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Page 315 of 361

  1. Men who have sex with men (MSM) remain the group most at risk of acquiring HIV infection in Britain. HIV prevalence appears to vary widely between MSM from different ethnic minority groups in this country for ...

    Authors: Jonathan Elford, Eamonn McKeown, Rita Doerner, Simon Nelson, Nicola Low and Jane Anderson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:419

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Hypertension is a major risk factor for many cardiovascular diseases in developing countries. A comprehensive review of the prevalence of hypertension provides crucial information for the evaluation and implem...

    Authors: William K Bosu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:418

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In 2001, the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) carried out a major reorganization to provide comprehensive preventive care to reinforce primary care services through the PREVENIMSS program. This prog...

    Authors: Gonzalo Gutiérrez, Ricardo Pérez-Cuevas, Santiago Levy, Hortensia Reyes, Benjamín Acosta, Sonia Fernández Cantón and Onofre Muñoz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:417

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Timely access to antiretroviral therapy is a key to controlling HIV infection. Late diagnosis and presentation to care diminish the benefits of antiretrovirals and increase risk of transmission. We aimed to id...

    Authors: Kamalika Mojumdar, Madhu Vajpayee, Neeraj K Chauhan and Sanjay Mendiratta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:416

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The primary objective was to systematically review the medical literature for instruments validated for use in epidemiological and clinical research on waterpipe smoking.

    Authors: Elie A Akl, Sohaib Aleem, Sameer K Gunukula, Roland Honeine, Philippe Abou Jaoude and Jihad Irani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:415

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Concerns have been raised about the public health implications of the presence of antibiotic residues in the aquatic environment and their effect on the development of bacterial resistance. While there is info...

    Authors: Vishal Diwan, Ashok J Tamhankar, Rakesh K Khandal, Shanta Sen, Manjeet Aggarwal, Yogyata Marothi, Rama V Iyer, Karin Sundblad-Tonderski and Cecilia Stålsby- Lundborg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:414

    Content type: Research article

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  7. During an influenza pandemic, higher education institutions with large populations of young adults can become serious outbreak centers. Since outbreak management is essential to disease control, we aimed to ex...

    Authors: Hulya Akan, Yesim Gurol, Guldal Izbirak, Sukran Ozdatlı, Gulden Yilmaz, Ayca Vitrinel and Osman Hayran

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:413

    Content type: Research article

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  8. HIV counseling and testing is considered an important component of HIV prevention and treatment. This paper examines the characteristics of young males and females at the time of first reported HIV test, inclu...

    Authors: Caroline W Kabiru, Nancy Luke, Chimaraoke O Izugbara and Eliya M Zulu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:412

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The number of Koreans diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections is increasing annually; however, CD4+ T-cell counts at diagnosis have decreased. The purpose of the present study was to ident...

    Authors: Jin-Hee Lee, Gab Jung Kim, Byeong-Sun Choi, Kee-Jong Hong, Mi-Kyung Heo, Sung Soon Kim and Mee-Kyung Kee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:411

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Physical activity and motor skills acquisition are of high importance for health-related prevention and a normal development in childhood. However, few intervention studies exist in preschool children focussin...

    Authors: Kristina Roth, Sonja Mauer, Matthias Obinger, Katharina C Ruf, Christine Graf, Susi Kriemler, Dorothea Lenz, Walter Lehmacher and Helge Hebestreit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:410

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. Artesunate-amodiaquine (AS-AQ) was introduced in Ghana as the first line drug for treatment of uncomplicated malaria in 2004. We report the perceptions of malaria and malaria treatment behaviour, the community...

    Authors: Kwaku P Asante, Livesy Abokyi, Charles Zandoh, Ruth Owusu, Elizabeth Awini, Abubakari Sulemana, Seeba Amenga-Etego, Robert Adda, Owusu Boahen, Sylvester Segbaya, Emmanuel Mahama, Constance Bart-Plange, Daniel Chandramohan and Seth Owusu-Agyei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:409

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Bicycle use entails high safety and health risks especially for adolescents. Most safety education programs aimed at adolescents focus on accident statistics and risk perceptions. This paper proposes the inves...

    Authors: Hans Feenstra, Robert AC Ruiter and Gerjo Kok

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:408

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Genetically Modified (GM) crops have been championed as one possible method to improve food security and individual nutritional status in sub Saharan Africa. Understanding and acceptability of GM crop technolo...

    Authors: Christopher P Lewis, James N Newell, Caroline M Herron and Haidari Nawabu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:407

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are a major public health problem, requiring concerted efforts both for their prevention and a reduction of their consequences. Timely arrival of the Emergency Medical Service (EMS...

    Authors: Maryam Bigdeli, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh and Reza Mohammadi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:406

    Content type: Research article

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  15. In recent years some studies have been published supporting the efficacy of light exposure, physical activity, sleep control and a Mediterranean diet pattern on the improvement or prevention of Depression. How...

    Authors: Mauro Garcia-Toro, Olga Ibarra, Margalida Gili, Joan Salva, Saray Monzón, Margalida Vives, Maria J Serrano, Javier Garcia-Campayo and Miquel Roca

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:404

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Influenza is one of the most common vaccine-preventable diseases in travellers. By performing two cross-sectional questionnaire surveys during winter 2009 and winter 2010 among European travellers to resource-...

    Authors: Alena Pfeil, Margot Mütsch, Christoph Hatz and Thomas D Szucs

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:402

    Content type: Research article

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  17. In Ethiopia, where HIV and tuberculosis (TB) are very common, little is known about the prejudice and misconceptions of rural communities towards People living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) and TB.

    Authors: Amare Deribew, Gemeda Abebe, Ludwig Apers, Chali Jira, Markos Tesfaye, Jafar Shifa, Alemseged Abdisa, Kifle Woldemichael, Fetene Deribie, Mesele Bezabih, Abraham Aseffa and Robert Colebunders

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:400

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The burden of non-communicable diseases, including type 2 diabetes, is growing in South Africa. This country has a complex mix of over- and under-nutrition, especially in low-income communities, and concerning...

    Authors: Catherine E Draper, Anniza de Villiers, Estelle V Lambert, Jean Fourie, Jillian Hill, Lucinda Dalais, Zulfa Abrahams and Nelia P Steyn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:398

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. The main goal of Hong Kong's publicly-funded general outpatient clinics (GOPCs) is to provide primary medical services for the financially vulnerable. The objective of the current study was to compare the prim...

    Authors: Samuel YS Wong, Kenny Kung, Sian M Griffiths, Tanya Carthy, Martin CS Wong, Su V Lo, Vincent CH Chung, William B Goggins and Barbara Starfield

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:397

    Content type: Research article

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  20. There is evidence that the use of any psychotropic and the concomitant use of two or more benzodiazepines are related to an increased risk of fractures in old age. However, also controversial results exist. Th...

    Authors: Janne Nurminen, Juha Puustinen, Maarit Piirtola, Tero Vahlberg and Sirkka-Liisa Kivelä

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:396

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Muleba district in North-western Tanzania has experienced malaria epidemics in recent years. Community knowledge, attitudes and practices are important in enhancing disease control interventions. This study in...

    Authors: Safari M Kinung'hi, Fabian Mashauri, Joseph R Mwanga, Soori E Nnko, Godfrey M Kaatano, Robert Malima, Coleman Kishamawe, Stephen Magesa and Leonard EG Mboera

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:395

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The global financial crisis threatens global health, particularly exacerbating diseases of inequality, e.g. HIV/AIDS, and diseases of poverty, e.g. tuberculosis. The aim of this paper is to reconsider establis...

    Authors: Dermot Maher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:394

    Content type: Debate

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  23. Self-rated health (SRH) status has been increasingly acknowledged as a valid and appropriate indicator of public health and chronic morbidity. However, limited research was conducted in China due to the differ...

    Authors: Jun Xu, Jinhua Zhang, Liyi Feng and Jincai Qiu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:393

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Preventative medicine has become increasingly important in efforts to reduce the burden of chronic disease in industrialised countries. However, interventions that fail to recruit socio-economically representa...

    Authors: Christopher Harkins, Rebecca Shaw, Michelle Gillies, Heather Sloan, Kate MacIntyre, Anne Scoular, Caroline Morrison, Fiona MacKay, Heather Cunningham, Paul Docherty, Paul MacIntyre and Iain N Findlay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:391

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Fresh leaves and buds of the Khat plant (Catha edulis) contain Cathinone, an amphetamine like alkaloid responsible for its pharmacological action. Chewing of Khat has been associated with a transient rise in bloo...

    Authors: Workineh Getahun, Teferi Gedif and Fikru Tesfaye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:390

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Depression is a common psychiatric complication of diabetes, but little is known about the natural course and the consequences of depressive symptoms in primary care patients with type 2 diabetes. While depres...

    Authors: Giesje Nefs, François Pouwer, Johan Denollet and Victor JM Pop

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:388

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  27. Although South Africa has the largest public-sector anti-retroviral treatment (ART) programme in the world, anti-retroviral coverage in adults was only 40.2% in 2008. However, longitudinal studies of who is ac...

    Authors: Edwin Wouters, Christo Heunis, Koen Ponnet, Francis Van Loon, Frederik le Roux Booysen, Dingie van Rensburg and Herman Meulemans

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:387

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Findings from several studies suggest associations between tooth loss and health outcomes, including malnutrition, poor quality of life, and mortality, in older individuals. However, limited information is ava...

    Authors: Toshihiro Ansai, Yutaka Takata, Inho Soh, Shuji Awano, Akihiro Yoshida, Kazuo Sonoki, Tomoko Hamasaki, Takehiro Torisu, Akira Sogame, Naoko Shimada and Tadamichi Takehara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:386

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Relatively few studies have examined survival by pharmacotherapy level and the effects of patient characteristics on mortality by pharmacotherapy level in older chronic respiratory disease (CRD) patients. This...

    Authors: Kristjana Einarsdóttir, David B Preen, Frank M Sanfilippo, Raylene Reeve, Jon D Emery and C D'Arcy J Holman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:385

    Content type: Research article

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  30. A central question in the debate about exploitation in international research is whether investigators and sponsors from high-income countries (HIC) have obligations to address background conditions of injusti...

    Authors: James V Lavery, Sunita VS Bandewar, Joshua Kimani, Ross EG Upshur, Frances A Plummer and Peter A Singer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:384

    Content type: Debate

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  31. Some, though not all studies have reported an increased risk for mental health problems after an induced abortion. Problems with design and data have compromised these studies and the generalisation of their r...

    Authors: Mika Gissler, Miia Artama, Annukka Ritvanen and Kristian Wahlbeck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:383

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The EURIKA study aims to assess the status of primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) across Europe. Specifically, it will determine the degree of control of cardiovascular risk factors in current c...

    Authors: Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Eliseo Guallar, Claudio Borghi, Jean Dallongeville, Guy De Backer, Julian P Halcox, Ramón Hernández-Vecino, Francisco Javier Jiménez, Elvira L Massó-González, Joep Perk, Philippe Gabriel Steg and José R Banegas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:382

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. There is evidence that female gender is associated with reduced likelihood of tuberculosis diagnosis and successful treatment. This study aimed to characterize gender-related barriers to tuberculosis control i...

    Authors: Dami A Onifade, Angela M Bayer, Rosario Montoya, Marie Haro, Jessica Alva, Jessica Franco, Rosario Sosa, Betty Valiente, Enit Valera, Carolyn M Ford, Colleen D Acosta and Carlton A Evans

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:381

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Vital information, despite of being an important public health instrument for planning and evaluation, in most of the developing countries have still low quality and coverage. Brazil has recently implemented t...

    Authors: Davide Rasella, Rosana Aquino and Mauricio L Barreto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:380

    Content type: Research article

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  35. In order to be widely accepted by users, the implementation of a new health intervention requires them to be adequately informed about its clinical importance, benefits and risks. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Claudio Pelucchi, Susanna Esposito, Carlotta Galeone, Margherita Semino, Caterina Sabatini, Irene Picciolli, Silvia Consolo, Gregorio Milani and Nicola Principi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:378

    Content type: Research article

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  36. China is currently facing a rapid and widespread increase in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The activities of female sex workers (FSWs) have contributed to the mo...

    Authors: Yong Cai, Rong Shi, Tian Shen, Bei Pei, Xueqin Jiang, Xiuxia Ye, Gang Xu, Shenghui Li, Hong Huang and Meili Shang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:377

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Chlamydia is most common among young people, but only a small proportion of Australian young people are tested annually. Home-based chlamydia testing has been piloted in several countries to increase testing r...

    Authors: Rachel Sacks-Davis, Judy Gold, Campbell K Aitken and Margaret E Hellard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:376

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The widening socioeconomic gap in smoking during pregnancy remains a challenge to the Swedish antenatal care services. However, the influence of cultural factors in explaining the socioeconomic differences in ...

    Authors: Kontie M Moussa, P-O Ostergren, Frida Eek and Anton E Kunst

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:374

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Despite a lower incidence of bowel cancer overall, Indigenous Australians are more likely to be diagnosed at an advanced stage when prognosis is poor. Bowel cancer screening is an effective means of reducing i...

    Authors: Aliki Christou, Judith M Katzenellenbogen and Sandra C Thompson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:373

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. The introduction of total smoking bans represents an important step in addressing the smoking and physical health of people with mental illness. Despite evidence indicating the importance of staff support in t...

    Authors: Paula Wye, Jenny Bowman, John Wiggers, Amanda Baker, Jenny Knight, Vaughan Carr, Margarett Terry and Richard Clancy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:372

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Cycling is important for health, transport, environmental and economic reasons. Newspaper reporting of cycling reflects and can influence public and policy maker attitudes towards resource allocation for cycli...

    Authors: Chris Rissel, Catriona Bonfiglioli, Adrian Emilsen and Ben J Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:371

    Content type: Correspondence

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  42. Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and epidemiological studies have consistently shown an increased risk for cardiovascular events in relation to exposure to air pol...

    Authors: Yariv Gerber, Vicki Myers, David M Broday, Silvia Koton, David M Steinberg and Yaacov Drory

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:369

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

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