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  1. While enhancing physical activity has been an essential goal of public health officials, people with physical impairments such as spinal cord injury (SCI) are more likely to live a sedentary lifestyle. Exercis...

    Authors: Matthew Kehn and Thilo Kroll

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:168

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The burden of non-communicable diseases is rising globally. This trend seems to be faster in developing countries of the Middle East. In this study, we presented the latest prevalence rates of a number of impo...

    Authors: Alireza Esteghamati, Alipasha Meysamie, Omid Khalilzadeh, Armin Rashidi, Mehrdad Haghazali, Fereshteh Asgari, Mandana Kamgar, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya and Mehrshad Abbasi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:167

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Current guidelines recommend education, physical activity and changes in diet for type 2 diabetes patients, yet the composition and organization of non-pharmacological care are still controversial. Therefore, ...

    Authors: Eva S Vadstrup, Anne Frølich, Hans Perrild, Eva Borg and Michael Røder

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:166

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Despite evidence for the effectiveness of interventions to modify lifestyle behaviours in the primary health care (PHC) setting, assessment and intervention for these behaviours remains low in routine practice...

    Authors: Rachel A Laws, Upali W Jayasinghe, Mark F Harris, Anna M Williams, Gawaine Powell Davies and Lynn A Kemp

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:165

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The life course approach emphasises the contribution of circumstances in childhood and youth to adult health inequalities. However, there is still a lot to know of the contribution of living conditions in chil...

    Authors: Laura Kestilä, Tuija Martelin, Ossi Rahkonen, Tommi Härkänen and Seppo Koskinen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:164

    Content type: Research article

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  6. HIV serosurveys have become important sources of HIV prevalence estimates, but these estimates may be biased because of refusals and other forms of non-response. We investigate the effect of the post-test coun...

    Authors: Georges Reniers, Tekebash Araya, Yemane Berhane, Gail Davey and Eduard J Sanders

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:163

    Content type: Research article

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  7. We investigated whether lack of perceived neighborhood safety due to crime, or living in high crime neighborhoods was associated with incident mobility disability in elderly populations. We hypothesized that l...

    Authors: Cheryl R Clark, Ichiro Kawachi, Louise Ryan, Karen Ertel, Martha E Fay and Lisa F Berkman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:162

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Thailand has joined the World Health Organization effort to prepare against a threat of an influenza pandemic. Regular monitoring on preparedness of health facilities and assessment on perception of the front-...

    Authors: Tapanan Prateepko and Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:161

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Diverse projects and guidelines to assist hospitals towards the attainment of comprehensive smoke-free policies have been developed. In 2006, Spain government passed a new smoking ban that reinforce tobacco co...

    Authors: Cristina Martínez, Marcela Fu, Jose M Martínez-Sánchez, Montse Ballbè, Montse Puig, Montse García, Esther Carabasa, Esteve Saltó and Esteve Fernández

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:160

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is prevalent globally, experienced by a significant minority of women in the early childbearing years and is harmful to the mental and physical health of women and children. The...

    Authors: Angela J Taft, Rhonda Small, Kelsey L Hegarty, Judith Lumley, Lyndsey F Watson and Lisa Gold

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:159

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. Many tuberculosis (TB) patients in Indonesia are diagnosed late. We seek to document patient journeys toward TB diagnosis and treatment and factors that influence health care seeking behavior.

    Authors: N Rintiswati, Y Mahendradhata, Suharna, Susilawati, Purwanta, Y Subronto, CM Varkevisser and MJ van der Werf

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:158

    Content type: Research article

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  12. While incarceration has consistently been associated with a higher risk of HIV infection for individuals who use injection drugs (IDU), the effect of incarceration on the post-release risk environment remains ...

    Authors: M-J S Milloy, Jane Buxton, Evan Wood, Kathy Li, Julio SG Montaner and Thomas Kerr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:156

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The average annual reported dengue incidence in Cambodia is 3.3/1,000 among children < 15 years of age (2002–2007). To estimate the economic burden of dengue, accurate cost-of-illness data are essential. We co...

    Authors: Rekol Huy, Ole Wichmann, Mark Beatty, Chantha Ngan, Socheat Duong, Harold S Margolis and Sirenda Vong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:155

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Although routine vaccination is a major tool in the primary prevention of some infectious diseases, there is some reluctance in a proportion of the population. Negative parental perceptions of vaccination are ...

    Authors: Eva Borràs, Àngela Domínguez, Miriam Fuentes, Joan Batalla, Neus Cardeñosa and Antoni Plasencia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:154

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The proportion of older people is increasing worldwide. Globally, it is estimated that older people (those 60 years or older) constitute more than 11% of the population. As the HIV/AIDS pandemic rages in sub-S...

    Authors: Catherine Kyobutungi, Alex C Ezeh, Eliya Zulu and Jane Falkingham

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:153

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The Health Enhancing Strength Training in Nonagenarians (STRONG) is a randomised control trial to assess the effectiveness of an aerobic and strength training program for improving muscle strength, functional ...

    Authors: José A Serra Rexach, Jonatan R Ruiz, Natalia Bustamante-Ara, Margarita Hierro Villarán, Pedro González Gil, Maria J Sanz Ibáñez, Nekane Blanco Sanz, Victor Ortega Santamaría, Natalia Gutiérrez Sanz, Ana B Marín Prada, Cristian Gallardo, Gabriel Rodríguez Romo and Alejandro Lucia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:152

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. The PLATINO project was launched in 2002 in order to study the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Latin America. Because smoking is the main risk factor for COPD, detailed data on it...

    Authors: Ana M Menezes, Maria V Lopez, Pedro C Hallal, Adriana Muiño, Rogelio Perez-Padilla, José R Jardim, Gonzalo Valdivia, Julio Pertuzé, Maria M de Oca, Carlos Tálamo and Cesar G Victora

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:151

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Epidemiological investigations of recent outbreaks of vaccine preventable diseases have indicated that incomplete immunization was the major reason for the outbreaks. In Ethiopia, full immunization rate is low...

    Authors: Henoke Tadesse, Amare Deribew and Mirkuzie Woldie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:150

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Smoking is one of the leading causes of premature death particularly in developing countries. The prevalence of smoking is high among the general male population in Bangladesh. Unfortunately smoking informatio...

    Authors: Md Mobarak Hossain Khan, Aklimunnessa Khan, Alexander Kraemer and Mitsuru Mori

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:149

    Content type: Research article

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  20. An inverse relationship between physical activity (PA) and depression among adolescents has been reported in developed communities without consideration of sedentary behaviors (SB, including sitting for course...

    Authors: Xin Hong, JieQuan Li, Fei Xu, Lap Ah Tse, YaQiong Liang, ZhiYong Wang, Ignatius Tak-sun Yu and Sian Griffiths

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:148

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Dietary and lifestyle behaviors at young ages have been associated with the development of various chronic diseases. Schools are regarded as an excellent setting for lifestyle modification; there is a lack, ho...

    Authors: Chrystalleni Lazarou, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Christiana Kouta and Antonia-Leda Matalas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:147

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions in developed countries. Sedentary screen-based activities such as video gaming are thought to displace active behaviors and are independently associated with ...

    Authors: Ralph Maddison, Louise Foley, Cliona Ni Mhurchu, Andrew Jull, Yannan Jiang, Harry Prapavessis, Anthony Rodgers, Stephen Vander Hoorn, Maea Hohepa and David Schaaf

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:146

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Non-compliance with medication is a major health problem. Cultural differences may explain different compliance patterns. The size of the compliance burden and the impact of socio-demographic and socio-economi...

    Authors: John Larsen, Henrik Stovring, Jakob Kragstrup and Dorte G Hansen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:145

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Limited evidence suggests that people from non-English speaking backgrounds in Australia have lower than average rates of participation in cancer screening programs. The objective of this study was to examine ...

    Authors: Marianne F Weber, Emily Banks, David P Smith, Dianne O'Connell and Freddy Sitas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:144

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Studies in North America and other high-income regions support the distinction between extreme "intimate terrorism" and occasional "situational couple violence", defined conceptually in terms of the presence o...

    Authors: Gunilla Krantz and Nguyen Dang Vung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:143

    Content type: Research article

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  26. If UK healthcare services are to respond effectively to pandemic influenza, levels of absenteeism amongst healthcare workers (HCWs) must be minimised. Current estimates of the likelihood that HCWs will continu...

    Authors: Sarah Damery, Sue Wilson, Heather Draper, Christine Gratus, Sheila Greenfield, Jonathan Ives, Jayne Parry, Judith Petts and Tom Sorell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:142

    Content type: Research article

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  27. About 80% of new tuberculosis cases in Norway occur among immigrants from high incidence countries. On arrival to the country all asylum seekers are screened with Mantoux test and chest x-ray aimed to identify...

    Authors: Ingunn Harstad, Einar Heldal, Sigurd L Steinshamn, Helge Garåsen and Geir W Jacobsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:141

    Content type: Research article

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  28. To reduce the duration of sick leave and loss of productivity due to common mental disorders (CMDs), we developed a return-to-work programme to be provided by occupational physicians (OPs) based on the princip...

    Authors: Erik Noordik, Frank J van Dijk, Karen Nieuwenhuijsen and Jac JL van der Klink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:140

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Although the association of weight gain and developing metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been reported in the Western and Asian populations, data on the gender-stratified effects of weight change (including weight...

    Authors: Azadeh Zabetian, Farzad Hadaegh, Parvin Sarbakhsh and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:138

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes poses a major public health challenge. Population-based screening and early treatment for type 2 diabetes could reduce this growing burden. However, the benefits of...

    Authors: Justin B Echouffo-Tcheugui, Rebecca K Simmons, Kate M Williams, Roslyn S Barling, A Toby Prevost, Ann Louise Kinmonth, Nicholas J Wareham and Simon J Griffin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:136

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. The burden of disease of hearing disorders among adults is high, but a significant part goes undetected. Screening programs in combination with the delivery of hearing aids can alleviate this situation, but th...

    Authors: Baltussen Rob, Abraham Vinod J, Priya Monica, Achamma Balraj, Anand Job, Gift Norman and Abraham Joseph

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:135

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Despite substantial declines, Ischaemic Heart Disease (IHD) remains the largest cause of death in Scotland and mortality rates are among the worst in Europe. There is evidence of strong, persisting regional an...

    Authors: Carolyn A Davies, Ruth Dundas and Alastair H Leyland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:134

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The prevalence of child sexual abuse (CSA) in the population has been poorly described in developing countries. Population data on child sexual abuse in Brazil is very limited. This paper aims to estimate life...

    Authors: Diego G Bassani, Lilian S Palazzo, Jorge U Béria, Luciana P Gigante, Andréia CL Figueiredo, Denise RGC Aerts and Beatriz CW Raymann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:133

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Thyroid hormone replacement is one of the most commonly prescribed and cost effective treatments for a chronic disease. There have been recent changes in community prescribing policies in many areas of the UK ...

    Authors: Anna L Mitchell, Bryan Hickey, Janis L Hickey and Simon HS Pearce

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:132

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Little research has been conducted to examine the relationship between education level and functional limitations among Japanese community residents. We sought to examine the association between education leve...

    Authors: Kaori Honjo, Hiroyasu Iso, Ai Ikeda, Manami Inoue and Shoichiro Tsugane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:131

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Poor sleep quality has been associated with increased risk of heart disease, diabetes and mortality. However, limited information exists on the distribution and determinants of sleep quality and its associatio...

    Authors: Nazanin Haseli-Mashhadi, Tony Dadd, An Pan, Zhijie Yu, Xu Lin and Oscar H Franco

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:130

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) is a corner stone for successful implementation of prevention, care and support services among HIV negative and positive individuals. VCT is also perceived to be an effec...

    Authors: Mgosha P Charles, Eliningaya J Kweka, Aneth M Mahande, Longin R Barongo, Seif Shekalaghe, Hassan M Nkya, Asanterabi Lowassa and Michael J Mahande

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:128

    Content type: Research article

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  38. All aspects of the heath care sector are being asked to account for their performance. This poses unique challenges for local public health units with their traditional focus on population health and their emp...

    Authors: Erica Weir, Nadine d'Entremont, Shelley Stalker, Karim Kurji and Victoria Robinson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:127

    Content type: Correspondence

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  39. Many smokers believe that "light" cigarettes are less harmful than regular cigarettes, which is at variance with the scientific evidence. The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) aims to address this...

    Authors: Nick Wilson, Deepa Weerasekera, Jo Peace, Richard Edwards, George Thomson and Miranda Devlin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:126

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Higher prevalence rates of unhealthy behaviours among lower socioeconomic groups contribute substantially to socioeconomic inequalities in health in adults. Preventing the development of these inequalities in ...

    Authors: Frank J van Lenthe, Ilse de Bourdeaudhuij, Knut-Inge Klepp, Nanna Lien, Laurence Moore, Fabrizio Faggiano, Anton E Kunst and Johan P Mackenbach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:125

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Infant feeding recommendations for HIV-positive mothers differ from recommendations to mothers of unknown HIV-status. The aim of this study was to compare feeding practices, including breastfeeding, between in...

    Authors: Lars T Fadnes, Ingunn MS Engebretsen, Henry Wamani, Nulu B Semiyaga, Thorkild Tylleskär and James K Tumwine

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:124

    Content type: Research article

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  42. In Korea, the cumulative number of HIV-infected individuals was smaller than those of other countries. Mandatory HIV tests, dominating method until 1990's, have been gradually changed to voluntary HIV tests. W...

    Authors: Mee-Kyung Kee, Jin-Hee Lee, Chaeshin Chu, Eun-Ju Lee and Sung-Soon Kim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:123

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Tobacco is still the number one life style risk factor for ill health and premature death and also one of the major contributors to oral problems and diseases. Dentistry may be a potential setting for several ...

    Authors: Eva Nohlert, Åke Tegelberg, Per Tillgren, Pia Johansson, Andreas Rosenblad and Ásgeir R Helgason

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:121

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The impact of obesity on health-related quality of life (HRQL) has been little explored in rural areas. The goal of this study is to ascertain the association between obesity and HRQL among Spanish women livin...

    Authors: María José García-Mendizábal, José Miguel Carrasco, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Nuria Aragonés, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Gonzalo López-Abente and Marina Pollán

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:120

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Social distancing interventions such as school closure and prohibition of public gatherings are present in pandemic influenza preparedness plans. Predicting the effectiveness of intervention strategies in a pa...

    Authors: Joel K Kelso, George J Milne and Heath Kelly

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:117

    Content type: Research article

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