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  1. Population-based electronic immunization registries create the possibility of using registry data to conduct vaccine effectiveness studies which could have methodological advantages over traditional observatio...

    Authors: Barbara E Mahon, Kimberly M Shea, Nancy N Dougherty and Anita M Loughlin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:160

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Having secure employment, in contrast to being unemployed, is regarded as an important determinant of health. Research and theories about the negative health consequences of unemployment indicated that transit...

    Authors: Ieva Reine, Mehmed Novo and Anne Hammarström

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:159

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In the U.S. more than half of incident tuberculosis (TB) cases occur in immigrants. Current guidelines recommend screening and treatment for latent TB infection (LTBI) within 5 years of arrival to the U.S. Thi...

    Authors: Kathleen R Page, Yukari C Manabe, Akintoye Adelakun, Lynn Federline, Wendy Cronin, James D Campbell and Susan E Dorman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:158

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Throughout Africa, the private retail sector has been recognised as an important source of antimalarial treatment, complementing formal health services. However, the quality of advice and treatment at private ...

    Authors: Manuel W Hetzel, Angel Dillip, Christian Lengeler, Brigit Obrist, June J Msechu, Ahmed M Makemba, Christopher Mshana, Alexander Schulze and Hassan Mshinda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:157

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The "place-consciousness" of public health professionals is on the rise as spatial analyses and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are rapidly becoming key components of their toolbox. However, "place" is mo...

    Authors: Philip AbdelMalik, Maged N Kamel Boulos and Ray Jones

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:156

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Young people in European countries are experiencing high levels of alcohol and drug use and escalating levels of sexually transmitted infections. Individually these represent major public health priorities. Un...

    Authors: Mark A Bellis, Karen Hughes, Amador Calafat, Montse Juan, Anna Ramon, José A Rodriguez, Fernando Mendes, Susanne Schnitzer and Penny Phillips-Howard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:155

    Content type: Research article

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  7. We report a patient-centered intervention study in 9 municipalities of rural Nicaragua aiming at a reduction of internalized social stigma in new AFB positive tuberculosis (TB) patients diagnosed between March...

    Authors: Jean Macq, Alejandro Solis, Guillermo Martinez and Patrick Martiny

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:154

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Australian Aboriginal children living in remote communities still experience a high burden of common infectious diseases which are generally attributed to poor hygiene and unsanitary living conditions. The obj...

    Authors: Elizabeth McDonald, Ross Bailie, David Brewster and Peter Morris

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:153

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Cancer risks of migrants might differ from risks of the indigenous population due to differences in socioeconomic status, life style, or genetic factors. The aim of this study was to investigate cancer pattern...

    Authors: Jacob Spallek, Claudia Spix, Hajo Zeeb, Peter Kaatsch and Oliver Razum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:152

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Music is ever present in our daily lives, establishing a link between humans and the arts through the senses and pleasure. Sound technicians are the link between musicians and audiences or consumers. Recently,...

    Authors: Regina P El Dib, Edina MK Silva, José F Morais and Virgínia FM Trevisani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:151

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The present study aimed at assessing the psychometric properties of psychosocial determinants of physical activity-related measures in Iranian adolescent girls.

    Authors: Ashraf Pirasteh, Alireza Hidarnia, Ali Asghari, Soghrate Faghihzadeh and Fazlollah Ghofranipour

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:150

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In the United Kingdom (UK), the National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse (NTA) considers retention to be the best available measure of drug treatment effectiveness. Accordingly, the NTA has set local tre...

    Authors: Caryl M Beynon, Alison M McMinn and Adam JE Marr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:149

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Coronary heart disease (CHD) rates in England and Wales between 1950 and 2005 were high and reasonably steady until the mid 1970s, when they began to fall. Recent work suggests that the rate of change in some ...

    Authors: Steven Allender, Peter Scarborough, Martin O'Flaherty and Simon Capewell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:148

    Content type: Research article

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  14. In recent years a wide variety of epidemiological surveillance systems have been developed to provide early identification of outbreaks of infectious disease. Each system has had its own strengths and weakness...

    Authors: Jean-Baptiste Meynard, Herve Chaudet, Andrew D Green, Henry L Jefferson, Gaetan Texier, Daniel Webber, Bruce Dupuy and Jean-Paul Boutin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:146

    Content type: Technical advance

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  15. Intentional injury presents a threat to the physical and psychological well being of young people, especially in developing countries, which carry the greatest part of the global injury burden. While the impor...

    Authors: Ben J Smith, Philayrath Phongsavan, Dale Bampton, Genevieve Peacocke, Mercedes Gilmete, Drew Havea, Tien Chey and Adrian E Bauman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:145

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Since 2000, peer-mediated interventions among female sex workers (FSW) in Mombasa Kenya have promoted behavioural change through improving knowledge, attitudes and awareness of HIV serostatus, and aimed to pre...

    Authors: Stanley Luchters, Matthew F Chersich, Agnes Rinyiru, Mary-Stella Barasa, Nzioki King'ola, Kishorchandra Mandaliya, Wilkister Bosire, Sam Wambugu, Peter Mwarogo and Marleen Temmerman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:143

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Children and adolescents are important target groups for prevention of overweight and obesity as overweight is often developed early in life and tracks into adulthood. Research into behaviors related to overwe...

    Authors: Klazine van der Horst, Anke Oenema, Petra van de Looij-Jansen and Johannes Brug

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:142

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Since 1993, many studies on the health of Persian Gulf War veterans (PGWVs) have been undertaken. Some authors have concluded that an association exists between Gulf War service and reported infertility or mis...

    Authors: Catherine Verret, Mathe-Aline Jutand, Catherine De Vigan, Marion Bégassat, Lynda Bensefa-Colas, Patrick Brochard and Roger Salamon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:141

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The medical record is used to document patient's medical history, illnesses and treatment procedures. The information inside is useful when all needed information is documented properly. Medical care providers...

    Authors: Faramarz Pourasghar, Hossein Malekafzali, Alireza Kazemi, Johan Ellenius and Uno Fors

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:139

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Disability benefits exist to redeem social and financial consequences of reduced work ability from medical conditions. Physicians are responsible for identifying the medical grounds for benefit claims. The aim...

    Authors: Rein Overland, Simon Overland, Kristian Nyborg Johansen and Arnstein Mykletun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:137

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Smoking is associated with disadvantage. As people with lower social status reside in less privileged areas, the extent of contextual influences for smoking remains unclear. The aims were to examine the spatia...

    Authors: Sakari Karvonen, Petteri Sipilä, Pekka Martikainen, Ossi Rahkonen and Mikko Laaksonen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:134

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Weight gain in adulthood is now common in many populations, ranging from modest gains in developing countries to a substantial percentage of body weight in some Western societies. To examine the rate of change...

    Authors: Ramón A Durazo-Arvizu, Amy Luke, Richard S Cooper, Guichan Cao, Lara Dugas, Adebowale Adeyemo, Michael Boyne and Terrence Forrester

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:133

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In Germany, vaccination against hepatitis B is recommended for infants, children and adolescents since 1995 and for specific target groups since 1982. Little is known about knowledge about viral hepatitis and ...

    Authors: Karl Schenkel, Doris Radun, Viviane Bremer, Nikolaus Bocter and Osamah Hamouda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:132

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Area-based studies of childhood injuries strongly suggest that neighborhood socio-demographic and economic circumstances impact on various – though not all – types of injuries. The primary aim of this study wa...

    Authors: Anne-Mari Reimers, Antonio Ponce de Leon and Lucie Laflamme

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:131

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Few smokers use effective smoking cessation aids (SCA) when trying to stop smoking. Little is known why available SCA are used insufficiently. We therefore investigated the reasons for not using SCA and examin...

    Authors: Beatrice Gross, Leonie Brose, Anja Schumann, Sabina Ulbricht, Christian Meyer, Henry Völzke, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf and Ulrich John

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:129

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The world's population is ageing, and four of the top 10 most rapidly ageing developing nations are from the region of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC).

    Authors: Angela MC Rose, Anselm J Hennis and Ian R Hambleton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:127

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Disadvantaged communities suffer higher levels of physical and mental ill health than more advantaged communities. The purpose of the present study was to examine the psychosocial, behavioural and biological d...

    Authors: Yoga N Velupillai, Chris J Packard, G David Batty, Vladimir Bezlyak, Harry Burns, Jonathan Cavanagh, Kevin Deans, Ian Ford, Agnes McGinty, Keith Millar, Naveed Sattar, Paul Shiels and Carol Tannahill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:126

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. The community's knowledge and beliefs about mental health problems, their risk factors, treatments and sources of help may vary as a function of age.

    Authors: Louise Farrer, Liana Leach, Kathleen M Griffiths, Helen Christensen and Anthony F Jorm

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:125

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence in the general population of parents' concerns about the development of their child, to identify groups at risk and to assess the association between parents'...

    Authors: Sijmen A Reijneveld, Gea de Meer, Carin H Wiefferink and Matty R Crone

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:124

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Despite the significant health benefits associated with eating healthily, diet is extremely difficult to change, with the majority of people who intend to eat more healthily failing to do so. Recent evidence h...

    Authors: Julia L Allan, Marie Johnston and Neil Campbell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:123

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Injury is an emerging public health problem with social development and modernization in developing countries. To describe the prevalence and burden of injury and provide elaborate information for policy devel...

    Authors: Jixiang Ma, Xiaolei Guo, Aiqiang Xu, Jiyu Zhang and Chongqi Jia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:122

    Content type: Research article

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  32. There has been an increasing prevalence of both depression and chronic medical conditions globally but the relationship between depression and multi-morbidity is not well understood. The aim of the present stu...

    Authors: Samuel YS Wong, Stewart W Mercer, Jean Woo and Jason Leung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:119

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Controlling the growth of pharmaceutical expenditures is a major global challenge. Promotion of generic drug prescriptions or use is gaining increased support. There are substantial contextual differences in i...

    Authors: Chi-Liang Chen, Likwang Chen and Wei-Chih Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:118

    Content type: Research article

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  34. A core function of local health departments is to conduct health assessments. The analysis of death certificates provides information on diseases, conditions, and injuries that are likely to cause death – an i...

    Authors: Tomás J Aragón, Daphne Y Lichtensztajn, Brian S Katcher, Randy Reiter and Mitchell H Katz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:116

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Previous studies reported an increase of upper body mass index (BMI) quantiles for formula fed infants compared to breastfed infants, while corresponding mean differences were low. The aim of this study was to...

    Authors: André M Toschke, Rüdiger von Kries, Andreas Beyerlein and Simon Rückinger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:115

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Recently, provincial health programs in Canada and elsewhere have begun rolling out vaccination against human papillomavirus for girls aged 9–13. While vaccination is voluntary, the cost of vaccination is waiv...

    Authors: Marco Llamazares and Robert J Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:114

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Studies have shown that university/college students tend to have an exaggerated view of the quantities of alcohol being consumed by their peers. Making students aware of this misperception may help change beha...

    Authors: Teresa Moreira and David R Foxcroft

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:113

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. The association between socioeconomic position in middle age and risk of subsequent, short-term weight gain is unknown. We therefore assessed this association in a prospective population based cohort study in ...

    Authors: Lisa R Purslow, Elizabeth H Young, Nicholas J Wareham, Nita Forouhi, Eric J Brunner, Robert N Luben, Ailsa A Welch, Kay-Tee Khaw, Shelia A Bingham and Manjinder S Sandhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:112

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Prevalence of infectious diseases in migrant populations has been addressed in numerous studies. However, information is sparse on their mortality due to chronic diseases that are aetiologically associated wit...

    Authors: Jördis J Ott, Ari M Paltiel, Volker Winkler and Heiko Becher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:110

    Content type: Research article

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