Skip to main content

Advertisement

Articles

Page 288 of 297

  1. Smoking, alcohol drinking and cannabis use ("risk behaviors") are often initiated at a young age but few epidemiological studies have assessed their joined prevalence in children in developing countries. This ...

    Authors: David Faeh, Bharathi Viswanathan, Arnaud Chiolero, Wick Warren and Pascal Bovet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:169

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy is potentially important in the prevention of overweight and obesity among women of childbearing age. However, few intervention studies aiming at weight manage...

    Authors: Ellen Althuizen, Mireille NM van Poppel, Jacob C Seidell, Carla van der Wijden and Willem van Mechelen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:168

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  3. It is believed that total reported suicide rates tend to decrease during wartime. However, analysis of suicide rates during recent conflicts suggests a more complex picture, with increases in some age groups a...

    Authors: Rob Henderson, Cameron Stark, Roger W Humphry and Sivasubramaniam Selvaraj

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:167

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. In the Soviet period, the blood donation system operated in Lithuania exclusively on a remunerative basis. After joining the EU, Lithuania committed itself to meeting the EU requirements to provide all consume...

    Authors: Ilona Buciuniene, Laimutë Stonienë, Aurelija Blazeviciene, Ruta Kazlauskaite and Vida Skudiene

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:166

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Both trends in socioeconomic inequalities in mortality, and cross-country comparisons, may give more information about the causes of health inequalities. We analysed trends in socioeconomic differentials by mo...

    Authors: Sarah Wamala, Tony Blakely and June Atkinson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:164

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Qualitative research is increasingly used alongside randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to study a range of factors including participants' experiences of a trial. The need for a sound evidence base within pub...

    Authors: Suzanne Moffatt, Joan Mackintosh, Martin White, Denise Howel and Adam Sandell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:163

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. Little research has directly evaluated the impact of increasing financial or material resources on health. One way of assessing this lies with assisting people to obtain full welfare benefit entitlements. In 2...

    Authors: Joan Mackintosh, Martin White, Denise Howel, Tom Chadwick, Suzanne Moffatt, Mark Deverill and Adam Sandell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:162

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Depression is a prevalent disorder in chronically ill elderly persons. It may decrease quality of life, and increase functional disability, medical costs, and healthcare utilisation. Because patients may slip ...

    Authors: F Lamers, CCM Jonkers, H Bosma, JPM Diederiks and JThM van Eijk

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:161

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  9. In recent years, the creation of supportive environments for encouraging mothers to breastfeed their children has emerged as a key health issue for women and children. The provision of lactation rooms and brea...

    Authors: Yi Chun Chen, Ya-Chi Wu and Wei-Chu Chie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:160

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Once considered as the main public health problem in developed countries, obesity has become a major problem throughout the world and developing countries, like Iran, are joining the global obesity pandemic. W...

    Authors: Hossein Bahrami, Mohsen Sadatsafavi, Akram Pourshams, Farin Kamangar, Mehdi Nouraei, Shahriar Semnani, Paul Brennan, Paolo Boffetta and Reza Malekzadeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:158

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. Immigrants to the U.S. are required to undergo overseas screening for tuberculosis (TB), but the value of evaluation and treatment following entry to the U.S. is not well understood. We determined the cost-eff...

    Authors: Travis C Porco, Bryan Lewis, Elliot Marseille, Jennifer Grinsdale, Jennifer M Flood and Sarah E Royce

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:157

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. The tuberculosis (TB) epidemic in Africa is on the rise, even in low-HIV prevalence settings. Few studies have attempted to identify possible reasons for this. We aimed to identify risk factors for pulmonary t...

    Authors: Philip C Hill, Dolly Jackson-Sillah, Simon A Donkor, Jacob Otu, Richard A Adegbola and Christian Lienhardt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:156

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Compared to men, women report greater morbidity and make greater use of health-care services. This study examines potential determinants of gender differences in the utilization of health-care services among t...

    Authors: Áurea Redondo-Sendino, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, José Ramón Banegas and Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:155

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. As the population of Africa rapidly urbanizes it may be possible to protect large populations from malaria by controlling aquatic stages of mosquitoes. Here we present a baseline evaluation of the ability of c...

    Authors: Michael J Vanek, Bryson Shoo, Deo Mtasiwa, Michael Kiama, Steven W Lindsay, Ulrike Fillinger, Khadija Kannady, Marcel Tanner and Gerry F Killeen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:154

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Effective stroke intervention and risk reduction depend on the general public's awareness and knowledge of stroke. In Korea, where both traditional Oriental medicine and Western medicine are practiced, estimat...

    Authors: Moon Ho Park, Sangmee Ahn Jo, Inho Jo, Eunkyung Kim, Su-Yong Eun, Changsu Han and Min Kyu Park

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:153

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. In Ecuador, the prevalence of HIV in the general population is approximately 0.3%. However, up to 17% prevalence has been reported among specific groups of homosexual and bisexual men. The objective of this st...

    Authors: Juan-Pablo Gutiérrez, Diana Molina-Yepez, Ken Morrison, Fiona Samuels and Stefano M Bertozzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:152

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. The Commission on Health Research for Development concluded that "for the most vulnerable people, the benefits of research offer a potential for change that has gone largely untapped." This project was designe...

    Authors: P Tugwell, C Sitthi-Amorn, J Hatcher-Roberts, V Neufeld, P Makara, F Munoz, P Czerny, V Robinson, Y Nuyens and D Okello

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:151

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. While men who have sex with men remain the group at greatest risk of acquiring HIV infection in the UK, the number of new diagnoses among heterosexuals has risen steadily over the last five years. In the UK, t...

    Authors: Jonathan Elford, Jane Anderson, Cecilia Bukutu and Fowzia Ibrahim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:150

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  19. Studies of drug-related mortality rarely describe fatal injuries due to psychoactive drug intoxication (FIUI). The main aim of this study was to determine the nature, extent and pattern of FIUI.

    Authors: Adenekan Oyefeso, Fabrizio Schifano, Hamid Ghodse, Kathryn Cobain, Ruth Dryden and John Corkery

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:148

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Childhood obesity is the result of a long lasting imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. A major contributing factor is physical inactivity which is closely linked to bone health, cardiovascul...

    Authors: Lukas Zahner, Jardena J Puder, Ralf Roth, Marco Schmid, Regula Guldimann, Uwe Pühse, Martin Knöpfli, Charlotte Braun-Fahrländer, Bernard Marti and Susi Kriemler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:147

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  21. It is currently not clear whether individuals living in metropolitan areas differ from individuals living in rural and urban areas with respect to smoking behaviours. Therefore, we sought to explore the relati...

    Authors: Henry Völzke, Hanne Neuhauser, Susanne Moebus, Jens Baumert, Klaus Berger, Andreas Stang, Ute Ellert, André Werner and Angela Döring

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:146

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Younger children in a school class have higher rates of mental health problems if admission to primary school occurs once a year. This study examines whether this relative age effect also occurs if children ar...

    Authors: Sijmen A Reijneveld, Carin H Wiefferink, Emily Brugman, Frank C Verhulst, S Pauline Verloove-Vanhorick and Theo GW Paulussen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:145

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Conducting iron supplementation programs has been a major strategy to reduce iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy. However, only a few countries have reported improvements in the anemia rate at a national level...

    Authors: Ritsuko Aikawa, Masamine Jimba, Khan C Nguen, Yun Zhao, Colin W Binns and Mi Kyung Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:144

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Studies in Africa investigating health-seeking behaviour by interviewing tuberculosis patients have revealed patient knowledge issues and significant delays to diagnosis. We aimed to study health-seeking behav...

    Authors: Yaya Kasse, Momodou Jasseh, Tumani Corrah, Simon A Donkor, Martin Antonnio, Adama Jallow, Richard A Adegbola and Philip C Hill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:143

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. In 1992 a cargo aircraft crashed into a residential area of Amsterdam. A troublesome aftermath followed, with rumors on potential toxic exposures and health consequences. Health concerns remained even though n...

    Authors: Pauline Slottje, Nynke Smidt, Jos WR Twisk, Anja C Huizink, Anke B Witteveen, Willem van Mechelen and Tjabe Smid

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:142

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Giardia is not endemic in Norway, and more than 90% of reported cases acquire the infection abroad. In late October 2004, an increase in laboratory confirmed cases of giardiasis was reported in the city of Ber...

    Authors: Karin Nygård, Barbara Schimmer, Øystein Søbstad, Anna Walde, Ingvar Tveit, Nina Langeland, Trygve Hausken and Preben Aavitsland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:141

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. The prevalence of overweight is increasing and its consequences will cause a major public health burden in the near future. Cost-effective interventions for weight control among the general population are ther...

    Authors: Marieke F van Wier, Geertje AM Ariëns, Johanna C Dekkers, Ingrid JM Hendriksen, Nico P Pronk, Tjabe Smid and Willem van Mechelen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:140

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  28. Physicians can play an important role in smoking prevention and control. This study will identify smoking prevalence among physicians in Yerevan, Armenia. It will also explore how the smoking behaviors of phys...

    Authors: Paul C Perrin, Ray M Merrill and Gordon B Lindsay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:139

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. United Kingdom public health policy has recently re-emphasised the role of primary health care professionals in tackling increasing levels of physical inactivity within the general population. However, little ...

    Authors: Flora Douglas, Nicola Torrance, Edwin van Teijlingen, Serena Meloni and Ann Kerr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:138

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. The concept of 'avoidable' mortality (AM) has been proposed as a performance measure of health care systems. In this study we examined mortality in five geographic regions of Canada from 1975 to 1999 for previ...

    Authors: Paul D James, Doug G Manuel and Yang Mao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:137

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. A significant proportion of Europeans do not meet the recommendations for 30 mins of physical activity 5 times per week. Whether lower frequency, moderate intensity exercise alters cardiovascular disease (CVD)...

    Authors: Marie H Murphy, Elaine M Murtagh, Colin AG Boreham, Lesley G Hare and Alan M Nevill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:136

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. The clothing style is an important factor that influences vitamin D production and thus bone mineral density. We performed a case-control study in order to evaluate the effect of veil wearing (concealing cloth...

    Authors: Fadoua Allali, Siham El Aichaoui, Bouchra Saoud, Houda Maaroufi, Redouane Abouqal and Najia Hajjaj-Hassouni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:135

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Epidemiologic data have shown that the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes varies with ethnic origin. Type 2 diabetes is up to four times more common in British South Asians than in the indigenous white population. ...

    Authors: Hamid R Baradaran, Robin P Knill-Jones, Sunita Wallia and Alison Rodgers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:134

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Neighbourhood socioeconomic disadvantage and social capital have been associated with adolescent well-being, but the majority of studies were cross-sectional, and the time window over which the neighbourhood m...

    Authors: Marjan Drukker, Charles Kaplan, Josien Schneiders, Frans JM Feron and Jim van Os

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:133

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Kenya introduced a pentavalent vaccine including the DTP, Haemophilus influenzae type b and hepatitis b virus antigens in Nov 2001 and strengthened immunization services. We estimated immunization coverage before...

    Authors: Moses Ndiritu, Karen D Cowgill, Amina Ismail, Salome Chiphatsi, Tatu Kamau, Gregory Fegan, Daniel R Feikin, Charles RJC Newton and J Anthony G Scott

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:132

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. It has been suggested that periodontal disease may be an independent risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. However, the relationship between periodontal disease and atherosclerosis has not been f...

    Authors: Koichi Miyaki, Katsunori Masaki, Mariko Naito, Toru Naito, Keika Hoshi, Asako Hara, Shugo Tohyama and Takeo Nakayama

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:131

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Case definitions have been recognized to be important elements of public health surveillance systems. They are to assure comparability and consistency of surveillance data and have crucial impact on the sensit...

    Authors: Gérard Krause, Bonita Brodhun, Doris Altmann, Hermann Claus and Justus Benzler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:129

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Medical education requires detailed investigation because it is a period during which the attitudes and behaviors of physicians develop. The purpose of this study was to calculate the yearly smoking prevalence...

    Authors: Yesim Senol, Levent Donmez, Mehtap Turkay and Mehmet Aktekin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:128

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Because smallpox (variola major) may be used as a biological weapon, we reviewed outbreaks in post-World War II Europe and North America in order to understand smallpox transmission patterns.

    Authors: Vibha Bhatnagar, Michael A Stoto, Sally C Morton, Rob Boer and Samuel A Bozzette

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:126

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. The main aims of this paper are to describe the setting and design of a Minimal Intervention in general practice for Stress-related mental disorders in patients on Sick leave (MISS), as well as to ascertain th...

    Authors: Ingrid M Bakker, Berend Terluin, Harm WJ van Marwijk, Chad M Gundy, Johannes H Smit, Willem van Mechelen and Wim AB Stalman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:124

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  41. In response to the growing HIV epidemic in Nigeria, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) initiated the VISION Project, which aimed to increase use of family planning, child survival, and HIV/A...

    Authors: Joseph Keating, Dominique Meekers and Alfred Adewuyi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:123

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. To examine the level and patterns of self-reported medication use (prescription and non-prescription drugs) among 70–74 year old individuals living in the community, and to explore self-reported indications fo...

    Authors: Mette Brekke, Steinar Hunskaar and Jørund Straand

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:121

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. The Estimations and Projections Package (EPP 2005) for HIV/AIDS estimates and projects HIV prevalence, number of people living with HIV and new HIV infections and AIDS cases using antenatal clinic (ANC) survei...

    Authors: Geofrey R Somi, Mecky IN Matee, Roland O Swai, Eligius F Lyamuya, Japhet Killewo, Gideon Kwesigabo, Tuhuma Tulli, Titus K Kabalimu, Lucy Ng'ang'a, Raphael Isingo and Joel Ndayongeje

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:120

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. The incorporation of diagnostic and therapeutic improvements, as well as the different smoking patterns, may have had an influence on the observed variability in renal cancer mortality across Europe. This stud...

    Authors: Napoleón Pérez-Farinós, Gonzalo López-Abente and Roberto Pastor-Barriuso

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:119

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: