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  1. All aspects of the heath care sector are being asked to account for their performance. This poses unique challenges for local public health units with their traditional focus on population health and their emp...

    Authors: Erica Weir, Nadine d'Entremont, Shelley Stalker, Karim Kurji and Victoria Robinson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:127

    Content type: Correspondence

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  2. Many smokers believe that "light" cigarettes are less harmful than regular cigarettes, which is at variance with the scientific evidence. The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) aims to address this...

    Authors: Nick Wilson, Deepa Weerasekera, Jo Peace, Richard Edwards, George Thomson and Miranda Devlin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:126

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Higher prevalence rates of unhealthy behaviours among lower socioeconomic groups contribute substantially to socioeconomic inequalities in health in adults. Preventing the development of these inequalities in ...

    Authors: Frank J van Lenthe, Ilse de Bourdeaudhuij, Knut-Inge Klepp, Nanna Lien, Laurence Moore, Fabrizio Faggiano, Anton E Kunst and Johan P Mackenbach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:125

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Infant feeding recommendations for HIV-positive mothers differ from recommendations to mothers of unknown HIV-status. The aim of this study was to compare feeding practices, including breastfeeding, between in...

    Authors: Lars T Fadnes, Ingunn MS Engebretsen, Henry Wamani, Nulu B Semiyaga, Thorkild Tylleskär and James K Tumwine

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:124

    Content type: Research article

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  5. In Korea, the cumulative number of HIV-infected individuals was smaller than those of other countries. Mandatory HIV tests, dominating method until 1990's, have been gradually changed to voluntary HIV tests. W...

    Authors: Mee-Kyung Kee, Jin-Hee Lee, Chaeshin Chu, Eun-Ju Lee and Sung-Soon Kim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:123

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Tobacco is still the number one life style risk factor for ill health and premature death and also one of the major contributors to oral problems and diseases. Dentistry may be a potential setting for several ...

    Authors: Eva Nohlert, Åke Tegelberg, Per Tillgren, Pia Johansson, Andreas Rosenblad and Ásgeir R Helgason

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:121

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The impact of obesity on health-related quality of life (HRQL) has been little explored in rural areas. The goal of this study is to ascertain the association between obesity and HRQL among Spanish women livin...

    Authors: María José García-Mendizábal, José Miguel Carrasco, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Nuria Aragonés, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Gonzalo López-Abente and Marina Pollán

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:120

    Content type: Research article

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  8. There is a need to develop sustainable and clinically effective weight management interventions that are suitable for delivery in community settings where the vast majority of overweight and obese adolescents ...

    Authors: Vanessa A Shrewsbury, Janice O'Connor, Katharine S Steinbeck, Kate Stevenson, Anthea Lee, Andrew J Hill, Michael R Kohn, Smita Shah, Siranda Torvaldsen and Louise A Baur

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:119

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Social distancing interventions such as school closure and prohibition of public gatherings are present in pandemic influenza preparedness plans. Predicting the effectiveness of intervention strategies in a pa...

    Authors: Joel K Kelso, George J Milne and Heath Kelly

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:117

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The paradigm of translational medicine that underpins frameworks such as the Cooksey report on the funding of health research does not adequately reflect the complex reality of the public health environment. W...

    Authors: David Ogilvie, Peter Craig, Simon Griffin, Sally Macintyre and Nicholas J Wareham

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:116

    Content type: Debate

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  11. In April 2007, a slum of South Dumdum municipality, West Bengal reported an increase in fever cases. We investigated to identify the agent, the source and to propose recommendations.

    Authors: Rama Bhunia, Yvan Hutin, Ramachandran Ramakrishnan, Nishith Pal, Tapas Sen and Manoj Murhekar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:115

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Only a limited number of studies have analyzed the association between hip fracture incidence and socioeconomic conditions. Most, but not all found an association, and results are in part conflicting. The aim ...

    Authors: Andrea Icks, Burkhard Haastert, Manfred Wildner, Clemens Becker, Kilian Rapp, Nico Dragano, Gabriele Meyer and Joachim Rosenbauer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:114

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Occupational asthma is a common type of asthma caused by a specific agent in the workplace. The basic alteration of occupational asthma is airways inflammation. Although most patients with occupational asthma ...

    Authors: Paul Tossa, Abraham Bohadana, Valérie Demange, Pascal Wild, Jean-Pierre Michaely, Bernard Hannhart, Christophe Paris and Denis Zmirou-Navier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:113

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Smoking in the home is the major cause of exposure to second-hand smoke in children in the UK, particularly those living in low income households which have fewer restrictions on smoking in the home. Reducing ...

    Authors: Deborah Ritchie, Amanda Amos, Richard Phillips, Sarah Cunningham-Burley and Claudia Martin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:112

    Content type: Research article

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  15. To explore any association between the timing of the initiation of sexual activity and sexual behaviors and risks among university students in China.

    Authors: Qiaoqin Ma, Masako Ono-Kihara, Liming Cong, Guozhang Xu, Xiaohong Pan, Saman Zamani, Shahrzad Mortazavi Ravari, Dandan Zhang, Takayuki Homma and Masahiro Kihara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:111

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The German Network of Disorders of Sex Development (DSD)/Intersexuality carried out a large scale clinical evaluation study on quality of life, gender identity, treatment satisfaction, coping, and problems ass...

    Authors: Anke Lux, Siegfried Kropf, Eva Kleinemeier, Martina Jürgensen and Ute Thyen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:110

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. With a goal to reduce youth smoking rates, the U.S. federal government mandated that states enforce laws prohibiting underage tobacco sales. Our objective was to determine if state compliance with tobacco sale...

    Authors: Joseph R DiFranza, Judith A Savageau and Kenneth E Fletcher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:107

    Content type: Research article

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  18. To assess the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), including childhood abuse and neglect, and serious household dysfunction, and premature death of a family member. Because ACEs increase t...

    Authors: Robert F Anda, Maxia Dong, David W Brown, Vincent J Felitti, Wayne H Giles, Geraldine S Perry, Edwards J Valerie and Shanta R Dube

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:106

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Developed and developing countries are facing rapid increases in overweight and obesity among children and adolescents. The patterns of overweight/obesity differ by age, sex, rural or urban residence and socio...

    Authors: Alicia Matijasevich, Cesar G Victora, Jean Golding, Fernando C Barros, Ana Maria Menezes, Cora L Araujo and George Davey Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:105

    Content type: Research article

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  20. A number of previous studies have investigated various predictors for being granted a disability pension. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of sick-leave track record as a predictor of being grant...

    Authors: Thorne Wallman, Hans Wedel, Edward Palmer, Annika Rosengren, Saga Johansson, Henry Eriksson and Kurt Svärdsudd

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:104

    Content type: Research article

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  21. African and Asian cohort studies have demonstrated the clinical efficacy of antiretroviral treatment (ART) in resource-limited settings. However, reports of the long-term changes in the physical and emotional ...

    Authors: Edwin Wouters, Christo Heunis, Dingie van Rensburg and Herman Meulemans

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:103

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Perinatal mortality is an important indicator of health. European comparisons of perinatal mortality show an unfavourable position for the Netherlands. Our objective was to study regional variation in perinata...

    Authors: Miranda Tromp, Martine Eskes, Johannes B Reitsma, Jan Jaap HM Erwich, Hens AA Brouwers, Greta C Rijninks-van Driel, Gouke J Bonsel and Anita CJ Ravelli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:102

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The course of alcohol consumption and cognitive dimensions of behavior change (readiness to change, importance of changing and confidence in ability to change) in primary care patients are not well described. ...

    Authors: Nicolas Bertholet, Nicholas J Horton and Richard Saitz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:101

    Content type: Research article

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  24. A range of self-tests on body materials has become available to the general public, but the extent of their use has hardly been studied. This study examined how many people use diagnostic self-tests on body ma...

    Authors: Gaby Ronda, Piet Portegijs, Geert-Jan Dinant, Frank Buntinx, Roelf Norg and Trudy van der Weijden

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:100

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Cholera remains a serious public health problem in low-income countries despite efforts in the past to promote oral rehydration therapy as major treatment. In 2007, the majority of worldwide cases (94%) and de...

    Authors: Christian Schaetti, Raymond Hutubessy, Said M Ali, Al Pach, Mitchell G Weiss, Claire-Lise Chaignat and Ahmed M Khatib

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:99

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Injection drug users represent the largest proportion of all HIV reported cases in Viet Nam. This study aimed to explore the perceptions of risk and risk behaviours among HIV-positive injection drug users, and...

    Authors: Duong Cong Thanh, Karen Marie Moland and Knut Fylkesnes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:98

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The Government has promoted self-care. Our aim was to review evidence about who uses self-tests and other self-care activities (over-the-counter medicine, private sector, complementary and alternative medicine...

    Authors: Angela Ryan, Sue Wilson, Aliki Taylor and Sheila Greenfield

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:96

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Mortality from invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) has remained stable over the last thirty years and it is unclear whether pre-hospital antibiotherapy actually produces a decrease in this mortality. Our aim ...

    Authors: Emilio Perea-Milla, Julián Olalla, Emilio Sánchez-Cantalejo, Francisco Martos, Petra Matute-Cruz, Guadalupe Carmona-López, Yolanda Fornieles, Aurelio Cayuela and Javier García-Alegría

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:95

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Childhood obesity and physical inactivity are increasing dramatically worldwide. Children of low socioeconomic status and/or children of migrant background are especially at risk. In general, the overall effec...

    Authors: Iris Niederer, Susi Kriemler, Lukas Zahner, Flavia Bürgi, Vincent Ebenegger, Tim Hartmann, Ursina Meyer, Christian Schindler, Andreas Nydegger, Pedro Marques-Vidal and Jardena J Puder

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:94

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. With the increase of international travels, infectious disease control is gaining a greater importance across regional borders. Adequate surveillance system function is crucial to prevent a global spread of in...

    Authors: Hyo-Soon Yoo, Ok Park, Hye-Kyung Park, Eun-Gyu Lee, Eun-Kyeong Jeong, Jong-Koo Lee and Sung-Il Cho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:93

    Content type: Research article

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  31. To help improve incident preparedness this study assessed socio-demographic and socio-economic predictors of perceived risk of terrorism within Australia and willingness to comply with public safety directives...

    Authors: Garry Stevens, Kingsley Agho, Melanie Taylor, Margo Barr, Beverley Raphael and Louisa Jorm

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:91

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The functional significance of moderate riboflavin deficiency as it is currently assessed is not well understood. Animal and human studies have suggested a role for riboflavin in the absorption and mobilisatio...

    Authors: Marilyn HE Hill, Sohail Mushtaq, Elizabeth A Williams, Jack R Dainty and Hilary J Powers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:90

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Different studies have shown insufficient blood pressure (BP) control in hypertensive patients. Multiple factors influence hypertension management, and the quality of primary care is one of them. We decided th...

    Authors: Roser Vallès-Fernandez, Magdalena Rosell-Murphy, Olga Correcher-Aventin, Lucas Mengual-Martínez, Núria Aznar-Martínez, Gemma Prieto-De Lamo, Alícia Franzi-Sisó, Jordi Puig-Manresa and Josep Ma Bonet-Simó

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:89

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. Overweight and obese persons are at risk of a number of medical conditions which can lead to further morbidity and mortality. The primary objective of this study is to provide an estimate of the incidence of e...

    Authors: Daphne P Guh, Wei Zhang, Nick Bansback, Zubin Amarsi, C Laird Birmingham and Aslam H Anis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:88

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Childhood obesity levels are rising with estimates suggesting that around one in three children in Western countries are overweight. People from lower socioeconomic status and ethnic minority backgrounds are a...

    Authors: Anwen Rees, Non Thomas, Sinead Brophy, Gareth Knox and Rhys Williams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:86

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. There is increasing interest in underlying socio-cultural, economic, environmental and health-system influences on the persistence of malaria. Vietnam is a Mekong regional 'success story' after dramatic declin...

    Authors: Martha Morrow, Quy A Nguyen, Sonia Caruana, Beverley A Biggs, Nhan H Doan and Tien T Nong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:85

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Breast cancer (BC) is a major public health problem, with rising incidence in many regions of the globe. Although mortality has recently dropped in developed countries, death rates are still increasing in some...

    Authors: Maira Caleffi, Rodrigo A Ribeiro, Dakir L Duarte Filho, Patrícia Ashton-Prolla, Ademar J Bedin Junior, Giovana P Skonieski, Juliana M Zignani, Juliana Giacomazzi, Luciane R Franco, Márcia Graudenz, Paula Pohlmann, Jefferson G Fernandes, Philip Kivitz and Bernardete Weber

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:83

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Male pattern baldness (MPB), an observable trait, has been reported to be associated with various diseases, such as prostate cancer and cardiovascular disease. Oral sulfur-containing gases have also been sugge...

    Authors: Toshihiro Ansai, Shuji Awano, Inho Soh, Yutaka Takata, Akihiro Yoshida, Tomoko Hamasaki and Tadamichi Takehara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:82

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Despite the use of a series of preventive measures, a high incidence of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) was observed among health care workers (HCWs) during the SARS epidemic. This study aimed to dete...

    Authors: Wei-Qing Chen, Wen-Hua Ling, Ci-Yong Lu, Yuan-Tao Hao, Zhong-Ning Lin, Li Ling, Jian Huang, Gang Li and Guang-Mei Yan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:81

    Content type: Research article

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  40. National HIV serological and behavioural surveillance of Bangladesh repeatedly demonstrated a very high proportion of rickshaw pullers in Dhaka city, having sex with female sex workers (FSWs) and using illicit...

    Authors: Md Hafiz Ehsanul Hoque, Masako Ono-Kihara, Saman Zamani, Shahrzad Mortazavi Ravari and Masahiro Kihara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:80

    Content type: Research article

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  41. This study compares prevalence and types of medical end-of-life decisions between the Dutch-speaking and French-speaking communities of Belgium. This is the first nationwide study that can make these compariso...

    Authors: Lieve Van den Block, Reginald Deschepper, Johan Bilsen, Nathalie Bossuyt, Viviane Van Casteren and Luc Deliens

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:79

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Patient choice and access to health care is compromised by many barriers including travel distance. Individuals with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can seek free specialist care in Britain, without a r...

    Authors: Penny A Cook, Jennifer Downing, C Philip Wheater, Mark A Bellis, Karen Tocque, Qutub Syed and Penelope A Phillips-Howard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:78

    Content type: Research article

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