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  1. Although the association of weight gain and developing metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been reported in the Western and Asian populations, data on the gender-stratified effects of weight change (including weight...

    Authors: Azadeh Zabetian, Farzad Hadaegh, Parvin Sarbakhsh and Fereidoun Azizi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:138
  2. The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes poses a major public health challenge. Population-based screening and early treatment for type 2 diabetes could reduce this growing burden. However, the benefits of...

    Authors: Justin B Echouffo-Tcheugui, Rebecca K Simmons, Kate M Williams, Roslyn S Barling, A Toby Prevost, Ann Louise Kinmonth, Nicholas J Wareham and Simon J Griffin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:136
  3. The burden of disease of hearing disorders among adults is high, but a significant part goes undetected. Screening programs in combination with the delivery of hearing aids can alleviate this situation, but th...

    Authors: Baltussen Rob, Abraham Vinod J, Priya Monica, Achamma Balraj, Anand Job, Gift Norman and Abraham Joseph
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:135
  4. Despite substantial declines, Ischaemic Heart Disease (IHD) remains the largest cause of death in Scotland and mortality rates are among the worst in Europe. There is evidence of strong, persisting regional an...

    Authors: Carolyn A Davies, Ruth Dundas and Alastair H Leyland
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:134
  5. The prevalence of child sexual abuse (CSA) in the population has been poorly described in developing countries. Population data on child sexual abuse in Brazil is very limited. This paper aims to estimate life...

    Authors: Diego G Bassani, Lilian S Palazzo, Jorge U Béria, Luciana P Gigante, Andréia CL Figueiredo, Denise RGC Aerts and Beatriz CW Raymann
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:133
  6. Thyroid hormone replacement is one of the most commonly prescribed and cost effective treatments for a chronic disease. There have been recent changes in community prescribing policies in many areas of the UK ...

    Authors: Anna L Mitchell, Bryan Hickey, Janis L Hickey and Simon HS Pearce
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:132
  7. Little research has been conducted to examine the relationship between education level and functional limitations among Japanese community residents. We sought to examine the association between education leve...

    Authors: Kaori Honjo, Hiroyasu Iso, Ai Ikeda, Manami Inoue and Shoichiro Tsugane
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:131
  8. Poor sleep quality has been associated with increased risk of heart disease, diabetes and mortality. However, limited information exists on the distribution and determinants of sleep quality and its associatio...

    Authors: Nazanin Haseli-Mashhadi, Tony Dadd, An Pan, Zhijie Yu, Xu Lin and Oscar H Franco
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:130
  9. Voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) is a corner stone for successful implementation of prevention, care and support services among HIV negative and positive individuals. VCT is also perceived to be an effec...

    Authors: Mgosha P Charles, Eliningaya J Kweka, Aneth M Mahande, Longin R Barongo, Seif Shekalaghe, Hassan M Nkya, Asanterabi Lowassa and Michael J Mahande
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:128
  10. All aspects of the heath care sector are being asked to account for their performance. This poses unique challenges for local public health units with their traditional focus on population health and their emp...

    Authors: Erica Weir, Nadine d'Entremont, Shelley Stalker, Karim Kurji and Victoria Robinson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:127
  11. Many smokers believe that "light" cigarettes are less harmful than regular cigarettes, which is at variance with the scientific evidence. The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) aims to address this...

    Authors: Nick Wilson, Deepa Weerasekera, Jo Peace, Richard Edwards, George Thomson and Miranda Devlin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:126
  12. Higher prevalence rates of unhealthy behaviours among lower socioeconomic groups contribute substantially to socioeconomic inequalities in health in adults. Preventing the development of these inequalities in ...

    Authors: Frank J van Lenthe, Ilse de Bourdeaudhuij, Knut-Inge Klepp, Nanna Lien, Laurence Moore, Fabrizio Faggiano, Anton E Kunst and Johan P Mackenbach
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:125
  13. Infant feeding recommendations for HIV-positive mothers differ from recommendations to mothers of unknown HIV-status. The aim of this study was to compare feeding practices, including breastfeeding, between in...

    Authors: Lars T Fadnes, Ingunn MS Engebretsen, Henry Wamani, Nulu B Semiyaga, Thorkild Tylleskär and James K Tumwine
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:124
  14. In Korea, the cumulative number of HIV-infected individuals was smaller than those of other countries. Mandatory HIV tests, dominating method until 1990's, have been gradually changed to voluntary HIV tests. W...

    Authors: Mee-Kyung Kee, Jin-Hee Lee, Chaeshin Chu, Eun-Ju Lee and Sung-Soon Kim
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:123
  15. Tobacco is still the number one life style risk factor for ill health and premature death and also one of the major contributors to oral problems and diseases. Dentistry may be a potential setting for several ...

    Authors: Eva Nohlert, Åke Tegelberg, Per Tillgren, Pia Johansson, Andreas Rosenblad and Ásgeir R Helgason
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:121
  16. The impact of obesity on health-related quality of life (HRQL) has been little explored in rural areas. The goal of this study is to ascertain the association between obesity and HRQL among Spanish women livin...

    Authors: María José García-Mendizábal, José Miguel Carrasco, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Nuria Aragonés, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Gonzalo López-Abente and Marina Pollán
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:120
  17. There is a need to develop sustainable and clinically effective weight management interventions that are suitable for delivery in community settings where the vast majority of overweight and obese adolescents ...

    Authors: Vanessa A Shrewsbury, Janice O'Connor, Katharine S Steinbeck, Kate Stevenson, Anthea Lee, Andrew J Hill, Michael R Kohn, Smita Shah, Siranda Torvaldsen and Louise A Baur
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:119
  18. Social distancing interventions such as school closure and prohibition of public gatherings are present in pandemic influenza preparedness plans. Predicting the effectiveness of intervention strategies in a pa...

    Authors: Joel K Kelso, George J Milne and Heath Kelly
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:117
  19. The paradigm of translational medicine that underpins frameworks such as the Cooksey report on the funding of health research does not adequately reflect the complex reality of the public health environment. W...

    Authors: David Ogilvie, Peter Craig, Simon Griffin, Sally Macintyre and Nicholas J Wareham
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:116
  20. In April 2007, a slum of South Dumdum municipality, West Bengal reported an increase in fever cases. We investigated to identify the agent, the source and to propose recommendations.

    Authors: Rama Bhunia, Yvan Hutin, Ramachandran Ramakrishnan, Nishith Pal, Tapas Sen and Manoj Murhekar
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:115
  21. Only a limited number of studies have analyzed the association between hip fracture incidence and socioeconomic conditions. Most, but not all found an association, and results are in part conflicting. The aim ...

    Authors: Andrea Icks, Burkhard Haastert, Manfred Wildner, Clemens Becker, Kilian Rapp, Nico Dragano, Gabriele Meyer and Joachim Rosenbauer
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:114
  22. Occupational asthma is a common type of asthma caused by a specific agent in the workplace. The basic alteration of occupational asthma is airways inflammation. Although most patients with occupational asthma ...

    Authors: Paul Tossa, Abraham Bohadana, Valérie Demange, Pascal Wild, Jean-Pierre Michaely, Bernard Hannhart, Christophe Paris and Denis Zmirou-Navier
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:113
  23. Smoking in the home is the major cause of exposure to second-hand smoke in children in the UK, particularly those living in low income households which have fewer restrictions on smoking in the home. Reducing ...

    Authors: Deborah Ritchie, Amanda Amos, Richard Phillips, Sarah Cunningham-Burley and Claudia Martin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:112
  24. To explore any association between the timing of the initiation of sexual activity and sexual behaviors and risks among university students in China.

    Authors: Qiaoqin Ma, Masako Ono-Kihara, Liming Cong, Guozhang Xu, Xiaohong Pan, Saman Zamani, Shahrzad Mortazavi Ravari, Dandan Zhang, Takayuki Homma and Masahiro Kihara
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:111
  25. The German Network of Disorders of Sex Development (DSD)/Intersexuality carried out a large scale clinical evaluation study on quality of life, gender identity, treatment satisfaction, coping, and problems ass...

    Authors: Anke Lux, Siegfried Kropf, Eva Kleinemeier, Martina Jürgensen and Ute Thyen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:110
  26. With a goal to reduce youth smoking rates, the U.S. federal government mandated that states enforce laws prohibiting underage tobacco sales. Our objective was to determine if state compliance with tobacco sale...

    Authors: Joseph R DiFranza, Judith A Savageau and Kenneth E Fletcher
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:107
  27. To assess the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), including childhood abuse and neglect, and serious household dysfunction, and premature death of a family member. Because ACEs increase t...

    Authors: Robert F Anda, Maxia Dong, David W Brown, Vincent J Felitti, Wayne H Giles, Geraldine S Perry, Edwards J Valerie and Shanta R Dube
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:106
  28. Developed and developing countries are facing rapid increases in overweight and obesity among children and adolescents. The patterns of overweight/obesity differ by age, sex, rural or urban residence and socio...

    Authors: Alicia Matijasevich, Cesar G Victora, Jean Golding, Fernando C Barros, Ana Maria Menezes, Cora L Araujo and George Davey Smith
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:105
  29. A number of previous studies have investigated various predictors for being granted a disability pension. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of sick-leave track record as a predictor of being grant...

    Authors: Thorne Wallman, Hans Wedel, Edward Palmer, Annika Rosengren, Saga Johansson, Henry Eriksson and Kurt Svärdsudd
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:104
  30. African and Asian cohort studies have demonstrated the clinical efficacy of antiretroviral treatment (ART) in resource-limited settings. However, reports of the long-term changes in the physical and emotional ...

    Authors: Edwin Wouters, Christo Heunis, Dingie van Rensburg and Herman Meulemans
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:103
  31. Perinatal mortality is an important indicator of health. European comparisons of perinatal mortality show an unfavourable position for the Netherlands. Our objective was to study regional variation in perinata...

    Authors: Miranda Tromp, Martine Eskes, Johannes B Reitsma, Jan Jaap HM Erwich, Hens AA Brouwers, Greta C Rijninks-van Driel, Gouke J Bonsel and Anita CJ Ravelli
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:102
  32. The course of alcohol consumption and cognitive dimensions of behavior change (readiness to change, importance of changing and confidence in ability to change) in primary care patients are not well described. ...

    Authors: Nicolas Bertholet, Nicholas J Horton and Richard Saitz
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:101
  33. A range of self-tests on body materials has become available to the general public, but the extent of their use has hardly been studied. This study examined how many people use diagnostic self-tests on body ma...

    Authors: Gaby Ronda, Piet Portegijs, Geert-Jan Dinant, Frank Buntinx, Roelf Norg and Trudy van der Weijden
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:100
  34. Cholera remains a serious public health problem in low-income countries despite efforts in the past to promote oral rehydration therapy as major treatment. In 2007, the majority of worldwide cases (94%) and de...

    Authors: Christian Schaetti, Raymond Hutubessy, Said M Ali, Al Pach, Mitchell G Weiss, Claire-Lise Chaignat and Ahmed M Khatib
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:99
  35. Injection drug users represent the largest proportion of all HIV reported cases in Viet Nam. This study aimed to explore the perceptions of risk and risk behaviours among HIV-positive injection drug users, and...

    Authors: Duong Cong Thanh, Karen Marie Moland and Knut Fylkesnes
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:98
  36. The Government has promoted self-care. Our aim was to review evidence about who uses self-tests and other self-care activities (over-the-counter medicine, private sector, complementary and alternative medicine...

    Authors: Angela Ryan, Sue Wilson, Aliki Taylor and Sheila Greenfield
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:96
  37. Mortality from invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) has remained stable over the last thirty years and it is unclear whether pre-hospital antibiotherapy actually produces a decrease in this mortality. Our aim ...

    Authors: Emilio Perea-Milla, Julián Olalla, Emilio Sánchez-Cantalejo, Francisco Martos, Petra Matute-Cruz, Guadalupe Carmona-López, Yolanda Fornieles, Aurelio Cayuela and Javier García-Alegría
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:95
  38. Childhood obesity and physical inactivity are increasing dramatically worldwide. Children of low socioeconomic status and/or children of migrant background are especially at risk. In general, the overall effec...

    Authors: Iris Niederer, Susi Kriemler, Lukas Zahner, Flavia Bürgi, Vincent Ebenegger, Tim Hartmann, Ursina Meyer, Christian Schindler, Andreas Nydegger, Pedro Marques-Vidal and Jardena J Puder
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:94
  39. With the increase of international travels, infectious disease control is gaining a greater importance across regional borders. Adequate surveillance system function is crucial to prevent a global spread of in...

    Authors: Hyo-Soon Yoo, Ok Park, Hye-Kyung Park, Eun-Gyu Lee, Eun-Kyeong Jeong, Jong-Koo Lee and Sung-Il Cho
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:93
  40. To help improve incident preparedness this study assessed socio-demographic and socio-economic predictors of perceived risk of terrorism within Australia and willingness to comply with public safety directives...

    Authors: Garry Stevens, Kingsley Agho, Melanie Taylor, Margo Barr, Beverley Raphael and Louisa Jorm
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:91
  41. The functional significance of moderate riboflavin deficiency as it is currently assessed is not well understood. Animal and human studies have suggested a role for riboflavin in the absorption and mobilisatio...

    Authors: Marilyn HE Hill, Sohail Mushtaq, Elizabeth A Williams, Jack R Dainty and Hilary J Powers
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:90

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