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  1. Compared to men, women report greater morbidity and make greater use of health-care services. This study examines potential determinants of gender differences in the utilization of health-care services among t...

    Authors: Áurea Redondo-Sendino, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, José Ramón Banegas and Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:155

    Content type: Research article

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  2. As the population of Africa rapidly urbanizes it may be possible to protect large populations from malaria by controlling aquatic stages of mosquitoes. Here we present a baseline evaluation of the ability of c...

    Authors: Michael J Vanek, Bryson Shoo, Deo Mtasiwa, Michael Kiama, Steven W Lindsay, Ulrike Fillinger, Khadija Kannady, Marcel Tanner and Gerry F Killeen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:154

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Effective stroke intervention and risk reduction depend on the general public's awareness and knowledge of stroke. In Korea, where both traditional Oriental medicine and Western medicine are practiced, estimat...

    Authors: Moon Ho Park, Sangmee Ahn Jo, Inho Jo, Eunkyung Kim, Su-Yong Eun, Changsu Han and Min Kyu Park

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:153

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In Ecuador, the prevalence of HIV in the general population is approximately 0.3%. However, up to 17% prevalence has been reported among specific groups of homosexual and bisexual men. The objective of this st...

    Authors: Juan-Pablo Gutiérrez, Diana Molina-Yepez, Ken Morrison, Fiona Samuels and Stefano M Bertozzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:152

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The Commission on Health Research for Development concluded that "for the most vulnerable people, the benefits of research offer a potential for change that has gone largely untapped." This project was designe...

    Authors: P Tugwell, C Sitthi-Amorn, J Hatcher-Roberts, V Neufeld, P Makara, F Munoz, P Czerny, V Robinson, Y Nuyens and D Okello

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:151

    Content type: Research article

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  6. While men who have sex with men remain the group at greatest risk of acquiring HIV infection in the UK, the number of new diagnoses among heterosexuals has risen steadily over the last five years. In the UK, t...

    Authors: Jonathan Elford, Jane Anderson, Cecilia Bukutu and Fowzia Ibrahim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:150

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Studies of drug-related mortality rarely describe fatal injuries due to psychoactive drug intoxication (FIUI). The main aim of this study was to determine the nature, extent and pattern of FIUI.

    Authors: Adenekan Oyefeso, Fabrizio Schifano, Hamid Ghodse, Kathryn Cobain, Ruth Dryden and John Corkery

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:148

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Childhood obesity is the result of a long lasting imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. A major contributing factor is physical inactivity which is closely linked to bone health, cardiovascul...

    Authors: Lukas Zahner, Jardena J Puder, Ralf Roth, Marco Schmid, Regula Guldimann, Uwe Pühse, Martin Knöpfli, Charlotte Braun-Fahrländer, Bernard Marti and Susi Kriemler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:147

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. It is currently not clear whether individuals living in metropolitan areas differ from individuals living in rural and urban areas with respect to smoking behaviours. Therefore, we sought to explore the relati...

    Authors: Henry Völzke, Hanne Neuhauser, Susanne Moebus, Jens Baumert, Klaus Berger, Andreas Stang, Ute Ellert, André Werner and Angela Döring

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:146

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Younger children in a school class have higher rates of mental health problems if admission to primary school occurs once a year. This study examines whether this relative age effect also occurs if children ar...

    Authors: Sijmen A Reijneveld, Carin H Wiefferink, Emily Brugman, Frank C Verhulst, S Pauline Verloove-Vanhorick and Theo GW Paulussen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:145

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Conducting iron supplementation programs has been a major strategy to reduce iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy. However, only a few countries have reported improvements in the anemia rate at a national level...

    Authors: Ritsuko Aikawa, Masamine Jimba, Khan C Nguen, Yun Zhao, Colin W Binns and Mi Kyung Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:144

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Studies in Africa investigating health-seeking behaviour by interviewing tuberculosis patients have revealed patient knowledge issues and significant delays to diagnosis. We aimed to study health-seeking behav...

    Authors: Yaya Kasse, Momodou Jasseh, Tumani Corrah, Simon A Donkor, Martin Antonnio, Adama Jallow, Richard A Adegbola and Philip C Hill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:143

    Content type: Research article

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  13. In 1992 a cargo aircraft crashed into a residential area of Amsterdam. A troublesome aftermath followed, with rumors on potential toxic exposures and health consequences. Health concerns remained even though n...

    Authors: Pauline Slottje, Nynke Smidt, Jos WR Twisk, Anja C Huizink, Anke B Witteveen, Willem van Mechelen and Tjabe Smid

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:142

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Giardia is not endemic in Norway, and more than 90% of reported cases acquire the infection abroad. In late October 2004, an increase in laboratory confirmed cases of giardiasis was reported in the city of Ber...

    Authors: Karin Nygård, Barbara Schimmer, Øystein Søbstad, Anna Walde, Ingvar Tveit, Nina Langeland, Trygve Hausken and Preben Aavitsland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:141

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The prevalence of overweight is increasing and its consequences will cause a major public health burden in the near future. Cost-effective interventions for weight control among the general population are ther...

    Authors: Marieke F van Wier, Geertje AM Ariëns, Johanna C Dekkers, Ingrid JM Hendriksen, Nico P Pronk, Tjabe Smid and Willem van Mechelen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:140

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Physicians can play an important role in smoking prevention and control. This study will identify smoking prevalence among physicians in Yerevan, Armenia. It will also explore how the smoking behaviors of phys...

    Authors: Paul C Perrin, Ray M Merrill and Gordon B Lindsay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:139

    Content type: Research article

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  17. United Kingdom public health policy has recently re-emphasised the role of primary health care professionals in tackling increasing levels of physical inactivity within the general population. However, little ...

    Authors: Flora Douglas, Nicola Torrance, Edwin van Teijlingen, Serena Meloni and Ann Kerr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:138

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The concept of 'avoidable' mortality (AM) has been proposed as a performance measure of health care systems. In this study we examined mortality in five geographic regions of Canada from 1975 to 1999 for previ...

    Authors: Paul D James, Doug G Manuel and Yang Mao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:137

    Content type: Research article

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  19. A significant proportion of Europeans do not meet the recommendations for 30 mins of physical activity 5 times per week. Whether lower frequency, moderate intensity exercise alters cardiovascular disease (CVD)...

    Authors: Marie H Murphy, Elaine M Murtagh, Colin AG Boreham, Lesley G Hare and Alan M Nevill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:136

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The clothing style is an important factor that influences vitamin D production and thus bone mineral density. We performed a case-control study in order to evaluate the effect of veil wearing (concealing cloth...

    Authors: Fadoua Allali, Siham El Aichaoui, Bouchra Saoud, Houda Maaroufi, Redouane Abouqal and Najia Hajjaj-Hassouni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:135

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Epidemiologic data have shown that the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes varies with ethnic origin. Type 2 diabetes is up to four times more common in British South Asians than in the indigenous white population. ...

    Authors: Hamid R Baradaran, Robin P Knill-Jones, Sunita Wallia and Alison Rodgers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:134

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Neighbourhood socioeconomic disadvantage and social capital have been associated with adolescent well-being, but the majority of studies were cross-sectional, and the time window over which the neighbourhood m...

    Authors: Marjan Drukker, Charles Kaplan, Josien Schneiders, Frans JM Feron and Jim van Os

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:133

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Kenya introduced a pentavalent vaccine including the DTP, Haemophilus influenzae type b and hepatitis b virus antigens in Nov 2001 and strengthened immunization services. We estimated immunization coverage before...

    Authors: Moses Ndiritu, Karen D Cowgill, Amina Ismail, Salome Chiphatsi, Tatu Kamau, Gregory Fegan, Daniel R Feikin, Charles RJC Newton and J Anthony G Scott

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:132

    Content type: Research article

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  24. It has been suggested that periodontal disease may be an independent risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. However, the relationship between periodontal disease and atherosclerosis has not been f...

    Authors: Koichi Miyaki, Katsunori Masaki, Mariko Naito, Toru Naito, Keika Hoshi, Asako Hara, Shugo Tohyama and Takeo Nakayama

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:131

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Case definitions have been recognized to be important elements of public health surveillance systems. They are to assure comparability and consistency of surveillance data and have crucial impact on the sensit...

    Authors: Gérard Krause, Bonita Brodhun, Doris Altmann, Hermann Claus and Justus Benzler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:129

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Medical education requires detailed investigation because it is a period during which the attitudes and behaviors of physicians develop. The purpose of this study was to calculate the yearly smoking prevalence...

    Authors: Yesim Senol, Levent Donmez, Mehtap Turkay and Mehmet Aktekin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:128

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Because smallpox (variola major) may be used as a biological weapon, we reviewed outbreaks in post-World War II Europe and North America in order to understand smallpox transmission patterns.

    Authors: Vibha Bhatnagar, Michael A Stoto, Sally C Morton, Rob Boer and Samuel A Bozzette

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:126

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The main aims of this paper are to describe the setting and design of a Minimal Intervention in general practice for Stress-related mental disorders in patients on Sick leave (MISS), as well as to ascertain th...

    Authors: Ingrid M Bakker, Berend Terluin, Harm WJ van Marwijk, Chad M Gundy, Johannes H Smit, Willem van Mechelen and Wim AB Stalman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:124

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. In response to the growing HIV epidemic in Nigeria, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) initiated the VISION Project, which aimed to increase use of family planning, child survival, and HIV/A...

    Authors: Joseph Keating, Dominique Meekers and Alfred Adewuyi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:123

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Dose-response parameters based on clinical challenges are frequently used to assess the health impact of protozoa in drinking water. We compare the risk estimates associated with Giardia in drinking water derived...

    Authors: D Zmirou-Navier, L Gofti-Laroche and Ph Hartemann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:122

    Content type: Research article

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  31. To examine the level and patterns of self-reported medication use (prescription and non-prescription drugs) among 70–74 year old individuals living in the community, and to explore self-reported indications fo...

    Authors: Mette Brekke, Steinar Hunskaar and Jørund Straand

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:121

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The Estimations and Projections Package (EPP 2005) for HIV/AIDS estimates and projects HIV prevalence, number of people living with HIV and new HIV infections and AIDS cases using antenatal clinic (ANC) survei...

    Authors: Geofrey R Somi, Mecky IN Matee, Roland O Swai, Eligius F Lyamuya, Japhet Killewo, Gideon Kwesigabo, Tuhuma Tulli, Titus K Kabalimu, Lucy Ng'ang'a, Raphael Isingo and Joel Ndayongeje

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:120

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The incorporation of diagnostic and therapeutic improvements, as well as the different smoking patterns, may have had an influence on the observed variability in renal cancer mortality across Europe. This stud...

    Authors: Napoleón Pérez-Farinós, Gonzalo López-Abente and Roberto Pastor-Barriuso

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:119

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Evidence is growing that sleep problems in adolescents are significant impediments to learning and negatively affect behaviour, attainment of social competence and quality of life. The objectives of the study ...

    Authors: Edward S Gibson, AC Peter Powles, Lehana Thabane, Susan O'Brien, Danielle Sirriani Molnar, Nik Trajanovic, Robert Ogilvie, Colin Shapiro, Mi Yan and Lisa Chilcott-Tanser

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:116

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Council tax valuation bands (CTVBs) are a categorisation of household property value in Great Britain. The aim of the study was to assess the CTVB as a measure of socio-economic status by comparing the strengt...

    Authors: David L Fone, Frank Dunstan, Stephen Christie, Andrew Jones, Jonathan West, Margaret Webber, Nathan Lester and John Watkins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:115

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Public health authorities worldwide discourage the use of chest radiography as a screening modality, as the diagnostic performance of chest radiography does not justify its application for screening and may ev...

    Authors: Konstantinos Kamposioras, Giovanni Casazza, Davide Mauri, Velisarios Lakiotis, Ivan Cortinovis, Apostolos Xilomenos, Christina Peponi, Vassilis Golfinopoulos, Athanasios Milousis, Dimitrios Kakaridis, Georgios Zacharias, Ioanna Karathanasi, Georgios Ferentinos and Anastasios Proiskos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:113

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Pontiac fever is usually described in epidemic settings. Detection of Pontiac fever is a marker of an environmental contamination by Legionella and should thereby call for prevention measures in order to prevent ...

    Authors: Paul Tossa, Magali Deloge-Abarkan, Denis Zmirou-Navier, Philippe Hartemann and Laurence Mathieu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:112

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Safety belt use is 80% nationally, yet only 63% in Massachusetts. Safety belt use among potentially at-risk groups in Boston is unknown. We sought to assess the prevalence and correlates of belt non-use among ...

    Authors: William G Fernandez, Supriya D Mehta, Tara Coles, James A Feldman, Patricia Mitchell and Jonathan Olshaker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:111

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Two new sets of stratification indicators – family's material affluence and adolescent's personal social position- were compared with traditional indicators of familial social position based on parental occupa...

    Authors: Koivusilta LK, Rimpelä AH and Kautiainen SM

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:110

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Injury is the leading cause of death in teenagers worldwide. In Taiwan, people in mountainous areas have a 4 to 8 years shorter life span than the general population. Injury among teenagers is likely a major c...

    Authors: Huei-Yang Chen, Hsing-Yi Chang, Shu-Fang Shih, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Yu-Hsuan Lin and Yaw-Tang Shih

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:107

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The advent of urine testing for Chlamydia trachomatis has raised the possibility of large-scale screening for this sexually transmitted infection, which is now the most common in the United Kingdom. The purpose o...

    Authors: Rona Campbell, Nicola Mills, Emma Sanford, Anna Graham, Nicola Low and Tim J Peters

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:106

    Content type: Research article

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