigbe
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:430
  27. Excess alcohol consumption has serious adverse effects on health and violence-related harm. In the UK around 37% of men and 29% of women drink to excess and 20% and 13% report binge drinking. The potential imp...

    Authors: David Fone, Frank Dunstan, James White, Chris Webster, Sarah Rodgers, Shin Lee, Narushige Shiode, Scott Orford, Alison Weightman, Iain Brennan, Vas Sivarajasingam, Jennifer Morgan, Richard Fry and Ronan Lyons
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:428
  28. Many Australian children are insufficiently active to accrue health benefits and physical activity (PA) levels are consistently lower among youth of low socio-economic position. PA levels decline dramatically ...

    Authors: David R Lubans, Philip J Morgan, Kristen Weaver, Robin Callister, Deborah L Dewar, Sarah A Costigan, Tara L Finn, Jordan Smith, Lee Upton and Ronald C Plotnikoff
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:427
  29. Few studies in Africa have explored in detail the ability of output-based aid (OBA) voucher programs to increase access to gender-based violence recovery (GBVR) services.

    Authors: Rebecca Njuki, Jerry Okal, Charlotte E Warren, Francis Obare, Timothy Abuya, Lucy Kanya, Chi-Chi Undie, Ben Bellows and Ian Askew
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:426
  30. Perceived body appearance and body satisfaction are potentially related to weight problems and poor health. The purpose of this study was to examine how gender, and ethnic differences in body satisfaction, per...

    Authors: Rafael T Mikolajczyk, Ronald J Iannotti, Tilda Farhat and Vijaya Thomas
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:425
  31. It is important to understand the psycho-social context of obesity to inform prevention and treatment of obesity at both the individual and public health level.

    Authors: Barbara Stewart-Knox, Maresa E Duffy, Brendan Bunting, Heather Parr, Maria Daniel Vas de Almeida and Mike Gibney
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:424
  32. Accumulation of lifestyle physical activity is a current aim of health promotion, with increased stair climbing one public health target. While the workplace provides an opportunity for regular stair climbing,...

    Authors: Frank F Eves, Oliver J Webb, Carl Griffin and Jackie Chambers
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:423
  33. Although the number of smokers has declined in the last decade, smoking is still a major health problem among youngsters and adolescents. For this reason, there is a need for effective smoking prevention progr...

    Authors: Henricus-Paul Cremers, Liesbeth Mercken, Anke Oenema and Hein de Vries
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:277
  34. Although linear growth during childhood may be affected by early-life exposures, few studies have examined whether the effects of these exposures linger on during school age, particularly in low- and middle-in...

    Authors: Barbara H Lourenço, Eduardo Villamor, Rosângela A Augusto and Marly A Cardoso
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:265
  35. An increase in new HIV cases among men who have sex with men (MSM) has been reported in Switzerland since 2001. A rapid result HIV testing for MSM through voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) facility (“Che...

    Authors: Cédric Gumy, André Jeannin, Hugues Balthasar, Thérèse Huissoud, Vincent Jobin, Michael Häusermann, Hubert Crevoisier, Philippe Sudre and Françoise Dubois-Arber
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:422
  36. Vitamin D deficiency has been identified as a major public health problem worldwide. Sunlight is the main source of vitamin D and its measurement using dosimeters is expensive and difficult for use in populati...

    Authors: Quratulain Humayun, Romaina Iqbal, Iqbal Azam, Aysha Habib Khan, Amna Rehana Siddiqui and Naila Baig-Ansari
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:421
  37. Externalising and internalising problems affect one in seven school-aged children and are the single strongest predictor of mental health problems into early adolescence. As the burden of mental health problem...

    Authors: Harriet Hiscock, Jordana K Bayer, Kate Lycett, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Daniel Shaw, Lisa Gold, Bibi Gerner, Amy Loughman and Melissa Wake
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:420
  38. It has been recently demonstrated that serum uric acid (UA) is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) or its related clinical indications based on cross-sectional or prospective cohort studies. Nonetheless,...

    Authors: Qian Zhang, Chengqi Zhang, Xinhong Song, Haiyan Lin, Dongzhi Zhang, Wenjia Meng, Yongyuan Zhang, Zhenxin Zhu, Fang Tang, Longjian Liu, Xiaowei Yang and Fuzhong Xue
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:419
  39. Debates persist around the world over the development and use of genetically modified organisms (GMO). News media has been shown to both reflect and influence public perceptions of health and science related d...

    Authors: Li Du and Christen Rachul
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:326
  40. There is a major gradient in burden of disease between Central and Eastern Europe compared to Western Europe. Many of the underlying causes and risk factors are amenable to public health interventions. The pur...

    Authors: Jacqueline Müller-Nordhorn, Christine Holmberg, Klara G Dokova, Neda Milevska-Kostova, Gratiana Chicin, Timo Ulrichs, Bernd Rechel, Stefan N Willich, John Powles and Peter Tinnemann
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:311
  41. The risk of influenza infection depends on biological characteristics, individual or collective behaviors and the environmental context. The Cohorts for Pandemic Influenza (CoPanFlu) France study was set up in...

    Authors: Nathanael Lapidus, Xavier de Lamballerie, Nicolas Salez, Michel Setbon, Pascal Ferrari, Rosemary M Delabre, Marie-Lise Gougeon, Frédéric Vely, Marianne Leruez-Ville, Laurent Andreoletti, Simon Cauchemez, Pierre-Yves Boëlle, Eric Vivier, Laurent Abel, Michaël Schwarzinger, Michèle Legeas…
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:417
  42. Obesity in children has increased in recent years throughout the world and is associated with adverse health consequences. Early interventions, including appropriate pedagogy strategies, are important for a su...

    Authors: Jérémy Vanhelst, Laurent Béghin, Paul Stephen Fardy, Gilles Bui-Xuan and Jacques Mikulovic
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:416
  43. Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) is one of the common causes of non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU) in men and is associated with cervicitis, endometritis, and pelvic inflammatory diseases (PID) in women. The prevalence o...

    Authors: Zhi Xiang, Yue-Ping Yin, Mei-Qin Shi, Ning Jiang, Yan Han, Hong-Chun Wang, Bing-Jie Zheng, Guo-Jun Liang and Xiang-Sheng Chen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:414
  44. To assess the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial of a licensed premises intervention to reduce severe intoxication and disorder; to establish effect sizes and identify appropriate approaches to the d...

    Authors: Simon C Moore, Simon Murphy, Susan N Moore, Iain Brennan, Ellie Byrne, Jonathan Shepherd and Laurence Moore
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:412
  45. Violence victimization represents a serious risk factor for health related symptoms, for both men and women. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effects of violence exposure in late adolescence...

    Authors: Niclas Olofsson, Kent Lindqvist, Benjamin A Shaw and Ingela Danielsson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:411

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