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  1. Governments aim to increase treatment participation by problematic drug users. In the UK this has been achieved by fiscal investment, an expanded workforce, reduced waiting times and coercive measures (usually...

    Authors: Caryl M Beynon, Mark A Bellis and Jim McVeigh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:205

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Little is known about how sexual and reproductive (SRH) health can be made accessible and appropriate to adolescents. This study evaluates the impact and sustainability of a competitive voucher program on the ...

    Authors: Liesbeth E Meuwissen, Anna C Gorter, Arnold DM Kester and J Andre Knottnerus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:204

    Content type: Research article

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  3. There are at least three broad conceptual models for the impact of the social environment on adult disease: the critical period, social mobility, and cumulative life course models. Several studies have shown a...

    Authors: Maria Rosvall, Basile Chaix, John Lynch, Martin Lindström and Juan Merlo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:203

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The health benefits of an active lifestyle have been extensively documented and generally accepted. In the UK, declining physical activity levels are a major contributing factor to a number of public health co...

    Authors: Helen Wormald, Heidi Waters, Mike Sleap and Lee Ingle

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:202

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Factors determining human sexual behaviour are not completely understood, but are important in the context of sexually transmitted disease epidemiology and prevention. Being obese is commonly associated with a...

    Authors: Nico JD Nagelkerke, Roos MD Bernsen, Sema K Sgaier and Prabhat Jha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:199

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Although most diabetic patients do not achieve good physiologic control, patients who live closer to their source of primary care tend to have better glycemic control than those who live farther away. We sough...

    Authors: Benjamin Littenberg, Kaitlin Strauss, Charles D MacLean and Austin R Troy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:198

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Early detection and treatment of psychosocial problems by preventive child healthcare may lead to considerable health benefits, and a short questionnaire could support this aim. The aim of this study was to as...

    Authors: Sijmen A Reijneveld, Anton GC Vogels, Femke Hoekstra and Matty R Crone

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:197

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Breastfeeding is an important factor in infant health and there have been no previous studies of breastfeeding practices in the different ethnic groups of this region of China. We aimed to compare breastfeedin...

    Authors: Fenglian Xu, Colin Binns, Guli Nazi, Lin Shi, Yun Zhao and Andy Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:196

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Since the stage of cancer detection generally predicts future mortality rates, a key cancer control strategy is to increase the proportion of cancers found in the early stage. This study compared stage of dete...

    Authors: Sarah L Blair, Georgia R Sadler, Rebecca Bristol, Courtney Summers, Zanera Tahir and Sidney L Saltzstein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:194

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The history of governmental responses to the accumulation of scientific evidence about the harms of secondhand smoke (SHS) presents an intriguing case study of incremental public health policy development. Aus...

    Authors: Katherine Bryan-Jones and Simon Chapman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:192

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Back pain (including neck pain) is one of the most prevalent health problems for which physicians are consulted. Back pain can decrease the quality of life considerably during a great part of the lives of thos...

    Authors: Ivan A Steenstra, Jos H Verbeek, Femmeke J Prinsze and Dirk L Knol

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:190

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Although there has been concern about the levels of carbon monoxide exposure, particularly among older people, little is known about COHb levels and their determinants in the general population. We examined th...

    Authors: Peter Whincup, Olia Papacosta, Lucy Lennon and Andrew Haines

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:189

    Content type: Research article

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  13. In Canada, there are many formal public health programs under development that aim to prevent injuries in the early years (e.g. 0–6). There are paradoxically no population-based studies that have examined patt...

    Authors: Michael P Flavin, Suzanne M Dostaler, Kelly Simpson, Robert J Brison and William Pickett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:187

    Content type: Research article

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  14. In frail elderly, the effects of depression and anxiety are deep encroaching. Indicated prevention studies, aimed at subjects with subthreshold disorder, have shown that well designed interventions are capable...

    Authors: Nelleke van 't Veer-Tazelaar, Harm van Marwijk, Patricia van Oppen, Giel Nijpels, Hein van Hout, Pim Cuijpers, Wim Stalman and Aartjan Beekman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:186

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Factors associated with the loss of participants in long-term longitudinal studies of ageing, due to refusal or moves, have been discussed less than those with short term follow-up.

    Authors: Fiona E Matthews, Mark Chatfield and Carol Brayne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:185

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Throughout the last decade of the twentieth century, Lithuania had the highest suicide rates in Europe among both men and women aged 25–64 years. The rates increased from 1986 until 1995, but later there was a...

    Authors: Abdonas Tamosiunas, Regina Reklaitiene, Dalia Virviciute and Diana Sopagiene

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:184

    Content type: Research article

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  17. currently road accidents are mostly monitored through mortality and injury rates. This paper reports the methodology and the results of a project set forth by the European Union (EU) and coordinated by the WHO...

    Authors: Sara Farchi, Nunzio Molino, Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Piero Borgia, Michael Krzyzanowski, Dafina Dalbokova and Rokho Kim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:183

    Content type: Research article

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  18. In the Norwegian context, higher mental distress has been reported for the non-Western immigrants compared to the ethnic Norwegians and Western immigrants. This high level of distress is often related to diffe...

    Authors: Hammad Raza Syed, Odd Steffen Dalgard, Ingvild Dalen, Bjørgulf Claussen, Akthar Hussain, Randi Selmer and Nora Ahlberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:182

    Content type: Research article

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  19. A major outbreak of human enterovirus 71-associated hand, foot and mouth disease in Sarawak in 1997 marked the beginning of a series of outbreaks in the Asia Pacific region. Some of these outbreaks had unusual...

    Authors: Yuwana Podin, Edna LM Gias, Flora Ong, Yee-Wei Leong, Siew-Fung Yee, Mohd Apandi Yusof, David Perera, Bibiana Teo, Thian-Yew Wee, Sik-Chi Yao, Sik-King Yao, Andrew Kiyu, Mohd Taha Arif and Mary Jane Cardosa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:180

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The objectives of the study were to evaluate whether the increase in incidence of campylobacteriosis observed in humans in Norway from 1995 to 2001 was statistically significant and whether different biologica...

    Authors: Marianne Sandberg, Karin Nygård, Hege Meldal, Paul Steinar Valle, Hilde Kruse and Eystein Skjerve

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:179

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Most of the research concerning place of death focuses on terminally ill patients (cancer patients) while the determinants of place of death of the elderly of the general population are not intensively studied...

    Authors: Gilberte Van Rensbergen, Tim S Nawrot, Ettiene Van Hecke and Benoit Nemery

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:178

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Health care planning for chronic pelvic pain (CPP), an important cause of morbidity amongst women is hampered due to lack of clear collated summaries of its basic epidemiological data. We systematically review...

    Authors: Pallavi Latthe, Manish Latthe, Lale Say, Metin Gülmezoglu and Khalid S Khan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:177

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Pediatricians are in an ideal position to advise families about the prevention and management of oral diseases in children. The objective of the study was to determine knowledge, attitude, and practices regard...

    Authors: Gabriella Di Giuseppe, Carmelo GA Nobile, Alessandra Marinelli and Italo F Angelillo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:176

    Content type: Research article

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  24. A critical challenge in the health sector in developing countries is to ensure the quality and effectiveness of surveillance and public health response in an environment of decentralization. In Georgia, a coun...

    Authors: David R Hotchkiss, Thomas P Eisele, Mamuka Djibuti, Eva A Silvestre and Natia Rukhadze

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:175

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In spite of a growing economy, unemployment is still a severe socio-economic problem in Lithuania. Nonetheless, no studies have been performed about the associations between unemployment and mental health in L...

    Authors: Mindaugas Stankunas, Ramune Kalediene, Skirmante Starkuviene and Violeta Kapustinskiene

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:174

    Content type: Research article

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  26. We established a male, multiethnic cohort primarily to study prostate cancer etiology and secondarily to study the etiologies of other cancer and non-cancer conditions.

    Authors: Shelley M Enger, Stephen K Van Den Eeden, Barbara Sternfeld, Ronald K Loo, Charles P Quesenberry Jr, Sarah Rowell, Marianne C Sadler, Donna M Schaffer, Laurel A Habel and Bette J Caan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:172

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. In England and Wales where less than 1% of the population are Injecting drug users (IDUs), 97% of HCV reports are attributed to injecting drug use. As over 60% of the IDU population will have been imprisoned b...

    Authors: Andrew J Sutton, W John Edmunds and O Noel Gill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:170

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Smoking, alcohol drinking and cannabis use ("risk behaviors") are often initiated at a young age but few epidemiological studies have assessed their joined prevalence in children in developing countries. This ...

    Authors: David Faeh, Bharathi Viswanathan, Arnaud Chiolero, Wick Warren and Pascal Bovet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:169

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy is potentially important in the prevention of overweight and obesity among women of childbearing age. However, few intervention studies aiming at weight manage...

    Authors: Ellen Althuizen, Mireille NM van Poppel, Jacob C Seidell, Carla van der Wijden and Willem van Mechelen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:168

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. It is believed that total reported suicide rates tend to decrease during wartime. However, analysis of suicide rates during recent conflicts suggests a more complex picture, with increases in some age groups a...

    Authors: Rob Henderson, Cameron Stark, Roger W Humphry and Sivasubramaniam Selvaraj

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:167

    Content type: Research article

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  31. In the Soviet period, the blood donation system operated in Lithuania exclusively on a remunerative basis. After joining the EU, Lithuania committed itself to meeting the EU requirements to provide all consume...

    Authors: Ilona Buciuniene, Laimutë Stonienë, Aurelija Blazeviciene, Ruta Kazlauskaite and Vida Skudiene

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:166

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Both trends in socioeconomic inequalities in mortality, and cross-country comparisons, may give more information about the causes of health inequalities. We analysed trends in socioeconomic differentials by mo...

    Authors: Sarah Wamala, Tony Blakely and June Atkinson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:164

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Qualitative research is increasingly used alongside randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to study a range of factors including participants' experiences of a trial. The need for a sound evidence base within pub...

    Authors: Suzanne Moffatt, Joan Mackintosh, Martin White, Denise Howel and Adam Sandell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:163

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Little research has directly evaluated the impact of increasing financial or material resources on health. One way of assessing this lies with assisting people to obtain full welfare benefit entitlements. In 2...

    Authors: Joan Mackintosh, Martin White, Denise Howel, Tom Chadwick, Suzanne Moffatt, Mark Deverill and Adam Sandell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:162

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Depression is a prevalent disorder in chronically ill elderly persons. It may decrease quality of life, and increase functional disability, medical costs, and healthcare utilisation. Because patients may slip ...

    Authors: F Lamers, CCM Jonkers, H Bosma, JPM Diederiks and JThM van Eijk

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:161

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. In recent years, the creation of supportive environments for encouraging mothers to breastfeed their children has emerged as a key health issue for women and children. The provision of lactation rooms and brea...

    Authors: Yi Chun Chen, Ya-Chi Wu and Wei-Chu Chie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:160

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Once considered as the main public health problem in developed countries, obesity has become a major problem throughout the world and developing countries, like Iran, are joining the global obesity pandemic. W...

    Authors: Hossein Bahrami, Mohsen Sadatsafavi, Akram Pourshams, Farin Kamangar, Mehdi Nouraei, Shahriar Semnani, Paul Brennan, Paolo Boffetta and Reza Malekzadeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:158

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Immigrants to the U.S. are required to undergo overseas screening for tuberculosis (TB), but the value of evaluation and treatment following entry to the U.S. is not well understood. We determined the cost-eff...

    Authors: Travis C Porco, Bryan Lewis, Elliot Marseille, Jennifer Grinsdale, Jennifer M Flood and Sarah E Royce

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:157

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The tuberculosis (TB) epidemic in Africa is on the rise, even in low-HIV prevalence settings. Few studies have attempted to identify possible reasons for this. We aimed to identify risk factors for pulmonary t...

    Authors: Philip C Hill, Dolly Jackson-Sillah, Simon A Donkor, Jacob Otu, Richard A Adegbola and Christian Lienhardt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:156

    Content type: Research article

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