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  1. Smear negative pulmonary tuberculosis (SNPT) accounts for 30% of pulmonary tuberculosis cases reported yearly in Brazil. This study aimed to develop a prediction model for SNPT for outpatients in areas with sc...

    Authors: Fernanda Carvalho de Queiroz Mello, Luiz Gustavo do Valle Bastos, Sérgio Luiz Machado Soares, Valéria MC Rezende, Marcus Barreto Conde, Richard E Chaisson, Afrânio Lineu Kritski, Antonio Ruffino-Netto and Guilherme Loureiro Werneck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:43

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The UK government proposed introducing partial smokefree legislation for England with exemptions for pubs and bars that do not prepare and serve food. We set out to test the hypothesis that pubs from more depr...

    Authors: Richard Edwards, Christian P Hasselholdt, Kim Hargreaves, Claire Probert, Richard Holford, Judy Hart, Martie Van Tongeren and Adrian FR Watson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:42

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Studies investigating adverse events have traditionally been principally undertaken from a medical perspective. The impact that experience of an adverse event has on consumer confidence in health care is large...

    Authors: Sue M Evans, Jesia G Berry, Brian J Smith and Adrian J Esterman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:41

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In Lithuania, suicides are a grave public health problem, requiring more extensive investigation. The aim of the study was to assess the seasonal variations of suicides in Lithuania throughout the years 1993–2...

    Authors: Ramune Kalediene, Skirmante Starkuviene and Jadvyga Petrauskiene

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:40

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Ischaemic heart disease is a global priority of health-care policy, because of its social repercussions and its impact on the health-care system. Yet there is little information on coronary morbidity in Spain ...

    Authors: Alejandro Marín, María José Medrano, José González, Héctor Pintado, Vicente Compaired, Mario Bárcena, María Victoria Fustero, Javier Tisaire, José M Cucalón, Aurelio Martín, Raquel Boix, Francisco Hernansanz and José Bueno

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:38

    Content type: Research article

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  6. In the year after birth one in six women has a depressive illness, 94% experience at least one major health problem (e.g. back pain, perineal pain, mastitis, urinary or faecal incontinence), 26% experience sex...

    Authors: Judith Lumley, Lyndsey Watson, Rhonda Small, Stephanie Brown, Creina Mitchell and Jane Gunn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:37

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The objective was to explore the usefulness of the morbidity risk adjustment system Adjusted Clinical Groups® (ACG), in comparison with age and gender, in explaining and estimating patient costs on an individual ...

    Authors: Sven G Engström, Lennart Carlsson, Carl-Johan Östgren, Gunnar H Nilsson and Lars A Borgquist

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:36

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The objective was to estimate the proportion of inhabitants with a diagnosis-registered encounter with a general practitioner, and to elucidate annual variations of clinical categories of patients in terms of ...

    Authors: Lennart Carlsson, Lars-Erik Strender, Gerd Fridh and Gunnar H Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:35

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Only a minority of adolescents reporting symptoms above case-levels on screenings for mental health seeks and receives help from specialist health services. The objective of this study was to a) examine help-s...

    Authors: Henrik D Zachrisson, Kjetil Rödje and Arnstein Mykletun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:34

    Content type: Research article

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  10. HIV prevention in India has mostly focussed on heterosexual transmission. Data on homosexual transmission are not readily available from India. We therefore assessed the probability of acquiring and transmitti...

    Authors: Lalit Dandona, Rakhi Dandona, G Anil Kumar, Juan Pablo Gutierrez, Sam McPherson and Stefano M Bertozzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:31

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Obesity is a globally spreading health problem. Behavioural interventions aimed at modifying dietary habits and physical activity patterns are essential in prevention and management of obesity. General practit...

    Authors: Jurate Klumbiene, Janina Petkeviciene, Vytautas Vaisvalavicius and Irena Miseviciene

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:30

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Elevated plasma total homocysteine is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and a sensitive marker of the inadequate vitamin B12 and folate insufficiency. Folate and vitamin B12 have a protecti...

    Authors: Hossein Fakhrzadeh, Sara Ghotbi, Rasoul Pourebrahim, Masoumeh Nouri, Ramin Heshmat, Fatemeh Bandarian, Alireza Shafaee and Bagher Larijani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:29

    Content type: Technical advance

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  13. The popularity of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has led to a growing amount of research in this area. All the same little is known about the effects of these special treatments in every-day prac...

    Authors: Susanne Moebus, Nils Lehmann, Wolfgang Bödeker and Karl-Heinz Jöckel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:28

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Africa is in an orphan-care crisis. In Zimbabwe, where one-fourth of adults are HIV-positive and one-fifth of children are orphans, AIDS and economic decline are straining society's ability to care for orphans...

    Authors: Brian H Howard, Carl V Phillips, Nelia Matinhure, Karen J Goodman, Sheryl A McCurdy and Cary A Johnson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:27

    Content type: Research article

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  15. We tested the properties of the 18 Household Food Security Survey (HFSS) items, and the validity of the resulting food security classifications, in an English-speaking middle-income country.

    Authors: Martin C Gulliford, Cheryl Nunes and Brian Rocke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:26

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Administrative data can serve as an easily available source for epidemiological and evaluation studies. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of hospital administrative data to determine breast cancer s...

    Authors: Patrizia Schifano, Paolo Papini, Nera Agabiti, Marina Scarinci, Piero Borgia and Carlo A Perucci

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:25

    Content type: Research article

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  17. In occupational life, a mismatch between high expenditure of effort and receiving few rewards may promote the co-occurrence of lifestyle risk factors, however, there is insufficient evidence to support or refu...

    Authors: Anne Kouvonen, Mika Kivimäki, Marianna Virtanen, Tarja Heponiemi, Marko Elovainio, Jaana Pentti, Anne Linna and Jussi Vahtera

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:24

    Content type: Research article

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  18. A depressed Apgar score at 5 minutes is a marker for perinatal insults, including neurologic damage. We examined the association between 5-minute Apgar score and the risk of epilepsy hospitalization in childhood.

    Authors: Vera Ehrenstein, Henrik T Sørensen, Lars Pedersen, Helle Larsen, Vibeke Holsteen and Kenneth J Rothman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:23

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The relationship between physical activity and health status has been thoroughly investigated in several studies, while the relation between physical activity and socio-economic status (SES) is less investigat...

    Authors: Giuseppe La Torre, Daniele Masala, Elisabetta De Vito, Elisa Langiano, Giovanni Capelli and Walter Ricciardi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:22

    Content type: Research article

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  20. According to the latest Tanzanian National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) report a total of 147,271 individuals donated blood during the year 2002. However, blood safety remains an issue of major concern in tra...

    Authors: Mecky IN Matee, Pius M Magesa and Eligius F Lyamuya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:21

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The highest prevalence of several cardiovascular disease risk factors including obesity, smoking and low physical activity level is observed in adults of low socioeconomic status. This study investigates wheth...

    Authors: Peter L Kristensen, Niels Wedderkopp, Niels C Møller, Lars B Andersen, Charlotte N Bai and Karsten Froberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:20

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Spain shows the highest bladder cancer incidence rates in men among European countries. The most important risk factors are tobacco smoking and occupational exposure to a range of different chemical substances...

    Authors: Gonzalo Lopez-Abente, Nuria Aragones, Rebeca Ramis, Valentin Hernandez-Barrera, Beatriz Perez-Gomez, Antonio Escolar-Pujolar and Marina Pollan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:17

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Migration is a phenomenon of particular Public Health importance. Since 1990, almost 2 million ethnic Germans (Aussiedler) have migrated from the former Soviet Union (FSU) to Germany. This study compares their ov...

    Authors: Ulrich Ronellenfitsch, Catherine Kyobutungi, Heiko Becher and Oliver Razum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:16

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Smoking is an important health threat in Turkey. This study aimed to determine the frequency of and main factors associated with smoking in persons of 15 years and over, and the frequency of passive smoking in...

    Authors: Ali I Bozkurt, Saime Şahinöz, Birgül Özçırpıcı, Servet Özgür, Turgut Şahinöz, Hamit Acemoğlu, Günay Saka, Ali Ceylan, Yılmaz Palanci, Ersen İlçin and Feridun Akkafa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:15

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In Africa hypertension is common and stroke is increasing. Detection, treatment and control of high blood pressure (BP) is limited. BP can be lowered by reducing salt intake. In Africa salt is added to the foo...

    Authors: Francesco P Cappuccio, Sally M Kerry, Frank B Micah, Jacob Plange-Rhule and John B Eastwood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:13

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Limited information is available on ways to influence osteoporosis risk in premenopausal women. This study tested four hypotheses regarding the effects of individualized bone density (BMD) feedback and differe...

    Authors: Tania Winzenberg, Brian Oldenburg, Sue Frendin, Laura De Wit, Malcolm Riley and Graeme Jones

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:12

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Analysis was undertaken on data from randomly selected participants of a bio-medical cohort study to assess representativeness. The research hypotheses was that there was no difference in participation and non...

    Authors: Anne W Taylor, Eleonora Dal Grande, Tiffany Gill, Catherine R Chittleborough, David H Wilson, Robert J Adams, Janet F Grant, Patrick Phillips and Richard E Ruffin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:11

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Cocaine abuse is a serious and socially damaging illegal drug problem. Different routes of administration are associated with a specific progression of use, different degrees of abuse liability, propensity for...

    Authors: Camila Guindalini, Homero Vallada, Gerome Breen and Ronaldo Laranjeira

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:10

    Content type: Research article

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  29. We assessed the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a middle-income country in rapid epidemiological transition and estimated direct costs for treating all individuals at increased c...

    Authors: Pascal Bovet, Conrad Shamlaye, Anne Gabriel, Walter Riesen and Fred Paccaud

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:9

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Diabetes mellitus is a serious and increasing health problem in Australia and is a designated national health priority. Diabetes and related conditions represent an even greater health burden among Indigenous ...

    Authors: Joan Cunningham, Kerin O'Dea, Terry Dunbar, Tarun Weeramanthri, Paul Zimmet and Jonathan Shaw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:8

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. The Vaccines for Children (VFC) Program is a major vaccine entitlement program with limited long-term evaluation. The objectives of this study are to evaluate the effect of VFC on physician reported referral o...

    Authors: Richard K Zimmerman, Melissa Tabbarah, Janine E Janosky, Barbara Bardenheier, Judith A Troy, Ilene K Jewell and Barbara P Yawn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:7

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Prevention of depression must address multiple risk factors. Estimating overall risk across a range of putative risk factors is fundamental to prevention of depression. However, we lack reliable and valid meth...

    Authors: Michael King, Scott Weich, Francisco Torres-González, Igor Švab, Heidi-Ingrid Maaroos, Jan Neeleman, Miguel Xavier, Richard Morris, Carl Walker, Juan A Bellón-Saameño, Berta Moreno-Küstner, Danica Rotar, Janez Rifel, Anu Aluoja, Ruth Kalda, Mirjam I Geerlings…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:6

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Breast-feeding rates in the UK are known to vary by maternal socio-economic status but the latter function is imperfectly defined. We test if CTVB (Council Tax Valuation Band – a categorical assessment of UK p...

    Authors: Norman Beale, Gill Kane, Mark Gwynne, Carole Peart, Gordon Taylor, David Herrick and Andy Boyd

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:5

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Chronic hepatitis C infection (CHC) is a major healthcare problem. Effective anti-viral therapy is available. To maximise population effectiveness, co-ordinated services for detection and management of patient...

    Authors: Julie Parkes, Paul Roderick, Bethan Bennett-Lloyd and William Rosenberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:3

    Content type: Research article

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  35. This paper examines the association between use of protective devices, frequency of acute health problems and health-protection information received by participants engaged in the Prestige oil spill clean-up i...

    Authors: José Miguel Carrasco, Virginia Lope, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Nuria Aragonés, Berta Suárez, Gonzalo López-Abente, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo and Marina Pollán

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:1

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In a climate of concern over bioterrorism threats and emergent diseases, public health authorities are trialling more timely surveillance systems. The 2003 Rugby World Cup (RWC) provided an opportunity to test...

    Authors: David J Muscatello, Tim Churches, Jill Kaldor, Wei Zheng, Clayton Chiu, Patricia Correll and Louisa Jorm

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:141

    Content type: Research article

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  37. This study was undertaken to investigate women's accounts of interactions with health care providers during labour and delivery and to assess the implications for acceptability and utilisation of maternity ser...

    Authors: Lucia D'Ambruoso, Mercy Abbey and Julia Hussein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:140

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The major limit to colorectal cancer screening effectiveness is often low compliance. We studied the reasons for non compliance and determinants of compliance to faecal occult blood tests in Lazio, Italy.

    Authors: Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Antonio Federici, Francesco Bartolozzi, Sara Farchi, Piero Borgia and Gabriella Guasticchi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:139

    Content type: Research article

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  39. This study explores the socio-demographic characteristics of pregnant women who continue to smoke during the pregnancy, and identifies the characteristics of the smokers who were likely to quit smoking during ...

    Authors: Mohammed Mohsin and Adrian E Bauman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:138

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The implementation of the 58th World Health Assembly resolution on e-health will pose a major challenge for the Member States of the World Health Organization (WHO) African Region due to lack of information and c...

    Authors: Joses M Kirigia, Anthony Seddoh, Doris Gatwiri, Lenity HK Muthuri and Janet Seddoh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:137

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The common failure of health systems to ensure adequate and sufficient supplies of injection devices may have a negative impact on injection safety. We conducted an assessment in April 2001 to determine to whi...

    Authors: Sophie Logez, Yvan Hutin, Paul Somda, Jérôme Thuault and Kathleen Holloway

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:136

    Content type: Research article

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