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  1. Informal caregiving is increasingly common as the U.S. population ages, and there is concern that caregivers are less likely than non-caregivers to practice health-promoting behaviors, including cancer screeni...

    Authors: Katherine W Reeves, Kathryn Bacon and Lisa Fredman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:685
  2. Intimate partner violence (IPV) and child maltreatment (CM) are major global public health problems. The Preventing Violence Across the Lifespan (PreVAiL) Research Network, an international group of over 60 re...

    Authors: C Nadine Wathen, Jennifer CD MacGregor, Joanne Hammerton, Jeffrey H Coben, Helen Herrman, Donna E Stewart and Harriet L MacMillan
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:684
  3. It is unclear how long it takes for health interventions to transition from research and development (R&D) to being used against diseases prevalent in resource-poor countries. We undertook an analysis of the t...

    Authors: Alan Brooks, Thomas A Smith, Don de Savigny and Christian Lengeler
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:683
  4. Changing jobs is part of modern working life. Within occupational health, job mobility has mainly been studied in terms of employees’ intentions to leave their jobs. In contrast to actual turnover, turnover in...

    Authors: Cathrine Reineholm, Maria Gustavsson, Mats Liljegren and Kerstin Ekberg
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:682
  5. Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is a widespread problem in Australian Aboriginal communities causing severe pain and sepsis. In addition dental services are difficult to access for many Aboriginal children and tr...

    Authors: Fiona Blinkhorn, Ngiare Brown, Ruth Freeman, Gerry Humphris, Andrew Martin and Anthony Blinkhorn
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:681
  6. Due to the uncommon nature of large-scale disasters and emergencies, public health practitioners often turn to simulated emergencies, known as “exercises”, for preparedness assessment and improvement. Under th...

    Authors: Jennifer C Hunter, Jane E Yang, Michael Petrie and Tomás J Aragón
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:680
  7. No national study has investigated whether immigrant workers are less likely than U.S.-workers to seek medical treatment after occupational injuries and whether the payment source differs between two groups.

    Authors: Huiyun Xiang, Junxin Shi, Bo Lu, Krista Wheeler, Weiyan Zhao, J R Wilkins III and Gary A Smith
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:678
  8. Harmful alcohol use has been linked to the spread of HIV in Kenya. It also adversely affects those on antiretroviral (ARV) treatment through poor compliance. This study using participatory research and action ...

    Authors: Caleb J Othieno, Obondo A and Mathai M
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:677
  9. The association between self-rated health (SRH) and mortality is well documented in the literature, but studies on the subject among young adults in Latin America are rare, as are those evaluating this associa...

    Authors: Joanna Miguez Nery Guimarães, Dóra Chor, Guilherme Loureiro Werneck, Marilia Sá Carvalho, Claudia Medina Coeli, Claudia S Lopes and Eduardo Faerstein
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:676
  10. Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is a high risk factor for Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD). We estimated to investigate how MetS prevalence by glucose homeostasis varies across different age and gender groups.

    Authors: Yufei Xiang, Gan Huang, Weidong Zhou, Zhihong Che, Pengcheng Zhou and Zhiguang Zhou
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:675
  11. Increased detection of tuberculosis (TB) using intensified or active case finding (ICF) is one of the cornerstones of the Stop TB Strategy, and contrasts with passive case finding (PCF) which relies on self-re...

    Authors: Sabine Hermans, Esther Nasuuna, Frank van Leth, Elena Byhoff, Miriam Schwarz, Andy Hoepelman, Joep Lange and Yukari C Manabe
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:674
  12. Most studies that have evaluated the association between combined lifestyle factors and mortality outcomes have been conducted in populations of Caucasian origin. The objective of this study was to examine the...

    Authors: Ji Eun Yun, Soyoung Won, Heejin Kimm and Sun Ha Jee
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:673
  13. Many countries have developed, or are developing, national strategies aimed at reducing the harms associated with hepatitis C infection. Making these strategies relevant to the vast majority of those affected ...

    Authors: Emma R Miller, Stephen McNally, Jack Wallace and Marisa Schlichthorst
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:672
  14. We describe the design and present the results of the first year of a population-based study of screening for type 2 diabetes in individuals at high risk of developing the disease. High risk is defined as havi...

    Authors: Bart Klijs, Suzie J Otto, Robert J Heine, Yolanda van der Graaf, Jan J Lous and Harry J de Koning
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:671
  15. Tuberculosis (TB) presents a serious problem in Mozambique. HIV prevalence among TB patients is estimated at 47%. A delay in having their first CD4+ cell count could lead to a missed opportunity for ART initia...

    Authors: Miranda Brouwer, Paula Samu Gudo, Chalice Mage Simbe, Paula Perdigão and Frank van Leth
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:670
  16. Estimates of the absolute risk of death based on the combined effects of sex, age and health behaviours are scarce for elderly people. The aim of this paper is to calculate population based estimates and displ...

    Authors: Annette Dobson, Deirdre McLaughlin, Osvaldo Almeida, Wendy Brown, Julie Byles, Leon Flicker, Janni Leung, Derrick Lopez, Kieran McCaul and Graeme J Hankey
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:669
  17. Research suggests that Chinese religious believers are more likely to commit suicide than those identifying as non-religious among rural young adults, contrary to findings in Western countries. However, one ca...

    Authors: Jiubo Zhao, Xueling Yang, Rong Xiao, Xiaoyuan Zhang, Diane Aguilera and Jingbo Zhao
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:668
  18. Primary care is the first port of call for advice about weight control. There is hence a need for simple, effective interventions that can be delivered without specialist skills. We have developed such an inte...

    Authors: Rebecca J Beeken, Helen Croker, Stephen Morris, Baptiste Leurent, Rumana Omar, Irwin Nazareth and Jane Wardle
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:667
  19. The current literature reports increased infectious disease occurrence in various construction occupations, as an important contributor to morbidity and mortality arising from employment.

    Authors: John H Lange, Giuseppe Mastrangelo and Luca Cegolon
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:665
  20. Relative deprivation has previously been discussed as a possible mechanism underlying the income-health relation. The idea is that income matters to the individual’s health, over and above the increased comman...

    Authors: Monica Åberg Yngwe, Naoki Kondo, Sara Hägg and Ichiro Kawachi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:664
  21. Previous validation studies of sick leave measures have focused on self-reports. Register-based sick leave data are considered to be valid; however methodological problems may be associated with such data. A D...

    Authors: Christina Malmose Stapelfeldt, Chris Jensen, Niels Trolle Andersen, Nils Fleten and Claus Vinther Nielsen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:661
  22. Exposure to solar ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation is a major source of vitamin D3. Chemistry climate models project decreases in ground-level solar erythemal UV over the current century. It is unclear what impa...

    Authors: Jamie A Greenfield, Philip S Park, Ellie Farahani, Suneil Malik, Reinhold Vieth, Norman A McFarlane, Theodore G Shepherd and Julia A Knight
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:660
  23. Early life body size and circulating levels of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 have been linked to increased risks of breast and other cancers, but it is unclear whether these exposures act through a common mechanism. Previ...

    Authors: Elizabeth M Poole, Shelley S Tworoger, Susan E Hankinson and Heather J Baer
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:659
  24. Overweight has increased in many countries over the past 20 years and excessive body weight is an established risk factor for adverse health outcomes and chronic diseases. This study aimed to determine comorbi...

    Authors: Anja Schienkiewitz, Gert B M Mensink and Christa Scheidt-Nave
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:658
  25. We describe the study design and methods used in a 9-month pedometer-based worksite intervention called “ASUKI Step” conducted at the Karolinska Institutet (KI) in Stockholm, Sweden and Arizona State Universit...

    Authors: Barbara E Ainsworth, Cheryl Der Ananian, Ali Soroush, Jenelle Walker, Pamela Swan, Eric Poortvliet and Agneta Yngve
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:657
  26. Compared to females, males experience higher rates of chronic disease and mortality, yet few health promotion initiatives are specifically aimed at men. Therefore, the aim of the ManUp Study is to examine the ...

    Authors: Mitch J Duncan, Corneel Vandelanotte, Richard R Rosenkranz, Cristina M Caperchione, Hang Ding, Marcus Ellison, Emma S George, Cindy Hooker, Mohan Karunanithi, Gregory S Kolt, Anthony Maeder, Manny Noakes, Rhys Tague, Pennie Taylor, Pierre Viljoen and W Kerry Mummery
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:656
  27. Disability can be broken down into difficulties in different components of functioning such as impairments and limitations in activities and participation (A&P). Previous studies have produced the seemingly su...

    Authors: Bernd Fellinghauer, Jan D Reinhardt, Gerold Stucki and Jerome Bickenbach
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:655
  28. Obesity is a significant risk factor for hypertension and diabetes. A cohort of 50-year-old voluntary periodic health examination (PHE) participants was analyzed 15 years retrospectively. Our aim was to evalua...

    Authors: Tarja Kunnas, Kirsi Määttä, Pirjo Palmroos and Seppo T Nikkari
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:654
  29. Female sex workers who inject drugs (FSW-IDUs) are at risk of acquiring HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STI) and blood-borne infections through unprotected sex and sharing injection equipment. We conduct...

    Authors: Alicia Vera, Daniela Abramovitz, Remedios Lozada, Gustavo Martinez, M Gudelia Rangel, Hugo Staines, Thomas L Patterson and Steffanie A Strathdee
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:653
  30. Structured education programmes for patients with diabetes and other chronic conditions are being widely adopted. However, follow-up studies suggest that course graduates may struggle to sustain the self-care ...

    Authors: David Rankin, Debbie D Cooke, Jackie Elliott, Simon R Heller and Julia Lawton
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:652
  31. Limited evidence exists describing the effectiveness of strategies in facilitating the implementation of vegetable and fruit programs by schools on a population wide basis. The aim of this study was to examine...

    Authors: Nicole Nathan, Luke Wolfenden, Andrew C Bell, Rebecca Wyse, Philip J Morgan, Michelle Butler, Rachel Sutherland, Andrew J Milat, Debra Hector and John Wiggers
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:651
  32. Over the decades, global public health efforts have sought to reduce socio-economic health differences, including differences in mental health. Only a few studies have examined changes in socio-economic differ...

    Authors: Kirsi M Talala, Tuija P Martelin, Ari H Haukkala, Tommi T Härkänen and Ritva S Prättälä
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:650
  33. Self-rated health is commonly employed in research studies that seek to assess the health status of older individuals. Perceptions of health are, however, influenced by individual and societal level factors th...

    Authors: Davina J French, Colette Browning, Hal Kendig, Mary A Luszcz, Yasuhiko Saito, Kerry Sargent-Cox and Kaarin J Anstey
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:649
  34. Several studies suggest that the number of risk factors rather than their nature is key to mental health disorders in childhood.

    Authors: Florence Tubach, Tim Greacen, Thomas Saïas, Romain Dugravier, Nicole Guedeney, Philippe Ravaud, Susana Tereno, Richard Tremblay, Bruno Falissard and Antoine Guedeney
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:648
  35. There are an increasing number of children in Australia growing up with same-sex attracted parents. Although children from same-sex parent families do in general perform well on many psychosocial measures rece...

    Authors: Simon Robert Crouch, Elizabeth Waters, Ruth McNair, Jennifer Power and Elise Davis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:646
  36. Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors is unevenly distributed among occupational groups. The working environment, as well as lifestyle and socioeconomic status contribute to the disparity and variation in ...

    Authors: Mette Korshøj, Peter Krustrup, Marie Birk Jørgensen, Eva Prescott, Åse Marie Hansen, Jesper Kristiansen, Jørgen Henrik Skotte, Ole Steen Mortensen, Karen Søgaard and Andreas Holtermann
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:645
  37. Suicide rate trends for Poland, one of the most populous countries in Europe, are not well documented. Moreover, the quality of the official Polish suicide statistics is unknown and requires in-depth investiga...

    Authors: Peter Höfer, Ian R H Rockett, Peeter Värnik, Elmar Etzersdorfer and Nestor D Kapusta
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:644
  38. Idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF) remains a complex and unclear phenomenon, often characterized by the report of various, non-specific physical symptoms (NSPS)...

    Authors: Christos Baliatsas, Irene Van Kamp, Erik Lebret and G James Rubin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:643
  39. Young people (18–25 years) during the adolescence/adulthood transition are vulnerable to weight gain and notoriously hard to reach. Despite increased levels of overweight/obesity in this age group, physical ac...

    Authors: Amudha S Poobalan, Lorna S Aucott, Amanda Clarke and W Cairns S Smith
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:640
  40. It has been reported that waist circumference (WC) is a better predictor of cardiovascular risk factors than body mass index (BMI), although the findings have not been consistent. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Macarena Lara, Patricia Bustos, Hugo Amigo, Claudio Silva and Roberto J Rona
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:638
  41. Obesity is widespread in the world including developing countries. However malnutrition in poor areas is still a serious problem. Few investigations, especially in a large sample, have been performed in Wester...

    Authors: Ping Li, Fan Yang, Fei Xiong, Tingzhu Huo, Yu Tong, Sufei Yang and Meng Mao
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:636
  42. This study aimed to examine the experiences of walking promotion professionals on the range and effectiveness of recruitment strategies used within community based walking programmes within the United Kingdom.

    Authors: Anne Matthews, Graham Brennan, Paul Kelly, Chloe McAdam, Nanette Mutrie and Charles Foster
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:635
  43. Dyslipidemia is present in people with diabetes as well as subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT). The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between lipid profiles and β cell function...

    Authors: Tianpeng Zheng, Yun Gao and Haoming Tian
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:634

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