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  1. It is widely accepted that the development of atherosclerosis starts at an early age. However, there are very few studies evaluating the prevalence of the common clinical and behavioral cardiovascular disease ...

    Authors: Bike Kocaoglu, George Moschonis, Maria Dimitriou, Maria Kolotourou, Yasar Keskin, Haydar Sur, Osman Hayran and Yannis Manios

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:13

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Children with congenital hearing impairment benefit from early detection and treatment. At present, no model exists which explicitly quantifies the effectiveness of universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) v...

    Authors: Eva Grill, Franz Hessel, Uwe Siebert, Petra Schnell-Inderst, Silke Kunze, Andreas Nickisch and Jürgen Wasem

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:12

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Injuries are becoming a major health problem in developing countries. Few population based studies have been carried out in African countries. We examined the pattern of nonfatal injuries and associated risk f...

    Authors: Candida Moshiro, Ivar Heuch, Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm, Philip Setel, Yusuf Hemed and Gunnar Kvåle

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:11

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Over the past two decades, social marketing programs have become an important element of the national family planning and HIV prevention strategy in several developing countries. As yet, there has not been any...

    Authors: Dominique Meekers and Stephen Rahaim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:10

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Epidemiological studies on the potential role of surgery in Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease transmission have disclosed associations with history of specific surgical interventions or reported negative results.

    Authors: Alberto Rábano, Jesús de Pedro-Cuesta, Kåre Mølbak, Åke Siden, Miguel Calero and Henning Laursen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:9

    Content type: Research article

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  6. HIV/AIDS is the most dramatic epidemic of the century that has claimed over two decade more than 3 million deaths. Sub Saharan Africa is heavily affected and accounts for nearly 70% of all cases. Despite aware...

    Authors: Sennen H Hounton, Hélène Carabin and Neil J Henderson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:8

    Content type: Research article

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  7. A relatively consistent body of research supports an inverse graded relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). More recently, researchers have proposed various life cours...

    Authors: Ricardo A Pollitt, Kathryn M Rose and Jay S Kaufman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:7

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Falls are common among community-dwelling elderly people and can have a considerable impact on quality of life and healthcare costs. People who have sustained a fall are at greater risk of falling again.

    Authors: Marike RC Hendriks, Jolanda CM van Haastregt, Joseph PM Diederiks, Silvia MAA Evers, Harry FJM Crebolder and Jacques ThM van Eijk

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:6

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Tetanus is a serious but vaccine-preventable disease and fatality rate of the disease is high in the neonates and the elderly. The aim of this study was to detect the tetanus antibody prevalence in the over si...

    Authors: Oguz Karabay, Fatma Ozkardes, Ali Tamer and Kazım Karaarslan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:5

    Content type: Research article

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  10. An earthquake measuring 6.3 on the Richter scale struck the city of Bam in Iran on the 26th of December 2003 at 5.26 A.M. It was devastating, and left over 40,000 dead and around 30,000 injured. The profound t...

    Authors: Ali Montazeri, Hamid Baradaran, Sepideh Omidvari, Seyed Ali Azin, Mehdi Ebadi, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Amir Mahmood Harirchi and Mohammad Shariati

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:4

    Content type: Research article

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  11. As part of qualitative research for developing a culturally sensitive and developmentally appropriate videotape-based HIV prevention intervention for heterosexual African- American men, six focus groups were c...

    Authors: Ekere J Essien, Angela F Meshack, Ronald J Peters, Gbadebo O Ogungbade and Nora I Osemene

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:3

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Inappropriate use of antibiotics by individuals worried about biological agent exposures during bioterrorism events is an important public health concern. However, little is documented about the extent to whic...

    Authors: Nkuchia M M'ikanatha, Kathleen G Julian, Allen R Kunselman, Robert C Aber, James T Rankin and Ebbing Lautenbach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:2

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Absence of knowledge of pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) has prompted the start of a large cohort study in the Netherlands. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and incidenc...

    Authors: Janneke M Bastiaanssen, Rob A de Bie, Caroline HG Bastiaenen, Annie Heuts, Mariëlle EAL Kroese, Gerard GM Essed and Piet A van den Brandt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:1

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Public health practitioners and researchers for many years have been attempting to understand more clearly the links between social conditions and the health of populations. Until recently, most public health ...

    Authors: Jonathan D Eldredge, Howard Waitzkin, Holly S Buchanan, Janis Teal, Celia Iriart, Kevin Wiley and Jonathan Tregear

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:69

    Content type: Database

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  15. The treatment guidelines for tuberculosis treatment under Directly Observed Treatment, Short-course (DOTS) have been a common strategy for TB treatment in Zambia. The study was carried out in Ndola, Zambia, to...

    Authors: Frederick AD Kaona, Mary Tuba, Seter Siziya and Lenganji Sikaona

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:68

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Pregnancy-related pelvic girdle and/or low back pain is a controversial syndrome because insight in etiology and prognosis is lacking. The controversy relates to factors eliciting pain and some prognostic fact...

    Authors: Caroline HG Bastiaenen, Rob A de Bie, Pieter MJC Wolters, Johan WS Vlaeyen, Janneke M Bastiaanssen, Aldegonda BA Klabbers, Annie Heuts, Piet A van den Brandt and Gerard GM Essed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:67

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Healthy life expectancy – sometimes called health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) – is a form of health expectancy indicator that extends measures of life expectancy to account for the distribution of health s...

    Authors: Colin D Mathers, Kim Moesgaard Iburg, Joshua A Salomon, Ajay Tandon, Somnath Chatterji, Bedirhan Ustün and Christopher JL Murray

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:66

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Nearly 10% of the population of Turkey lives in the Southeast Anatolian Project (SEAP) region. The population growth rate and the rate of unintended pregnancies are high and family planning services are insuff...

    Authors: Ali Ihsan Bozkurt, Birgul Özcirpici, Servet Ozgur, Saime Sahinoz, Turgut Sahinoz, Gunay Saka, Ali Ceylan, Ersen Ilcin, Hamit Acemoglu, Yilmaz Palanci, Feridun Akkafa and Mucide Ak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:65

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Intestinal parasitic infections are amongst the most common infections worldwide. Epidemiological research carried out in different countries has shown that the social and economical situation of the individua...

    Authors: Pinar Okyay, Sema Ertug, Berna Gultekin, Ozlem Onen and Erdal Beser

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:64

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Antidepressant prescribing has been increasing in England. Studies in other countries suggest that while this may be associated with reduced suicide rates, it may also be associated with increased fatal poison...

    Authors: Oliver WC Morgan, Clare Griffiths and Azeem Majeed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:63

    Content type: Research article

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  21. A healthcare provider's recommendation to undergo screening has been shown to be one of the strongest predictors of completing a colorectal cancer (CRC) screening test. We sought to determine the relationship ...

    Authors: Mira L Katz, Aimee S James, Michael P Pignone, Marlyn A Hudson, Ethel Jackson, Veronica Oates and Marci K Campbell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:62

    Content type: Research article

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  22. This study uses cigarette price elasticity to evaluate the effect of a new excise tax increase on cigarette consumption and to investigate responses from various types of smokers.

    Authors: Jie-Min Lee, Tsorng-Chyi Hwang, Chun-Yuan Ye and Sheng-Hong Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:61

    Content type: Research article

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  23. It is widely recognized and accepted that job strain adversely impacts the workforce. Individual responses to stressful situations can vary greatly and it has been shown that certain people are more likely to ...

    Authors: Giedrius Vanagas and Susanna Bihari-Axelsson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:59

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Malnutrition in children can be a consequence of unfavourable socioeconomic conditions. However, some families maintain adequate nutritional status in their children despite living in poverty. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Hortensia Reyes, Ricardo Pérez-Cuevas, Araceli Sandoval, Raúl Castillo, José Ignacio Santos, Svetlana V Doubova and Gonzalo Gutiérrez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:57

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Systematic assessment of recent health research output from India, and its relation with the estimated disease burden, is not available. This information would help understand the areas in health research that...

    Authors: Lalit Dandona, Yegnanarayana S Sivan, Mukkamala N Jyothi, VS Udaya Bhaskar and Rakhi Dandona

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:55

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Two contradictory hypotheses have been proposed to explain the relationship between allergic conditions and malignancies, the immune surveillance hypothesis and the antigenic stimulation hypothesis. The former...

    Authors: Karin C Söderberg, Lars Hagmar, Judith Schwartzbaum and Maria Feychting

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:51

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Absenteeism due to communicable illness is a major problem encountered by North American elementary school children. Although handwashing is a proven infection control measure, barriers exist in the school env...

    Authors: Emily Meadows and Nicole Le Saux

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:50

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Male suicide rates continued to increase in Scotland when rates in England and Wales declined. Female rates decreased, but at a slower rate than in England and Wales. Previous work has suggested higher than av...

    Authors: Cameron Stark, Paddy Hopkins, Diane Gibbs, Tracey Rapson, Alan Belbin and Alistair Hay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:49

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Increasing prevalence of obesity and disorders associated with sedentary living constitute a major global public health problem. While previous evaluations of interventions to increase physical activity have i...

    Authors: Kate Williams, A Toby Prevost, Simon Griffin, Wendy Hardeman, William Hollingworth, David Spiegelhalter, Stephen Sutton, Ulf Ekelund, Nicholas Wareham and Ann Louise Kinmonth

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:48

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. Registration of the fact of death is almost complete in the city of Chennai and not so in the rural Villupuram district in Tamilnadu, India. The cause of death is often inadequately recorded on the death certi...

    Authors: Vendhan Gajalakshmi and Richard Peto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:47

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The knowledge of factors accurately predicting the long lasting sick leaves is sparse, but information on medical condition is believed to be necessary to identify persons at risk. Based on the current practic...

    Authors: Nils Fleten, Roar Johnsen and Olav Helge Førde

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:46

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Antimicrobial resistance is particularly harmful to infectious disease management in low-income countries since expensive second-line drugs are not readily available. The objective of this study was to impleme...

    Authors: Bjørn Blomberg, Davis SM Mwakagile, Willy K Urassa, Samwel Y Maselle, Marcellina Mashurano, Asbjørn Digranes, Stig Harthug and Nina Langeland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:45

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The SF-36 is one of the most widely used self-completion measures of health status. The inclusion of the SF-36 in the first Australian national household panel survey, the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics...

    Authors: Peter Butterworth and Timothy Crosier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:44

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Cigarette smoking prevalence among gay men is twice that of population levels. A pilot community-level intervention was developed and evaluated aiming to meet UK Government cessation and cancer prevention targ...

    Authors: Richard Harding, James Bensley and Nick Corrigan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:43

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Evidence on the relation between fear of war and mental health is insufficient. We carried out a prospective cohort study to find out whether fear of nuclear war is related to increased risk of common mental d...

    Authors: Kari Poikolainen, Terhi Aalto-Setälä, Annamari Tuulio-Henriksson, Mauri Marttunen and Jouko Lönnqvist

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:42

    Content type: Research article

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  36. This study sought to identify the extent to which employee level and work stressors were associated with mental health problems experienced by Australian government employees, and with their use of primary car...

    Authors: Ruth A Parslow, Anthony F Jorm, Helen Christensen, Dorothy H Broom, Lyndall Strazdins and Rennie M D' Souza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:41

    Content type: Research article

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  37. On 30th July 2002, the Suffolk Communicable Disease Control Team received notifications of gastrointestinal illness due to Salmonella Enteritidis in subjects who had eaten food from a Chinese restaurant on 27th J...

    Authors: Padmanabhan Badrinath, Torbjorn Sundkvist, Hamid Mahgoub and Richard Kent

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:40

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The Internet provides a new meeting ground, especially for gay men, that did not exist in the early 1990s. Several studies have found increased levels of high risk sexual behaviour and sexually transmissible i...

    Authors: Jonathan Elford, Graham Bolding, Mark Davis, Lorraine Sherr and Graham Hart

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:39

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. There are multiple studies in different countries regarding the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency. These studies showed high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Asian countries. This study tries to elucidat...

    Authors: Sima Hashemipour, Bagher Larijani, Hossein Adibi, Ebrahim Javadi, Mojtaba Sedaghat, Mohammad Pajouhi, Akbar Soltani, Ali Reza Shafaei, Zohreh Hamidi, Ali Reza Khalili Fard, Arash Hossein-Nezhad and Fargol Booya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:38

    Content type: Research article

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  40. One estimate suggests that by 2010 more than 30% of a physician's time will be spent using information technology tools. The aim of this study is to assess the information and communication technologies (ICT) ...

    Authors: Miriam Samuel, John C Coombes, J Jaime Miranda, Rob Melvin, Eoin JW Young and Pejman Azarmina

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:37

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Influenza vaccination has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality in the older adult population. In Canada, vaccination rates remain suboptimal. We identified factors predictive of influenza vaccination, ...

    Authors: Melissa K Andrew, Shelly McNeil, Heather Merry and Kenneth Rockwood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:36

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Previous smallpox ring vaccination models based on contact tracing over a network suggest that ring vaccination would be effective, but have not explicitly included response logistics and limited numbers of va...

    Authors: Travis C Porco, Karen A Holbrook, Susan E Fernyak, Diane L Portnoy, Randy Reiter and Tomás J Aragón

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:34

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Numerous malaria epidemics have occurred in western Kenya, with increasing frequency over the past 20 years. A variety of hypotheses on the etiology of these epidemics have been put forth, with different impli...

    Authors: John C Carlson, Brian D Byrd and Francois X Omlin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:33

    Content type: Research article

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