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  1. Studies have shown that a proportion of children as young as two years are already overweight. This indicates that obesity prevention programs that commence as early as possible and are family-focused are need...

    Authors: Li Ming Wen, Louise A Baur, Chris Rissel, Karen Wardle, Garth Alperstein and Judy M Simpson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:76

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. A law making all indoor workplaces including bars and restaurants smokefree became operational in New Zealand in December 2004. New Zealand has a national free-phone Quitline Service which has been operational...

    Authors: Nick Wilson, Gabriel Sertsou, Richard Edwards, George Thomson, Michele Grigg and Judy Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:75

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In patients with type 2 diabetes, the risk for cardiovascular disease is substantial. To achieve a more favourable risk profile, lifestyle changes on diet, physical activity and smoking status are needed. This...

    Authors: Laura MC Welschen, Patricia van Oppen, Jacqueline M Dekker, Lex M Bouter, Wim AB Stalman and Giel Nijpels

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:74

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Several studies have indicated a significant association between marital status and mortality risks. However, most of these studies have compared married and unmarried people without differentiating among sing...

    Authors: Ai Ikeda, Hiroyasu Iso, Hideaki Toyoshima, Yoshihisa Fujino, Tetsuya Mizoue, Takesumi Yoshimura, Yutaka Inaba and Akiko Tamakoshi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:73

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Currently there are very limited empirical data available on the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis among residents of marginalized settings in Pakistan. This study assessed the prevalence of pulmonary tuber...

    Authors: Saeed Akhtar, Franklin White, Rumina Hasan, Shafquat Rozi, Mohammad Younus, Faiza Ahmed, Sara Husain and Bilquis Sana Khan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:70

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Demographic changes together with an increasing demand among older people for hospital beds and other health services make allocation of resources to the most efficient care level a vital issue. The aim of thi...

    Authors: Helge Garåsen, Rolf Windspoll and Roar Johnsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:68

    Content type: Research article

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  7. It is unclear if objective selection of employees, for an intervention to prevent sickness absence, is more effective than subjective 'personal enlistment'. We hypothesize that objectively selected employees a...

    Authors: Saskia FA Duijts, IJmert Kant and Gerard MH Swaen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:67

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The palliative services and programs have been developed with different intensity and modalities in all countries. Several studies have reported that a geographic variation in the availability and provision of...

    Authors: Monica Beccaro, Massimo Costantini and Domenico Franco Merlo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:66

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Cantabria (Spain) has one of the highest prevalence of smoking among women of the European Union. The objectives are to assess the trend of smoking during pregnancy in a five-year period and the determinants o...

    Authors: Silvia Palma, Rocio Pérez-Iglesias, Rosa Pardo-Crespo, Javier Llorca, Marcial Mariscal and Miguel Delgado-Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:65

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Inadequate serum vitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations are associated with secondary hyperparathyroidism, increased bone turnover and bone loss, which increase fracture risk. The objective of this study is to ass...

    Authors: Audrey Neuprez, Olivier Bruyère, Julien Collette and Jean-Yves Reginster

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:64

    Content type: Research article

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  11. HIV and AIDS are significant and growing public health concerns in southern Africa. The majority of countries in the region have national adult HIV prevalence estimates exceeding 10 percent. The increasing ava...

    Authors: Adamson S Muula, Thabale J Ngulube, Seter Siziya, Cecilia M Makupe, Eric Umar, Hans Walter Prozesky, Charles S Wiysonge and Ronald H Mataya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:63

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Mastitis is one of the most common problems experienced by women who are breastfeeding. Mastitis is an inflammation of breast tissue, which may or may not result from infection. The aims of this paper are to c...

    Authors: Lisa H Amir, Della A Forster, Judith Lumley and Helen McLachlan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:62

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Many patients with chronic diseases use complementary therapies, often provided by their physicians. In Germany, several physician-provided complementary therapies have been reimbursed by health insurance comp...

    Authors: Harald J Hamre, Claudia M Witt, Anja Glockmann, Renatus Ziegler, Stefan N Willich and Helmut Kiene

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:61

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Evidence suggests that HIV prevalence amongst young Zambians has declined recently, especially in higher-education groups. We studied trends in key sexual behaviour indicators among 15–24 year-olds from 1995 t...

    Authors: Ingvild F Sandøy, Charles Michelo, Seter Siziya and Knut Fylkesnes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:60

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Over recent years the public health system has shown increasing interest in patients' views for use as guideline criteria in evaluating the quality of assistance above all for those patients with chronic disea...

    Authors: Emma Altobelli, Mara Maccarone, Reimondo Petrocelli, Ciro Marziliano, Alberto Giannetti, Ketty Peris and Sergio Chimenti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:59

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Variability in stages of the HIV-1 epidemic and hence HIV-1 prevalence exists in different areas in sub-Saharan Africa. The purpose of this study was to investigate the magnitude of HIV-1 infection and identif...

    Authors: Elia J Mmbaga, Akhtar Hussain, Germana H Leyna, Kagoma S Mnyika, Noel E Sam and Knut-Inge Klepp

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:58

    Content type: Research article

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  17. African American women have higher rates of breast cancer mortality than their white counterparts. Studies have suggested that this is partly caused by discovery of cancer at a later stage, highlighting the im...

    Authors: Georgia R Sadler, Celine M Ko, Jennifer A Cohn, Monique White, Rai-nesha Weldon and Phillis Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:57

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The role of alcohol as a risk factor for motor vehicle crashes is long known. Yet, reports on the prevalence of drinking and driving suggest values between 20%–30% when the adult driving population is intervie...

    Authors: Maria Segui-Gomez, Silvia Palma, Francisco Guillen-Grima, Jokin de Irala and Miguel A Martinez-Gonzalez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:55

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Early sexual maturation has been associated with overweight that may persist after the completion of biological growth and development. We have prospectively examined the influence of early sexual maturation o...

    Authors: Grete H Bratberg, Tom IL Nilsen, Turid L Holmen and Lars J Vatten

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:54

    Content type: Research article

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  20. European citizens are increasingly being offered Internet health services. This study investigated patterns of health-related Internet use, its consequences, and citizens' expectations about their doctors' pro...

    Authors: Hege K Andreassen, Maria M Bujnowska-Fedak, Catherine E Chronaki, Roxana C Dumitru, Iveta Pudule, Silvina Santana, Henning Voss and Rolf Wynn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:53

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Choosing cost-effective strategies for improving the health of the public is difficult because the relative effects of different types of interventions are not well understood. The benefits of one-shot interve...

    Authors: Paula Diehr, Ann Derleth, Liming Cai and Anne B Newman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:52

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Homeless people have higher morbidity and mortality rates than the general population. Research has shown that cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in older homeless adults. This study was unde...

    Authors: Dana Kubisová, Věra Adámková, Věra Lánská, Pavel Dlouhý, Jolana Rambousková and Michal Anděl

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:51

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Chronic hemodialysis patients are at higher risk for acquiring hepatitis C virus (HCV). The prevalence varies among different countries and hemodialysis centers. Although guidelines for a comprehensive infecti...

    Authors: Maricea Engel, Fernanda M Malta, Michele MS Gomes, Isabel MVGC Mello, João RR Pinho, Suzane K Ono-Nita and Flair J Carrilho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:50

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The cost-benefit of raccoon rabies control strategies such as oral rabies vaccination (ORV) are under evaluation. As an initial quantification of the potential cost savings for a control program, the collectio...

    Authors: Sergio Recuenco, Bryan Cherry and Millicent Eidson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:47

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Despite clear links between risky alcohol consumption, mental health problems and smoking with increased morbidity and mortality, there is inconclusive evidence about how these risk factors combine and if they...

    Authors: Devon Indig, Margo Eyeson-Annan, Jan Copeland and Katherine M Conigrave

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:46

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The increasing cost of public social sickness insurance poses a serious economic threat to the Swedish welfare state. In recent years, expenditures for social insurance in general, as well as social sickness i...

    Authors: Jan Sundquist, Ahmad Al-Windi, Sven-Erik Johansson and Kristina Sundquist

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:45

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Many women suffer from health problems after giving birth, which can lead to sick leave. About 30% of Dutch workers are on sick leave after maternity leave. Structural contact of supervisors with employees on ...

    Authors: Suzanne GM Stomp-van den Berg, Mireille NM van Poppel, Ingrid JM Hendriksen, David J Bruinvels, Kimi Uegaki, Martine C de Bruijne and Willem van Mechelen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:43

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. All flour in the USA is fortified with folic acid at a level of 140 μg/100 g which is estimated to supply an extra 100 μg daily to the average diet. Some researchers have advocated that this be increased to do...

    Authors: Mary Rose Sweeney, Joseph McPartlin and John Scott

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:41

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Toxic substances released into the environment (to both air and water) by many types of industries might be related with the occurrence of some malignant tumours and other diseases. The publication of the EPER...

    Authors: Javier García-Pérez, Elena Boldo, Rebeca Ramis, Marina Pollán, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Nuria Aragonés and Gonzalo López-Abente

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:40

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Subjective risk factor perception is an important component of the motivation to change unhealthy life styles. While prior studies assessed cardiovascular risk factor knowledge, little is known about determina...

    Authors: Klaus Kraywinkel, Jan Heidrich, Peter U Heuschmann, Markus Wagner and Klaus Berger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:39

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Assuming a higher risk of latent tuberculosis (TB) infection in the population of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in October of 1998 the TB Control Program of Clementino Fraga Filho Hospital (CFFH) routinely started t...

    Authors: Cristiane G Salles, Antonio Ruffino-Netto, Jose R Lapa-e-Silva, Afranio L Kritski, Michelle Cailleaux-Cesar, Fernanda C Queiroz-Mello and Marcus B Conde

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:38

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Doctors have a relatively high degree of emotional distress, but seek help to a lesser degree and at a later stage than other academic groups. This can be deleterious for themselves and for their patients. Pre...

    Authors: Karin E Isaksson Rø, Tore Gude and Olaf G Aasland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:36

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Nitrite inhalants ("poppers") are peripheral vasodilators which, since the beginning of the epidemic, have been known to increase risk for acquiring HIV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM). However...

    Authors: Thomas M Lampinen, Kelly Mattheis, Keith Chan and Robert S Hogg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:35

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Due to the high number of immunosuppressed and other predisposed patients hospitals have to control and ensure the microbiological water quality. The origin for the occurrence of pathogenic microorganisms in w...

    Authors: Alexander Dyck, Martin Exner and Axel Kramer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:34

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Nearly all studies reporting smoking status collect self-reported data. The objective of this study was to assess sociodemographic characteristics and selected, common smoking-related diseases as predictors of...

    Authors: Monica A Fisher, George W Taylor, Brent J Shelton and Sara M Debanne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:33

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a significant problem for patients undergoing hemodialysis therapy. This situation has never been studied in Mato Grosso state, central Brazil. This study was conducted aiming to est...

    Authors: Marcelo AM Santos and Francisco JD Souto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:32

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In New York City (NYC), the annual mortality rate is higher for accidental drug overdoses than for homicides; cocaine and opiates are the drugs most frequently associated with drug overdose deaths. We assessed...

    Authors: Kyle T Bernstein, Angela Bucciarelli, Tinka Markham Piper, Charles Gross, Ken Tardiff and Sandro Galea

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:31

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Asthma and allergy are highly prevalent in industrialised countries. Longitudinal and cross-sectional studies have identified a number of potential risk factors for these conditions, including genetic and envi...

    Authors: Michael J Epton, George I Town, Tristram Ingham, Kristin Wickens, David Fishwick and Julian Crane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:26

    Content type: Research article

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