Skip to main content

Articles

Page 291 of 312

  1. The association between socioeconomic position in middle age and risk of subsequent, short-term weight gain is unknown. We therefore assessed this association in a prospective population based cohort study in ...

    Authors: Lisa R Purslow, Elizabeth H Young, Nicholas J Wareham, Nita Forouhi, Eric J Brunner, Robert N Luben, Ailsa A Welch, Kay-Tee Khaw, Shelia A Bingham and Manjinder S Sandhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:112

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. The associations between physical activity, unhealthy dietary habits and cigarette smoking and blood pressure, overweight and obesity are well established in adulthood. This is not the case for similar associa...

    Authors: Magnus H Fasting, Tom IL Nilsen, Turid L Holmen and Torstein Vik

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:111

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. This study aims to describe and analyze hospital admissions in Spain due to rotavirus infections among children aged 5 years or under during the period 2001–2005, along with the associated health cost.

    Authors: Ana López-de-Andrés, Rodrigo Jiménez-García, Pilar Carrasco-Garrido, Alejandro Alvaro-Meca, Patricia Graciela Galarza and Ángel Gil de Miguel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:109

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. The importance of prediabetes and prehypertension has been demonstrated in several studies especially for primary prevention of CVD. A recent community based cross-sectional study revealed that 40.9 percent Om...

    Authors: Shyam Sundar Ganguly, Mohammed Ali Al-Shafaee, Kamlesh Bhargava and Kalyan Kanti Duttagupta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:108

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. The proportion of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) reported in the United States has been gradually increasing. HIV infection and foreign birth are increasingly associated with tuberculosis and understanding...

    Authors: Aaron M Kipp, Jason E Stout, Carol Dukes Hamilton and Annelies Van Rie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:107

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Validated questionnaires can support the identification of psychosocial problems by the Preventive Child Health Care (PCH) system. This study assesses the validity and added value of four scoring methods used ...

    Authors: Mathilde R Crone, Anton GC Vogels, Femke Hoekstra, Philip DA Treffers and Sijmen A Reijneveld

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:106

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. There have been no published national studies on the use in Australia of the manipulative therapies, acupuncture, chiropractic or osteopathy, or on matters including the purposes for which these therapies are ...

    Authors: Charlie CL Xue, Anthony L Zhang, Vivian Lin, Ray Myers, Barbara Polus and David F Story

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:105

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. The role of social and family environments in the development of mental health problems among children and youth has been widely investigated. However, the degree to which parental working conditions may impac...

    Authors: Stefania Maggi, Aleck Ostry, James Tansey, James Dunn, Ruth Hershler, Lisa Chen and Clyde Hertzman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:104

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Multiple factors combine to support a compelling case for interventions that target the development of obesity-promoting behaviours (poor diet, low physical activity and high sedentary behaviour) from their in...

    Authors: Karen Campbell, Kylie Hesketh, David Crawford, Jo Salmon, Kylie Ball and Zoë McCallum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:103

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  10. The aim of this study was to assess the magnitude of the university population at high-risk of developing an eating disorder and the prevalence of unhealthy eating attitudes and behaviours amongst groups at ri...

    Authors: Ana R Sepulveda, Jose A Carrobles and Ana M Gandarillas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:102

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. Passenger ships provide conditions suitable for the survival and growth of pest populations. Arthropods and rodents can gain access directly from the ships' open spaces, can be carried in shiploads, or can be ...

    Authors: Varvara A Mouchtouri, Rimma Anagnostopoulou, Anna Samanidou-Voyadjoglou, Kalliopi Theodoridou, Chrissi Hatzoglou, Jenny Kremastinou and Christos Hadjichristodoulou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:100

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Lack of methodological rigor can cause survey error, leading to biased results and suboptimal public health response. This study focused on the potential impact of 3 methodological "shortcuts" pertaining to fi...

    Authors: Elizabeth T Luman, Mariana Sablan, Shannon Stokley, Mary M McCauley and Kate M Shaw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:99

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Geohelminth infections are a major problem of children from the developing countries. Children with these infections suffer from developmental impairments and other serious illnesses. This study aimed to measu...

    Authors: Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay, Godwin Wilson, Kiran Chawla, Binu VS and PG Shivananda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:98

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. College students are vulnerable to tobacco addiction. Tobacco industries often target college students for marketing. Studies about prevalence of tobacco use and its correlates among college students in Nepal ...

    Authors: Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, PV Kishore, Jagadish Paudel and Ritesh G Menezes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:97

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Zoonotic sleeping sickness, or HAT (Human African Trypanosomiasis), caused by infection with Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, is an under-reported and neglected tropical disease. Previous assessments of the diseas...

    Authors: Eric M Fèvre, Martin Odiit, Paul G Coleman, Mark EJ Woolhouse and Susan C Welburn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:96

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. In the most recent revision (2003) of the U.S. standard certificate of live births, the National Center for Health Statistics recommended that all states collect maternal and paternal usual occupation. Because...

    Authors: Jean D Brender, Lucina Suarez and Peter H Langlois

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:95

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Prevalence rates for long-term injection drug users in some localities surpass 60% for HIV and 80% for HCV. We describe methods for developing grounded hypotheses about how some injectors avoid infection with ...

    Authors: Samuel R Friedman, Pedro Mateu-Gelabert, Milagros Sandoval, Holly Hagan and Don C Des Jarlais

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:94

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Illegal migration is an increasing problem worldwide and the so-called undocumented migrants encounter major problems in access to prevention and health care. The objective of the study was to compare the use ...

    Authors: Hans Wolff, Manuella Epiney, Ana P Lourenco, Michael C Costanza, Jacqueline Delieutraz-Marchand, Nicole Andreoli, Jean-Bernard Dubuisson, Jean-Michel Gaspoz and Olivier Irion

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:93

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. After the tsunami disaster in the Indian Ocean basin an Internet based self-screening test was made available in order to facilitate contact with mental health services. Although primarily designed for survivi...

    Authors: Stefan Vetter, Astrid Rossegger, Wulf Rossler, Jonathan I Bisson and Jerome Endrass

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:92

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Diabetes mellitus is a major public health problem. Little is known about how people with type 2 diabetes experience self-management in a nurse-led, shared-care programme. The purpose of this article is to rep...

    Authors: Albine Moser, Harry van der Bruggen, Guy Widdershoven and Cor Spreeuwenberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:91

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Injuries represent an important cause of mortality among young adults. Longitudinal studies on risk factors are scarce. We studied associations between adolescents' perceived health and health behaviour and in...

    Authors: Ville M Mattila, Jari Parkkari, Leena Koivusilta, Tapio Nummi, Pekka Kannus and Arja Rimpelä

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:90

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Data on food intake at the individual level and its statistical distribution in population groups defined by age, gender, or geographic areas are important in planning public health and nutrition programs. How...

    Authors: R Sichieri, RA Pereira, A Martins, ABPA Vasconcellos and A Trichopoulou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:89

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  23. We studied whether health resources, measured as sense of coherence (SOC), are associated with participation in a follow-up survey among permanent and non-permanent employees who responded at baseline.

    Authors: Virpi Liukkonen, Pekka Virtanen, Mika Kivimäki, Jaana Pentti and Jussi Vahtera

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:88

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Downward trends have been observed in oral cancer incidence and mortality in the US over the past 30 years; however, these declines are not uniform within this population. Several studies have now demonstrated...

    Authors: Karl Kingsley, Susan O'Malley, Marcia Ditmyer and Michelle Chino

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:87

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Previous research has shown that between 80 and 90 percent of adult smokers report having started smoking before 18 years of age. Several studies have revealed that multiple social factors influence the likeli...

    Authors: Alfgeir L Kristjansson, Inga D Sigfusdottir, John P Allegrante and Asgeir R Helgason

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:86

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. There is a dearth of information on diet-related chronic diseases in West Africa. This cross-sectional study assessed the rate of obesity and other cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in a random sample ...

    Authors: Roger Sodjinou, Victoire Agueh, Benjamin Fayomi and Hélène Delisle

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:84

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Adolescence is a transitional stage from childhood to adulthood that is characterized by physical, physiological, psychosocial and behavioral changes that are influenced to a large extent by the age, culture a...

    Authors: Dan K Kaye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:83

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. The introduction of new vaccines for young children requires instruments for a rapid and timely assessment of the progressively increasing vaccination coverage. We assessed whether routine data generated by st...

    Authors: Helen Kalies, Rebekka Redel, Rudolf Varga, Martin Tauscher and Rüdiger von Kries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:82

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Disclosing HIV test results to one's sexual partner allows the partner to engage in preventive behaviors as well as the access of necessary support for coping with serostatus or illness. It may motivate partne...

    Authors: Kebede Deribe, Kifle Woldemichael, Mekitie Wondafrash, Amaha Haile and Alemayehu Amberbir

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:81

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Rates of suicide and undetermined death increased rapidly in Scotland in the 1980's and 1990's. The largest increases were in men, with a marked increase in rates in younger age groups. This was associated wit...

    Authors: Cameron Stark, Diane Stockton and Rob Henderson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:80

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Chile has broad variations in weather, economics and population from the far desert north (Region 1) to the cold, icy south (Region 12). A home-based self-collected vaginal sampling was nested in the 2003 Chil...

    Authors: Catterina Ferreccio, Alejandro Corvalán, Paula Margozzini, Paola Viviani, Claudia González, Ximena Aguilera and Patti E Gravitt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:78

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Over the last decade, patient involvement in treatment-related decision-making has been widely advocated in Japan, where patient-physician encounters are still under the influence of the long-standing traditio...

    Authors: Yoshiko Watanabe, Miyako Takahashi and Ichiro Kai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:77

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Termination of pregnancy is a common and safe medical procedure in countries where it is legal. One in four Australian women terminates a pregnancy, most often when young. There is inconclusive evidence about ...

    Authors: Angela J Taft and Lyndsey F Watson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:75

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Daylight saving time affects millions of people annually but its impacts are still widely unknown. Sleep deprivation and the change of circadian rhythm can trigger mental illness and cause higher accident rate...

    Authors: Tuuli A Lahti, Jari Haukka, Jouko Lönnqvist and Timo Partonen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:74

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. A pilot cardiovascular disease prevention project was implemented in the inner-city West Midlands. It was evaluated by comparing its effectiveness to a control group where full implementation was delayed by a ...

    Authors: Tom Marshall, Paul Westerby, Jenny Chen, Mary Fairfield, Jenny Harding, Ruth Westerby, Rajai Ahmad and John Middleton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:73

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Studies investigating the association of cadmium and sex steroid hormones in men have been inconsistent, but previous studies were relatively small.

    Authors: Andy Menke, Eliseo Guallar, Meredith S Shiels, Sabine Rohrmann, Shehzad Basaria, Nader Rifai, William G Nelson and Elizabeth A Platz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:72

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. The Problem Areas in Diabetes (PAID) survey is a measure of diabetes-related stress for which reported use has been in largely Caucasian populations. Our purpose was to assess the psychometric properties of th...

    Authors: Stephania T Miller and Tom A Elasy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:70

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. The Internet is a major source of information for professionals and the general public, especially in the field of health. However, despite ever-increasing connection rates, a digital divide persists in the in...

    Authors: Emilie Renahy, Isabelle Parizot and Pierre Chauvin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:69

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. In many resource poor settings only sputum microscopy is employed for the diagnosis of HIV-associated pulmonary tuberculosis; sputum culture may not be available.

    Authors: Mecky Matee, Lillian Mtei, Tarja Lounasvaara, Wendy Wieland-Alter, Richard Waddell, Johnson Lyimo, Muhammad Bakari, Kisali Pallangyo and C Fordham von Reyn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:68

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Although many studies have investigated the negative effects of parental smoking on children and Taiwan has started campaigns to promote smoke-free homes, little is known about the smoking behaviours of Taiwan...

    Authors: Shu-Fang Shih, Likwang Chen, Chi Pang Wen, Wei-Chih Yang and Yaw-Tang Shih

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:67

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Sexually active heterosexual men may represent an important risk factor for HIV infection and STI transmission to their female partners and unborn children, though little is known about the prevalence of STIs ...

    Authors: Jesse L Clark, Kelika A Konda, Cesar V Munayco, Monica Pún, Andres G Lescano, Segundo R Leon, Jose Pajuelo, Luis Suarez-Ognio, Jeffrey D Klausner, Thomas J Coates and Carlos F Cáceres

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:65

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Circumcisions undertaken in non-clinical settings can have significant risks of serious adverse events, including death. The aim of this study was to test an intervention for safe traditional circumcision in t...

    Authors: Karl Peltzer, Ayanda Nqeketo, George Petros and Xola Kanta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:64

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. As ART programmes in African settings expand beyond the pilot stages, adherence to treatment may become an increasing challenge. This qualitative study examines potential barriers to, and facilitators of, adhe...

    Authors: Mison Dahab, Salome Charalambous, Robin Hamilton, Katherine Fielding, Karina Kielmann, Gavin J Churchyard and Alison D Grant

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:63

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: