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  1. In the most recent revision (2003) of the U.S. standard certificate of live births, the National Center for Health Statistics recommended that all states collect maternal and paternal usual occupation. Because...

    Authors: Jean D Brender, Lucina Suarez and Peter H Langlois
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:95
  2. Prevalence rates for long-term injection drug users in some localities surpass 60% for HIV and 80% for HCV. We describe methods for developing grounded hypotheses about how some injectors avoid infection with ...

    Authors: Samuel R Friedman, Pedro Mateu-Gelabert, Milagros Sandoval, Holly Hagan and Don C Des Jarlais
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:94
  3. Illegal migration is an increasing problem worldwide and the so-called undocumented migrants encounter major problems in access to prevention and health care. The objective of the study was to compare the use ...

    Authors: Hans Wolff, Manuella Epiney, Ana P Lourenco, Michael C Costanza, Jacqueline Delieutraz-Marchand, Nicole Andreoli, Jean-Bernard Dubuisson, Jean-Michel Gaspoz and Olivier Irion
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:93
  4. After the tsunami disaster in the Indian Ocean basin an Internet based self-screening test was made available in order to facilitate contact with mental health services. Although primarily designed for survivi...

    Authors: Stefan Vetter, Astrid Rossegger, Wulf Rossler, Jonathan I Bisson and Jerome Endrass
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:92
  5. Diabetes mellitus is a major public health problem. Little is known about how people with type 2 diabetes experience self-management in a nurse-led, shared-care programme. The purpose of this article is to rep...

    Authors: Albine Moser, Harry van der Bruggen, Guy Widdershoven and Cor Spreeuwenberg
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:91
  6. Injuries represent an important cause of mortality among young adults. Longitudinal studies on risk factors are scarce. We studied associations between adolescents' perceived health and health behaviour and in...

    Authors: Ville M Mattila, Jari Parkkari, Leena Koivusilta, Tapio Nummi, Pekka Kannus and Arja Rimpelä
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:90
  7. Data on food intake at the individual level and its statistical distribution in population groups defined by age, gender, or geographic areas are important in planning public health and nutrition programs. How...

    Authors: R Sichieri, RA Pereira, A Martins, ABPA Vasconcellos and A Trichopoulou
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:89
  8. We studied whether health resources, measured as sense of coherence (SOC), are associated with participation in a follow-up survey among permanent and non-permanent employees who responded at baseline.

    Authors: Virpi Liukkonen, Pekka Virtanen, Mika Kivimäki, Jaana Pentti and Jussi Vahtera
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:88
  9. Downward trends have been observed in oral cancer incidence and mortality in the US over the past 30 years; however, these declines are not uniform within this population. Several studies have now demonstrated...

    Authors: Karl Kingsley, Susan O'Malley, Marcia Ditmyer and Michelle Chino
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:87
  10. Previous research has shown that between 80 and 90 percent of adult smokers report having started smoking before 18 years of age. Several studies have revealed that multiple social factors influence the likeli...

    Authors: Alfgeir L Kristjansson, Inga D Sigfusdottir, John P Allegrante and Asgeir R Helgason
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:86
  11. There is a dearth of information on diet-related chronic diseases in West Africa. This cross-sectional study assessed the rate of obesity and other cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in a random sample ...

    Authors: Roger Sodjinou, Victoire Agueh, Benjamin Fayomi and Hélène Delisle
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:84
  12. Adolescence is a transitional stage from childhood to adulthood that is characterized by physical, physiological, psychosocial and behavioral changes that are influenced to a large extent by the age, culture a...

    Authors: Dan K Kaye
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:83
  13. The introduction of new vaccines for young children requires instruments for a rapid and timely assessment of the progressively increasing vaccination coverage. We assessed whether routine data generated by st...

    Authors: Helen Kalies, Rebekka Redel, Rudolf Varga, Martin Tauscher and Rüdiger von Kries
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:82
  14. Disclosing HIV test results to one's sexual partner allows the partner to engage in preventive behaviors as well as the access of necessary support for coping with serostatus or illness. It may motivate partne...

    Authors: Kebede Deribe, Kifle Woldemichael, Mekitie Wondafrash, Amaha Haile and Alemayehu Amberbir
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:81
  15. Rates of suicide and undetermined death increased rapidly in Scotland in the 1980's and 1990's. The largest increases were in men, with a marked increase in rates in younger age groups. This was associated wit...

    Authors: Cameron Stark, Diane Stockton and Rob Henderson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:80
  16. Chile has broad variations in weather, economics and population from the far desert north (Region 1) to the cold, icy south (Region 12). A home-based self-collected vaginal sampling was nested in the 2003 Chil...

    Authors: Catterina Ferreccio, Alejandro Corvalán, Paula Margozzini, Paola Viviani, Claudia González, Ximena Aguilera and Patti E Gravitt
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:78
  17. Over the last decade, patient involvement in treatment-related decision-making has been widely advocated in Japan, where patient-physician encounters are still under the influence of the long-standing traditio...

    Authors: Yoshiko Watanabe, Miyako Takahashi and Ichiro Kai
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:77
  18. Termination of pregnancy is a common and safe medical procedure in countries where it is legal. One in four Australian women terminates a pregnancy, most often when young. There is inconclusive evidence about ...

    Authors: Angela J Taft and Lyndsey F Watson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:75
  19. Daylight saving time affects millions of people annually but its impacts are still widely unknown. Sleep deprivation and the change of circadian rhythm can trigger mental illness and cause higher accident rate...

    Authors: Tuuli A Lahti, Jari Haukka, Jouko Lönnqvist and Timo Partonen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:74
  20. A pilot cardiovascular disease prevention project was implemented in the inner-city West Midlands. It was evaluated by comparing its effectiveness to a control group where full implementation was delayed by a ...

    Authors: Tom Marshall, Paul Westerby, Jenny Chen, Mary Fairfield, Jenny Harding, Ruth Westerby, Rajai Ahmad and John Middleton
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:73
  21. Studies investigating the association of cadmium and sex steroid hormones in men have been inconsistent, but previous studies were relatively small.

    Authors: Andy Menke, Eliseo Guallar, Meredith S Shiels, Sabine Rohrmann, Shehzad Basaria, Nader Rifai, William G Nelson and Elizabeth A Platz
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:72
  22. The Problem Areas in Diabetes (PAID) survey is a measure of diabetes-related stress for which reported use has been in largely Caucasian populations. Our purpose was to assess the psychometric properties of th...

    Authors: Stephania T Miller and Tom A Elasy
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:70
  23. The Internet is a major source of information for professionals and the general public, especially in the field of health. However, despite ever-increasing connection rates, a digital divide persists in the in...

    Authors: Emilie Renahy, Isabelle Parizot and Pierre Chauvin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:69
  24. In many resource poor settings only sputum microscopy is employed for the diagnosis of HIV-associated pulmonary tuberculosis; sputum culture may not be available.

    Authors: Mecky Matee, Lillian Mtei, Tarja Lounasvaara, Wendy Wieland-Alter, Richard Waddell, Johnson Lyimo, Muhammad Bakari, Kisali Pallangyo and C Fordham von Reyn
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:68
  25. Although many studies have investigated the negative effects of parental smoking on children and Taiwan has started campaigns to promote smoke-free homes, little is known about the smoking behaviours of Taiwan...

    Authors: Shu-Fang Shih, Likwang Chen, Chi Pang Wen, Wei-Chih Yang and Yaw-Tang Shih
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:67
  26. Sexually active heterosexual men may represent an important risk factor for HIV infection and STI transmission to their female partners and unborn children, though little is known about the prevalence of STIs ...

    Authors: Jesse L Clark, Kelika A Konda, Cesar V Munayco, Monica Pún, Andres G Lescano, Segundo R Leon, Jose Pajuelo, Luis Suarez-Ognio, Jeffrey D Klausner, Thomas J Coates and Carlos F Cáceres
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:65
  27. Circumcisions undertaken in non-clinical settings can have significant risks of serious adverse events, including death. The aim of this study was to test an intervention for safe traditional circumcision in t...

    Authors: Karl Peltzer, Ayanda Nqeketo, George Petros and Xola Kanta
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:64
  28. As ART programmes in African settings expand beyond the pilot stages, adherence to treatment may become an increasing challenge. This qualitative study examines potential barriers to, and facilitators of, adhe...

    Authors: Mison Dahab, Salome Charalambous, Robin Hamilton, Katherine Fielding, Karina Kielmann, Gavin J Churchyard and Alison D Grant
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:63
  29. Despite more than a decade of extensive, international efforts to characterize and understand the increased symptom and illness-reporting among veterans of the 1991 Gulf War, concern over possible long-term he...

    Authors: Tomoko I Hooper, Samar F DeBakey, Barbara E Nagaraj, Kimberly S Bellis, Besa Smith, Tyler C Smith and Gary D Gackstetter
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:60
  30. There is little consensus about how the influenza season should be defined in studies that assess influenza-attributable risk. The objective of this study was to compare estimates of influenza-associated risk ...

    Authors: Carolyn Sandoval, Stephen D Walter, Paul Krueger and Mark B Loeb
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:59
  31. Men's lifestyles are generally less healthy than women's. This study identifies associations between health-related behaviour in different groups of men working in a Higher Education (HE) institution. In addit...

    Authors: Alena Vasianovich, Edwin R van Teijlingen, Garth Reid and Neil W Scott
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:58
  32. Lower socioeconomic position is generally associated with higher rates of smoking and alcohol consumption and lower levels of physical activity. Health-related behaviour is usually established during late chil...

    Authors: Ferdinand Salonna, Jitse P van Dijk, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Maria Sleskova, Johan W Groothoff and Sijmen A Reijneveld
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:57
  33. This population-based study investigated the different forms, magnitude and risk factors of men's violence against women in intimate relationships in a rural part of northern Vietnam and whether a difference i...

    Authors: Nguyen Dang Vung, Per-Olof Ostergren and Gunilla Krantz
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:55
  34. Diabetes is common in the older population and is increasing. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is an indicator of average blood glucose concentration over the past three months. The HbA1c test is currently one of clin...

    Authors: Lu Gao, Fiona E Matthews, Lincoln A Sargeant, Carol Brayne and MRC CFAS
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:54
  35. Schools have the potential to influence their pupils' behaviour through the school's social organisation and culture, as well as through the formal curriculum. This paper provides the first attempt to explain ...

    Authors: Marion Henderson, Isabella Butcher, Daniel Wight, Lisa Williamson and Gillian Raab
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:53
  36. Tanzania has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in sub-Saharan Africa. Due to the paucity of epidemiological information on maternal deaths, and the high maternal mortality estimates found earlier in...

    Authors: Bjørg Evjen-Olsen, Sven Gudmund Hinderaker, Rolv Terje Lie, Per Bergsjø, Peter Gasheka and Gunnar Kvåle
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:52
  37. The explosive epidemics of dengue that have been occurring in various countries have stimulated investigation into new approaches to improve understanding of the problem and to develop new strategies for contr...

    Authors: Florisneide R Barreto, Maria Gloria Teixeira, Maria da Conceição N Costa, Marilia S Carvalho and Mauricio L Barreto
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:51
  38. Taiwan's national vaccination program has successfully decreased the prevalence of hepatitis B infection after twenty years of implementation and might be indirectly beneficial to the second generation. In thi...

    Authors: Ching-Chiang Lin, Hsiu-Shu Hsieh, Yu-Jie Huang, Yeou-Lih Huang, Ming-Kun Ku and Hsin-Chia Hung
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:49
  39. The relationships between working conditions [job demand, job control and social support]; stress, anxiety, and depression; and perceived quality of life factors [physical health, psychological wellbeing, soci...

    Authors: Bin Nordin Rusli, Bin Abdin Edimansyah and Lin Naing
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:48
  40. Awareness of the negative effects of smoking on children's health prompted a decrease in the self-reporting of parental tobacco use in periodic surveys from most industrialized countries. Our aim is to assess ...

    Authors: Carme Puig, Oscar Garcia-Algar, Toni Monleon, Roberta Pacifici, Piergiorgio Zuccaro, Jordi Sunyer, Cecilia Figueroa, Simona Pichini and Oriol Vall
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:47
  41. Sense of coherence (SOC) is an individual characteristic related to a positive life orientation leading to effective coping. A weak SOC has been associated with indicators of general morbidity and mortality. H...

    Authors: Anne M Kouvonen, Ari Väänänen, Stephen A Woods, Tarja Heponiemi, Aki Koskinen and Salla Toppinen-Tanner
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:46

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