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  1. The risk compensation theory is a widely used concept in transport economics to analyze driver risk behaviour. This article explores the feasibility of applying the theory in blood transfusion to raise importa...

    Authors: Mo Amin, Kumanan Wilson, Alan Tinmouth and Paul Hébert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:20

    Content type: Debate

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  2. Young people are of particular importance in state policies against Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). We intended to assess the knowledge and attitude of high school students regarding AIDS in Iran.

    Authors: Anahita Tavoosi, Azadeh Zaferani, Anahita Enzevaei, Parvin Tajik and Zahra Ahmadinezhad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:17

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Worldwide, injuries from road traffic collisions are a rapidly growing problem in terms of morbidity and mortality. The UK has amongst the worst records in Europe with regard to child pedestrian safety. A trad...

    Authors: Paul Hewson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:15

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Patients under haemodialysis are considered at high risk to acquire hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Since few data are reported from Brazil, our aim was to assess the frequency and risk factors for HBV infe...

    Authors: Flair J Carrilho, Cleusa R Moraes, João RR Pinho, Isabel MVGC Mello, Dennis A Bertolini, Marcílio F Lemos, Regina C Moreira, Leda C Bassit, Rita A Cardoso, Gabriela Ribeiro-dos-Santos and Luiz C Da Silva

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:13

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Any hypothesis in longitudinal studies may be affected by attrition and poor response rates. The MRC Cognitive Function and Ageing study (MRC CFAS) is a population based longitudinal study in five centres with...

    Authors: Fiona E Matthews, Mark Chatfield, Carol Freeman, Cherie McCracken, Carol Brayne and MRC CFAS

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:12

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The prevalence of hyperuricemia has rarely been investigated in developing countries. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of hyperuricemia and the association between uric acid l...

    Authors: D Conen, V Wietlisbach, P Bovet, C Shamlaye, W Riesen, F Paccaud and M Burnier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:9

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Medical sickness certificates are generally the main source for information when scrutinizing the need for aimed intervention strategies to avoid or reduce the individual and community side effects of sick lea...

    Authors: Nils Fleten, Roar Johnsen and Bente Skipenes Østrem

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:8

    Content type: Research article

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  8. This article discusses the design of a study on the prevalence of health problems (both physical and mental) and the utilisation of health care services among asylum seekers and refugees in the Netherlands, in...

    Authors: Annette AM Gerritsen, Inge Bramsen, Walter Devillé, Loes HM van Willigen, Johannes E Hovens and Henk M van der Ploeg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:7

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Despite the increasing demand for acupuncture and homoeopathy in Germany, little is known about the effects of these treatments in routine care. We set up a pragmatic documentation study in general practice fu...

    Authors: Corina Güthlin, Oliver Lange and Harald Walach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:6

    Content type: Research article

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  10. We report on the validity of the computerized diagnoses of autism in a large case-control study investigating the possible association between autism and the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine in the UK using ...

    Authors: Eric Fombonne, Lisa Heavey, Liam Smeeth, Laura C Rodrigues, Claire Cook, Peter G Smith, Linyan Meng and Andrew J Hall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:5

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Population studies frequently employ a single item dependent variable for overall health. Self-rated mental health has been the focus of attention less often. The purpose of this project was to investigate the...

    Authors: James E Rohrer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:3

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The continuous monitoring and future prediction of the growing epidemic of diabetes mellitus worldwide presuppose consistent information about the extent of the problem. The aim of this study was to determine ...

    Authors: Aristofanis Gikas, Alexios Sotiropoulos, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Theodoros Peppas, Eystathios Skliros and Stavros Pappas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:2

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The media play an important role at the interface of science and policy by communicating scientific information to the public and policy makers. In issues of theoretical risk, in which there is scientific unce...

    Authors: Kumanan Wilson, Catherine Code, Christopher Dornan, Nadya Ahmad, Paul Hébert and Ian Graham

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:1

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Cigarette taxation has been perceived by academics and policy-makers as one of the most effective ways of reducing the use of cigarettes. On January 1 2002, the Taiwan government imposed a New Taiwan (NT) $5 p...

    Authors: Yi-Wen Tsai, Lee-Lan Yen, Chung-Lin Yang and Pei-Fen Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:42

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Influenza is a common and serious public health problem among the elderly. The influenza vaccine is safe and effective.

    Authors: Truls Østbye, Donald H Taylor, Ann Marie M Lee, Gary Greenberg and Lynn van Scoyoc

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:41

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Paragonimiasis have previously been reported in two zones of the Southwest Province of Cameroon including the Kupe mountain and Mundani foci. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence and epidemiol...

    Authors: Roger Moyou-Somo, Charles Kefie-Arrey, Georges Dreyfuss and Michel Dumas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:40

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The world-wide increase of foodborne infections with antibiotic resistant pathogens is of growing concern and is designated by the World Health Organization as an emerging public health problem. Thermophilic Camp...

    Authors: Ursula Ledergerber, Gertraud Regula, Roger Stephan, Jürg Danuser, Béatrice Bissig and Katharina DC Stärk

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:39

    Content type: Research article

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  18. In the year after birth one in six women has a depressive illness, and 30% are still depressed, or depressed again, when their child is 2 years old, 94% experience at least one major health problem (e.g. back ...

    Authors: Judith Lumley, Rhonda Small, Stephanie Brown, Lyndsey Watson, Jane Gunn, Creina Mitchell and Wendy Dawson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:36

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Recent syphilis outbreaks in the UK have raised serious concerns about the sexual health of the population. Moreover, syphilis appears more likely to facilitate HIV transmission than any other sexually transmi...

    Authors: C Philip Wheater, Penny A Cook, Pete Clark, Qutub Syed and Mark A Bellis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:34

    Content type: Research article

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  20. In response to increased global public health funding initiatives to HIV/AIDS care in Africa, this study aimed to describe practice models, strategies and challenges to delivering end-of-life care in sub-Sahar...

    Authors: Richard Harding, Karen Stewart, Katherine Marconi, Joseph F O'Neill and Irene J Higginson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:33

    Content type: Research article

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  21. In an attempt to evaluate the levels of several cardiovascular risk factors in Greece we conducted a population-based health and nutrition survey, the "ATTICA study". In this work we present the design and the...

    Authors: Christos Pitsavos, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Christina Chrysohoou and Christodoulos Stefanadis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:32

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Recent United Kingdom strategies focus on preventable suicide deaths in former psychiatric in-patients, but natural causes of death, accidents and homicide may also be important. This study was intended to fin...

    Authors: Cameron Stark, Margaret MacLeod, David Hall, Fiona O'Brien and Anthony Pelosi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:30

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The design and development of school health programmes will require information at demographic characteristics of schoolchildren and the major health burdens of the school-age group, the opportunities for inte...

    Authors: Mustafa Ulukanligil and Adnan Seyrek

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:29

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Little is known about the role of breastfeeding contraindications in breastfeeding practices. Our objectives were to 1) identify predictors of breastfeeding initiation and duration among a cohort of predominat...

    Authors: Lucinda England, Ruth Brenner, Brinda Bhaskar, Bruce Simons-Morton, Abhik Das, Mary Revenis, Nitin Mehta and John Clemens

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:28

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The United States (US) has re-instituted smallpox vaccinations to prepare for an intentional release of the smallpox virus into the civilian population. In an outbreak, people of all ages will be vaccinated. T...

    Authors: Tomás J Aragón, Skylar Ulrich, Susan Fernyak and George W Rutherford

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:26

    Content type: Research article

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  26. A new variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease was described in the United Kingdom. It is often claimed that it is caused by consumption of food infected with the agent of bovine spongiform encephalopathy. However...

    Authors: Ivan Laprevotte and Alain Hénaut

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:25

    Content type: Debate

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  27. Clinical practice guidelines (CPG) are thought to be an effective tool in improving efficiency and outcomes of clinical practice. Physicians' adherence to guidelines is reported to be poor. We evaluated the re...

    Authors: Claudio Pedone and Kate L Lapane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:24

    Content type: Research article

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  28. A monthly time series of measles case notifications exists for Italy from 1949 onwards, although its usefulness is seriously undermined by extensive under-reporting which varies strikingly between regions, giv...

    Authors: John R Williams, Piero Manfredi, Alisa R Butler, Marta Ciofi degli Atti and Stefania Salmaso

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:23

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Data relating to hospital admissions of very young children for wheezing illness have been conflicting. Our primary aim was to assess whether a previous increase in hospital admissions for lower respiratory il...

    Authors: Ove Björ and Lennart Bråbäck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:22

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The role of water hardness as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease has been widely investigated and evaluated as regards regional differences in cardiovascular disease. This study was performed to evaluate...

    Authors: Christina Nerbrand, Lars Agréus, Ragnhild Arvidsson Lenner, Per Nyberg and Kurt Svärdsudd

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:21

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The United States is implementing plans to immunize 500,000 hospital-based healthcare workers against smallpox. Vaccination is voluntary, and it is unknown what factors drive vaccine acceptance. This study's a...

    Authors: W Katherine Yih, Tracy A Lieu, Virginia H Rêgo, Megan A O'Brien, David K Shay, Deborah S Yokoe and Richard Platt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:20

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Long-term sick leave has been of concern to politicians and decision-makers in Norway for several years. In the current study we assess the feasibility and effectiveness of offering a voluntary, solution-focus...

    Authors: Pål Nystuen and Kåre B Hagen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:19

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Adult vaccination status may be difficult to obtain, often requiring providers to rely on individual patient recall. To determine vaccination status awareness and the sociodemographic predictors of awareness f...

    Authors: Chung-Yol Lee, Claudine Naguel, Danielle Gyurech, Nicole Duvoisin and Julian Schilling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:18

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The results of a qualitative study carried out in four developing countries (Cuba, Thailand, Saudi Arabia and Argentina) are presented. The study was conducted in the context of a randomised controlled trial t...

    Authors: Gustavo Nigenda, Ana Langer, Chusri Kuchaisit, Mariana Romero, Georgina Rojas, Muneera Al-Osimy, José Villar, Jo Garcia, Yagob Al-Mazrou, Hassan Ba'aqeel, Guillermo Carroli, Ubaldo Farnot, Pisake Lumbiganon, José Belizán, Per Bergsjo, Leiv Bakketeig…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:17

    Content type: Research article

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  35. While physicians are key to primary preventive care, their delivery rate is sub-optimal. Assessment of physician beliefs is integral to understanding current behavior and the conceptualization of strategies to...

    Authors: Amy L Mirand, Gregory P Beehler, Christina L Kuo and Martin C Mahoney

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:15

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Noroviruses are the most common cause of gastroenteritis outbreaks in industrialised countries. Gastroenteritis caused by Norovirus infection has been described as a highly seasonal syndrome, often referred to...

    Authors: Ben A Lopman, Mark Reacher, Chris Gallimore, Goutam K Adak, Jim J Gray and David WG Brown

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:13

    Content type: Research article

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