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  1. Intimate partner violence against women is the psychological, physical, and sexual abuse directed to spouses. Globally it is the most pervasive yet underestimated human rights violation. This study was aimed a...

    Authors: Sileshi G Abeya, Mesganaw F Afework and Alemayehu W Yalew
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:913
  2. The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and socioeconomic status (SES) tends to change over time and across populations. In this study, we examined, separately in men and women, whether the association ...

    Authors: Isabelle A Rossi, Valentin Rousson, Bharathi Viswanathan and Pascal Bovet
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:912
  3. Studies on adolescent smoking indicate that the smoking behaviours of their parents, siblings and friends are significant micro-level predictors. Parents' socioeconomic status (SES) is an important macro-level...

    Authors: Tore Tjora, Jørn Hetland, Leif Edvard Aarø and Simon Øverland
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:911
  4. Krachtvoer is a school-based healthy diet programme, developed in 2001 and revised in 2007 to meet the needs of particular segments of the target population as well as a wider target group. The main aims of th...

    Authors: Kathelijne MHH Bessems, Patricia van Assema, Marloes K Martens, Theo GWM Paulussen, Lieke GM Raaijmakers and Nanne K de Vries
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:909
  5. The rising prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is a major public health problem. There is an urgent need for effective lifestyle interventions to prevent the development of T2DM. Sedentary behaviour ...

    Authors: Emma G Wilmot, Melanie J Davies, Charlotte L Edwardson, Trish Gorely, Kamlesh Khunti, Myra Nimmo, Thomas Yates and Stuart JH Biddle
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:908
  6. To demonstrate the tobacco industry rationale behind the "Spanish model" on non-smokers' protection in hospitality venues and the impact it had on some European and Latin American countries between 2006 and 2011.

    Authors: Nick K Schneider, Ernesto M Sebrié and Esteve Fernández
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:907
  7. Gender-specific smoking cessation strategies have rarely been developed. Evidence of effectiveness of physical activity (PA) promotion and intervention in adjunct to smoking cessation programs is not strong. S...

    Authors: Elisabetta Chellini, Giuseppe Gorini, Giulia Carreras, Livia Giordano, Emanuela Anghinoni, Anna Iossa, Cristina Bellati, Elisa Grechi, Alessandro Coppo, Fiorella Talassi and Maria Rosa Giovacchini
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:906
  8. Vitamin D deficiency during infancy may lead to rickets and possibly other poor health outcomes. The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months. Breast milk is the best...

    Authors: Barbara Crocker, Tim J Green, Susan I Barr, Bridgid Beckingham, Radhika Bhagat, Beata Dabrowska, Rachel Douthwaite, Carmen Evanson, Russell Friesen, Kathy Hydamaka, Wangyang Li, Kelly Simmons and Lillian Tse
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:905
  9. The demand for induced abortions in Uganda is high despite legal and moral proscriptions. Abortion seekers usually go to illegal, hidden clinics where procedures are performed in unhygienic environments by und...

    Authors: Joseph B Babigumira, Andy Stergachis, David L Veenstra, Jacqueline S Gardner, Joseph Ngonzi, Peter Mukasa-Kivunike and Louis P Garrison
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:904
  10. Maternal smoking is the most significant cause of preventable complications during pregnancy, with smoking cessation during pregnancy shown to increase birth weight and reduce preterm birth among pregnant wome...

    Authors: Andriani N Loukopoulou, Constantine I Vardavas, George Farmakides, Christos Rossolymos, Charalambos Chrelias, Manolis N Tzatzarakis, Aristidis Tsatsakis, Maria Lymberi, Gregory N Connolly and Panagiotis K Behrakis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:903
  11. Respiratory infections are the leading cause of childhood deaths in Bangladesh. Promoting respiratory hygiene may reduce infection transmission. This formative research explored community perceptions about res...

    Authors: Fosiul A Nizame, Sharifa Nasreen, Leanne Unicomb, Dorothy Southern, Emily S Gurley, Shaila Arman, Mohammad A Kadir, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Stephen P Luby and Peter J Winch
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:901
  12. The relationship between urbanicity and adolescent health is a critical issue for which little empirical evidence has been reported. Although an association has been suggested, a dichotomous rural versus urban...

    Authors: Juan Pablo Gutiérrez and Erika E Atienzo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:900
  13. Physicians of the Spanish Influenza Sentinel Surveillance System report and systematically swab patients attended to their practices for influenza-like illness (ILI). Within the surveillance system, some Spani...

    Authors: Camelia Savulescu, Silvia Jiménez-Jorge, Salvador de Mateo, Francisco Pozo, Inmaculada Casas, Pilar Pérez Breña, Antonia Galmés, Juana M Vanrell, Carolina Rodriguez, Tomas Vega, Ana Martinez, Nuria Torner, Julián M Ramos, Maria C Serrano, Jesús Castilla, Manuel García Cenoz…
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:899
  14. Several studies witnessed that prenatal zinc deficiency (ZD) predisposes to diverse pregnancy complications. However, scientific evidences on the determinants of prenatal ZD are scanty and inconclusive. The pu...

    Authors: Samson Gebremedhin, Fikre Enquselassie and Melaku Umeta
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:898
  15. Since 1986, the study of disability in Spain has been mainly addressed by National Disability Surveys (NDSs). While international attempts to frame NDS designs within the International Classification of Functi...

    Authors: Sarah Maierhofer, Javier Almazán-Isla, Enrique Alcalde-Cabero and Jesús de Pedro-Cuesta
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:897
  16. Tuberculosis (TB) has increased within the UK and, in response, targets for TB control have been set and interventions recommended. The question was whether these had been implemented and, if so, had they been...

    Authors: Graham H Bothamley, Michelle E Kruijshaar, Heinke Kunst, Gerrit Woltmann, Mark Cotton, Dinesh Saralaya, Mark A Woodhead, John P Watson and Ann LN Chapman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:896
  17. It has been suggested that social, educational, cultural and physical factors in childhood and early adulthood may influence the chances and direction of social mobility, the movement of an individual between ...

    Authors: Lynne F Forrest, Susan Hodgson, Louise Parker and Mark S Pearce
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:895
  18. Dementia affects the mood of people with dementia but also of their caregivers. In the coming years, the number of people with dementia will increase worldwide and most of them will continue to live in the com...

    Authors: Anna-Eva Prick, Jacomine de Lange, Erik Scherder and Anne Margriet Pot
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:894
  19. Lifestyle change is probably the most important single action to prevent type 2 diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a low-intensity individual lifestyle intervention by a ...

    Authors: Vegard Nilsen, Per S Bakke and Frode Gallefoss
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:893
  20. Research on new models of care in health service provision is complex, as is the introduction and embedding of such models, and positive research findings are only one factor in whether a new model of care wil...

    Authors: Della A Forster, Michelle Newton, Helen L McLachlan and Karen Willis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 5):S8

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 5

  21. Public health research is an endeavour that often involves multiple relationships, far-reaching collaborations, divergent expectations and various outcomes. Using the Tall Girls Study as a case study, this pap...

    Authors: Fiona J Bruinsma, Jo-Anne Rayner, Alison J Venn, Priscilla Pyett and George Werther
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 5):S7

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 5

  22. The complexities inherent in understanding the social determinants of health are often not well-served by quantitative approaches. My aim is to show that well-designed and well-conducted ethnographic studies h...

    Authors: Mridula Bandyopadhyay
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 5):S6

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 5

  23. The perceived risk/benefit balance of prescribed and over-the-counter (OTC) medicine, as well as complementary therapies, will significantly impact on an individual’s decision-making to use medicine. For women...

    Authors: Karalyn McDonald, Lisa H Amir and Mary-Ann Davey
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 5):S5

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 5

  24. Social support interventions have a somewhat chequered history. Despite evidence that social connection is associated with good health, efforts to implement interventions designed to increase social support ha...

    Authors: Rhonda Small, Angela J Taft and Stephanie J Brown
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 5):S4

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 5

  25. Intervention studies for depression and intimate partner violence (IPV) commonly incorporate screening to identify eligible participants. The challenge is that current ethical evaluation is largely informed by...

    Authors: Victoria J Palmer, Jane S Yelland and Angela J Taft
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 5):S3

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 5

  26. Research has a 'bad name' in Aboriginal communities. Too often, researchers have come, gathered information and taken it away from Aboriginal people, with no benefit for the communities taking part in the rese...

    Authors: Tanya Koolmatrie
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 5):S2

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 5

  27. When a medicine such as rofecoxib (Vioxx) is withdrawn, or a whole class of medicines discredited such as the selective COX-2 inhibitors (COX-2s), follow-up of impacts at consumer level can be difficult and co...

    Authors: Lynne Parkinson, Xenia Doljagore, Richard Gibson, Evan Doran, Lisa Notley, Jenny Stewart Williams, Paul Kowal and Julie E Byles
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:892
  28. The social environment in which children grow up is closely associated with their health. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between maternal educational level, parental preventive behav...

    Authors: Elisabeth Mangrio, Kristina Hansen, Martin Lindström, Marie Köhler and Maria Rosvall
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:891
  29. Spatial planning affects the built environment, which in turn has the potential to have a significant impact on health, for good or ill. One way of ensuring that spatial plans take due account of health is thr...

    Authors: Selena Gray, Laurence Carmichael, Hugh Barton, Julie Mytton, Helen Lease and Jennifer Joynt
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:889
  30. Falls in older people continue to be a major public health issue in industrialized countries. Extensive research into falls prevention has identified exercise as a proven fall prevention strategy. However, des...

    Authors: Alexander Voukelatos, Dafna Merom, Chris Rissel, Cathie Sherrington, Wendy Watson and Karen Waller
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:888
  31. General practice based registration networks (GPRNs) provide information on morbidity rates in the population. Morbidity rate estimates from different GPRNs, however, reveal considerable, unexplained differenc...

    Authors: C van den Dungen, N Hoeymans, HC Boshuizen, M van den Akker, MCJ Biermans, K van Boven, HJ Brouwer, RA Verheij, MWM de Waal, FG Schellevis and GP Westert
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:887
  32. In sub-Saharan Africa, little is known about the health and functional status of older people who either themselves are HIV infected or are affected by HIV and AIDS in the family. This aim of this study was to...

    Authors: Francien Scholten, Joseph Mugisha, Janet Seeley, Eugene Kinyanda, Susan Nakubukwa, Paul Kowal, Nirmala Naidoo, Ties Boerma, Somnath Chatterji and Heiner Grosskurth
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:886
  33. Sentinel surveillance for severe acute respiratory infections in hospitals and influenza-like illness in ambulatory clinics is recommended to assist in global pandemic influenza preparedness. Healthcare utiliz...

    Authors: Kim A Lindblade, April J Johnson, Wences Arvelo, Xingyou Zhang, Hannah T Jordan, Lissette Reyes, Alicia M Fry and Norma Padilla
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:885
  34. With the medical reform, the function of community health centres emerged to be more important recently in China. However, the health service capabilities were tremendously different between metropolitan citie...

    Authors: Cuixia Ge, Jialiang Fu, Ying Chang and Lie Wang
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:884
  35. It is well recognised that the adoption and longer term adherence to physical activity by adults to reduce the risk of chronic disease is a challenge. Interventions, such as group and home based physical activ...

    Authors: Nicole Freene, Gordon Waddington, Wendy Chesworth, Rachel Davey and John Goss
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:883
  36. Pneumonia is still the leading cause of death among children in Africa, and pneumococcal serotypes 1 and 5 are frequently isolated from African children with invasive pneumococcal disease below the age of 5 ye...

    Authors: Alassane Dicko, Olumuyiwa O Odusanya, Abdoulbaki I Diallo, Gaoussou Santara, Amadou Barry, Amagana Dolo, Aminata Diallo, Yetunde A Kuyinu, Omolara A Kehinde, Nancy François, Dorota Borys, Juan P Yarzabal, Marta Moreira and Lode Schuerman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:882
  37. Overweight and obesity in youth has increased dramatically. Therefore, overweight prevention initiatives should start early in life and target modifiable energy balance-related behaviours. Parental participati...

    Authors: Wendy Van Lippevelde, Maïté Verloigne, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Mona Bjelland, Nanna Lien, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Luis A Moreno, Eva Kovacs, Johannes Brug and Lea Maes
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:881
  38. Smokers need effective support to maximise the chances of successful quit attempts. Current smoking cessation medications, such as nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), bupropion, nortriptyline or varenicline, h...

    Authors: Natalie Walker, Colin Howe, Chris Bullen, Hayden McRobbie, Marewa Glover, Varsha Parag, Jonathan Williman, Reon Veale, Vili Nosa and Joanne Barnes
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:880
  39. The WHO recognises pesticide poisoning to be the single most important means of suicide globally. Pesticide self-poisoning is a major public health and clinical problem in rural Asia, where it has led to case ...

    Authors: Melissa Pearson, Flemming Konradsen, David Gunnell, Andrew H Dawson, Ravi Pieris, Manjula Weerasinghe, Duleeka W Knipe, Shaluka Jayamanne, Chris Metcalfe, Keith Hawton, A Rajitha Wickramasinghe, W Atapattu, Palitha Bandara, Dhammika de Silva, Asanga Ranasinghe, Fahim Mohamed…
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:879
  40. Low individual-level socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with higher prevalence of cigarette smoking. Recent work has examined whether neighborhood-level SES may affect smoking behavior independently from...

    Authors: Sarah S Cohen, Jennifer S Sonderman, Michael T Mumma, Lisa B Signorello and William J Blot
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:877
  41. The 'Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids' program was designed to help overweight fathers lose weight and positively influence the health behaviors of their children. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the pr...

    Authors: Philip J Morgan, David R Lubans, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Robin Callister, Tracy Burrows, Richard Fletcher, Anthony D Okely, Myles D Young, Andrew Miller, Victoria Clay, Adam Lloyd and Clare E Collins
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:876
  42. Past studies using large population based datasets link certain perinatal circumstances (birth weight, parity, etc) with mental health outcomes such as suicide, self-harm and psychiatric problems. Problematica...

    Authors: Robert Young, Vincent Riordan and Cameron Stark
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:875
  43. Rates of suicide and poor mental health are high in environments (neighbourhoods and institutions) where individuals have only weak social ties, feel socially disconnected and experience anomie - a mismatch be...

    Authors: Robert Young, Helen Sweeting and Anne Ellaway
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:874
  44. Developing more accessible stop smoking services (SSS) is important, particularly for reaching smokers from socio-economically deprived groups who are more likely to smoke and less likely to quit in comparison...

    Authors: Manpreet Bains, Andrea Venn, Rachael L Murray, Ann McNeill and Laura L Jones
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:873
  45. Future public health professionals are especially important among students partly because their credibility in light of their professional messages and activities will be tested daily by their clients; and par...

    Authors: Éva Bíró, Róza Ádány and Karolina Kósa
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:871

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