Skip to main content

Articles

Page 289 of 312

  1. Enteric outbreaks associated with child care centres (CCC) have been well documented internationally and in Canada. The current literature focuses on identifying potential risk factors for introduction and tra...

    Authors: Marsha Taylor, Cindy L Adams and Andrea Ellis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:212

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Depression in older adults is a serious health problem with a poor prognosis. There is a need for indicated preventive psychological interventions for older adults, that show to be promising in preventing depr...

    Authors: Anne Margriet Pot, Anne-Sophie Melenhorst, Simone Onrust and Ernst T Bohlmeijer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:211

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  3. Population-based perception studies on potential causes and triggers of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) may enlighten context-relevant primary preventive actions in settings where data are limi...

    Authors: Behrooz Hamzeh, Mirtaghi Garousi Farshi and Lucie Laflamme

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:209

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Due to high prevalence and serious impacts, childhood caries represents a public health issue. Behavioural risk factors such as locus of health control have been implicated in the development of the disease; h...

    Authors: Erika Lenčová, Hynek Pikhart, Zdeněk Broukal and Georgios Tsakos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:208

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Epidemiological studies suggest that only some distressed individuals seek help from primary care and that pathways to mental health care appear to be ethnically patterned. However few research studies examine...

    Authors: Katja Rüdell, Kamaldeep Bhui and Stefan Priebe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:207

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. The aim of this study was to investigate whether physical activity (in general, and more specifically, walking and cycling during leisure time and for commuting purposes, sports and gardening) is an underlying...

    Authors: Jolanda Maas, Robert A Verheij, Peter Spreeuwenberg and Peter P Groenewegen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:206

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. The Tanzania National Voucher Scheme (TNVS) uses the public health system and the commercial sector to deliver subsidised insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) to pregnant women. The system began operation in Octobe...

    Authors: Kara Hanson, Rose Nathan, Tanya Marchant, Hadji Mponda, Caroline Jones, Jane Bruce, Godlove Stephen, Jo Mulligan, Hassan Mshinda and Joanna Armstrong Schellenberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:205

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

  8. Socioeconomic changes have led to profound changes in individuals' lifestyles, including the adoption of unhealthy food consumption patterns, prevalent tobacco use, alcohol abuse and physical inactivity, espec...

    Authors: Oanh TH Trinh, Nguyen D Nguyen, Michael J Dibley, Philayrath Phongsavan and Adrian E Bauman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:204

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Tobacco smoking is its primary cause, and yet the precise molecular alterations induced by smoking in lung tissue that lead to lung cancer and im...

    Authors: Maria Teresa Landi, Dario Consonni, Melissa Rotunno, Andrew W Bergen, Alisa M Goldstein, Jay H Lubin, Lynn Goldin, Michael Alavanja, Glen Morgan, Amy F Subar, Ilona Linnoila, Fabrizio Previdi, Massimo Corno, Maurizia Rubagotti, Barbara Marinelli, Benedetta Albetti…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:203

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  10. There is evidence that poverty, health and nutrition affect children's cognitive development. This study aimed to examine the relative contributions of both proximal and distal risk factors on child cognitive ...

    Authors: Darci N Santos, Ana Marlúcia O Assis, Ana Cecília S Bastos, Letícia M Santos, Carlos Antonio ST Santos, Agostino Strina, Matildes S Prado, Naomar M Almeida-Filho, Laura C Rodrigues and Mauricio L Barreto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:202

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. Obesity has been recognised as an important contributing factor in the development of various diseases, but comparative data on this condition are limited. We therefore aimed to identify and discuss current ep...

    Authors: Anne Berghöfer, Tobias Pischon, Thomas Reinhold, Caroline M Apovian, Arya M Sharma and Stefan N Willich

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:200

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Betel quid is the fourth most common used substance in the world after tobacco, alcohol and caffeine. Although factors related to betel quid chewing or cessation of behaviors were reported previously, few stud...

    Authors: Shue-Fang Yap, Pei-Shan Ho, Hsiao-Ching Kuo and Yi-Hsin Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:199

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Prescription drugs account for approximately 11% of national health expenditures. Prior research on adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), which include common forms of child maltreatment and related traumatic ...

    Authors: Robert F Anda, David W Brown, Vincent J Felitti, Shanta R Dube and Wayne H Giles

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:198

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Low birthweight is a widely used indicator of newborn health. This study investigates the association of birthweight <2.5 kg (LBW) with a wide range of factors related to geo-demographics, maternal health and ...

    Authors: Sareer Badshah, Linda Mason, Kenneth McKelvie, Roger Payne and Paulo JG Lisboa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:197

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. From May 2003 to May 2006, the Robert Koch Institute conducted the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS). Aim of this first nationwide interview and examination su...

    Authors: Bärbel-Maria Kurth, Panagiotis Kamtsiuris, Heike Hölling, Martin Schlaud, Rüdiger Dölle, Ute Ellert, Heidrun Kahl, Hiltraud Knopf, Michael Lange, Gert BM Mensink, Hannelore Neuhauser, Angelika Schaffrath Rosario, Christa Scheidt-Nave, Liane Schenk, Robert Schlack, Heribert Stolzenberg…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:196

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  16. A storm-related disaster in New South Wales, Australia in June 2007 caused infrastructure damage, interrupted essential services, and presented major public health risks. We investigated household disaster pre...

    Authors: Michelle Cretikos, Keith Eastwood, Craig Dalton, Tony Merritt, Frank Tuyl, Linda Winn and David Durrheim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:195

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. With a view to developing health systems strategies to improve reach to high-risk groups, we present information on health and survival from household and health facility perspectives in five districts of sout...

    Authors: Joanna RM Armstrong Schellenberg, Mwifadhi Mrisho, Fatuma Manzi, Kizito Shirima, Conrad Mbuya, Adiel K Mushi, Sosthenes Charles Ketende, Pedro L Alonso, Hassan Mshinda, Marcel Tanner and David Schellenberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:194

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. As a result of metabolic syndrome becoming an important issue during recent decades, many studies have explored the risk factors contributing to its development. However, less attention has been paid to the ri...

    Authors: Pei-Chia Chang, Tsai-Chung Li, Ming-Tsang Wu, Chiu-Shong Liu, Chia-Ing Li, Ching-Chu Chen, Wen-Yuan Lin, Shin-Yuh Yang and Cheng-Chieh Lin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:193

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Healthcare workers (HCWs) will be key players in any response to pandemic influenza, and will be in the front line of exposure to infection. Responding effectively to a pandemic relies on the majority of medic...

    Authors: Heather Draper, Sue Wilson, Jonathan Ives, Christine Gratus, Sheila Greenfield, Jayne Parry, Judith Petts and Tom Sorell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:192

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  20. The international migration of physicians is a global public health problem. Lebanon is a source country with the highest emigration factor in the Middle East and North Africa and the 7th highest in the World....

    Authors: Elie A Akl, Nancy Maroun, Stella Major, Claude Afif, Abir Abdo, Jacques Choucair, Mazen Sakr, Carl K Li, Brydon JB Grant and Holger J Schünemann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:191

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Tobacco use is the single most preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in humans. Limited data exist regarding the extent of the problem among Cyprus youth. We use the Global Youth Tobacco Survey to asses...

    Authors: Costas A Christophi, Ourania Kolokotroni, Hillel R Alpert, Charles W Warren, Nathan R Jones, Philip Demokritou and Gregory N Connolly

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:190

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. The widespread use of relative scales in socioepidemiological studies has recently been criticized. The criticism is based mainly on the fact that the importance of different risk factors in explaining social ...

    Authors: Maria Rosvall, Gunnar Engström, Göran Berglund and Bo Hedblad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:189

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. To describe and contrast individual state nutrition and physical activity regulations related to childhood obesity for child care centers and family child care homes in the United States.

    Authors: Sara E Benjamin, Angie Cradock, Elizabeth M Walker, Meghan Slining and Matthew W Gillman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:188

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. The present study assessed microbial contamination in Italian dental surgeries.

    Authors: Paolo Castiglia, Giorgio Liguori, Maria Teresa Montagna, Christian Napoli, Cesira Pasquarella, Margherita Bergomi, Leila Fabiani, Silvano Monarca and Stefano Petti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:187

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Regarding demographic changes in Germany it can be assumed that the number of elderly and the resulting need for long term care is increasing in the near future. It is not only an individual's interest but als...

    Authors: Steffen Fleischer, Gudrun Roling, Katrin Beutner, Stephanie Hanns, Johann Behrens, Tobias Luck, Bettina Kuske, Matthias C Angermeyer, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Sven Heinrich, Hans-H König and Christine Lautenschläger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:185

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  26. Wood heating is recommended in several countries as a climate change (CC) adaptation measure, mainly to increase the autonomy of households during power outages due to extreme climatic events. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Diane Bélanger, Pierre Gosselin, Pierre Valois and Belkacem Abdous

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:184

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Among Western countries, it has been found that physicians tend to manage their own illnesses and tend not have their own independent family physicians. This is recognized as a significant issue for both physi...

    Authors: Julie Y Chen, Eileen YY Tse, Tai Pong Lam, Donald KT Li, David VK Chao and Chi Wai Kwan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:183

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Physical activity studies in older people experience poor recruitment. We wished to assess the influence of activity levels and health status on recruitment to a physical activity study in older people.

    Authors: Tess J Harris, Christina R Victor, Iain M Carey, Rika Adams and Derek G Cook

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:182

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. The broad aim of this study was to assess the contribution of job strain to mental health inequalities by (a) estimating the proportion of depression attributable to job strain (low control and high demand job...

    Authors: Anthony D LaMontagne, Tessa Keegel, Deborah Vallance, Aleck Ostry and Rory Wolfe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:181

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. As other countries, Switzerland experiences a high or even rising incidence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI) among men who have sex with men (MSM). An outpatient clinic for gay men ("Checkpoint") ...

    Authors: David LB Schwappach and Philip Bruggmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:180

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Socio-economic status, smoking, and exposure to increased levels of environmental air pollution are associated with adverse effects on respiratory health. We assessed the contribution of occupational exposures...

    Authors: Tamara Schikowski, Dorothee Sugiri, Verena Reimann, Beate Pesch, Ulrich Ranft and Ursula Krämer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:179

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. With smoking increasingly confined to lower socio-economic groups, the tobacco control community has been urged to identify which population-level tobacco control interventions work in order to help tackle smo...

    Authors: Caroline Main, Sian Thomas, David Ogilvie, Lisa Stirk, Mark Petticrew, Margaret Whitehead and Amanda Sowden

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:178

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Early detection of smear positive TB cases by smear microscopy requires high level of suspicion of TB among primary care physicians. The objective of this study is to measure TB suspicion and knowledge among p...

    Authors: Abdullah A Al-Maniri, Omar A Al-Rawas, Fatmah Al-Ajmi, Ayesha De Costa, Bo Eriksson and Vinod K Diwan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:177

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. To estimate the prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes mellitus, impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and combined IFG/IGT in a large urban Iranian population aged ≥ 20 y...

    Authors: Farzad Hadaegh, Mohammad Reza Bozorgmanesh, Asghar Ghasemi, Hadi Harati, Navid Saadat and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:176

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. We assessed the validity of a locally adapted Colombian Household Food Security Scale (CHFSS) used as a part of the 2006 evaluation of the food supplement component of the Plan for Improving Food and Nutrition...

    Authors: Michelle Hackett, Hugo Melgar-Quinonez and Martha C Alvarez Uribe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:175

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Counselling in routine general practice to promote physical activity (PA) is advocated, but inadequate evidence is available to support this intervention, and its sustainable implementation over time is diffic...

    Authors: Gonzalo Grandes, Alvaro Sánchez, Jesús Torcal, Ricardo Ortega Sánchez-Pinilla, Kepa Lizarraga and Javier Serra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:172

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Childhood obesity is a serious public health problem and epidemiological studies are important to identify predictive factors. It is the aim of this study to analyse factors associated with overweight/obesity ...

    Authors: Christian J Apfelbacher, Adrian Loerbroks, John Cairns, Heidrun Behrendt, Johannes Ring and Ursula Krämer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:171

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. An inverse relationship between better socioeconomic status (total household income, education or occupation) and stroke has been established in developed communities, but family size has generally not been co...

    Authors: Fei Xu, Lap Ah Tse, XiaoMei Yin, Ignatius Tak-sun Yu and Sian Griffiths

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:170

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. To assess the 18-month field effectiveness on severe events of a pediatric package combining early HIV-diagnosis and targeted cotrimoxazole prophylaxis in HIV-infected children from age six-week before the ant...

    Authors: Jérôme Harambat, Patricia Fassinou, Renaud Becquet, Pety Touré, François Rouet, François Dabis, Philippe Msellati, Stéphane Blanche, Marguerite Timité-Konan, Roger Salamon and Valériane Leroy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:169

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Experience with public engagement activities regarding the risks and benefits of science and technology (S&T) is growing, especially in the industrialized world. However, public engagement in the developing wo...

    Authors: Emma RM Cohen, Hassan Masum, Kathryn Berndtson, Vicki Saunders, Tom Hadfield, Dilzayn Panjwani, Deepa L Persad, Gunjeet S Minhas, Abdallah S Daar, Jerome A Singh and Peter A Singer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:168

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

  41. Antihypertensive medications are widely prescribed by doctors and heavily promoted by the pharmaceutical industry. Despite strong evidence of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of thiazide diuretics, tre...

    Authors: Brett D Montgomery, Peter R Mansfield, Geoffrey K Spurling and Alison M Ward

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:167

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Unexplained chest pain (UCP) is a common reason for emergency hospital admission and generates considerable health-care costs for society. Even though prior research indicates that psychological problems and i...

    Authors: Annika Janson Fagring, Karin I Kjellgren, Annika Rosengren, Lauren Lissner, Karin Manhem and Catharina Welin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:165

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Unhealthy alcohol use amongst university students is a major public health concern. Although previous studies suggest a raised level of consumption amongst the UK student population there is little consistent ...

    Authors: Bridgette M Bewick, Brendan Mulhern, Michael Barkham, Karen Trusler, Andrew J Hill and William B Stiles

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:163

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Prescription of medicines by non-doctors is an issue with serious global implications. To our knowledge prescription of drugs by medical and non-medical students has not been studied before. We aimed to determ...

    Authors: Syed Nabeel Zafar, Reema Syed, Sana Waqar, Faria A Irani and Sarah Saleem

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:162

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: