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  1. The Health Enhancing Strength Training in Nonagenarians (STRONG) is a randomised control trial to assess the effectiveness of an aerobic and strength training program for improving muscle strength, functional ...

    Authors: José A Serra Rexach, Jonatan R Ruiz, Natalia Bustamante-Ara, Margarita Hierro Villarán, Pedro González Gil, Maria J Sanz Ibáñez, Nekane Blanco Sanz, Victor Ortega Santamaría, Natalia Gutiérrez Sanz, Ana B Marín Prada, Cristian Gallardo, Gabriel Rodríguez Romo and Alejandro Lucia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:152

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. The PLATINO project was launched in 2002 in order to study the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Latin America. Because smoking is the main risk factor for COPD, detailed data on it...

    Authors: Ana M Menezes, Maria V Lopez, Pedro C Hallal, Adriana Muiño, Rogelio Perez-Padilla, José R Jardim, Gonzalo Valdivia, Julio Pertuzé, Maria M de Oca, Carlos Tálamo and Cesar G Victora

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:151

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Epidemiological investigations of recent outbreaks of vaccine preventable diseases have indicated that incomplete immunization was the major reason for the outbreaks. In Ethiopia, full immunization rate is low...

    Authors: Henoke Tadesse, Amare Deribew and Mirkuzie Woldie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:150

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Smoking is one of the leading causes of premature death particularly in developing countries. The prevalence of smoking is high among the general male population in Bangladesh. Unfortunately smoking informatio...

    Authors: Md Mobarak Hossain Khan, Aklimunnessa Khan, Alexander Kraemer and Mitsuru Mori

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:149

    Content type: Research article

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  5. An inverse relationship between physical activity (PA) and depression among adolescents has been reported in developed communities without consideration of sedentary behaviors (SB, including sitting for course...

    Authors: Xin Hong, JieQuan Li, Fei Xu, Lap Ah Tse, YaQiong Liang, ZhiYong Wang, Ignatius Tak-sun Yu and Sian Griffiths

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:148

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Dietary and lifestyle behaviors at young ages have been associated with the development of various chronic diseases. Schools are regarded as an excellent setting for lifestyle modification; there is a lack, ho...

    Authors: Chrystalleni Lazarou, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Christiana Kouta and Antonia-Leda Matalas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:147

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions in developed countries. Sedentary screen-based activities such as video gaming are thought to displace active behaviors and are independently associated with ...

    Authors: Ralph Maddison, Louise Foley, Cliona Ni Mhurchu, Andrew Jull, Yannan Jiang, Harry Prapavessis, Anthony Rodgers, Stephen Vander Hoorn, Maea Hohepa and David Schaaf

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:146

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Non-compliance with medication is a major health problem. Cultural differences may explain different compliance patterns. The size of the compliance burden and the impact of socio-demographic and socio-economi...

    Authors: John Larsen, Henrik Stovring, Jakob Kragstrup and Dorte G Hansen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:145

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Limited evidence suggests that people from non-English speaking backgrounds in Australia have lower than average rates of participation in cancer screening programs. The objective of this study was to examine ...

    Authors: Marianne F Weber, Emily Banks, David P Smith, Dianne O'Connell and Freddy Sitas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:144

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Studies in North America and other high-income regions support the distinction between extreme "intimate terrorism" and occasional "situational couple violence", defined conceptually in terms of the presence o...

    Authors: Gunilla Krantz and Nguyen Dang Vung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:143

    Content type: Research article

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  11. If UK healthcare services are to respond effectively to pandemic influenza, levels of absenteeism amongst healthcare workers (HCWs) must be minimised. Current estimates of the likelihood that HCWs will continu...

    Authors: Sarah Damery, Sue Wilson, Heather Draper, Christine Gratus, Sheila Greenfield, Jonathan Ives, Jayne Parry, Judith Petts and Tom Sorell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:142

    Content type: Research article

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  12. About 80% of new tuberculosis cases in Norway occur among immigrants from high incidence countries. On arrival to the country all asylum seekers are screened with Mantoux test and chest x-ray aimed to identify...

    Authors: Ingunn Harstad, Einar Heldal, Sigurd L Steinshamn, Helge Garåsen and Geir W Jacobsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:141

    Content type: Research article

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  13. To reduce the duration of sick leave and loss of productivity due to common mental disorders (CMDs), we developed a return-to-work programme to be provided by occupational physicians (OPs) based on the princip...

    Authors: Erik Noordik, Frank J van Dijk, Karen Nieuwenhuijsen and Jac JL van der Klink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:140

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Although the association of weight gain and developing metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been reported in the Western and Asian populations, data on the gender-stratified effects of weight change (including weight...

    Authors: Azadeh Zabetian, Farzad Hadaegh, Parvin Sarbakhsh and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:138

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes poses a major public health challenge. Population-based screening and early treatment for type 2 diabetes could reduce this growing burden. However, the benefits of...

    Authors: Justin B Echouffo-Tcheugui, Rebecca K Simmons, Kate M Williams, Roslyn S Barling, A Toby Prevost, Ann Louise Kinmonth, Nicholas J Wareham and Simon J Griffin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:136

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. The burden of disease of hearing disorders among adults is high, but a significant part goes undetected. Screening programs in combination with the delivery of hearing aids can alleviate this situation, but th...

    Authors: Baltussen Rob, Abraham Vinod J, Priya Monica, Achamma Balraj, Anand Job, Gift Norman and Abraham Joseph

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:135

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Despite substantial declines, Ischaemic Heart Disease (IHD) remains the largest cause of death in Scotland and mortality rates are among the worst in Europe. There is evidence of strong, persisting regional an...

    Authors: Carolyn A Davies, Ruth Dundas and Alastair H Leyland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:134

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The prevalence of child sexual abuse (CSA) in the population has been poorly described in developing countries. Population data on child sexual abuse in Brazil is very limited. This paper aims to estimate life...

    Authors: Diego G Bassani, Lilian S Palazzo, Jorge U Béria, Luciana P Gigante, Andréia CL Figueiredo, Denise RGC Aerts and Beatriz CW Raymann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:133

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Thyroid hormone replacement is one of the most commonly prescribed and cost effective treatments for a chronic disease. There have been recent changes in community prescribing policies in many areas of the UK ...

    Authors: Anna L Mitchell, Bryan Hickey, Janis L Hickey and Simon HS Pearce

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:132

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Little research has been conducted to examine the relationship between education level and functional limitations among Japanese community residents. We sought to examine the association between education leve...

    Authors: Kaori Honjo, Hiroyasu Iso, Ai Ikeda, Manami Inoue and Shoichiro Tsugane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:131

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Poor sleep quality has been associated with increased risk of heart disease, diabetes and mortality. However, limited information exists on the distribution and determinants of sleep quality and its associatio...

    Authors: Nazanin Haseli-Mashhadi, Tony Dadd, An Pan, Zhijie Yu, Xu Lin and Oscar H Franco

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:130

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) is a corner stone for successful implementation of prevention, care and support services among HIV negative and positive individuals. VCT is also perceived to be an effec...

    Authors: Mgosha P Charles, Eliningaya J Kweka, Aneth M Mahande, Longin R Barongo, Seif Shekalaghe, Hassan M Nkya, Asanterabi Lowassa and Michael J Mahande

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:128

    Content type: Research article

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  23. All aspects of the heath care sector are being asked to account for their performance. This poses unique challenges for local public health units with their traditional focus on population health and their emp...

    Authors: Erica Weir, Nadine d'Entremont, Shelley Stalker, Karim Kurji and Victoria Robinson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:127

    Content type: Correspondence

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  24. Many smokers believe that "light" cigarettes are less harmful than regular cigarettes, which is at variance with the scientific evidence. The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) aims to address this...

    Authors: Nick Wilson, Deepa Weerasekera, Jo Peace, Richard Edwards, George Thomson and Miranda Devlin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:126

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Higher prevalence rates of unhealthy behaviours among lower socioeconomic groups contribute substantially to socioeconomic inequalities in health in adults. Preventing the development of these inequalities in ...

    Authors: Frank J van Lenthe, Ilse de Bourdeaudhuij, Knut-Inge Klepp, Nanna Lien, Laurence Moore, Fabrizio Faggiano, Anton E Kunst and Johan P Mackenbach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:125

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Infant feeding recommendations for HIV-positive mothers differ from recommendations to mothers of unknown HIV-status. The aim of this study was to compare feeding practices, including breastfeeding, between in...

    Authors: Lars T Fadnes, Ingunn MS Engebretsen, Henry Wamani, Nulu B Semiyaga, Thorkild Tylleskär and James K Tumwine

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:124

    Content type: Research article

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  27. In Korea, the cumulative number of HIV-infected individuals was smaller than those of other countries. Mandatory HIV tests, dominating method until 1990's, have been gradually changed to voluntary HIV tests. W...

    Authors: Mee-Kyung Kee, Jin-Hee Lee, Chaeshin Chu, Eun-Ju Lee and Sung-Soon Kim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:123

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Tobacco is still the number one life style risk factor for ill health and premature death and also one of the major contributors to oral problems and diseases. Dentistry may be a potential setting for several ...

    Authors: Eva Nohlert, Åke Tegelberg, Per Tillgren, Pia Johansson, Andreas Rosenblad and Ásgeir R Helgason

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:121

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The impact of obesity on health-related quality of life (HRQL) has been little explored in rural areas. The goal of this study is to ascertain the association between obesity and HRQL among Spanish women livin...

    Authors: María José García-Mendizábal, José Miguel Carrasco, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Nuria Aragonés, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Gonzalo López-Abente and Marina Pollán

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:120

    Content type: Research article

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  30. There is a need to develop sustainable and clinically effective weight management interventions that are suitable for delivery in community settings where the vast majority of overweight and obese adolescents ...

    Authors: Vanessa A Shrewsbury, Janice O'Connor, Katharine S Steinbeck, Kate Stevenson, Anthea Lee, Andrew J Hill, Michael R Kohn, Smita Shah, Siranda Torvaldsen and Louise A Baur

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:119

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Social distancing interventions such as school closure and prohibition of public gatherings are present in pandemic influenza preparedness plans. Predicting the effectiveness of intervention strategies in a pa...

    Authors: Joel K Kelso, George J Milne and Heath Kelly

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:117

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The paradigm of translational medicine that underpins frameworks such as the Cooksey report on the funding of health research does not adequately reflect the complex reality of the public health environment. W...

    Authors: David Ogilvie, Peter Craig, Simon Griffin, Sally Macintyre and Nicholas J Wareham

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:116

    Content type: Debate

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  33. In April 2007, a slum of South Dumdum municipality, West Bengal reported an increase in fever cases. We investigated to identify the agent, the source and to propose recommendations.

    Authors: Rama Bhunia, Yvan Hutin, Ramachandran Ramakrishnan, Nishith Pal, Tapas Sen and Manoj Murhekar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:115

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Only a limited number of studies have analyzed the association between hip fracture incidence and socioeconomic conditions. Most, but not all found an association, and results are in part conflicting. The aim ...

    Authors: Andrea Icks, Burkhard Haastert, Manfred Wildner, Clemens Becker, Kilian Rapp, Nico Dragano, Gabriele Meyer and Joachim Rosenbauer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:114

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Occupational asthma is a common type of asthma caused by a specific agent in the workplace. The basic alteration of occupational asthma is airways inflammation. Although most patients with occupational asthma ...

    Authors: Paul Tossa, Abraham Bohadana, Valérie Demange, Pascal Wild, Jean-Pierre Michaely, Bernard Hannhart, Christophe Paris and Denis Zmirou-Navier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:113

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Smoking in the home is the major cause of exposure to second-hand smoke in children in the UK, particularly those living in low income households which have fewer restrictions on smoking in the home. Reducing ...

    Authors: Deborah Ritchie, Amanda Amos, Richard Phillips, Sarah Cunningham-Burley and Claudia Martin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:112

    Content type: Research article

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  37. To explore any association between the timing of the initiation of sexual activity and sexual behaviors and risks among university students in China.

    Authors: Qiaoqin Ma, Masako Ono-Kihara, Liming Cong, Guozhang Xu, Xiaohong Pan, Saman Zamani, Shahrzad Mortazavi Ravari, Dandan Zhang, Takayuki Homma and Masahiro Kihara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:111

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The German Network of Disorders of Sex Development (DSD)/Intersexuality carried out a large scale clinical evaluation study on quality of life, gender identity, treatment satisfaction, coping, and problems ass...

    Authors: Anke Lux, Siegfried Kropf, Eva Kleinemeier, Martina Jürgensen and Ute Thyen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:110

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. With a goal to reduce youth smoking rates, the U.S. federal government mandated that states enforce laws prohibiting underage tobacco sales. Our objective was to determine if state compliance with tobacco sale...

    Authors: Joseph R DiFranza, Judith A Savageau and Kenneth E Fletcher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:107

    Content type: Research article

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  40. To assess the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), including childhood abuse and neglect, and serious household dysfunction, and premature death of a family member. Because ACEs increase t...

    Authors: Robert F Anda, Maxia Dong, David W Brown, Vincent J Felitti, Wayne H Giles, Geraldine S Perry, Edwards J Valerie and Shanta R Dube

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:106

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Developed and developing countries are facing rapid increases in overweight and obesity among children and adolescents. The patterns of overweight/obesity differ by age, sex, rural or urban residence and socio...

    Authors: Alicia Matijasevich, Cesar G Victora, Jean Golding, Fernando C Barros, Ana Maria Menezes, Cora L Araujo and George Davey Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:105

    Content type: Research article

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  42. A number of previous studies have investigated various predictors for being granted a disability pension. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of sick-leave track record as a predictor of being grant...

    Authors: Thorne Wallman, Hans Wedel, Edward Palmer, Annika Rosengren, Saga Johansson, Henry Eriksson and Kurt Svärdsudd

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:104

    Content type: Research article

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  43. African and Asian cohort studies have demonstrated the clinical efficacy of antiretroviral treatment (ART) in resource-limited settings. However, reports of the long-term changes in the physical and emotional ...

    Authors: Edwin Wouters, Christo Heunis, Dingie van Rensburg and Herman Meulemans

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:103

    Content type: Research article

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