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  1. The East/West gradient in health across Europe has been described often, but not using metrics as comprehensive and comparable as those of the Global Burden of Disease 2000 and Comparative Risk Assessment stud...

    Authors: John W Powles, Witold Zatonski, Stephen Vander Hoorn and Majid Ezzati

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:116

    Content type: Research article

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  2. High blood pressure, once rare, is rapidly becoming a major public health burden in sub-Saharan/Africa. It is unclear whether this is reflected in children. The main purpose of this study was to assess blood p...

    Authors: Charles Agyemang, William K Redekop, Ellis Owusu-Dabo and Marc A Bruijnzeels

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:114

    Content type: Research article

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  3. While obesity is known to have many physiological consequences, the psychopathology of this condition has not featured prominently in the literature. Cross-sectional studies have indicated that obese children ...

    Authors: Amanda J Daley, Robert J Copeland, Neil P Wright and Jerry KH Wales

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:113

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Pneumococcal disease causes significant morbidity and mortality in at-risk individuals, and is complicated by emerging antibiotic resistance. An effective, safe and cost-effective vaccine is available, but des...

    Authors: Chandra M Thomas, Andrea Loewen, Carla Coffin and Norman RC Campbell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:110

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Khat (an evergreen plant with amphetamine-like properties) and alcohol are widely consumed among the youth of Ethiopia. However, their relationship to risky sexual behaviour is not well described. This study w...

    Authors: Derege Kebede, Atalay Alem, Getnet Mitike, Fikre Enquselassie, Frehiwot Berhane, Yigeremu Abebe, Reta Ayele, Wuleta Lemma, Tamrat Assefa and Tewodros Gebremichael

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:109

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The repetitive strain injury syndrome (RSI) is a worldwide occupational health problem affecting all types of economic activities. We investigated the prevalence and some risk factors for RSI and related condi...

    Authors: Eliana M Lacerda, Luis C Nácul, Lia G da S Augusto, Maria Teresa A Olinto, Dyhanne C Rocha and Danielle C Wanderley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:107

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Data on the health status of the Roma people in Central and Eastern Europe are sparse and the reasons for their poor health are not clear. The objective of this study was to quantify the differences in birth o...

    Authors: Martin Bobak, Jan Dejmek, Ivo Solansky and Radim J Sram

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:106

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Providing care for mental health problems concerns General Practitioners (GPs), Private Psychiatrists (PrPs) and Public Psychiatrists (PuPs). As patient distribution and patterns of practice among these profes...

    Authors: N Younès, MC Hardy-Bayle, B Falissard, V Kovess, MP Chaillet and I Gasquet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:104

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Working life is an important arena in most people's lives, and the working line concept is important for the development of welfare in a society. For young people, the period before permanent establishment in ...

    Authors: Lars Axelsson, Ingemar Andersson, Anders Håkansson and Göran Ejlertsson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:103

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Several studies have shown that children who are relatively young within a school year are at greater risk for poorer school performance compared with their older peers. One study also reported that relative a...

    Authors: Lars Lien, Kristian Tambs, Brit Oppedal, Sonja Heyerdahl and Espen Bjertness

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:102

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Depression is a disorder with high prevalence in primary health care and a significant burden of illness. The delivery of health care for depression, as well as other chronic illnesses, has been criticized for...

    Authors: Jochen Gensichen, Marion Torge, Monika Peitz, Heike Wendt-Hermainski, Martin Beyer, Thomas Rosemann, Christian Krauth, Heiner Raspe, Josef B Aldenhoff and Ferdinand M Gerlach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:101

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. The birth outcomes of undocumented women have not been systematically studied on a large scale. The growing number of undocumented women giving birth in the United States has important implications for clinica...

    Authors: Mary M Reed, John M Westfall, Caroline Bublitz, Catherine Battaglia and Alexandra Fickenscher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:100

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Diabetes model projects in different regions of Germany including interventions such as quality circles, patient education and documentation of medical findings have shown improvements of HbA1c levels, blood p...

    Authors: Stefanie Joos, Thomas Rosemann, Marc Heiderhoff, Michel Wensing, Sabine Ludt, Jochen Gensichen, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle and Joachim Szecsenyi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:99

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Female sex workers and their clients play a prominent role in the HIV epidemic in India. Systematic data on the outputs, cost and efficiency for HIV prevention programmes for female sex workers in India are no...

    Authors: Lalit Dandona, Pratap Sisodia, SG Prem Kumar, YK Ramesh, A Anod Kumar, M Chalapathi Rao, Elliot Marseille, M Someshwar, Nell Marshall and James G Kahn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:98

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The U.S. population is aging and is expected to double by the year 2030. The current study evaluated the prevalence of asthma and its correlates in the elderly Hispanic and non-Hispanic white population.

    Authors: Ahmed A Arif, James E Rohrer and George L Delclos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:97

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Asthma is a growing problem in the Caribbean but the prevalence in most islands is unknown and possible inter-island variation in prevalence has not been determined. A nationwide cross-sectional survey was con...

    Authors: Michele A Monteil, Gina Joseph, Catherine Changkit, Gillian Wheeler and Robin M Antoine

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:96

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The search for risk factors of hypertension requires the study of large populations. Sometimes, the only feasible way of studying these populations is to rely on self-reported data of the outcome. The objectiv...

    Authors: Alvaro Alonso, Juan José Beunza, Miguel Delgado-Rodríguez and Miguel Angel Martínez-González

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:94

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The use of geographical information system (GIS) technologies in public health surveillance is gradually gaining momentum around the world and many applications have already been reported in the literature. In...

    Authors: Christos Hadjichristodoulou, Elpidoforos S Soteriades, Virginia Kolonia, Matthew E Falagas, Efstathios Pantelopoulos, Georgios Panagakos, Varvara Mouchtouri and Jeni Kremastinou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:93

    Content type: Research article

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  19. This study focuses on determinants of a healthy work environment in two departments in a Swedish university hospital. The study is based on previously conducted longitudinal studies at the hospital (1994–2001)...

    Authors: Kerstin Nilsson, Anna Hertting, Inga-Lill Petterson and Töres Theorell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:92

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The UK government claims that between 10 and 30% of pubs and bars will be exempt from proposed legislation to achieve smokefree enclosed public places across England. This arises from the contentious inclusion...

    Authors: Karen Tocque, Richard Edwards and Brenda Fullard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:91

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Falls are one of the major health problems that effect the quality of life among older adults. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between quality of life (Short Form-12) and the risk factors...

    Authors: Ayse Ozcan, Hulya Donat, Nihal Gelecek, Mehtap Ozdirenc and Didem Karadibak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:90

    Content type: Research article

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  22. To assess patterns of injecting drug use and HIV prevalence among injecting drug users (IDUs) in an international border area along a major heroin trans-shipment route.

    Authors: Don C Des Jarlais, Patrick Johnston, Patricia Friedmann, Ryan Kling, Wei Liu, Doan Ngu, Yi Chen, Tran V Hoang, Meng Donghua, Ly K Van, Nguyen D Tung, Kieu T Binh and Theodore M Hammett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:89

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Heterosexual contact is the most common mode of HIV transmission in India that is largely linked to sex work. We assessed the non-use of condoms in sex work and with regular sex partners by female sex workers ...

    Authors: Rakhi Dandona, Lalit Dandona, Juan Pablo Gutierrez, Anil G Kumar, Sam McPherson, Fiona Samuels and Stefano M Bertozzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:87

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Falls in older people have been characterized extensively in the literature, however little has been reported regarding falls in middle-aged and younger adults. The objective of this paper is to describe the p...

    Authors: Laura A Talbot, Robin J Musiol, Erica K Witham and E Jeffery Metter

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:86

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Disparities in health status among ethnic groups favor the Caucasian population in the United States on almost all major indicators. Disparities in exposure to health-related mass media messages may be among t...

    Authors: Susan C Duerksen, Amy Mikail, Laura Tom, Annie Patton, Janina Lopez, Xavier Amador, Reynaldo Vargas, Maria Victorio, Brenda Kustin and Georgia Robins Sadler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:85

    Content type: Research article

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  26. In early 2001 Australia experienced a sudden and unexpected disruption to heroin availability, know as the 'heroin shortage'. This 'shortage has been linked to a decrease in needle and syringe output and there...

    Authors: Carolyn Day, Louisa Degenhardt, Stuart Gilmour and Wayne Hall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:84

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Suicidal behaviour is increasingly becoming a phenomenon associated with young people and an important public health issue in Lithuania. However, there are very few studies evaluating impact of young peoples' ...

    Authors: Nida Zemaitiene and Apolinaras Zaborskis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:83

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Few studies have tried to assess the combined cross-sectional and temporal contributions of a more comprehensive set of amenable factors to population health outcomes for wealthy countries during the last 30 y...

    Authors: Onyebuchi A Arah, Gert P Westert, Diana M Delnoij and Niek S Klazinga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:81

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Smoking cessation interventions in pregnancy could influence a woman's social behaviour and her partner's smoking behaviour, but this has not been examined in any published randomized trials.

    Authors: Paul Aveyard, Terry Lawrence, Olga Evans and KK Cheng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:80

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Young maternal age has long been associated with higher infant mortality rates, but the role of socioeconomic factors in this association has been controversial. We sought to investigate the relationships betw...

    Authors: Barry P Markovitz, Rebeka Cook, Louise H Flick and Terry L Leet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:79

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The aim of the present study was to assess possible effects on mental and physical well-being and stress-related biological markers of a web-based health promotion tool.

    Authors: Dan Hasson, Ulla Maria Anderberg, Töres Theorell and Bengt B Arnetz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:78

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Osteoarthritis (OA) has a high prevalence in primary care. Conservative, guideline orientated approaches aiming at improving pain treatment and increasing physical activity, have been proven to be effective in...

    Authors: Thomas Rosemann, Thorsten Körner, Michel Wensing, Jochen Gensichen, Christiane Muth, Stefanie Joos and Joachim Szecsenyi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:77

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Project MATCH was the largest and most expensive alcoholism treatment trial ever conducted. The results were disappointing. There were essentially no patient-treatment matches, and three very different treatme...

    Authors: Robert B Cutler and David A Fishbain

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:75

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer occur more frequently in people exposed to radiation for therapeutic purposes, and to nuclear fallout. Furthermore, it is known that a moderate degree of iodine deficiency ma...

    Authors: Paolo Trerotoli, Anna Ciampolillo, Giuseppe Marinelli, Riccardo Giorgino and Gabriella Serio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:73

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Household decision-makers decide about service use based largely on the costs and perceived benefits of health interventions. Very often this leads to different decisions than those imagined by health planners...

    Authors: Neil Andersson, Anne Cockcroft, Noor Ansari, Khalid Omer, Joe Losos, Robert J Ledogar, Peter Tugwell and Beverley Shea

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:72

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. The authors sought to monitor the impact of widespread varicella vaccination on the epidemiology of varicella and herpes zoster. While varicella incidence would be expected to decrease, mathematical models pre...

    Authors: W Katherine Yih, Daniel R Brooks, Susan M Lett, Aisha O Jumaan, Zi Zhang, Karen M Clements and Jane F Seward

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:68

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The aims of the present study were to determine the prevalence of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women at first trimester of their pregnancy and to follow up the seroconversion for next two trimesters, and to ident...

    Authors: Sema Ertug, Pinar Okyay, Munevver Turkmen and Hasan Yuksel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:66

    Content type: Research article

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