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  1. Lead is a highly toxic and pervasive metal. Chronic exposure to low levels is responsible for significant health effects, particularly in children. Prevention remains the best option for reducing childhood lea...

    Authors: Eugenious O Adebamowo, Oluwole A Agbede, Mynepalli KC Sridhar and Clement A Adebamowo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:82

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Socio-economic variations in health, including variations in health according to wealth and income, have been widely reported. A potential method of improving the health of the most deprived groups is to incre...

    Authors: Jean Adams, Martin White, Suzanne Moffatt, Denise Howel and Joan Mackintosh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:81

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The relationship between geographical location, private costs, health provider costs and uptake of health screening is unclear. This paper examines these relationships in a screening programme for abdominal ao...

    Authors: Sandra M Lindsay, John L Duncan, John Cairns and David J Godden

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:80

    Content type: Research article

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  4. To more efficiently reduce social inequalities in mortality, it is important to establish which causes of death contribute the most to socioeconomic mortality differentials. Few studies have investigated which...

    Authors: Maria Rosvall, Basile Chaix, John Lynch, Martin Lindström and Juan Merlo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:79

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Adverse employment experiences, particularly exposure to unemployment and the threat of unemployment, have been strongly associated with several adverse mental and physical health outcomes including suicide. H...

    Authors: Ostry Aleck, Maggi Stefania, Tansey James, Dunn James, Hershler Ruth, Chen Lisa, Louie Amber and Hertzman Clyde

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:77

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Suicidal thought is a risk factor and a stage in the suicidal process from planning to attempting and dying by suicide. To date, studies on suicidal thought in the general population, especially in Asian commu...

    Authors: Huong Tran Thi Thanh, Trung Nam Tran, Guo-Xin Jiang, Antoon Leenaars and Danuta Wasserman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:76

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Three decades after US and Australian forces withdrew from Vietnam, there has been much public interest in the health consequences of service in Vietnam. One controversial question is whether the risk of prost...

    Authors: Justine Leavy, Gina Ambrosini and Lin Fritschi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:75

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Demented nursing home patients are at high risk for falls. Falls and associated injuries can have a considerable influence on the autonomy and quality of life of patients. The prevention of falls among demente...

    Authors: Jacques CL Neyens, Béatrice PJ Dijcks, Jolanda CM van Haastregt, Luc P de Witte, Wim JA van den Heuvel, Harry FJM Crebolder and Jos MGA Schols

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:74

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Describing adverse health effects and identifying vulnerable populations during and after a disaster are important aspects of any disaster relief operation. This study aimed to describe the mortality and relat...

    Authors: Nobuyuki Nishikiori, Tomoko Abe, Dehiwala GM Costa, Samath D Dharmaratne, Osamu Kunii and Kazuhiko Moji

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:73

    Content type: Research article

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  10. People of low socioeconomic status have worse health and a higher probability of being granted a disability pension than people of high socioeconomic status. It is also known that public and private general ph...

    Authors: Anders Beckman, Anders Hakansson, Lennart Rastam, Thor Lithman and Juan Merlo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:71

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Body mass index [BMI, weight (kg)/height (m2)], a measure of relative weight, is a good overall indicator of nutritional status and predictor of overall health. As in many developing countries, the high prevalenc...

    Authors: Mangesh S Pednekar, Prakash C Gupta, Heema C Shukla and James R Hebert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:70

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Long-term sick leave has been of concern to politicians and decision-makers in Norway for several years. In the current study we assess the efficacy of a solution-focused follow-up for sick-listed employees.

    Authors: Pal Nystuen and Kare B Hagen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:69

    Content type: Research article

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  13. To investigate how a relatively socio-economically deprived community's needs have changed over time, assess which recommendations from an earlier assessment were implemented and sustained, and consider whethe...

    Authors: Colin S Brown, Simon Lloyd and Scott A Murray

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:68

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The Baltic countries – Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania – are considered to be an example of regional homogeneity over the period of transition. The World Health Organization cross-national study on Health Behav...

    Authors: Apolinaras Zaborskis, Linas Sumskas, Mai Maser and Iveta Pudule

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:67

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Few studies have described heterogeneity in Schistosoma japonicum infection intensity, and none were done in Philippines. The purpose of this report is to describe the village-to-village variation in the prevalen...

    Authors: Mushfiqur R Tarafder, Ernesto Balolong Jr, Hélène Carabin, Patrick Bélisle, Veronica Tallo, Lawrence Joseph, Portia Alday, Ryan O'Neil Gonzales, Steven Riley, Remigio Olveda and Stephen T McGarvey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:61

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Recent increases in the prevalence of adolescent obesity have been widely documented. Whilst there is a common lay perception that the current generation of adolescents is less active than ever before, there i...

    Authors: Jean Adams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:57

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Studies on clinical issues, including diagnostic strategies, are considered to be the core content of general practice research. The use of standardised instruments is regarded as an important component for th...

    Authors: Foteini Anastasiou, Nikos Antonakis, Georgia Chaireti, Pavlos N Theodorakis and Christos Lionis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:56

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Male gonadal exposure to ionizing radiation may disrupt spermatogenesis, but its influence on the fecundity of couples has been rarely studied. We aimed to characterize the influence of male gonadal dose of io...

    Authors: Sandra Sinno-Tellier, Jean Bouyer, Béatrice Ducot, Beatrice Geoffroy-Perez, Alfred Spira and Remy Slama

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:55

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Successful cross-national research requires methods that are both standardized across sites and adaptable to local conditions. We report on the development and implementation of the methodology underlying the ...

    Authors: Don C Des Jarlais, Theresa E Perlis, Gerry V Stimson and Vladimir Poznyak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:54

    Content type: Case report

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  20. The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between psychosocial and other working conditions and body-mass index (BMI) in a working population. This study contributes to the approximately dozen inves...

    Authors: Aleck S Ostry, Samia Radi, Amber M Louie and Anthony D LaMontagne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:53

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Non-concordance with medication remains a major public health problem that imposes a considerable financial burden on the health care system, and there is still a need for studies on correlates of non-concorda...

    Authors: Kristina Johnell, Martin Lindström, Jan Sundquist, Charli Eriksson and Juan Merlo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:52

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Little is known about the costs of community programmes to prevent cardiovascular diseases. The present study calculated the economic costs of all interventions within a Dutch community programme called Hartsl...

    Authors: Emma T Ronckers, Wim Groot, Mieke Steenbakkers, Erik Ruland and Andre Ament

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:51

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Personal exposure to pollutants is influenced by various outdoor and indoor sources. The aim of this study was to evaluate the exposure of Athens citizens to toluene and xylene, excluding exposure from active ...

    Authors: Evangelos C Alexopoulos, Christos Chatzis and Athena Linos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:50

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Due to the fact that adolescents are more likely to participate in high-risk behaviors, this sector of the population is particularly vulnerable to contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and result...

    Authors: Juan-Pablo Gutierrez, Stefano M Bertozzi, Carlos J Conde-Glez and Miguel-Angel Sanchez-Aleman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:49

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Little is known about proportions of smokers who maintain smoking after they are aware of a circulatory disorder. The goal was to analyze the extent to which the number of circulatory disorders may be related ...

    Authors: Ulrich John, Christian Meyer, Monika Hanke, Henry Völzke and Anja Schumann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:48

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The Olympic Games constitute a first-class opportunity to promote athleticism and health messages. Little is known, however on the impact of Olympic Games on the development of health-promotion programs for th...

    Authors: Elpidoforos S Soteriades, Christos Hadjichristodoulou, Jeni Kremastinou, Fotini C Chelvatzoglou, Panagiotis S Minogiannis and Matthew E Falagas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:47

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Smear negative pulmonary tuberculosis (SNPT) accounts for 30% of pulmonary tuberculosis cases reported yearly in Brazil. This study aimed to develop a prediction model for SNPT for outpatients in areas with sc...

    Authors: Fernanda Carvalho de Queiroz Mello, Luiz Gustavo do Valle Bastos, Sérgio Luiz Machado Soares, Valéria MC Rezende, Marcus Barreto Conde, Richard E Chaisson, Afrânio Lineu Kritski, Antonio Ruffino-Netto and Guilherme Loureiro Werneck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:43

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The UK government proposed introducing partial smokefree legislation for England with exemptions for pubs and bars that do not prepare and serve food. We set out to test the hypothesis that pubs from more depr...

    Authors: Richard Edwards, Christian P Hasselholdt, Kim Hargreaves, Claire Probert, Richard Holford, Judy Hart, Martie Van Tongeren and Adrian FR Watson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:42

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Studies investigating adverse events have traditionally been principally undertaken from a medical perspective. The impact that experience of an adverse event has on consumer confidence in health care is large...

    Authors: Sue M Evans, Jesia G Berry, Brian J Smith and Adrian J Esterman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:41

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In Lithuania, suicides are a grave public health problem, requiring more extensive investigation. The aim of the study was to assess the seasonal variations of suicides in Lithuania throughout the years 1993–2...

    Authors: Ramune Kalediene, Skirmante Starkuviene and Jadvyga Petrauskiene

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:40

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Ischaemic heart disease is a global priority of health-care policy, because of its social repercussions and its impact on the health-care system. Yet there is little information on coronary morbidity in Spain ...

    Authors: Alejandro Marín, María José Medrano, José González, Héctor Pintado, Vicente Compaired, Mario Bárcena, María Victoria Fustero, Javier Tisaire, José M Cucalón, Aurelio Martín, Raquel Boix, Francisco Hernansanz and José Bueno

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:38

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In the year after birth one in six women has a depressive illness, 94% experience at least one major health problem (e.g. back pain, perineal pain, mastitis, urinary or faecal incontinence), 26% experience sex...

    Authors: Judith Lumley, Lyndsey Watson, Rhonda Small, Stephanie Brown, Creina Mitchell and Jane Gunn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:37

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The objective was to explore the usefulness of the morbidity risk adjustment system Adjusted Clinical Groups® (ACG), in comparison with age and gender, in explaining and estimating patient costs on an individual ...

    Authors: Sven G Engström, Lennart Carlsson, Carl-Johan Östgren, Gunnar H Nilsson and Lars A Borgquist

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:36

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The objective was to estimate the proportion of inhabitants with a diagnosis-registered encounter with a general practitioner, and to elucidate annual variations of clinical categories of patients in terms of ...

    Authors: Lennart Carlsson, Lars-Erik Strender, Gerd Fridh and Gunnar H Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:35

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Only a minority of adolescents reporting symptoms above case-levels on screenings for mental health seeks and receives help from specialist health services. The objective of this study was to a) examine help-s...

    Authors: Henrik D Zachrisson, Kjetil Rödje and Arnstein Mykletun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:34

    Content type: Research article

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