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  1. Community quarantine is controversial, and the decision to use and prepare for it should be informed by specific quantitative evidence of benefit. Case-study reports on 2002-2004 SARS outbreaks have discussed ...

    Authors: Susan J Bondy, Margaret L Russell, Julie ML Laflèche and Elizabeth Rea

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:488

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are a major public health problem, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Among middle-income countries, Iran has one of the highest mortality rates from RTIs. Action is c...

    Authors: Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, Reza Mohammadi, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Lucie Laflamme, Ali Bikmoradi and Bo JA Haglund

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:486

    Content type: Research article

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  3. There is little information about height and weight status of Palestinian adolescents. The objective of this paper was to assess the prevalence of stunting, underweight, and overweight/obesity among Palestinia...

    Authors: Nahed Mikki, Hanan F Abdul-Rahim, Faisal Awartani and Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:485

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Although National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP), International Diabetes Federation (IDF), American Heart Association and National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (AHA/NHLBI), World Health Organization (...

    Authors: Cheng-Chieh Lin, Chiu-Shong Liu, Chia-Ing Li, Wen-Yuan Lin, Ming-May Lai, Tsann Lin, Pei-Chia Chang, Yih-Dar Lee, Ching-Chu Chen, Chih-Hsueh Lin, Chuan-Wei Yang, Chih-Yi Hsiao, Walter Chen and Tsai-Chung Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:484

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Since 2001, the District of Columbia Department of Health has been using an emergency room syndromic surveillance system to identify possible disease outbreaks. Data are received from a number of local hospita...

    Authors: Beth Ann Griffin, Arvind K Jain, John Davies-Cole, Chevelle Glymph, Garret Lum, Samuel C Washington and Michael A Stoto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:483

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Previous studies of Haitian immigrant and refugee youth have emphasized "externalizing" behaviors, such as substance use, high risk sexual behavior, and delinquency, with very little information available on "...

    Authors: Mary C Smith Fawzi, Theresa S Betancourt, Lilly Marcelin, Michelle Klopner, Kerim Munir, Anna C Muriel, Catherine Oswald and Joia S Mukherjee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:482

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Substantial empirical evidence has demonstrated that individuals who are socially isolated or have few positive social connections seem to age at a faster rate and have more chronic diseases. Oxytocin is a neu...

    Authors: Laura D Kubzansky, Wendy B Mendes, Allison Appleton, Jason Block and Gail K Adler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:481

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Childhood obesity is a major public health concern with serious implications for the sustainability of healthcare systems. Studies in the US and UK have shown that ethnicity is consistently associated with chi...

    Authors: Maria J Maynard, Graham Baker, Emma Rawlins, Annie Anderson and Seeromanie Harding

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:480

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. We hypothesize that the prevalence of unknown heart failure in diabetic patients aged 60 years and over is relatively high (15% or more) and that a cost-effective strategy can be developed to detect heart fail...

    Authors: Leandra JM Boonman-de Winter, Frans H Rutten, Maarten J Cramer, Anho H Liem, Marcel J Landman, Henk F van Stel, G Ardine de Wit, Guy EHM Rutten, Paulien AW van Hessen and Arno W Hoes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:479

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Alcohol consumption among adolescents is a serious public health concern. Research has shown that prevention programs targeting parents can help prevent underage drinking. The problem is that parental particip...

    Authors: Camilla Pettersson, Margareta Lindén-Boström and Charli Eriksson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:478

    Content type: Research article

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  11. A strong increase in smoking is noted especially among adolescents. In the Netherlands, about 5% of all 10-year olds, 25% of all 13-year olds and 62% of all 17-year olds report ever smoking. In the U.S., an in...

    Authors: Marieke Hiemstra, Linda Ringlever, Roy Otten, Christine Jackson, Onno CP van Schayck and Rutger CME Engels

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:477

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. Prior studies addressing the impacts of regular physical activity or sedentary habits on the immune system have been conducted in adults and laboratory settings. Thus, it is practically unknown how a healthy a...

    Authors: Oscar L Veiga, Sonia Gómez-Martínez, David Martínez-Gómez, Ariel Villagra, María E Calle and Ascensión Marcos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:475

    Content type: Study protocol

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  13. In recent times, medical schools have committed to developing good communication and history taking skills in students. However, there remains an unresolved question as to which constitutes the best educationa...

    Authors: Nilgun Ozcakar, Vildan Mevsim, Dilek Guldal, Tolga Gunvar, Ediz Yildirim, Zafer Sisli and Ilgi Semin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:474

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Analysing the observed differences for incidence or mortality of a particular disease between two different situations (such as time points, geographical areas, gender or other social characteristics) can be u...

    Authors: Joan Valls, Ramon Clèries, Jordi Gálvez, Victor Moreno, Rosa Gispert, Josep M Borràs and Josepa Ribes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:473

    Content type: Software

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  15. Outbreak investigation is a core function of public health agencies. Suboptimal outbreak investigation endangers both public health and agency reputations. While audits of clinical medical and nursing practice...

    Authors: Craig B Dalton, Tony D Merritt, David N Durrheim, Sally A Munnoch and Martyn D Kirk

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:472

    Content type: Correspondence

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  16. Better understanding of the trends and disparities in health at old age in terms of life expectancy will help to provide appropriate responses to the growing needs of health and social care for the older popul...

    Authors: Le V Hoi, Ho D Phuc, Truong V Dung, Nguyen TK Chuc and Lars Lindholm

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:471

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The use of restrictive measures such as quarantine draws into sharp relief the dynamic interplay between the individual rights of the citizen on the one hand and the collective rights of the community on the o...

    Authors: C Shawn Tracy, Elizabeth Rea and Ross EG Upshur

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:470

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Hand hygiene is the most effective measure for preventing infections related to healthcare, and its impact on the reduction of these infections is estimated at 50%. Non-compliance has been highlighted in sever...

    Authors: Carmen Martín-Madrazo, Asunción Cañada-Dorado, Miguel Angel Salinero- Fort, Juan Carlos Abanades-Herranz, Rosa Arnal-Selfa, Inmaculada García-Ferradal, Flora Espejo-Matorral, Enrique Carrillo-de Santa-Pau and Sonia Soto-Diaz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:469

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. This analysis assessed whether Blacks, Whites and Puerto-Rican (PR) Hispanics differed in their ability to identify the Tuskegee Syphilis Study (TSS) via open-ended questions following lead-in recognition and ...

    Authors: Ralph V Katz, Germain Jean-Charles, B Lee Green, Nancy R Kressin, Cristina Claudio, MinQi Wang, Stefanie L Russell and Jason Outlaw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:468

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease have been shown to track from childhood through to adulthood. Previous school-based physi...

    Authors: Gareth Knox, Julien S Baker, Bruce Davies, Susan Faulkner, Jaynie Rance, Anwen Rees, Kelly Morgan and Non Thomas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:466

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. Occupational health professionals may play an important role in preventive health promotion activities for employees. However, due to a lack of knowledge and evidence- and practice based methods and strategies...

    Authors: Lisanne M Verweij, Karin I Proper, Andre NH Weel, Carel TJ Hulshof and Willem van Mechelen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:461

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. In Australia there is a socioeconomic gradient in morbidity and mortality favouring socioeconomically advantaged people, much of which is accounted for by ischaemic heart disease. This study examines if Austra...

    Authors: Rosemary J Korda, Mark S Clements and Chris W Kelman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:460

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The capacity to form romantic relationships and sexual health of adolescents in the Netherlands are compromised by several factors, including young age of first intercourse and adolescent depression. Several t...

    Authors: Andrea Grauvogl, Silvia MAA Evers, Katy van den Hoek, Evert van der Veen, Anja Franke and Jacques JDM van Lankveld

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:459

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. We aimed to review systematically the needs for support in managing illness and maintaining social inclusion expressed by people with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME)

    Authors: Maria de Lourdes Drachler, Jose Carlos de Carvalho Leite, Lee Hooper, Chia Swee Hong, Derek Pheby, Luis Nacul, Eliana Lacerda, Peter Campion, Anne Killett, Maggie McArthur and Fiona Poland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:458

    Content type: Research article

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  25. A relationship between quality of primary health care and preventable hospitalizations has been described in the US, especially among the elderly. In Europe, there has been a recent increase in the evaluation ...

    Authors: Nera Agabiti, Monica Pirani, Patrizia Schifano, Giulia Cesaroni, Marina Davoli, Luigi Bisanti, Nicola Caranci, Giuseppe Costa, Francesco Forastiere, Chiara Marinacci, Antonio Russo, Teresa Spadea and Carlo A Perucci

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:457

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Despite the many antihypertensive medications available, two-thirds of patients with hypertension do not achieve blood pressure control. This is thought to be due to a combination of poor patient education, po...

    Authors: Heather Bennett, Kelsey Laird, David Margolius, Victoria Ngo, David H Thom and Thomas Bodenheimer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:456

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. Patients with type 2 diabetes can have an important role in discussing health risk within families. This study aimed to establish the acceptability to first degree relatives towards their relative with type 2 ...

    Authors: David L Whitford, Hannah McGee and Bernadette O'Sullivan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:455

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Health care seeking is a dynamic process that is influenced by socio-demographic, cultural and other factors. In Ethiopia, there are limited studies regarding the health seeking behaviour of tuberculosis (TB) ...

    Authors: Solomon Yimer, Carol Holm-Hansen, Tilahun Yimaldu and Gunnar Bjune

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:454

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Several studies considered the relation between long-term exposure to particulate matter (PM) and total mortality, as well as mortality from cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Our aim was to provide a co...

    Authors: Claudio Pelucchi, Eva Negri, Silvano Gallus, Paolo Boffetta, Irene Tramacere and Carlo La Vecchia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:453

    Content type: Research article

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  30. New Zealand rates of obesity and overweight have increased since the 1980s, particularly among indigenous Māori people, Pacific people and those living in areas of high deprivation. New Zealand's response to t...

    Authors: Rachael M McLean, Janet A Hoek, Sue Buckley, Bronwyn Croxson, Jacqueline Cumming, Terry H Ehau, Ausaga Fa'asalele Tanuvasa, Margaret Johnston, Jim I Mann and Grant Schofield

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:452

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Over-indebtedness is an increasing phenomenon worldwide. Massive financial strain, as found in over-indebted persons, might influence the occurrence of back pain. In this explorative study we examined the prev...

    Authors: Elke B Ochsmann, Heiko Rueger, Stephan Letzel, Hans Drexler and Eva Muenster

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:451

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In 2004, tuberculosis (TB) was responsible for 2.5% of global mortality (among men 3.1%; among women 1.8%) and 2.2% of global burden of disease (men 2.7%; women 1.7%). The present work portrays accumulated evi...

    Authors: Jürgen Rehm, Andriy V Samokhvalov, Manuela G Neuman, Robin Room, Charles Parry, Knut Lönnroth, Jayadeep Patra, Vladimir Poznyak and Svetlana Popova

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:450

    Content type: Research article

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  33. While the timing of reproductive events varies across populations, a downward trend in age at menarche has nevertheless been reported in most of the developed world over the past century. Given the impact of c...

    Authors: Anna Cabanes, Nieves Ascunce, Enrique Vidal, María Ederra, Ana Barcos, Nieves Erdozain, Virginia Lope and Marina Pollán

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:449

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The aim of the study was to describe the body composition of Finnish adults, especially by education, and to investigate whether fat-free mass (FFM) can explain educational gradients relating to body mass inde...

    Authors: Elina Seppänen-Nuijten, Marjaana Lahti-Koski, Satu Männistö, Paul Knekt, Harri Rissanen, Arpo Aromaa and Markku Heliövaara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:448

    Content type: Research article

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  35. About 1.4 million Salmonella infections, a common food-borne illness, occur in the U.S. annually; the elderly (aged 65 or above) are most susceptible. In 1997, the USDA introduced the Pathogen Reduction and Hazar...

    Authors: Kenneth KH Chui, Patrick Webb, Robert M Russell and Elena N Naumova

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:447

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In many countries age at pubertal onset has declined substantially. Relatively little attention has been paid to how this decline may affect adolescent behaviours such as substance use, violence and unprotecte...

    Authors: Jennifer Downing and Mark A Bellis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:446

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Aetiologically, genetic and environmental factors having an uneven spatial distribution may underlie Parkinson's disease (PD). Undiagnosis of PD in selected regions might have limited access to treatment with ...

    Authors: Jesús de Pedro-Cuesta, Eduard Rodríguez-Farré and Gonzalo Lopez-Abente

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:445

    Content type: Research article

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  38. High-quality cancer information resources are available but underutilized by the public. Despite greater awareness of the National Cancer Institute's Cancer Information Service among low-income African America...

    Authors: Ludmila Cofta-Woerpel, Veenu Randhawa, H Gene McFadden, Angela Fought, Emily Bullard and Bonnie Spring

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:444

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. In Korea, the cutoff values of waist circumference (WC) for the identification of metabolic syndrome (MetS) were suggested to be 90 cm for men and 85 cm for women based on the analysis mainly in middle-aged ad...

    Authors: Ji A Seo, Byoung Gwon Kim, Hyunjoo Cho, Hye Sook Kim, Juri Park, Sei Hyun Baik, Dong Seop Choi, Moon Ho Park, Sangmee Ahn Jo, Young Ho Koh, Changsu Han and Nan Hee Kim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:443

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a health problem that is becoming increasingly attended-to in Primary Care (PC). However, there is a scarcity of health-care programs and studies exploring the i...

    Authors: Carles Valero, Mònica Monteagudo, Maria Llagostera, Xavier Bayona, Sílvia Granollers, Mateo Acedo, Juan J Ferro, Lluïsa Rodríguez-Latre, Jesús Almeda and Laura Muñoz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:442

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Dimeticone 4% lotion was shown to be an effective treatment for head louse infestation in two randomised controlled trials in England. It is not affected by insecticide resistance but efficacy obtained (70-75%...

    Authors: Özgür Kurt, I Cüneyt Balcıoğlu, Ian F Burgess, M Emin Limoncu, Nogay Girginkardeşler, Tuba Tabak, Hasan Muslu, Özge Ermiş, M Turhan Sahin, Cemal Bilac, Hakan Kavur and Yusuf Özbel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:441

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) have a high prevalence in the general population and are associated with psychiatric morbidity. There are indications that MUPS are an important determinant of fr...

    Authors: Rob Hoedeman, Boudien Krol, Nettie Blankenstein, Petra C Koopmans and Johan W Groothoff

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:440

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The individual and societal burden of hand eczema is high. Literature indicates that moderate to severe hand eczema is a disease with a poor prognosis. Many patients are hampered in their daily activities, inc...

    Authors: Robin F van Gils, Pieter GM van der Valk, Derk Bruynzeel, Pieter J Coenraads, Cécile RL Boot, Willem van Mechelen and Johannes R Anema

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:438

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. Group B streptococcus (GBS), which asymptomatically colonises the vaginal and rectal areas of women, is the leading cause of septicemia, meningitis and pneumonia in neonates. In Tanzania no studies have been d...

    Authors: Agricola Joachim, Mecky I Matee, Furaha A Massawe and Eligius F Lyamuya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:437

    Content type: Research article

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