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  1. Although the incidence of the use of life-ending drugs without explicit patient request has been estimated in several studies, in-depth empirical research on this controversial practice is nonexistent. Based o...

    Authors: Koen Meeussen, Lieve Van den Block, Nathalie Bossuyt, Michael Echteld, Johan Bilsen and Luc Deliens

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:186

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The Ministry of Health (hereafter, Ministry) of Trinidad and Tobago is responsible for delivery of all health services in the country. The Ministry takes responsibility for direct delivery of care in the publi...

    Authors: Violet Duke, Sheila Samiel, David Musa, Cameile Ali, Catherine Chang-Kit and Cynthia Warner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:185

    Content type: Correspondence

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  3. There is ample evidence that childhood overweight is associated with increased risk of chronic disease in adulthood. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between childhood overweight and commo...

    Authors: Alet H Wijga, Salome Scholtens, Wanda JE Bemelmans, Johan C de Jongste, Marjan Kerkhof, Maarten Schipper, Elisabeth A Sanders, Jorrit Gerritsen, Bert Brunekreef and Henriette A Smit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:184

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Parental knowledge of child development has been associated with more effective parenting strategies and better child outcomes. However, little is known about what adults who interact with children under the a...

    Authors: Shivani Rikhy, Suzanne Tough, Barry Trute, Karen Benzies, Heather Kehler and David W Johnston

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:183

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The offer of free nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) can be a cost-effective marketing strategy to induce smokers to call a telephone quitline for quitting assistance. However, the most cost-effective supply o...

    Authors: K Michael Cummings, Brian V Fix, Paula Celestino, Andrew Hyland, Martin Mahoney, Deborah J Ossip and Ursula Bauer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:181

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Since 1989 when the first 146 HIV positives in China were identified, Dehong Prefecture had been one of the areas hardest-hit by HIV in China. The local and national governments have put substantial financial ...

    Authors: Song Duan, Sheng Shen, Marc Bulterys, Yujiang Jia, Yuecheng Yang, Lifeng Xiang, Fei Tian, Lin Lu, Yao Xiao, Minjie Wang, Manhong Jia, Huazhou Jiang, Sten H Vermund and Yan Jiang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:180

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Cerebral palsy is the most common cause of physical disability in childhood, occurring in one in 500 children. It is caused by a static brain lesion in the neonatal period leading to a range of activity limita...

    Authors: Kristie L Bell, Roslyn N Boyd, Sean M Tweedy, Kelly A Weir, Richard D Stevenson and Peter SW Davies

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:179

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Harm reduction has focused primarily on reduction of high-risk substance using behaviors rather than reductions in high-risk sexual behaviors. Furthermore, most studies focus on individual behavior change, wit...

    Authors: Shirley J Semple, Steffanie A Strathdee, Jim Zians and Thomas L Patterson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:178

    Content type: Research article

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  9. HIV testing among tuberculosis patients is critical in improving morbidity and mortality as those found to be HIV positive will be offered a continuum of care including ART if indicated. We conducted a cross-s...

    Authors: Ibrahim Sendagire, Imke Schreuder, Mesach Mubiru, Maarten Schim van der Loeff, Frank Cobelens and Joseph Konde-Lule

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:177

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Frailty is highly prevalent in older people. Its serious adverse consequences, such as disability, are considered to be a public health problem. Therefore, disability prevention in community-dwelling frail old...

    Authors: Silke F Metzelthin, Ramon Daniëls, Erik van Rossum, Luc de Witte, Wim JA van den Heuvel and Gertrudis IJM Kempen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:176

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Puberty is a transition period making physiological development a challenge adolescents have to face. Early pubertal development could be associated with higher risks of poor health. Our objective was to exami...

    Authors: Adrien Gaudineau, Virginie Ehlinger, Christophe Vayssiere, Beatrice Jouret, Catherine Arnaud and Emmanuelle Godeau

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:175

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Delays seeking care worsen the burden of tuberculosis and cost of care for patients, families and the public health system. This study investigates costs of tuberculosis diagnosis incurred by patients, escorts...

    Authors: Mengiste M Mesfin, James N Newell, Richard J Madeley, Tolib N Mirzoev, Israel G Tareke, Yohannes T Kifle, Amanuel Gessessew and John D Walley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:173

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The association between ages and psychological impact of natural disasters has not been well characterized. A population-based study was conducted 15 months after the 2008 Sichuan earthquake to assess whether ...

    Authors: Zhaobao Jia, Wenhua Tian, Weizhi Liu, Yang Cao, Jin Yan and Zhisheng Shun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:172

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Traumatic or serious brain injury (BI) has persistent and well documented adverse outcomes, yet 'mild' or 'moderate' BI, which often does not result in hospital treatment, accounts for half the total days of d...

    Authors: Robert J Tait, Kaarin J Anstey and Peter Butterworth

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:171

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Normative misperceptions have been widely documented for alcohol use among U.S. college students. There is less research on other substances or European cultural contexts. This study explores which factors are...

    Authors: Lionel Riou Franca, Bertrand Dautzenberg, Bruno Falissard and Michel Reynaud

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:169

    Content type: Research article

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  16. A substantial fraction of UK general practitioners' salaries is now intended to reflect the quality of care provided. This performance-related pay system has probably improved aspects of primary health care bu...

    Authors: Tim Coleman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:167

    Content type: Debate

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  17. ADs are documents in which one can state one's preferences concerning end-of-life care, aimed at making someone's wishes known in situations where he/she is not able to do so in another manner. There is still ...

    Authors: Matthijs PS van Wijmen, Mette L Rurup, H Roeline W Pasman, Pam J Kaspers and Bregje D Onwuteaka-Philipsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:166

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Past studies have linked certain values (traditional vs. individualistic) with adolescent substance-use. The aims of this study are to replicate cross-sectional research linking values and adolescent substance...

    Authors: Robert Young and Patrick West

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:165

    Content type: Research article

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  19. A surprisingly low number of children became ill with giardiasis during the large waterborne outbreak of Giardia lamblia in Bergen, Norway during autumn 2004. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prev...

    Authors: Kristin M Mellingen, Anita Midtun, Kurt Hanevik, Geir E Eide, Øystein Søbstad and Nina Langeland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:163

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Heavy vehicle transportation continues to grow internationally; yet crash rates are high, and the risk of injury and death extends to all road users. The work environment for the heavy vehicle driver poses man...

    Authors: Mark Stevenson, Lisa N Sharwood, Keith Wong, Jane Elkington, Lynn Meuleners, Rebecca Q Ivers, Ron R Grunstein, Ann Williamson, Narelle Haworth and Robyn Norton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:162

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. Little research has evaluated disparities in life expectancy according to material deprivation taking into account differences across the lifespan between men and women. This study investigated age- and sex-sp...

    Authors: Nathalie Auger, Carolyne Alix, Geng Zang and Mark Daniel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:161

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In many low- and middle-income countries, where tobacco use is common, tuberculosis is also a major problem. Tobacco use increases the risk of developing tuberculosis, secondary mortality, poor treatment compl...

    Authors: Kamran Siddiqi, Amir Khan, Maqsood Ahmad and Shafiq-ur-Rehman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:160

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Nursing home residents bear a substantial burden of influenza morbidity and mortality. Vaccination of residents and healthcare workers (HCWs) is the main strategy for prevention. Despite recommendations, influ...

    Authors: Sophie Vaux, Delphine Noël, Laure Fonteneau, Jean-Paul Guthmann and Daniel Lévy-Bruhl

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:159

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Low- to middle-income countries are undergoing a health transition with non-communicable diseases contributing substantially to disease burden, despite persistence of undernutrition and infectious diseases. Th...

    Authors: Elizabeth W Kimani-Murage, Kathleen Kahn, John M Pettifor, Stephen M Tollman, David B Dunger, Xavier F Gómez-Olivé and Shane A Norris

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:158

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Breast screening uptake in London is below the Government's target of 70% and we investigate whether ethnicity affects this. Information on the ethnicity for the individual women invited is unavailable, so we ...

    Authors: Christine Renshaw, Ruth H Jack, Steve Dixon, Henrik Møller and Elizabeth A Davies

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:157

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Drowning is a major cause of morbidity and mortality for children, yet non-fatal drowning remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to explore potential modifiable risk factors of non-fatal drowning...

    Authors: Wen Jun Ma, Shao Ping Nie, Hao Feng Xu, Yan Jun Xu, Xiu Ling Song, Qiao Zhi Guo and Yu Run Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:156

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Despite access to various pharmacotherapies and counseling support to aid cessation, smokers typically demonstrate quit rates below 50%. This report describes the results of a Phase 2a study exploring the effi...

    Authors: Nicholas Geimer, Carl E Olson, Deborah Baumgarten, James L Kepner and Martin C Mahoney

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:155

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Our study aims to follow this effort and to explore the association between health, socioeconomic background, school-related factors, social support and adolescents' sense of coherence and educational aspirati...

    Authors: Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Peter Tavel, Jitse P van Dijk, Thomas Abel and Sijmen A Reijneveld

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:154

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Today, while there are effective drugs that reduce the risk of osteoporotic fracture, yet there are no broadly accepted criteria that can be used to estimate risks and decide who should receive treatment. One ...

    Authors: José Sanfélix-Genovés, Salvador Peiró, Gabriel Sanfélix-Gimeno, Vicente Giner, Vicente Gil, Manuel Pascual, Carlos Fluixá, Antonio Fuertes, Isabel Hurtado and Inmaculada Ferreros

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:153

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. Epidemiological studies show wide variability in the occurrence of cannabis smoking and related disorders across countries. This study aims to estimate cross-national variation in cannabis users' experience of...

    Authors: Fabian Fiestas, Mirjana Radovanovic, Silvia S Martins, Maria E Medina-Mora, Jose Posada-Villa and James C Anthony

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:152

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The World Health Organization calls for more work evaluating the effect of health care reforms on gender equity in developed countries. We performed this evaluation in Ontario, Canada where primary care models...

    Authors: Simone Dahrouge, William Hogg, Meltem Tuna, Grant Russell, Rose Anne Devlin, Peter Tugwell and Elisabeth Kristjansson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:151

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Health is a result of influences operating at multiple levels. For example, inadequate housing, poor educational attainment, and reduced access to health care are clustered together, and are all associated wit...

    Authors: Rebecca A Hill, Sinead Brophy, Huw Brunt, Mel Storey, Non E Thomas, Catherine A Thornton, Stephen Palmer, Frank Dunstan, Shantini Paranjothy, Roderick McClure, Sarah E Rodgers and Ronan A Lyons

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:150

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. In India, indigenous populations, known as Adivasi or Scheduled Tribes (STs), are among the poorest and most marginalized groups. 'Deprived' ST groups tend to display high levels of resignation and to lack the ca...

    Authors: KS Mohindra, D Narayana, CK Harikrishnadas, SS Anushreedha and Slim Haddad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:149

    Content type: Correspondence

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  34. Dahlgren and Whitehead's 'rainbow' outlines key determinants of health and has been widely adopted within public health policy and research. Public understanding regarding the determinants of health is, howeve...

    Authors: Clare Jinks, Bie Nio Ong and Tracey O'Neill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:148

    Content type: Research article

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  35. There is limited epidemiological research that provides insight into the complex web of causative and moderating factors that links housing conditions to a variety of poor health outcomes. This study explores ...

    Authors: Ross Bailie, Matthew Stevens, Elizabeth McDonald, David Brewster and Steve Guthridge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:147

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Commuting times and behaviors have been associated with a variety of chronic disease outcomes and health behaviors. We examined the relationships between ecologic measures of commuting time and use of public t...

    Authors: Steven S Coughlin and Jessica King

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:146

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The benefits of zinc or multiple micronutrient supplementations in African children are uncertain. African children may differ from other populations of children in developing countries because of differences ...

    Authors: Meera K Chhagan, Jan Van den Broeck, Kany-Kany A Luabeya, Nontobeko Mpontshane, Andrew Tomkins and Michael L Bennish

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:145

    Content type: Research article

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  38. While there are increasing data implicating poor recognition of physical inactivity as a potential barrier to healthy behaviour change, the efficacy of feedback to promote physical activity is uncertain. Using...

    Authors: Clare Watkinson, Esther MF van Sluijs, Stephen Sutton, Theresa Marteau and Simon J Griffin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:144

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. Diabetic patients show an increased prevalence of non-dipping arterial pressure pattern, target organ damage and elevated arterial stiffness. These alterations are associated with increased cardiovascular risk.

    Authors: Manuel A Gómez-Marcos, José I Recio-Rodríguez, Emiliano Rodríguez-Sánchez, Yolanda Castaño-Sánchez, Angela de Cabo-Laso, Benigna Sánchez-Salgado, Carmela Rodríguez-Martín, Carmen Castaño-Sánchez, Leticia Gómez-Sánchez and Luis García-Ortiz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:143

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. Policy-makers evaluating country progress towards the Millennium Development Goals also examine trends in health inequities. Distance to health facilities is a known determinant of health care utilization and ...

    Authors: Jennifer C Moïsi, Hellen Gatakaa, Abdisalan M Noor, Thomas N Williams, Evasius Bauni, Benjamin Tsofa, Orin S Levine and J Anthony G Scott

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:142

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The emerging epidemic of overweight/obesity in adolescents in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam underlines the importance of studying the metabolic syndrome in Vietnamese adolescents who are becoming progressively mor...

    Authors: Trang HHD Nguyen, Hong K Tang, Patrick Kelly, Hidde P van der Ploeg and Michael J Dibley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:141

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is combination of medical disorders that increase people's risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. Little data exists on the prevalence of MS of rural original adults in ...

    Authors: Zhao Yi, Jin Jing, Liu Xiu-ying, Xu Hongxia, Yang Jianjun and Zhang Yuhong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:140

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Different populations have diverse patterns of relationships between Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG) and obesity and lipid markers, it is important to investigate the characteristics of associations between IFG...

    Authors: Yun Qian, Yudi Lin, Tiemei Zhang, Jianling Bai, Feng Chen, Yi Zhang, Senlin Luo and Hongbing Shen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:139

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. One strategy available to public health officials during a pandemic is physician recommendations for isolation of infected individuals. This study was undertaken during the height of the Australian pandemic (H...

    Authors: Lawrence H Brown, Peter Aitken, Peter A Leggat and Richard Speare

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:138

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The balance of the benefits and risks of long term use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) have been a matter of debate for decades. In Europe, HRT requires medical prescription and its advertising is only pe...

    Authors: Elisa Chilet-Rosell, Marta Martín-Llaguno, María Teresa Ruiz-Cantero and Pablo Alonso-Coello

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:134

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

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